**Authors:** Andrew Beckwith

We make explicit an idea by, T. Padmanabhan in DICE 2010 [1], as to finding "atoms of space time" permitting a thermodynamic treatment of emergent structure similar to Gibbs treatment of statistical physics. I.e. an ensemble of gravitons, is used to give an 'atom' of space time congruent with relic GW . The idea is to reduce the number of independent variables to get a simple emergent space time structure of entropy. An electric field, based upon the Cosmological Schwinger principle is linked to relic heat flux, with entropy production tied in with candidates as to inflaton potentials. The effective electric field links with the Schwinger result, 1951, of an E field leading to pairs of e+ e- charges nucleated in space-time volume V.t . Note that in most inflationary models, the assumption is for a magnetic field, not electric field. An electric field permits a kink anti kink construction of an emergent structure. Also an E filed allows for an emergent relic particle frequency range between one to 100 Giga Hertz. The novel contribution is a relic E field, instead of a B field, in relic space time "atom$quot; formation and vacuum nucleation of the same.

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[v1] 18 Oct 2010

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