Authors: John A. Gowan
3-dimensional space is the entropic domain of light (free electromagnetic radiation); four-dimensional historic spacetime is the entropic domain of matter (bound electromagnetic radiation); gravity converts space into time and vice versa, creating and destroying spacetime. Because entropy is an adjunct of energy conservation, and matter is derived from (and returns to ) light, we find that the mysterious "intrinsic motions" of light, time, and gravity are connected in a conservation loop. The subject of entropy can be dauntingly technical in its full thermodynamic formality. However, we are primarily interested in three simple, fundamental, and typically overlooked examples of entropy in its most common, primordial, and significant form: 1) the dimensional spatial expression of entropy as observed in the cosmological expansion and cooling of space; 2) the dimensional temporal expression of entropy as observed in the cosmological expansion, decay, and causal dilution of history; 3) the continuous formation of spacetime by the negentropic action of gravitation. These dimensional or entropic conservation domains are created by the primordial entropy drives of free electromagnetic energy (light's intrinsic motion), and bound electromagnetic energy (mass/matter - the historical entropy drive of time's intrinsic motion). Gravity is the spatial consequence of the intrinsic motion of time. Gravity is the neg-entropic face of matter's pos-entropic historical entropy drive. Gravity creates time by the annihilation of space and the extraction of a metrically equivalent temporal residue, creating spacetime, the compound entropic domain of free and bound forms of electromagnetic energy. Time, in turn, creates gravity as it rushes into history, pulling space after it. Time is the active principle of gravity's "location" charge. (See: "Entropy, Gravity, and Thermodynamics".) Time and gravity induce each other, analogously to an electric and magnetic field, but of course via a very different mechanism (see: "The Conversion of Space to Time"). Spacetime is a rather complex entropic domain - space and history are linked by negentropic gravity which converts either into the other. (See: "The Double Conservation Role of Gravitation".) The expansion of history is at the expense of the expansion of space; the rate of expansion of historic spacetime is reduced compared to the rate of expansion of pure space. Gravity is the "go-between", conversion force, or "gauge" of equity/proportionality between the spatial and historical entropy drives of free and bound electromagnetic energy. (See: "A Description of Gravitation".)
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