In superconducting systems, Josephson junction device known as a quantum effect devices which operates by using the quantum flux tunneling. Mesoscopic Josephson junction is a quantum effect device which operates by using the single Cooper-pair tunneling created by a Coulomb blockade. The quantum flux and the Cooper-pair is known that the duality relation to each other. On the other hand, in ferromagnet system that competes with superconductivity, spontaneous magnetization and domain wall are known to have a dual relationship.
Comments: 11 pages
[v1] 1 Aug 2011
Unique-IP document downloads: 52 times
Add your own feedback and questions here:
You are equally welcome to be positive or negative about any paper but please be polite. If you are being critical you must mention at least one specific error, otherwise your comment will be deleted as unhelpful.