General Science and Philosophy


Heuer's "Review of Biases and Their Implications for Deception" and Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski

Perceptual biases, biases in estimating probabilities, and biases in evaluating evidence are presented with their implications concerning the continuation of modern astronomical/astrophysical deception. For new readers, it has been discovered that planets are older stars (planets and stars are the same objects), yet the biases plaguing astronomers and astrophysicists continue to keep the deception that a planet is something mutually exclusive of star, indefinitely. The outline is from Richards J. Heuer, Jr., "Cognitive Factors in Deception and Counterdeception," in Daniel & Herbig (1982), 62-63, and the experience portion is my own.

Comments: 9 Pages.

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Submission history

[v1] 2019-03-23 11:36:07

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