Nuclear and Atomic Physics

1409 Submissions

[4] viXra:1409.0202 [pdf] replaced on 2015-06-22 19:09:24

Unified Field Theory and Topology of Nuclei

Authors: Zhiliang Cao, Henry Gu Cao
Comments: 8 Pages. Re-sequenced the figure numbers

This paper proposes that a nucleus has a lattice configuration. A nucleus can not be seen visually. The configuration of a nucleus is studied in theoretical models, such as lattice, NCFC, and water drop. There are a few theories study many body interactions in a nucleus, such as Ab initio calculation, BCS formalism, and SEMF. However, the precise structure of an isotope is not known. According to Unified Field Theory (UFT), a proton has the shape of an octahedron. Since the strong forces are along the axes of the octahedron of protons and neutron, the structure of ground state isotopes of any given element can be logically induced. Furthermore, only two of three axes of the octahedron nucleus possess interactive forces. Therefore, any nuclear structure has one layer only. Our results demonstrate that there is a configuration for any isotope. Mass, stability and configuration of an isotope are related. We anticipate our essay to be a starting point of new method that provides precise configuration for each isotope, theoretical mass calculation for an unknown isotope, and nuclear characteristics/stability analysis for a given configuration. For example, the best symmetrical lattice of an isotope can be selected from all possible lattices. The selected lattice for the isotope can decide the stability of the isotope.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[3] viXra:1409.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 06:38:52

TGD Variant of the Model of Widom and Larsen for Cold Fusion

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 6 Pages.

Widom and Larsen (for articles see the Widom Larsen LENR Theory Portal have proposed atheory of cold fusion (LENR), which claims to predict correctly the various isotope ratios observed in cold fusion and accompanying nuclear transmutations. The ability to predict correctly the isotope ratios suggests that the model is on the right track. A further finding is that the predicted isotope ratios correspond to those appearing in Nature which suggests that LENR is perhaps more important than hot fusion in solar interior as far as nuclear abundances are considered. TGD leads to the same proposal and Lithium anomaly could be understood as one implication of LENR. The basic step of the reaction would rely on weak interactions: the proton of hydrogen atom would transform to neutron by capturing the electron and therefore would overcome the Coulomb barrier. This transformation is extremely slow unless the value of Planck constant is so large that weak bosons have Compton lengths of order atomic length scale.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[2] viXra:1409.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-16 10:18:55

Journey of the Universe from Birth to Rebirth with Insight Into the Unified Interaction of Elementary Particles with Spiral Structure

Authors: Suraj Kumar
Comments: 13 Pages.

In this paper it has been tried to propose a hypothesis for Universe life cycle from its birth to death along with a cyclic view into its rebirth referring to the concept of Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation, Spiral Structure of Galaxies and Spiral Structure of Elementary Particles. It has been tried to inherit the behaviour of Big Bang in consensus with the proposals of Steady State Cosmology within the vicinity of all modern ongoing researches. It also provides a unified approach for various force interactions of particles through the intrinsic behaviours of Spiral Structure of Elementary Particles. The inverse relation between mass of particle and rate of change of cross section of spiral arms gives us a distinct view of gravitational interactions. Also the orientation of the curl of spiral differentiate the electromagnetic interaction when has revolution and electroweak interaction when has rotational curl. Strong interaction can be described through the phase differences of particles with charge not in multiple of ½. This paper also describes the process for formation off composite particles and the atomic structure through various dynamics of interactions by spiral structured particles.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[1] viXra:1409.0025 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-04 16:08:16

Nucleotopes ―The Nuclei of the Isotopes

Authors: Joel M williams
Comments: 7 Pages.

The current concept of the nuclei of the isotopes of an element is that they all have the same number of protons and only differ by the number of included neutrons. This paper proposes an alternate model for the nucleus: the nucleotope. This model of nuclei has the number of protons and neutrons not differing from one another by more than a single unit. The outward nuclear charge is determined by the number of included β- particles. The model is applied to the elements of the periodic table, particularly addressing tritium and why elements above lead are unstable α-particle emitters.

----------The reader is cautioned that Royal Society "Open Science" has deemed this paper unfit for inquiring eyes. The complete lone review states that "The proposed model is in conflict with more than half a century of basic nuclear and atomic data (magic numbers, charge measurements of ions, nuclear mass measurements, fragmentation, to name a few) and all data supporting the Cabibbo–Kobayashi–Maskawa matrix of the standard model of particle physics."

----------It is faulty reasoning to assert that data supporting one model automatically excludes all other models. Adherents of the standard model would not want any new and significantly different model in the literature. In an "open science" world, ALL conceivable models would be aired!
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics