Relativity and Cosmology


How and Why the Universe Began

Authors: Roger Ellman

Before the universe there was nothing, absolute nothing. That is the starting point because it is the only starting point that requires no cause, no explanation nor justification of its existence. But, that starting point has two impediments to the universe, or anything, coming into existence from it. First is the problem of change from nothing to something without, at least initially, an infinite rate of change, which is impossible. Second is the problem of change from nothing to something without violating conservation, which must be maintained. Mathematical analysis develops the sole solution to both problems. That is that the beginning had to be of a [1 - Cosine(2π.f.t)] form. That solution indicates the fundamental nature of matter, energy and field.

Comments: recovered from

Download: PDF

Submission history

[v1] 25 Feb 2007

Unique-IP document downloads: 49 times

Add your own feedback and questions here:
You are equally welcome to be positive or negative about any paper but please be polite. If you are being critical you must mention at least one specific error, otherwise your comment will be deleted as unhelpful.

comments powered by Disqus