Nuclear and Atomic Physics

1403 Submissions

[13] viXra:1403.0945 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-27 09:46:20

The Relationship and Mechanism of Action Between “Zeeman Effect”, “Stark Effect” with “fine Even Hyperfine Structure”

Authors: Yibing Qiu
Comments: 1 Page.

If there exists relationship between the “Zeeman effect” and “Stark effect” with to “fine structure” and “hyperfine structure”.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[12] viXra:1403.0934 [pdf] replaced on 2015-12-29 04:15:12

Origin of the Electron Bubbles, Twisters and Unidentified Electron Objects in Liquid Helium

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

Here, applying the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we calculated sizes and described mechanism of production of the electron bubbles and the quantized vortices/twisters in liquid helium. Calculated size of the electron bubbles is 2.1 nm whereas of the twisters is of the order of an angstrom (0.1 nm). The mechanism of trapping the electron bubbles by the tangles-bundles composed of the quantized twisters (they are the cores of the electron bubbles) is described also. SST leads as well to electron bubbles with smaller core (4 times smaller) which exist at very low temperatures and explode at larger pressure. Such objects are referred to as the unidentified electron objects. Obtained results are consistent or very close to experimental data.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[11] viXra:1403.0928 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-24 14:32:35

Femtotechnology. AB-matter. Properties, Stability, Possibility Production and Applications

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 20 Pages.

Designs of new forms of matter composed of nucleons (neutrons, protons), electrons, and other nuclear particles are detailed. This matter is measured in the femtometer (10-15 m) scale (“femtotechnology”), which is millions of times smaller than material on the nanometer (10-9 m) scale (“nanotechnology”). These new femto-needles, femto-tubes have extraordinary properties such as tensile strength, stiffness, hardness, critical temperature, superconductivity, super-transparency and zero friction. All of these properties are magnified millions of times in comparison to those of conventional molecular matter. Applications include concepts of design for aircraft, ships, transportation, thermonuclear reactors, constructions, and so on from nuclear matter. These vehicles will have unbelievable possibilities such as invisibility, ghost-like penetration through any walls and armor, protection from nuclear bomb explosions and any radiation flux. But many readers asked about stability of the nuclear matter. It is well-known that the conventional nuclear matter having more than 92 protons or more than 238 nucleons became instable. In given work the author shows the special artificial forms of nuclear AB-matter which make its stability and give the fantastic properties. For example, by the offered AB-needle you can pierce any body without any damage, support motionless satellite, reach the other planet, and research Earth’s interior. These forms of nuclear matter are not in nature now, and nanotubes are also not in nature. That artificial matter is made by men. The AB-matter is also not natural now, but researching and investigating their possibility, stability and properties are necessary for creating them.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[10] viXra:1403.0918 [pdf] replaced on 2015-04-29 22:11:31

Pi-Theory of the Fundamental Physical Constants: Metrological Aspects

Authors: V.B. Smolenskii
Comments: 6 Pages.

Abstract: in may of this year will be published values of the fundamental physical constants (FPC), which CODATA recommended for international use. The article presents the predictive results of original theoretical research of the author in determining the numerical values of FPC, obtained using the analytical method of the PI-theory of the fundamental physical constants. Given a finite formulas and precise analytical results. Presents a table comparing the results of calculations with the data CODATA 2010.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[9] viXra:1403.0824 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-23 10:19:57

The Other Relativity Hidden in BOHR’S Atom!

Authors: Leonardo Rubino
Comments: 22 Pages.

The cosmological constant as the biggest blunder of Einstein? I don’t think so. As I already said many times, his biggest blunder was that of taking into consideration a real fourth dimension. The Universe is three dimensional and will go on being so. All fourth components of relativity are those of the (three dimensional) falling towards the center of mass of the Universe. Below you can find the overwhelming proof from the well established atomic physics! Moreover, they go on supporting their full of holes Universe, with fourth dimensions, dark matter and energy, multidimensionality, multiple Universes (??), expansion contradicted by observations etc… My harmonic and oscillating Universe leads to a harmonic and oscillation based deduction of the Special Theory of Relativity and also of its extension (“Other Relativity”). Well, here below the overwhelming proof from the well established atomic physics!
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[8] viXra:1403.0586 [pdf] replaced on 2014-04-04 20:07:04

Does the Sun's Core Consist of Iron Instead of Hydrogen? and What is Its Implication to Solar Energy Sources?

Authors: Victor Christianto
Comments: 12 Pages. This article has not been submitted to any journal. This file is written in order to stimulate further observation/experiment. Comments are welcome.

For years, scientists have assumed that the sun is an enormous mass of hydrogen. Galileo was the first to propose that the sun is filled with gas. But Dr. Oliver Manuel says iron, not hydrogen, is the sun's most abundant element. IF his suggestion is true then it may imply that the source of solar energy is different of the presently held theory of hydrogen fusion.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[7] viXra:1403.0314 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-20 07:32:04

A Resolution of the Okamoto-Nolen-Schiffer Anomaly

Authors: Syed Afsar Abbas
Comments: 4 Pages.

Half a century old Okamoto-Nolen-Schiffer anomaly, has not been properly resolved as of now. We revive here, an old model of Sacks of a phenomenological exchange potential, which uses Majorana exchange potential idea to obtain the electric charge switching back and forth between a neutron-proton pair, thereby producing a current along the line joining them. Thus a modified charge current is required to fulfil a new continuity equation. This introduces a new term, completely missed out so far, in the binding energy difference in the mirror nuclei. Thus the above anomaly is resolved consistently within a completely nuclear physics framework.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[6] viXra:1403.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-16 09:56:34

Casimir Attraction Between Electrons

Authors: Ray Fleming
Comments: 4 Pages.

In a previous paper the author showed that the Casimir force between protons is strong enough to account for the nuclear force. The purpose of this paper is to investigate if the Casimir force between two electrons computed by using a proximity force approximation is also strong enough to overcome Coulomb repulsion. The electrons are approximated as shells on the scale of the Compton wavelength, since their mass-energy has been shown to be consistent with a shell structure on that scale. It was determined that the Casimir force between two electrons is strong enough to overcome Coulomb repulsion such that there is a strong attraction between them. This is important as it gives us a mechanism to explain electron charge clustering.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[5] viXra:1403.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-13 22:21:39

Fallout Forecasts in Surface and Under Water Bursts

Authors: Nigel B. Cook
Comments: 15 Pages.

Concise, brief 15-page fallout prediction model, covering both land surface and underwater nuclear explosions, radiation shielding by buildings, fallout solubility as function of particle size, retention on vegetation, gamma ray spectrum versus time, fractionation of fission products, salting by cobalt-60 etc., and effects of environmental neutron induced activities in fallout. Includes literature summaries and data reductions to formulae based on many reports.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[4] viXra:1403.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-08 09:29:36

Investigation of the Rhombic Triacontahedron as a Semi-Classical Particle Model

Authors: Ray Fleming
Comments: 4 Pages.

After the author determined that the mass of a proton and electron are equal to the vacuum energy excluded by a shell the size of their charge radii, it became important to find a particle model that forms a shell, since there is no commonly accepted shell-like model. A survey of all common geometric solids was undertaken and only the rhombic tricontahedron was identified as a likely candidate that would allow for a stable quasi-spherical form made of an unequal number of point charges, 12 outer and 20 inner. The electrostatic forces were then computed and it was found that the inward and outward forces cancelled to a large extent. The remaining inward directed force necessary for stability would have to be due to magnetic interactions, which should be possible given a modest amount of rotation. Consequently the rhombic triacontahedron is thought to be a promising semi-classical model for the electron and proton.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[3] viXra:1403.0017 [pdf] replaced on 2014-04-06 10:28:27

The Proton Radius Puzzle and the Electro-Strong Interaction

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 11 Pages.

The resolution of the Proton Radius Puzzle is the diffraction pattern, giving another wavelength in case of muonic hydrogen oscillation for the proton than it is in case of normal hydrogen because of the different mass rate. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[2] viXra:1403.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-03 20:04:31

Role of Nuclear Generation in Energy-Food-Water Security

Authors: S. J. Nettleton
Comments: 25 Pages.

Presentation to the University of Technology Sydney Food-Water-Energy Security Conference 13 July 2013 on the role of Generation IV integrated fast reactors in food, water, energy and environmental security
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[1] viXra:1403.0006 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-02 09:08:35

The Nuclear Force Computed as the Casimir Effect Between Spheres

Authors: Ray Fleming
Comments: 6 Pages.

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the possibility that the Casimir effect, normally very weak, is strong enough to be significant on the scale of nuclear forces around 1 femtometer (fm = 10-15m). Computations were performed for the Casimir effect between two spheres using a proximity force approximation. It was found that at 2.6 fm the computed Casimir force is strong enough to overcome Coulomb repulsion and at 0.8 fm it is 20 times stronger than Coulomb repulsion. These values indicate that this strong Casimir force is important on scales of distance consistent with the nuclear force. With refinement it appears likely that the strong Casimir force can account for the nuclear force in its entirety allowing unification of the nuclear force with quantum electrodynamic theory.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics