Torrefaction is mild thermo-chemical process similar to pyrolysis, that can be applied to biomass to improve energy density and hydrophobicity. Comparison was made between original and torreﬁed forms of hazelnut shell agricultural waste biomass, when these materials were subjected to gasiﬁcation using a “bench-scale” ﬂuidised bed gasiﬁer. Results indicated that a simpliﬁed torrefaction process was successful in physical transformation of the hazelnut shell and that the resultant syn-gas was of a relatively higher caloriﬁc value, together with lower tar content. Keywords: biomass, TGA, thermogravimetry, thermogravimetic analysis, gasiﬁcation, ﬂuidisation
Comments: 12 Pages.
[v1] 2016-01-25 15:16:39
Unique-IP document downloads: 75 times
Vixra.org is a pre-print repository rather than a journal. Articles hosted may not yet have been verified by peer-review and should be treated as preliminary. In particular, anything that appears to include financial or legal advice or proposed medical treatments should be treated with due caution. Vixra.org will not be responsible for any consequences of actions that result from any form of use of any documents on this website.
Add your own feedback and questions here:
You are equally welcome to be positive or negative about any paper but please be polite. If you are being critical you must mention at least one specific error, otherwise your comment will be deleted as unhelpful.