Authors: George Rajna
The advancement of quantum computing faces a tremendous challenge in improving the reproducibility and robustness of quantum circuits. One of the biggest problems in this field is the presence of noise intrinsic to all these devices, the origin of which has puzzled scientists for many decades.  Characterising quantum channels with non-separable states of classical light the researchers demonstrate the startling result that sometimes Nature cannot tell the difference between particular types of laser beams and quantum entangled photons.  Physicists at Princeton University have revealed a device they've created that will allow a single electron to transfer its quantum information to a photon.  A strong, short light pulse can record data on a magnetic layer of yttrium iron garnet doped with Co-ions. This was discovered by researchers from Radboud University in the Netherlands and Bialystok University in Poland. The novel mechanism outperforms existing alternatives, allowing the fastest read-write magnetic recording accompanied by unprecedentedly low heat load.  It goes by the unwieldy acronym STT-MRAM, which stands for spin-transfer torque magnetic random access memory.  Memory chips are among the most basic components in computers. The random access memory is where processors temporarily store their data, which is a crucial function. Researchers from Dresden and Basel have now managed to lay the foundation for a new memory chip concept.  Researchers have built a record energy-efficient switch, which uses the interplay of electricity and a liquid form of light, in semiconductor microchips. The device could form the foundation of future signal processing and information technologies, making electronics even more efficient.  The magnetic structure of a skyrmion is symmetrical around its core; arrows indicate the direction of spin.  According to current estimates, dozens of zettabytes of information will be stored electronically by 2020, which will rely on physical principles that facilitate the use of single atoms or molecules as basic memory cells.  EPFL scientists have developed a new perovskite material with unique properties that can be used to build next-generation hard drives. 
Comments: 35 Pages.
[v1] 2017-02-03 08:23:18
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