Quantum Physics

   

Quantum Phases for Moving Charges and Dipoles in an Electromagnetic Field and Fundamental Equations of Quantum Mechanics

Authors: A.L. Kholmetskii, O.V. Missevitch, T. Yarman, M. Arik

We analyze the quantum phase effects for point-like charges and electric (magnetic) dipoles under a natural assumption that the observed phase for a dipole represents the sum of corresponding phases for charges composing this dipole. This way we disclose two novel quantum phases for charged particles, which we named as complementary electric Aharonov-Bohm (A-B) phase and complementary magnetic A-B phase, respectively. We reveal that these phases are derived from the Schrödinger equation only in the case, where the operator of momentum is re-defined via the replacement of the canonical momentum of particle by the sum of its mechanical momentum and interactional field momentum for a system of charged particles. The related alteration should be made in Klein-Gordon and Dirac equations, too, and implications of this modification are discussed.

Comments: 12 Pages.

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Submission history

[v1] 2018-05-15 11:47:02

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