Religion and Spiritualism

1410 Submissions

[3] viXra:1410.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-17 20:45:18

Age of the Earth: ‘Young Earthers’ Versus Evolutionists

Authors: Richard L. Amoroso
Comments: 3 Pages.

The true age of the Earth has remained a centuries old controversy contrasted between modern scientific empirical methods and interpretation of ancient theological scripture. Fundamentalist Christians prefer to take Old Testament passages that the Earth’s age since creation is 7,000 years literally. This so-called ‘Young Earthers’ point of view remains difficult for educated or scientifically minded individuals (even those of faith) to unquestioningly accept. In this short article we attempt to shed significant light on this controversy.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[2] viXra:1410.0084 [pdf] replaced on 2014-10-18 17:53:29

On Religious Prosociality, Fairness, and Beauty

Authors: Ramzi Suleiman
Comments: 14 Pages.

Previous theoretical and empirical studies of the effects of religion on adherent prosociality have focused, almost entirely, on the intragroup and intergroup aspects of religion, as facilitators of prosocial attitudes and behavior. The moral values preached by various religions were treated inseparably from other religious practices, which contribute to the evolution of cohesive, more adapted and larger groups. The present research takes another direction by addressing the question of the intrinsic effects of religious moral principles on the economic behavior of its adherents. For this purpose I consider simple symmetric and asymmetric economic interactions between two rational individuals who nonetheless obey the moral maxim “treat others as you treat yourself,” considered to be of highest importance by most religions. I solve for the divisions of a shared resource that guarantee equal levels of satisfaction by the interacting parties. As expected, for the symmetric case, adherence to the aforementioned maxim prescribes an equal division of the resource. Strikingly, for the asymmetric case, the prescribed division is one in which the decision maker keeps Φ (and transfers to the recipient 1- Φ), where Φ is the famous golden ratio (≈ 0.618), known for its unique aesthetic properties. I further show that the same solution could be obtained if we replace the above maxim’s constraint with an efficient sanctioning mechanism. I conclude by discussing the numerical identity between the derived fair division and the aesthetically pleasing perceptions of humans. I suggest an experimental test for the hypothesis: fair (just) = fair (beautiful). I then consider the possibility of an evolutionary link between our sense of fairness and our aesthetic tastes, and between the two and the animate and inanimate world in which we live.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[1] viXra:1410.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-10 10:42:47

An Essay on Hindu Philosophy from a Mathematician's Perspective

Authors: Joseph I. Thomas
Comments: 5 Pages.

It is a spectacular thing to observe that only a few of the Great Religions of the World have a philosophical basis that is grounded in raw logical thinking. Hinduism in its most Ancient theological form belongs to this special class, where all ponderings on the human condition are akin to a mathematician musing on the properties of numbers or a physicist churning meaning out of symbols and equations. This essay attempts to demonstrate how, much of what is considered the profoundest of Ancient Hindu doctrines can be tamed to fit into a systematic axiomatic framework, by means of which higher truths can be arrived at. Beginning with an elucidation of basic doctrines and statements of symbolic axioms, theorems are then formulated.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism