Nuclear and Atomic Physics

1603 Submissions

[6] viXra:1603.0401 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-30 01:48:26

With a Laser Redo Famous Photoemission Experiments, the Results Should be Different

Authors: LI WeiGang
Comments: 1 Page.

The famous photoemission experiments to natural light as the light source, can be drawn: photoemission or not, depending on the wavelength of the irradiated light (frequency), regardless of the intensity of the irradiation light - the conclusion; However, if the laser coherence excellent redo corresponding experiments, but also Is that right? My guess: a laser redo photoemission experiment, the low-frequency high-intensity laser irradiation, and they can play photoelectron.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[5] viXra:1603.0361 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-16 23:37:33

New Theories of Particle Model and Gravitation

Authors: Chongxi Yu
Comments: 42 Pages. corrected version

Every matter is moving in very high speed because the Milky Way’s speed relative to CMB rest frame is 552km/s, 0.18% of light speed. When matter moves, there may be the lag of gluons, photons, mesons, protons, and neutrons, in exact words, the lag of c-particles, A particle and their anti particles, which makes bonding of nucleons weaker and exposes more nuclear forces, and results in stronger residual forces of bonding forces between particles. Gravitation, then, may be the residual force of the bonding force between particles. Three color particles and a A particle and their antiparticles (total 8 particles) make all current “elementary particles”. Surprisingly, we can draw photons, gluons, electrons, quarks, mesons, bosons and any current “elementary particles” from these particles just like drawing chemical structures. These structures can show how an electron and a positron annihilate to photons, how proton absorb electron to form neutron, and how fission and fusion happen. It can explain almost every question around elementary particles. According to this model, there may be only one force which comes from c-particles orbit A particle and anti c-particles orbit anti A particle and a side product, the electromagnetic force, due to the asymmetry of c-particles and anti c-particles. Keywords: Elementary particles; Neutron; Neutrinos; Gravitation; electromagnetic fields . PACS Nos: 95.30.Cg; 28.20. Fc; 14.60. st; 95.30. sf; 03.50. De 41.20.-q.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[4] viXra:1603.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-14 09:33:03

AB Preon Interaction Theory and Model of Universe

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 13 Pages.

Author offers some initial ideas about a cognitive construct of the Micro-World with allows to design a preon based Universe matching many qualities of the observable universe.. The main idea is that - the initial base must be very simple: two energy massless virtual particles (eners) and two reciprocity relations (interactions) between them. Author postulates: Two energy massless virtual particles can explain the main features of much of what we see including: mass, electrical charges and the main interactions between particles such as: gravitation, centrifugal and inertial masses, repulsion and attraction of electric charges, weak and strong nuclear forces, design of quarks and baryonic matter. Author gives only ideas of how these problems may be solved. Scientists who will be interested in the offered approach can make detailed mathematical descriptions and solutions. ------------------------------------------- Key words: microworld, preon, preon theory, virtual particles, fundamental interactions, Ener Model of Universe, Bolonkin.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[3] viXra:1603.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-11 11:25:49

Fermionic Microscope

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

Researchers in the US have taken images of individual atoms in an ultracold fermionic gas as it makes the transition from a metallic phase to a band insulator and then to a Mott insulator. This is the first study of such a transition in a fermionic gas to be made with single-site and single-particle resolution. While such experiments are routinely done using ultracold bosonic atoms, doing the same with fermions is more challenging because they are difficult to cool. However, the rewards for physicists could be greater because fermionic atoms are a closer match to electrons in a solid, and therefore such experiments could shed light on poorly understood solid systems such as high-temperature superconductors. [11] A new scientific instrument at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory promises to capture some of nature's speediest processes. It uses a method known as ultrafast electron diffraction (UED) and can reveal motions of electrons and atomic nuclei within molecules that take place in less than a tenth of a trillionth of a second – information that will benefit groundbreaking research in materials science, chemistry and biology. [10] As an elementary particle, the electron cannot be broken down into smaller particles, at least as far as is currently known. However, in a phenomenon called electron fractionalization, in certain materials an electron can be broken down into smaller "charge pulses," each of which carries a fraction of the electron's charge. Although electron fractionalization has many interesting implications, its origins are not well understood. [9] New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[2] viXra:1603.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-10 11:20:31

Higgs Force in Atomic Spectra

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 10 Pages.

A new way of measuring how the Higgs boson couples to other fundamental particles has been proposed by physicists in France, Israel and the US. Their technique would involve comparing the spectra of several different isotopes of the same atom to see how the Higgs force between the atom's electrons and its nucleus affects the atomic energy levels. [7] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[1] viXra:1603.0030 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-03 07:53:59

Theoretical Method for Determining Precise Values of the Dimensionless Fundamental Physical Constants

Authors: Valery B. Smolensky
Comments: 8 Pages.

In this article the author presents an original theoretical method of determining accurate values of the dimensionless fundamental physical constants: fine structure constant, of constant of the strong interaction, the anomaly of the magnetic moment of the electron, the mass ratio of the electron and proton, the mass ratio of the electron and the neutron. Presents the final results of analytical calculations determining the of exact values of these constants.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics