Nuclear and Atomic Physics

1203 Submissions

[5] viXra:1203.0105 [pdf] replaced on 2015-12-16 01:41:32

Understanding Deuterons, Alpha Particles and Nuclei: a New Approach

Authors: Kunwar Jagdish Narain
Comments: 59 Pages. 7 Figures

Presently, a new theory has been proposed which gives very clear and almost complete understanding of deuterons, alpha particles and nuclei, e.g.: 1. Why and how nature has provided us only deuteron, not di-proton and di-neutron while theoretically these are also possible; 2. Why and how binding energy per nucleon (Eb) of tritium and helium are increased to > 2 Eb of deuteron, and Eb of tritium > Eb of helium; 3. Why and how despite Eb of tritium > Eb of helium, tritium decays into helium through beta decay; 4. How two-neutrons and two-protons are arranged in an alpha particle such that it persists and behaves like a particle and beams of particles are obtained despite having repulsive Coulomb force between those; 5. Why and how Eb of alpha particle is increased to > 6 Eb of deuteron, instead of increasing to 2 Eb of deuteron; 6. How nucleons are arranged in nuclei having mass number A = integer multiple of 4 such that the nuclei become most strongly stable; 7. Why and how Eb of < Eb of , while Eb of nuclei increases as their A increases in multiple of 4; 8. Why and how nuclei having A integer multiple of 4 are not strongly stable; 9. Why and how near A = 62, Eb is maximum and then it gradually decreases as A increases and ultimately for A > 200, the nuclei become radioactive and alpha, beta, gamma, neutrino are emitted from those; 10. How gamma and neutrino obtain particle like physical existence and so high energy and penetrating power. Finally an important conclusion has also been drawn that the strength of stability of nucleus does not depend only upon Eb of nucleus but also upon the strength of stability of neutrons of nucleus, because the later one too varies.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[4] viXra:1203.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2012-03-28 11:34:16

The Proton-Electron Mass Ratio, the Fine-Structure Constant, the Electron G-Factor and Von Klitzing's Constant.

Authors: Richard Blaber
Comments: 10 pages, 21 equations, 0 figures.

In this paper, we shall show how the proton-electron mass ratio is determined by the values of α, the fine-structure constant, g-sub-e, the electron g-factor, and R-sub-K, von Klitzing’s constant.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[3] viXra:1203.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2012-03-10 10:37:41

Proton and Electron Mass Derived as the Vacuum Energy Displaced by a Casimir Cavity

Authors: Ray Fleming
Comments: 5 Pages.

Two of the great mysteries of physics are the origin of mass and the mysterious mass ratio between the proton and electron of ~1836. In this paper it is shown that the mass-energy of the proton is equivalent to the vacuum energy excluded by a spherical Casimir cavity with an average radius equal to the charge radius of a proton. Likewise the electron mass is shown to be equivalent to the vacuum energy excluded by a spherical shell with an average diameter equal to the Compton wavelength of the electron. The ratio ~1836 is derived as a natural consequence of the vacuum energy exclusion.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[2] viXra:1203.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2012-03-08 23:33:30

Asymptotic Equations of Two-Body Correlations

Authors: M. Fabre de la Ripelle
Comments: 22 Pages.

Asymptotic Equations for Two-Body Correlations M. Fabre de la Ripelle An asymptotic equation for two-body correlations is proposed for a large number of particles in the framework of the Integro-Differential Equation approach. The quality of the equation is discussed with examples. Adiabatic and asymptotic properties of the two-body correlations are investigated.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[1] viXra:1203.0009 [pdf] replaced on 2012-03-05 04:29:21

The Photon

Authors: Norman Graves
Comments: 22 Pages.

A model is proposed for the photon as a material particle having zero mass. It is based on the supposition that antimatter has negative gravitational mass and that mass is an additive quantum value. Considerations of special relativity lead to a model for the photon as a compound bipolar system comprising a particle and its antiparticle equivalent. Consideration is given to the dynamics of such a system. The forces are found to be in balance provided that certain velocity terms are taken to be affected by relativity, leading to a system which is stable and one in which the photon can exist in a vacuum without recourse to an ether or ether like substance. The photon is found to have a finite bandwidth and a velocity profile which varies with frequency.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics