[3] **viXra:1803.0673 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-03-26 09:19:32*

**Authors:** Song−Il Choe, Il−Nam Li, Chang−Su Paek, Jun−Hyok Choe, Su−Bom Yun

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

Abstract-Task scheduling is one of the most challenging aspects in cloud computing nowadays,
which plays an important role to improve the overall performance and services of the cloud such
as response time, cost, makespan, throughput etc. Recently, a cloud task scheduling algorithm
based on the Symbiotic Organisms Search (SOS) not only have fewer specific parameters, but also
take a little time complexity. Symbiotic Organism Search (SOS) is a newly developed metaheuristic
optimization technique for solving numerical optimization problems. In this paper, the basic
SOS algorithm is reduced and a chaotic local search(CLS) is integrated into the reduced SOS to
improve the convergence rate of the basic SOS algorithm. Also, Simulated Annealing (SA) is
combined in order to asist the SOS in avoiding being trapped into local minimum. The performance
of the proposed SA-CLS-SOS algorithm is evaluated by extensive simulation using MATLAB simulation
framework and compared with SOS, SA-SOS and CLS-SOS. Results of simulation showed that improved
hybrid SOS performs better than SOS, SA-SOS and CLS-SOS in terms of convergence speed and makespan
time.

**Category:** Data Structures and Algorithms

[2] **viXra:1803.0234 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-03-17 04:27:47*

**Authors:** Óscar E. Chamizo Sánchez

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Traveling salesman problem (TSP for short) is perhaps the most widely known and deeply investigated problem in computation. Given a set of cities, the simple goal is to find the cheapest way of visiting all cities and returning to the starting one. The optimal (in case of a simetric euclidean TSP the shortest) path from the starting city to itself through all the remaining cities is, in general, only one from the (n-1)!/2 set of possible tours or circuits. In this paper we present a hardware device model solving any instance of TSP in O(n2) time. In section 1 we go directly to the device model and prove mathematically its validity. In section 2 we explain the basic ideas behind the physical model. In section 3 we analyze complexity in such a device. In section 4 we outline the key aspects to put into practice the theoretical model in a feasible device. Finally in section 5 we discuss interesting implications in the field of computational complexity with special regard to the widely believed conjecture P≠NP.

**Category:** Data Structures and Algorithms

[1] **viXra:1803.0173 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-03-12 09:00:13*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 67 Pages.

Researchers have discovered that input-output maps, which are widely used throughout science and engineering to model systems ranging from physics to finance, are strongly biased toward producing simple outputs. [38] A QEG team has provided unprecedented visibility into the spread of information in large quantum mechanical systems, via a novel measurement methodology and metric described in a new article in Physics Review Letters. [37] Researchers from Würzburg and London have succeeded in controlling the coupling of light and matter at room temperature. [36] Researchers have, for the first time, integrated two technologies widely used in applications such as optical communications, bio-imaging and Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems that scan the surroundings of self-driving cars and trucks. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]

**Category:** Data Structures and Algorithms