The Effect of Smoking on Facial Aging Among Females in Saudi Arabia

Authors: Basem T Jamal, Alaa Bokhari, Bushra Aljahdali, Baraa Alsayed, Hanan Filemban, Razan Baabdullah, Mahmoud Fakiha

Background: Cigarettes smoking has been shown by several studies to be one of the significant causes of facial aging and wrinkling. Smoking also worsen the scores for upper eyelid skin redundancy, lower lid bags, malar bags, nasolabial folds, upper and lower lip wrinkles. The prevalence rate of smoking in Saudi Arabia ranges from 2.4-52.3% in the past two decades. Up to date, there is no study in Saudi Arabia regarding smoking and facial aging and so the aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between smoking and facial aging among females in Saudi Arabia. Methods: Analytical cross-sectional comparative study consisting of 107 female participants aged 30-60 years old was performed. A questionnaire was used to obtain a comprehensive medical and lifestyle histories. Also, clinical examination of the perioral and peri-orbital regions in relaxed and smiling positions was also charted using the Fitzpatrick scale. Results: 52.3% of the individuals surveyed were either smokers or past smokers with a mean smoking duration of 12.6 years. While there was no significant difference between the smoking status and its relation to the grade of peri-oral and peri-orbital wrinkles, it was noted that the length of smoking in years was correlated with advanced skin aging scores with higher peri-oral and peri-orbital wrinkles. Conclusion: The sample size is not sufficient to establish the comparison between smokers and nonsmokers in relation to facial aging, the length of smoking in years showed a statistical significant difference in correlation to peri-oral and peri-orbital wrinkles.

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[v1] 2017-08-23 06:04:56

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