Mind Science


Changing Consciousness Epistemically (Chance): a Method to Fully Know the Content of Consciousness of Other Individuals in Scientific Experiments

Authors: Daisuke H. Tanaka, Tsutomu Tanabe

The content of consciousness (cC) constitutes an essential part of human life and is at the very heart of the hard problem of consciousness. In science, the cC of a subject (e.g., study participant) has been examined indirectly by measuring the subject’s behavioral reports, bodily signs, or neural signals. However, these measures do not reflect the full spectrum of the subject’s cC, which hampers an in-depth investigation of the cC and its neural basis. In this paper, we propose a method to consciously experience and directly know the full spectrum of the cC of other individuals in scientific experiments. The degree of epistemic objectivity of a specific entity has been reasonably judged by relevant individuals who have the ability to judge how faithful the entity is to fact. The epistemic objectivity of the entity is directly proportional to the number of relevant individuals who judge the entity as fact. Thus, even knowledge about a specific cC would be epistemically objective if multiple relevant individuals judged it as fact (i.e., as being true). We propose a method, called “CHANging Consciousness Epistemically” (“CHANCE”), to change the knowledge about a cC from being epistemically subjective to epistemically objective. The CHANCE method comprises two empirical steps: (1) identifying the minimally sufficient, content knowledge-specific neural correlates of consciousness (msckNCC) and (2) reproducing a specific msckNCC in different brains.

Comments: 13 Pages.

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Submission history

[v1] 2018-04-12 22:52:34
[v2] 2018-07-16 23:42:42
[v3] 2018-11-14 04:58:55
[v4] 2018-12-12 21:13:58
[v5] 2019-07-16 04:57:30

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