[1] **viXra:1004.0039 [pdf]**
*submitted on 8 Mar 2010*

**Authors:** Florentin Smarandache

**Comments:** 3 pages

According to the Brightsen Nucleon Cluster Model [1] all nuclides of beta stable isotopes can be
described by three fundamental nucleon clusters {NPN,PNP,NP), with halo clusters
(NN,PP,NNN) now experimentally observed. The Brightsen model builds on the early cluster
models of the Resonating Group Structure of John Wheeler [2] and the Linus Pauling
Close-Packed Spheron Model [3], which predict mathematically that the wave function of a composite
nucleus can be viewed quantum mechanically as a combination of partial wave functions that
correspond to the multiple ways nucleons (protons, neutrons) can be distributed into closepacked
clusters, thus rejecting the standard model Hartree-Fock formalism of average field
interactions between independent nucleons in nuclear shells. Presented in this section are a
number of unsolved problems, questions, and future experimental pathways based on the
Brightsen Nucleon Cluster Model formalism--many additional applications can be gleamed from
careful study of the literature cited in the references provided

**Category:** Nuclear and Atomic Physics