It is noticed that, in the accelerating universe, proton mass, proton size and the strong coupling constant are cosmic variable constants. Independent of the cosmic red shift and CMBR observations, cosmic acceleration can be verifified by measuring the `rate of decrease' in the proton mass. Cosmic initial conditions can be addressed with the Planck mass(Mp) and the coulomb mass(MC). Based on the Mach's principle and the characteristic Hubble mass (M0) of the present universe, it is noticed that, in the Hubble volume, critical density, observed matter density and the thermal energy density are in geometric series and the geometric ratio is 1 + ln (M0/MC) : In this connection, it can be suggested that - in understanding the basics of grand unification and cosmology, cosmic Hubble volume can be given a chance.
Comments: Accepted for online publication in GJSFR(A). Please sponsor the page charges (78 USD)
[v1] 2012-07-12 05:21:14
Unique-IP document downloads: 151 times
Vixra.org is a pre-print repository rather than a journal. Articles hosted may not yet have been verified by peer-review and should be treated as preliminary. In particular, anything that appears to include financial or legal advice or proposed medical treatments should be treated with due caution. Vixra.org will not be responsible for any consequences of actions that result from any form of use of any documents on this website.
Add your own feedback and questions here:
You are equally welcome to be positive or negative about any paper but please be polite. If you are being critical you must mention at least one specific error, otherwise your comment will be deleted as unhelpful.