[3] **viXra:1201.0119 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-01-30 04:01:12*

**Authors:** Prakhar bhatnagar

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Magnetic monopole is a hypothetical particle with a single pole. In this paper a new mathematical structure for Dirac string has been proposed .Quantitative aspects and qualitative aspects of a monopole represented as a Dirac string have been highlighted. Magnetic bundle has been defined in a complex form and pole has been defined as composition of that bundle for single pole the pole variable is single. The pole can be considered as a group of threads or a point lying on a monopole magnet bundle for one pole the thread is single and one dimensional. The function is in complex form and defines magnetic bundle.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[2] **viXra:1201.0117 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-06-29 15:21:39*

**Authors:** Dan Visser

**Comments:** 10 Pages. This version-2 of June 29 2013 comprehends important notes: My formulas used in the appendix (letter to the Nobel Committee) are much more analyzed afterwards in following ‘papers’. So this moment, June 29 2013, I decided to keep this paper active.

This paper describes an interim stage in the Double Torus hypothesis’ development. I also implemented a message of “Nobel Nominations in a New World” to the Nobel Committee. These seemingly different looking subjects are importantly connected in a plead to change the way Nobel-nominations are performed in a changing world with internet and alternative archives, such as viXra. The point is here, that institutional established physics and cosmology are blocking new ideas from the public domain. Therefore an appendix has been added to this paper to summarize in a nutshell, relativity, space-expansion, accelerated space-expansion and the one time-direction in the Big Bang Cosmology, in order to explain better what new dark energy is in the Double Torus. That message is meant for the Nobel Committee. Furthermore three-why’s are answered: Why are two extra time-directions needed in a new cosmology? Why is the introduction of dark mass, squared? Why would there be a Double Torus for New Cosmology? Also the basic-formulas are summarized, referring to my papers, such as the dark energy force formula from my thought-experiment, followed by its transformed-version: the force smaller than the smallest gravity. In the end New Dark Energy is formulated as a product of new dark mass (squared) and two extra time-directions from below the Planck scale. This marks that New Dark Energy could recalculate the established dual unitary-entangled quantum-spaces faster backwards in time than time goes forward in the Big Bang Cosmology! This affects the established quantum dynamics and classical reality towards the past and future differently than Einstein’s General Relativity is prescribing. The letter to the Nobel Committee is send by me, because no other institutions is doing that for me.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[1] **viXra:1201.0065 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-01-16 10:48:52*

**Authors:** Florentin Smarandache

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

In a similar way as passing from Euclidean Geometry to Non-Euclidean Geometry, we
can pass from Subluminal Physics to Superluminal Physics, and further to Instantaneous Physics.
In the lights of two consecutive successful CERN experiments with superluminal particles in the
Fall of 2011, we believe that these two new fields of research should begin developing.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics