Authors: V. V. Demjanov
Once again raises the question of the existence of two concepts of the theory of relativity and the correctness of that which is best confirmed by experiments. The first of these, aether-dinamic theory of relativity (ADTR), been formed during the period of 1880-1904 years the due to efforts of Lorentz and Poincare, on basis Maxwell's theory. In ADTR all the tangible manifestation and of attitude originate in the aether. In case of refusal to from aether, there is lost for ever the possibility to understand the mechanism of transverse polariza-tion and transferring waves light through aether, that hindered the search of methods to detect the absolute motion of inertial objects with respect to the "stationary" aether. The second (the concept of SRT, 1905), is a "ADTR without aether" since it is postulated in an unobservability of absolute motion, and the "relativism ADTR" in SRT is reduced to kinematics of moving pairs of objects in the "empty space". Conjecture by Maxwell (1877) about the existence of anisotropy of velocity (c) of light in aether, that is filled with particles translational moving together with the Earth, more than 100 years casts doubt on the legitimacy of the failure from the aether. Systematic ob-servations of non-zero effects of the 2nd-order of υ/c reveal the anisotropy of the speed of light. I am directly received the experimental proof of the observability of the effects of 2nd-order only in the "mix" of particles with aether (1968). Their magnitude turned out proportional to the po-larization contribution to Δε particles to the total permeability of the medium ε=1.+Δε. The necessity of the appealing to aether (εaether=1.!?) in experiments of Michelson creates the experimental fact of coercing SRT to return to the conception ADTR. As for the test of SRT, "of the relativistic practice" (this is: non-Galilean a Lorentz invariance of the mathematical forms laws; the relativistic velocity addition rule; the transverse Doppler effect of the order υ2/c2; concept of mc2; relativistic Hamiltonian, which managing by mass particle accelerators; relativistic electrodynamics, and much more), that all this were born either on base ideas ADTR, which appeared before 1904, or achieved by the collective mind "relativists of SRT" of the 20th century, whom aether did not impede but rather helped.
Comments: 14 Pages. English and Russian
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