## Electromagnetic Effects and Structure of Particles Due to Special Relativity

**Authors:** Preston Guynn

That electromagnetic effects are due to special relativity has been confirmed by an exact mathematical result. Due to special relativity, rotation results in a difference velocity which has a maximum value. The maximum difference velocity, transformed by special relativistic effects, is the significant factor in an equation that produces the fine structure constant. The result exactly matches the 11 significant digits of the fine structure constant value recommended by CODATA. The maximum difference velocity is instrumental to quantization of angular momentum and energy. The maximum difference velocity also enables finding the radius of the electron from its known angular momentum. The electron velocity and radius scaled by the square root of the electron-proton mass ratio give the angular velocity and radius of the proton. The proton and electron characteristics thus calculated when applied to structural models lead to the measured neutron and deuteron masses recommended by CODATA within reported uncertainty. The proton g factor also follows from the proton model. Electron and proton are similar in structure, consisting of three mutually orthogonal rotating rings of mass.

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

**Download:** **PDF**

### Submission history

[v1] 2017-06-05 19:03:29

[v2] 2017-06-08 16:28:55

[v3] 2017-06-12 15:13:52

**Unique-IP document downloads:** 57 times

Vixra.org is a pre-print repository rather than a journal. Articles hosted may not yet have been verified by peer-review and should be treated as preliminary.
In particular, anything that appears to include financial or legal advice or proposed medical treatments should be treated with due caution.
Vixra.org will not be responsible for any consequences of actions that result from any form of use of any documents on this website.

**Add your own feedback and questions here:**

*You are equally welcome to be positive or negative about any paper but please be polite. If you are being critical you must mention at least one specific error, otherwise your comment will be deleted as unhelpful.*

*
*