Artificial Intelligence

   

#2sat is in P

Authors: Elnaserledinellah Mahmood Abdelwahab

This paper presents a new view of logical variables which helps solving efficiently the #P complete #2SAT problem. Variables are considered to be more than mere place holders of information, namely: Entities exhibiting repetitive patterns of logical truth values. Using this insight, a canonical order between literals and clauses of an arbitrary 2CNF Clause Set S is shown to be always achievable. It is also shown that resolving clauses respecting this order enables the construction of small Free Binary Decision Diagrams (FBDDs) for S with unique node counts in O(M4) or O(M6) in case a particular shown Lemma is relaxed, where M is number of clauses. Efficiently counting solutions generated in such FBDDs is then proven to be O(M9) or O(M13) by first running the proposed practical Pattern-Algorithm 2SAT-FGPRA and then the counting Algorithm Count2SATSolutions, so that the overall complexity of counting 2SAT solutions is in P. Relaxing the specific Lemma enables a uniform description of kSAT-Pattern-Algorithms in terms of (k-1)SAT- ones opening up yet another way for showing the main result. This second way demonstrates that avoiding certain types of copies of sub-trees in FBDDs constructed for arbitrary 1CNF and 2CNF Clause Sets, while uniformly expressing kSAT Pattern-Algorithms for any k>0, is a sufficient condition for an efficient solution of kSAT as well. Exponential lower bounds known for the construction of deterministic and non-deterministic FBDDs of some Boolean functions are seen to be inapplicable to the methods described here.

Comments: 85 Pages. Journal Academica Vol. 8(1), pp. 3-88, October 13 2018 - Theoretical Computer Science - ISSN 2161-3338 online edition www.journalacademica.org - Copyright © 2018 Journal Academica Foundation - With perpetual, non-exclusive license for viXra.org

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[v1] 2018-11-14 13:21:48

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