[4] **viXra:1707.0243 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-07-18 05:55:50*

**Authors:** Antonio Puccini

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

Analyzing the neutron decay, or beta-decay (Bd), our calculations and evaluations show that the 3rd particle emitted with the Bd (required by Pauli and Fermi to compensate for a noticeable energy gap) can be identified in an electron free of electric charge, that is a neutral electron: e° (instead of a neutrino).
In the various Supersymmetric Models, there is the existence of a particle with a limited mass, which can never collapse in a lighter particle: the so-called Lightest Supersymmetric Particle (LSP). To date, this LSP has never been detected in any experiment. Examining the potential properties attributed to that particle in the various Supersymmetric Models, it seems to see a close analogy with features likely to be related to e°. Indeed, from a more in-depth examination, it appears that the properties of the two considered particles are completely superimposable, as if the two particles could be interchangeable, that is, identifiable in one another. It seems interesting to note that in our model we give particular attention to the fundamental property attributable both to the LSP and to the e°, i.e. the symmetry (represented by C, or charge conjugation), detectable by: ē°=C(e°)=e°

**Category:** Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[3] **viXra:1707.0227 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-07-16 19:44:28*

**Authors:** Preston Guynn

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

In our previous paper, 'Electromagnetic Effects and Structure of Particles due to Special Relativity', we proved that electromagnetic effects are due to special relativity. We also proved that particle structure is due to special relativity and derived the structure of electron and proton. In addition, we developed a framework for interaction between charged particles and photons. In this paper we extend that work with additional insights into the electrostatic force.

**Category:** Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[2] **viXra:1707.0064 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-07-05 05:52:44*

**Authors:** Antonio Puccini

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

With the neutron decay, a proton and an electron (e-) are emitted. The energy gap, which should be offset by the emission of a 3rd particle, is randomly included between 0.511 and 0.7828 MeV. These values correspond to those of a more or less accelerated electron, but not those of a neutrino, which mass is considered to be ≤ 0.01 electronic masses. Pauli and Fermi hypothesized that this 3rd particle should be free of electric charge and provided with the same mass and spin of an electron. Such requests may be fully met by an electron, but without electric charge: a neutral electron (e°), equally safeguarding all Conservation Laws.
If we analyze the properties of this possible particle, they seem to coincide with those attributed to the Majorana Spynor or Fermion: that is, a massive particle, free of electric charge, self-conjugated, i.e. it identifies with its antiparticle (with the exception of the spin: antiparallel): ↓e° ≡ ē°↑

**Category:** Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[1] **viXra:1707.0036 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-07-03 06:23:42*

**Authors:** Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache

**Comments:** 11 Pages. this paper has been submitted to MDPI - Mathematics

In a recent paper, it has been argued that QM can arise from classical cellular automata. This is a fresh approach started by some authors including Prof. Gerard ‘t Hooft. Nonetheless, in a previous paper, we have reviewed some inadequacies of Schrödinger equation, hence the entire wave mechanics. According to Shpenkov, the classical wave equation is able to derive a periodic table of elements -which is close to Mendeleyev’s periodic table-, and also other phenomena related to the structure of molecules. It is suggested that Shpenkov’s interpretation of classical wave equation can complement Schrödinger equation. Therefore in this paper we will discuss how we can arrive to a cellular automaton molecular model starting from classical wave equation, as an alternative to cellular automata based QM.

**Category:** Nuclear and Atomic Physics