Astrophysics

   

A Two-Step Integrated Theory of Everything - Revision B

Authors: Anthony A. Colella

Two opposing Theory of Everything (TOE) visions are: a Two-Step Integrated TOE consisting of a fundamental physics step followed by a mathematics step; and the prevailing Hawking’s single mathematics step. Two steps are essential because of unknown answers to key outstanding physics questions upon which the mathematics step is dependent but cannot answer by itself. Furthermore, since Hawking’s single mathematics step TOE had near zero results after a century of attempts, it should be amplified to a Two-Step Integrated TOE. The fundamental physics step of a Two-Step Integrated TOE had three goals. First, “Everything” was defined as 20 interrelated amplified theories and their intimate physical relationships with each other. The 20 theories were; superstring, particle creation, inflation, Higgs forces, spontaneous symmetry breaking, superpartner and Standard Model (SM) decays, neutrino oscillations, dark matter, universe expansions, dark energy, messenger particles, relative strengths of forces, Super Universe (multiverse), stellar black holes, black hole entropy, arrow of time, cosmological constant problem, black hole information paradox, baryogenesis, and quantum gravity. Second, all key outstanding physics questions were answered including: What are Higgs forces, dark energy, dark matter, stellar black holes, the seven extra dimensions, etc.; and what caused the start of our universe, hierarchy problem, black hole information paradox, baryogenesis, cosmological constant problem, etc.? Third, correct inputs were provided for the two part second mathematics step to follow, an E8 Lie algebra for particles and an N-body simulation for cosmology. Higgs forces theory was the most important of 20 theories and its amplifications included: 32 associated super supersymmetric Higgs particles (17 Higgs forces and 15 Higgsinos); matter particles and their associated Higgs forces were one and inseparable; spontaneous symmetry breaking was bidirectional and caused by high universe temperatures, not Higgs forces; Higgs forces and W/Z’s were key to particle decay; mass was given to a matter particle by its Higgs force and gravitons; and the sum of 8 Higgs forces associated with 8 permanent matter particles was dark energy. The subatomic counterpart of Mendeleev’s Periodic Table of elements is Fig. 9 Fundamental SM/supersymmetric/super symmetric matter and force particles on p. 18, which explicitly shows Higgs particles’ supremacy. A Two-Step Integrated TOE is consistent with both the SM for particles and the SM for cosmology (Lambda cold dark matter).

Comments: 56 Pages.

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Submission history

[v1] 2016-02-19 08:39:37
[v2] 2017-04-21 06:00:51

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