## The Tetrahedron Model in the Context of a Complete Conservation Cycle

**Authors:** John A. Gowan

"Noether's Theorem" states that in a multicomponent field such as the electromagnetic field (or
the metric field of spacetime), symmetries are associated with conservation laws. In matter,
light's (broken) symmetries are conserved by charge and spin; in spacetime, light's symmetries
are protected by inertial forces, and conserved (when broken) by gravitational forces. All forms
of energy originate as light; matter carries charges which are the symmetry/entropy debts of the
light which created it (both concepts are required to fully integrate gravity - which has a double
conservation role - with the other forces). Charges produce forces which act to return the
material system to its original symmetric state, repaying matter's symmetry/entropy debts.
Repayment is exampled by any spontaneous interaction producing net free energy, including:
chemical reactions and matter-antimatter annihilation reactions; radioactivity, particle and
proton decay; the nucleosynthetic pathway of stars, and Hawking's "quantum radiance" of black
holes. Identifying the broken symmetries of light associated with each of the 4 charges and
forces of physics is the first step toward a conceptual unification. The charges of matter are the
symmetry debts of light.

**Comments:** 6 pages.

**Download:** **PDF**

### Submission history

[v1] 12 Nov 2009

[v2] 25 Sep 2010

**Unique-IP document downloads:** 0 times

**Add your own feedback and questions here:**

*You are equally welcome to be positive or negative about any paper but please be polite. If you are being critical you must mention at least one specific error, otherwise your comment will be deleted as unhelpful.*

*
*