The Small Bang model has received this name because it considers that all the energy and matter in the Universe arose due to the process of cosmic inflation and thus at the initial time of creation space is essentially an empty bubble. It is important to note that after the process of cosmic inflation the energy density in the Universe would be basically the same as proposed by the Big Bang theory and thus the two models differ only with respect to the behavior of the Universe and its galaxies before the end of cosmic inflation. Besides eliminating the problem of infinite energy densities and temperatures, the Small Bang model also solves the problem of the loss of antimatter, proposing that focusing on the supermassive antimatter black hole that lies at the center of each galaxy allows for a better understanding of the formation process of galaxies. The Small Bang model also suggests that the effects attributed to dark matter today are in fact due to the high angular momentum of supermassive antimatter black holes and the effect of drag on the space-time that extends beyond the limits of the galaxy and creates a region of constant rotation that is currently attributed to some type of “dark matter.” The most basic principal of the Big Bang model is that of a "primeval atom" or "cosmic egg" that concentrates all the matter and energy in the Universe and was first proposed in 1927 by Georges Lemaître The Small Bang model eliminates the notion of the "cosmic egg" and represents an innovation to an idea that is almost a century old.
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