[5] **viXra:1912.0461 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-12-27 22:36:21*

**Authors:** David Lindsay Johnson

**Comments:** 6 Pages. Minor corrections to Beta Decay included

Positrons satisfy the Dirac wave equations as equally well as do electrons, but remain enigmatic because they result from high energy particle/matter interactions and are not explained by current atomic theory. Specifically, the question remains as to whether they are dynamically created or pre-exist, and are thus released from matter by such interactions. The latter option implies that free positrons can exist within matter: at very least this would mean that positive holes, the functional equivalent of positrons, would no longer be required to explain electric current formation within semiconductors. However it would also mean that a major overhaul of the current conventional orbital atomic model would be required.

**Category:** Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[4] **viXra:1912.0443 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-12-24 13:36:59*

**Authors:** Francesco Ferrara

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

L'articolo descrive un nuovo modello per il neutrone, basato sui fondamenti teorici profusi da alcuni ricercatori italiani.
Il modello vede il neutrone costituito da due anelli di corrente giacenti su due piani paralleli,aventi diversi raggi, uno generato da una sferetta carica positivamente e l'altro da una sferetta carica negativamente che si muovono, in verso opposto l'una rispetto all'altra, alla velocità della luce.

**Category:** Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[3] **viXra:1912.0423 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-12-23 06:03:02*

**Authors:** N.N.Leonov

**Comments:** 33 Pages. English and russian texts

The "new physics" concepts of the material world structure - quantum theory and theory of relativity - are compared with the concepts of the theory of nonlinear oscillations operating in "classical" and Newton’s methods.

**Category:** Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[2] **viXra:1912.0337 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-12-18 03:50:55*

**Authors:** Adrian Ferent

**Comments:** 471 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“The electron magnetic moment is another proof for Ferent Quantum Gravity”
Adrian Ferent
“The electron has a magnetic field due to the photon inside the electron”
Adrian Ferent
All the Scientists were not capable to explain what the electron is, what the electric charge is, what the “spin ħ/2" of the electron is…
The electron magnetic moment is caused by its intrinsic properties of spin and electric charge.
You learned at university that the electron is thought to be an elementary particle because has no known components or substructure.
“The electron is not an elementary particle, because it is composed of a Photon and a Dark electron”
Adrian Ferent
“The Standard Model is wrong because the electron is not an elementary particle, and it does not include Dark Matter particles”
Adrian Ferent
“The electron equation:
Adrian Ferent
Where Ψ is the wave function of the electron.
“The Dark Matter electron is the Dark Matter inside the electron”
Adrian Ferent
For you the electric charge is an intrinsic property, because all Nobel Laureates, the greatest scientists, your professors…were not able to explain the electric charge of the electron.
“I calculated the charge created by the photon with f = 10^20 Hz inside the electron Q = 1.6 × 10^(-19) C, the electron charge”
Adrian Ferent
“Due to the photon inside the electron, the electron interacts with the electromagnetic field”
Adrian Ferent
For you the spin is an intrinsic property, because all Nobel Laureates, the greatest scientists, your professors…were not able to explain the "spin ħ/2" of the electron.
I calculated the spin of the electron, the spin ħ/2:
“The Spin of the electron is the Orbital angular momentum of the photon within the electron”
Adrian Ferent
“The circumference of the electron is λ / 2, half of photon wavelength”
Adrian Ferent
“The electron has an electric field due to the photon inside the electron”
Adrian Ferent
What scientists, the Nobel Laureates, your professors… did not understand?
They did not understand Gravitation, Dark Matter, the electron…
The problem is that the Universities do not payback the money to students for wrong theories like Einstein Gravitation theory, the Standard Model, Cold Dark Matter theory, String theory, Loop Quantum Gravity theory…
“The Ferent mechanism gives the electron Mass, not the wrong Higgs mechanism”
Adrian Ferent
“The photon confined inside the electron has mass and electric charge”
Adrian Ferent
“The photon inside the electron is the charge, is the electric field inside a volume equivalent with the electric field created by an electric charge.
An electric field surrounds an electric charge; the same thing inside the electron, the electric field of the photon surrounds the center of the electron.
Electric charge doesn't exist, was invented by scientists because they were not capable to explain the electric charge and what is inside the electron!”
Adrian Ferent
The magnetic moment µ, is used to measure the tendency of an object to interact with an external magnetic field.
The electron magnetic moment or the electron magnetic dipole moment is the magnetic moment of the electron caused by its intrinsic properties of spin and electric charge.
The electromagnetic waves are synchronized oscillations of electric and magnetic fields.
In Ferent Quantum Gravity the spin and the electric charge are not intrinsic properties:
“The electron has a magnetic field due to the photon inside the electron”
Adrian Ferent
I calculated the charge created by the photon inside the electron, e, is the unit of elementary charge.
A rotating electrically charged creates a magnetic dipole.
“Inside the electron, the rotating electrically charged has the speed of light”
Adrian Ferent
For the electron as a charged particle with the angular momentum L, the magnetic dipole moment μ:
The electron magnetic moment is created by a tiny current I traveling around the area A
μ = IA = (qv/2πr)πr2
μ = qvr/2 = qL/2m
where: q = - e
m = me
The classical result is corrected by multiplying it with a dimensionless correction factor g.
The electron magnetic moment:
The electron magnetic moment in terms of the Bohr magneton μB:
Spin electron magnetic moment
In quantum mechanics is another kind of angular momentum L, the spin angular momentum, represented by the spin operator S. The spin of the electron is ħ/2.
This means: μ = - 9.2 × 10^(-24) J/T
The z component of the electron magnetic moment
Orbital magnetic dipole moment
Total magnetic dipole moment
μ is the total magnetic moment, from both orbital angular momentum and spin of an electron; J = L + S is its total angular momentum.
“The electron magnetic moment is another proof for Ferent Quantum Gravity”
Adrian Ferent
285. I am the first who discovered that the electron magnetic moment is another proof for Ferent Quantum Gravity
286. I am the first who discovered that the electron has a magnetic field due to the photon inside the electron

**Category:** Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[1] **viXra:1912.0097 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-12-05 09:35:30*

**Authors:** Marc Kießling

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

This paper postulates an advanced model of atoms under consideration of the research results from Marc Kießling by his paper entitled “ About the properties of energy”.
There is a centered, approximately spherical area of energy. Around it there is/are approximately spherical energy value/values . The centered energy is of higher value as the surrounding spherical energy value/values.
In the following the model is described with more than one outer spherical energy value.
The motions of the energy values within the center and the outer energy values are synchronous. The motions of the centered energy influence the motions of the outer energy values in terms of their direction and velocity and vice versa. This occurs as a consequence of the energy values tending to the smallest amount of ∆W in their surroundings, which is on the specific ways of the synchronized motions.
The motions of the centered energy area and the spherical energy values lead to an frequency pattern, which influences other energy values (particles) or other atoms. This leads to the observable effect of the wave character of energy values (particles) in double-slit experiments. Assumably under these conditions (double-slit), the frequency patterns of the atoms of the slit interfere with each other and generate a wave pattern. Therefore the energy values (particles) follow these generated patterns to the detector.
Although the outer spherical energy values move on determined ways, they take variable ways within a generated space by the motions within the atom and influences from other atoms. Therefore chemical bindings are determined by the generated spaces, in which the outer energy values are located. But their specific motions within these spaces lead to another property of atoms, namely, assimilation and differentiation between atoms concerning their frequency pattern.

**Category:** Nuclear and Atomic Physics