## The Symmetry Groups of Light

**Authors:** John A. Gowan

In the mathematical terms of Evariste Galois' "Group Theory", the "Tetrahedron Model" is a description of the symmetry group of light, including its destruction by asymmetric weak force decays (producing our matter-only Cosmos), and its on-going restoration in obedience to Noether's Theorem of symmetry conservation (as in the conversion of bound to free energy in stars). (See diagram: "The Sun "Tetrahedron".)
The usual symmetry group identified with light is that of local phase transformations, and it is designated as either SO(2) or U(1). However, I am suggesting here that light contains a very much larger (and more interesting) symmetry group associated with its transformation into particle-antiparticle pairs (and back again into light). I don't know what the formal designation of this group might be.

**Comments:** 27 Pages. adding acknowledgment

**Download:** **PDF**

### Submission history

[v1] 2012-10-22 15:46:18

[v2] 2012-11-01 15:42:48

[v3] 2012-11-10 12:47:27

[v4] 2012-11-19 15:12:36

[v5] 2013-02-12 09:09:11

[v6] 2013-02-13 15:05:16

[v7] 2013-02-24 08:53:37

[v8] 2013-03-06 08:06:45

[v9] 2013-03-13 11:14:46

[vA] 2013-04-22 17:41:15

[vB] 2013-05-05 09:12:42

**Unique-IP document downloads:** 235 times

**Add your own feedback and questions here:**

*You are equally welcome to be positive or negative about any paper but please be polite. If you are being critical you must mention at least one specific error, otherwise your comment will be deleted as unhelpful.*

*
*