Nuclear and Atomic Physics


Neutral Electron Instead of Neutrino: a New Beta-Decay Model

Authors: Antonio Puccini

With the disintegration of the neutron, or -decay (d), a proton, a  ray and a third particle, the neutrino (), are emitted. Their mass and high kinetic energy compensate for the amount of energy and mass which the  ray is not able to fully take away, "when at least" according to Fermi, "we do not want to admit with Pauli the existence of a hypothetical particle, electrically neutral and having mass of the order of magnitude of the electronic mass." The requirements asked by Pauli and Fermi for the , or third particle of the d, are: it must be electrically neutral and have the same mass and spin of the electron. Why not to think of a neutral electron (e°)? All requests would be satisfied, the energy balance would be restored and all Conservation Laws would be safeguarded, without having to invent a new family of particles. Every time it was considered that the  had been detected, they were always indirect detection thanks to traces left by a ghost particle never detected de visu, never directly identified. It is the detection of the impacts’ effects, such as the Cherenkov Effect (CE), to prove the existence of , although it might be another particle to induce the CE. In Nature the CE is only elicited by electrons. The electrons of the atmospheric molecules, hit by cosmic rays at high altitude, are accelerated at very high speed so emitting the Cherenkov Light. No wonder it is still an electron, now without electric charge, to induce the various CEs highlighted during all the surveys carried out. If we considered that the  may coincide with an e°, the gap left by the enigma of Dark Matter and Missing Mass would be filled, so modifying the fate of the Universe: making it conform to Friedmann's first model. The e° is not antithesis with the Grand Unification Theory, since it envisages a  of some mass. In the Supersymmetric Model, the e° could be identified with the lightest supersymmetric particle, which may correspond to a self-conjugated Majorana stable fermion, since the latter, as well as the e° fully identify with their antiparticle (except spin: antiparallel): e°↓ ≡ ē°↑ .

Comments: 29 Pages.

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[v1] 2017-06-14 02:57:15

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