Nuclear and Atomic Physics

1412 Submissions

[14] viXra:1412.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-31 21:53:15

Question: Why is the Fine-Structure Constant Such? Answer: Because Space is Three-Dimensional.

Authors: V.B. Smolenskii
Comments: 20 Pages.

Within the PI-Theory of fundamental physical constants is substantiated and proved an integer of 3 dimension space. For example, the theoretical derivation of the fundamental physical constants of the fine structure constant and the anomaly of the magnetic moment of the electron is proved only in the case of three-dimensional space of constants and have such numerical values and do not change over time. Presents a complete analytical conclusions. Done high-precision theoretical calculations and see their results. The comparison of theoretical calculations with experimental data.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[13] viXra:1412.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-31 16:05:15

Asymmetrical Neutrino Induced Decay of Nucleons

Authors: Dirk J. Pons, Arion D. Pons, Aiden J. Pons
Comments: Pages. Published as: Pons, D. J., Pons, A. D., & Pons, A. J. (2015). Asymmetrical neutrino induced decay of nucleons, Applied Physics Research, 7(2), 1-13. http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/apr.v7n2p1

Problem- The operation of neutrino detectors shows that nuclide decay rates can be affected by loading of neutrino species. However the underlying principles of this are poorly understood. Purpose- This paper develops a conceptual solution for the neutrino-species interactions with single nucleon decay processes. Approach- The starting point was the non-local hidden-variable (NLHV) solution provided by the Cordus theory, specifically its mechanics for the manipulation of discrete forces and the remanufacture of particle identities. This mechanics was applied to the inverse beta decays and electron capture processes for nucleons. These are situations where the neutrino or antineutrino is supplied as an input, as opposed to being an output as in the conventional decays. Findings- Inverse decays are predicted to be differentially susceptible to inducement by neutrino-species. The inverse β- neutron decay is predicted to be susceptible to neutrino inducement (but not to the antineutrino). Correspondingly β+ proton decay is predicted to be induced by input of energetic antineutrinos, but not neutrinos. Hence a species asymmetry is predicted. The inverse electron capture is predicted to be induced by pre-supply of either a neutrino or antineutrino, with different energy threshold requirements in each situation. The neutrino induced channel is predicted to have the greater energy barrier than the antineutrino channels. All the nucleon decay processes (forward, inverse, and induced) may be represented in a single unified decay equation, with transfers across the decay equality resulting in inversion of the matter-antimatter species (hand). Implications- The theory predicts the existence of a number of induced decays with asymmetrical susceptibility to neutrino-species. The results imply that detectors that measure β- outcomes are measuring neutrinos, and β+ antineutrinos. Originality- A new methodology is demonstrated for predicting the outcomes of decays and particle transformations. A unified decay relationship is proposed, that expresses all the conventional and induced decay processes. A novel prediction is made, that neutrino-species induce decay of nucleons, and that the interaction is asymmetrical. Hence also, that different decay types are affected differently by the input of energy and neutrino-species. A detailed explanation is provided of how this occurs at the level of the internal structures of the particules. This is an unorthodox outcome and is testable and falsifiable.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[12] viXra:1412.0251 [pdf] replaced on 2014-12-27 23:52:10

The Historical Limitations of Quark Model and Quantum Chromo Dynamics (QCD)

Authors: Yibing Qiu
Comments: 1 Page.

According to the background of propose and establish, analysis And points the historical limitations of Quark Model and Quantum Chromo Dynamics (QCD).
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[11] viXra:1412.0245 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-25 04:36:33

Twist, Writhe, Linking Number of Quarks and Elementary Particles

Authors: Giuliano Bettini
Comments: 20 pages. Drawings added.

Abstract A biological model of elementary particles with many resemblances with DNA. More precisely, with a circular supercoiled DNA, or as supercoiled rods. The model is isomorphic with the quark model. It justifies all the elementary particles, and only these. A particle is a closed wire, a single strand, a helix. Quarks are twisted pieces of this helix, having its own charge Q, but also isospin projection I3 and hypercharge Y. I put charge Q, isospin projection I3 and hypercharge Y in one-to-one correspondence with a physical model, in which each quark, each piece of helix, has its own Linking number Lk, Twist Tw and Writhe Wr. As a consequence, any elementary particle is modelled by a closed wire, with its own internal Twist, Writhe Wr and Linking number (charge). For any closed cord Lk is invariant, so the alteration of the Twist will absorbed as Writhe and viceversa. Each couple Tw / Wr corresponds to different conformation. The lowest-energy conformation will have the lowest mass, and the others will have much more mass. As I know, the model is just “picturesque”, but may lead to some idea
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[10] viXra:1412.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-19 06:45:24

Microworld 27. Long Way to Understanding of the Material World Structure Fundamentals. Coda.

Authors: N.N.Leonov
Comments: 19 Pages. English and russian texts

This paper describes what function methods of the theory of non-linear oscillations had in gaining detailed and adequate understanding of structure of the material world objects. Using these methods, simple identification techniques and Mandelstam-Andronov’s applied scientific methodology a stubborn researcher had managed to do in thirty years that what the entire global physical elite could not achieve during more than a century.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[9] viXra:1412.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-18 20:25:59

Non-Performance of Gen-III Reactor at Kudankulam: Safety Implications for Aes-2006 Vver Reactors Worldwide

Authors: VT Padmanabhan, R Ramesh, Joseph Makkolil
Comments: 6 Pages.

Finland’s parliament has recently approved a joint venture with Russia to build a VVER 1200 MWe, design AES-2006 pressurized water reactor which ‘complies with the IAEA and EUR requirements’ of a generation-III (Gen-III). AES-2006 design has not undergone the Gen-III assessment process. Its parent -design AES-92 which was certified as Gen-III in 2007 is missing from the genealogy of AES-2006 given in a presentation by the vendor, Rosatom. We propose that there are strong reasons to believe that this disappearance is due to the dismal performance of the AES-92 reactors at Kudankulam (KK) in India and the controversy surrounding its Gen-III certification. KK Reactor took about 12 years for construction and failed in the commissioning tests seven times. AES-92 received Gen-III certification in 2007 on the basis of fictitious and fabricated data. Rosatom's practice of selling an un-assessed design as Gen-III compliant has implications for nuclear safety globally as this design is being considered in many countries like Belarus, Bulgaria, Finland, South Africa, Bangladesh and Vietnam. In this article, we will chart out the genealogy of the AES-20056 reactor, the history of EUR (European Utility Requirement) certification process of AES-92, performance of the real AES-92 reactor at Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KKNPP) in India and the attributes of its predecessor AES-91 reactor under operation in China since 2007. We will demonstrate that the reason for the deletion of the AES-92 reactor design from the AES-2006 genealogy is the real-world under-performance of the only AES-92 reactor at KKNPP.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[8] viXra:1412.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-18 11:36:00

Microworld 26. UFO Photon Propulsion Systems

Authors: Leonov N.N.
Comments: 10 Pages. English and russian texts

The paper describes a schematic structure of UFO photon propulsion system and explains how the structure is used for generating electric current.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[7] viXra:1412.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-17 07:16:00

Microworld 24. How the Universe Was Formed

Authors: N.N. Leonov
Comments: 11 Pages. English and russian texts

The study focuses on one of possible scenarios of the contemporary Universe formation where the Universe is originated as a “black hole”.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[6] viXra:1412.0174 [pdf] replaced on 2015-06-18 14:32:31

Unified Field Theory and Topology of Atom

Authors: Zhiliang Cao, Henry Gu Cao, Wenan Qiang
Comments: 6 Pages.

The paper "Unified Field Theory and the Configuration of Particles" opened a new chapter of physics. One of the predictions of the paper is that a proton has an octahedron shape. As Physics progresses, it focuses more on invisible particles and the unreachable grand universe as visible matter is studied theoretically and experimentally. The shape of invisible proton has great impact on the topology of atom. Electron orbits, electron binding energy, Madelung Rules, and Zeeman splitting, are associated with proton’s octahedron shape and three nuclear structural axes. An element will be chemically stable if the outmost s and p clouds have eight electrons which make atom a symmetrical cubic.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[5] viXra:1412.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-13 12:16:49

The Mystery of a Reactor Disappearance: Safety Issues and Gen-III Non-Compliance of Aes-2006 Vver 1000 Reactors in Finland

Authors: VT Padmanabhan, R Ramesh, Joseph Makkolil
Comments: 10 Pages.

Finland’s parliament has recently approved a joint venture with Russia to build a VVER 1200 MWe, design AES-2006 pressurized water reactor which according to the vendor ‘complies with the IAEA and EUR requirements’ of a generation-III (Gen-III) reactor in northern Finland. However, design AES-92, which was certified as Gen-III in 2007, is missing in the genealogy of AES-2006 given in a presentation by the vendor, Rosatom. We propose that there are strong reasons to believe that this disappearance is due to the dismal performance of the AES-92 reactors at Kudankulam (KK) in India. KK Reactor I took about 12 years for construction and failed in the commissioning tests seven times. AES-92 received Gen-III certification in 2007 on the basis of fictitious and fabricated data. Since neither AES-2006, nor any other design in the pedigree, has undergone the Gen-III compliance test, the vendor’s claims are contentious. Considering the substandard performance of AES-92 reactor at Kudankulam since its grid connection in October 2013, its Gen-III certification needs to be canceled. It is mandatory that the vendor will also need to prove the Gen-III compliance of AES-2006 before going ahead with the ongoing deals in India, Finland, Vietnam and Bulgaria.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[4] viXra:1412.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-06 21:52:23

Revival of the "Original" Yukawa Charge Exchange Interaction and the Liquid Drop Character of the Nucleus

Authors: Syed Afsar Abbas
Comments: 7 Pages.

The reason, as to wherefrom arises the liquid drop character of the nucleus, has been a source of puzzlement since the birth of nuclear physics. We provide an explanation of the same by reviving the very first and the "original" charge exchange interaction model suggested by Yukawa in 1935.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[3] viXra:1412.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-07 04:31:04

Microworld 23. Atmospheric Vortexes and Vortex-Like Structures

Authors: Nikolay Leonov
Comments: 17 Pages. English and russian texts

The analysis conducted covers conditions in which electrons and neutrons can be formed from individual ethereal elements as well as conditions in which electrons and neutrons disintegrate into individual ethereal elements.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[2] viXra:1412.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-06 05:16:47

Microworld 22. Neutron Stars

Authors: N.N. Leonov
Comments: 6 Pages. English and russian texts

There has been the structure of superfluid neutron component of neutron stars identified and there have been similarities revealed in structures and properties of superfluid components in liquid helium and in neutron superfluid liquid.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[1] viXra:1412.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-02 23:37:39

Lissajous Figures, Octonions, Sedenions and G2 Exceptional Lie Algebra

Authors: John Frederick Sweeney
Comments: 20 Pages. charts and diagrams

The work of Robert de Marrais intersects with Vedic Physics at the point of Lissajous Figures (Bowditch Twirls). That is to say that modern mathematical physics meets ancient Vedic Science at a point of nuclear physics anticipated by but not yet articulated in western science – the Purushka. In Vedic Physics, Lissajous Figures of combinatorial waves meet at the crossroads of three types of matter. This paper explains the differences between the Electromagnetic and Weak forces from the point of view of Vedic Nuclear Physics, with its three states of matter: Satvic, Rajic and Thaamasic.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics