Relativity and Cosmology

   

The Unified Theory of Physics Through Zero-Energy Universe and Space-Object Structures

Authors: Ding-Yu Chung

The unified theory of physics is by the means of the zero-energy universe in the multiverse and the space-object structures. For our universe, the zero-energy universe produced symmetrical positive-energy and negative-energy universes, which then underwent a symmetry breaking through the Higgs mechanism to generate eventually our baryonic-dark matter and dark energy, respectively. Different universes in different developmental stages are the different expressions of the space-object structures. The unified theory of physics is divided into five parts: (1) the two physical structures, (2) cosmology, (3) the periodic table of elementary particles, (4) the galaxy formation, and (5) the extreme force field. (1) The unified theory is based on the two physical structures: the space structure and the object structure. The space structure includes attachment space and detachment space. Relating to rest mass, attachment space attaches to object permanently with zero speed. Relating to kinetic energy, detachment space detaches from the object at the speed of light. The Higgs boson mediates the transformation between these two space structures. The combination of attachment space and detachment space brings about three different space structures: miscible space, binary lattice space, and binary partition space for special relativity, quantum mechanics, and the extreme force fields, respectively. The object structure consists of 11D membrane, 10D string, variable D particle, and empty object. The transformation among the objects is through the dimensional oscillation that involves the oscillation between high dimensional space-time with high vacuum energy and low dimensional space-time with low vacuum energy. Our observable universe with 4D space-time has zero vacuum energy. Different universes in different developmental stages are the different expressions of the two physical structures. (2) From the zero-energy universe, our universe starts with the 11-dimensional membrane universe followed by the 10-dimensional string universe and then by the 10-dimensional particle universe, and ends with the asymmetrical dual universe with variable dimensional particle and 4-dimensional particles. This 4-stage process goes on in repetitive cycles. Such 4-stage cosmology accounts for the origins of the four force fields, baryonic-dark matter, and dark energy. (3) The unified theory places all elementary particles in the periodic table of elementary particles with the calculated masses in good agreement with the observed values by using only four known constants: the number of the extra spatial dimensions in the eleven-dimensional membrane, the mass of electron, the mass of Z boson, and the fine structure constant. The LHC Higgs boson is the SM Higgs boson with the hidden lepton condensate. (4) The inhomogeneous structures, such as galaxy, are derived from the incompatibility between baryonic matter and dark matter, like the inhomogeneous structure formed by the incompatibility between oil and water. Cosmic radiation allows dark matter and baryonic matter to be compatible. As the universe expanded, the decreasing density of cosmic radiation increased the incompatibility, resulting in increasing inhomogeneous structures. The five stages of the formation of inhomogeneous structures are baryonic matter, baryonic droplets, the different types of galaxies by the Big Eruption, cluster, and supercluster. (5) Under extreme conditions, such as the zero temperature and extremely high pressure-temperature, gauge boson force field undergoes the phase transition to form extreme force field. Extreme force field explains unusual phenomena such as superconductor, fractional quantum Hall effect, supernova, and gravastar.

Comments: 62 Pages.

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Submission history

[v1] 2012-07-28 14:48:39

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