High Energy Particle Physics


Why Baryons Are Yang-Mills Magnetic Monopoles

Authors: Jay R. Yablon

We demonstrate that Yang-Mills Magnetic Monopoles naturally confine their gauge fields, naturally contain three colored fermions in a color singlet, and that mesons also in color singlets are the only particles they are allowed to emit or absorb. SU(3)C QCD as it has been extensively studied and confirmed is understood in broader context, with no contradiction, to be a consequence of baryons being Yang-Mills magnetic monopoles. Protons and neutrons are naturally represented in the fundamental representation of this group. We use the t’Hooft monopole Lagrangian with a Gaussian ansatz for fermion wavefunctions to demonstrate that these monopoles can be made to interact only at very short range as is required for nuclear interactions, and we establish topological stability following symmetry breaking from an SU(4) group using the B-L (baryon minus lepton number) generator. Finally, the mass of the electron is accurately predicted based on the masses of the up and down quarks to about 3% from the experimental mean for the quark masses, and confinement of quarks occurs energetically via fantastically strong negative binding energies that accord very well with experimental nuclear data. All of this makes Yang-Mills magnetic monopoles worthy of serious consideration and further development as baryons.

Comments: 69 Pages. This is the final version of the paper that will be published in January 2013 in Number 4, Volume 35, 2012 pp 401-468 of the Hadronic Journal

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Submission history

[v1] 2012-11-27 00:24:57
[v2] 2012-12-14 10:20:46

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