Authors: Kunwar Jagdish Narain
Presently, a new theory has been proposed which gives very clear and almost complete understanding of deuterons, alpha particles and nuclei, e.g.: 1. Why and how nature has provided us only deuteron, not di-proton and di-neutron while theoretically these are also possible; 2. Why and how binding energy per nucleon (Eb) of tritium and helium are increased to > 2 Eb of deuteron, and Eb of tritium > Eb of helium; 3. Why and how despite Eb of tritium > Eb of helium, tritium decays into helium through beta decay; 4. How two-neutrons and two-protons are arranged in an alpha particle such that it persists and behaves like a particle and beams of particles are obtained despite having repulsive Coulomb force between those; 5. Why and how Eb of alpha particle is increased to > 6 Eb of deuteron, instead of increasing to 2 Eb of deuteron; 6. How nucleons are arranged in nuclei having mass number A = integer multiple of 4 such that the nuclei become most strongly stable; 7. Why and how Eb of < Eb of , while Eb of nuclei increases as their A increases in multiple of 4; 8. Why and how nuclei having A integer multiple of 4 are not strongly stable; 9. Why and how near A = 62, Eb is maximum and then it gradually decreases as A increases and ultimately for A > 200, the nuclei become radioactive and alpha, beta, gamma, neutrino are emitted from those; 10. How gamma and neutrino obtain particle like physical existence and so high energy and penetrating power. Finally an important conclusion has also been drawn that the strength of stability of nucleus does not depend only upon Eb of nucleus but also upon the strength of stability of neutrons of nucleus, because the later one too varies.
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