Nuclear and Atomic Physics

1502 Submissions

[4] viXra:1502.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-23 20:24:09

Scale Independent Unified Quark Physics

Authors: U.V.S. Seshavatharam, S.Lakshiminarayana
Comments: 15 Pages.

With reference to particle data group, up quark mass is 2.15 MeV/c2 and down quark mass is 4.7 MeV/c2. Up and down quark mass ratio is 0.46(5). In the earlier published paper titled: “Super symmetry in strong and weak interactions”, the authors proposed a simple method for estimating the six quark masses. With reference to the earlier proposed results, up quark mass is 4.4 MeV/c2 and down quark mass is 9.473 MeV/c2. By considering the up and down quark rest masses, in this paper the authors proposed very simple methods for estimating the nuclear stability and nuclear binding energy and successfully extended the quark model to low energy scale nuclear physics. Topics covered are: 1) Hint of final unification and Up and Down quark rest masses, 2) Strong coupling constant, 3) Nucleon rest masses, 4) Nuclear stability, 5) Nuclear binding energy, 6) Strong interaction range, 7) Nuclear charge radius, 8) Rms charge radius of proton, 9) Rms charge radii of atomic nuclei and 10) Magic numbers. At the stable mass number of Z, nuclear binding energy seems to be proportional to the sum of 2Z up quarks rest energy and Z down quarks rest energy. Interesting point to be noted is that, binding energy near to stable mass number seems to be independent of the mass number. Finally an attempt is made to fit the SEMF energy coefficients. With further research and analysis, strong coupling constant and gravitational constant both can successfully be implemented in low energy nuclear binding energy scheme.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[3] viXra:1502.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-17 11:46:10

Exceptional Lie Algebra Magic Square Series

Authors: John Frederick Sweeney
Comments: 44 Pages.

The Exceptional Lie Algebra groups contain a series of Magic Squares, shown above. This paper presents this series, especially the series E6 – E7 and E8. In addition a Magic Square Series related to the Octonions, Fano Plane, the Klein Quartic and PS / 2 has been found, called the Octonion Magic Square Series. Unlike the Freudenthal – Tits “Magic Square,” these magic squares are related to the FTMS and are true magic squares.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[2] viXra:1502.0077 [pdf] replaced on 2015-03-12 03:20:49

Hidden Variable Theory Supports Variability in Decay Rates of Nuclides

Authors: Dirk. J. Pons, Arion. D. Pons, Aiden. J. Pons
Comments: Pages. Published asL Pons, D. J., Pons, A. D., and Pons, A. J., Hidden variable theory supports variability in decay rates of nuclides Applied Physics Research 2015. 7(3): p. 18-29. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/apr.v7n3p18

PROBLEM- The orthodox expectation is for decay rates to be strictly constant for all types of decay (β+, β-, EC, α). However empirical results show strong evidence for nuclides having variable decay rates, typically evident as periodicity. The volume of data available suggests this is a real phenomenon, not merely a spurious outcome of measurement errors. However the problem is complex because the data are conflicted for different decays. Furthermore, there is no coherent theory for why the phenomenon should exist in the first place. The effect is not required or predicted by quantum theory. Consequently it is a significant challenge to explain how the variability might arise, what factors could be involved, and how the underlying mechanisms of causality might operate. This lack of explanation contributes to the phenomenon often being dismissed as erroneous. PURPOSE- This paper develops a theoretical explanation of the variability of nuclide decay rates. APPROACH- The non-local hidden-variable solution provided by the Cordus theory was used, specifically its mechanics for neutrino-species interactions with nucleons. FINDINGS- It is predicted that the β-, β+ and electron capture processes are induced by pre-supply of neutrino-species, and that the effects are asymmetrical for those species. Also predicted is that different input energies are required, i.e. that a threshold effect exists. Four simple non-contentious lemmas are proposed with which it is straightforward to explain why β- and EC would be enhanced and correlate to solar neutrino flux (proximity & activity), and α emission unaffected. It is shown that the concept of a neutrino-species asymmetry makes sense of the broad patterns evident in the empirical data. IMPLICATIONS- The results support the variability of decay rates, on theoretical grounds. The type of decay (β+, β-, EC, α) is found to be a key variable in this theory, as is the type of neutrino species and its energy. Past experiments have generally not recorded the variables sufficiently. Future empirical tests of nuclide decay rates need to be more specific about the identity of the external environmental, neutrino-species, both the energy and flux thereof. It is also necessary to be more specific about the decay path. The different decays have to be considered separately, not lumped together, nor classified primarily by element (e.g. U, Pb, Cl, etc.) but rather by type of decay process (β+, β-, EC, α). A more radical implication is that hidden-variable theories offer profoundly new perspectives on fundamental physics, and can explain complex phenomena that are inconceivable from within the zero-dimensional point framework of quantum theory. ORIGINALITY- The novel contribution is the provision of a theoretical explanation for why decay rates would be variable. A detailed mechanism is presented for neutrino-species induced decay. Also novel is the prediction that the interaction is asymmetrical, and that the energy requirements are different for the various types of decay. The explanation is qualitatively consistent with the empirical evidence.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[1] viXra:1502.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-07 11:12:07

Cancer Causes in Vedic Particle Physics

Authors: John Frederick Sweeney
Comments: 18 Pages.

Cancer is caused at the sub – atomic level by three types of sub – atomic particles which prevent normal atomic development. These particles are known as Dasyu, Sunu, Pisaca and Raksasas in Vedic Particle Physics. These particle types may be undiscovered by western nuclear physics, yet Vedic Literature may provide helpful clues to identify them within the atomic nucleus.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics