**Authors:** Rati Ram Sharma

F
A wave exists only in its propagating medium but Einstein erred to discard the
physical medium for light wave and to introduce the non-existent 4-D spacetime continuum instead. It
denied him the chance to address the intrinsic wave-quantum Unity of light and predict the new entity
of 'basic substance' to compose all forms of E & m so compellingly demanded for the inter-conversions
of E & m by the eqn. E=mc^{2}, which is now re-derived. Unified Theory gives cogent arguments and
experimental support for the existence of a real physical medium in space, the all-composing & allpervading
'sharmon medium' as Basic Substance. It propagates light as a wave-quantum UNITY, the
particle aspect showing up at short wavelength e.g. from ~ 7000 A° downward in photochemical effects
and below ~ 3000 A° in photoelectric effects. The non-substantive abstract concepts of space & time
evolve from our perceptions of successive motions & changes in the surrounding objects and cannot
fuse into any concrete spacetime continuum. If existent it would retard motion of heavenly bodies,
which is not actually observed. Any non-composite static spacetime cannot undulate to transmit light.
Various multidimensional spacetime continua are mere mathematical constructs bereft of physical
existence and theories based on them unrealistic. Unified Theory explains from sharmon medium the
constancy & invariance to source-observer motion, the two pillar postulates of Special Relativity
without validating SR. It explains the Michelson-Morley and Sagnac experiments as also the observed
variability of light velocity and superluminality, which invalidate Relativity Theories. Lorentz
transformations do not describe any natural motion since no velocity can vary (like v) with, and be
invariant (like c) to, a source-observer motion at the same time. The actual length of an object, viewed
by say, 100 differently moving observers cannot undergo 100 different objective contractions at the
same time, making 'contraction of length' an unrealistic concept. So is 'dilatation of time'. Unified
Theory derives from sharmon medium the Maxwell equations and the time containing and time free
equations for the propagation of wave-quantum unity in gravitational and electromagnetic radiation.
The Schrodinger wave equation is also derived. It explains the photoelectric effect. Explanation of the
bending of light in a gravitational field shows that photon has mass and gravitation is not a curvature
in 4-D spacetime. All particles and energy-quanta have definite mass & size.

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