Thermodynamics and Energy

1909 Submissions

[4] viXra:1909.0647 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 02:05:34

Stefan-Boltzmann Constant Incorrect by a Factor of 2π

Authors: Sjaak Uitterdijk
Comments: 3 Pages.

Due to wrong applications of Planck’s radiation law a wrong Stefan-Boltzmann constant has been introduced. This article describes 2 of such applications and proves that the mentioned constant is a factor 2π too high. One of the consequences is that the alleged power density of the sun is also 2π too high. Or its temperature is 1.6 times higher!
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[3] viXra:1909.0488 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 03:32:58

Turn Heat into Energy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

An international team of scientists has figured out how to capture heat and turn it into electricity. [34] Researchers at Osaka University have been able to enhance the power factor of a promising thermoelectric material by more than 100% by varying the pressure, paving the way for new materials with improved thermoelectric properties. [33] Wearable devices that harvest energy from movement are not a new idea, but a material created at Rice University may make them more practical. [32] Researchers at Cardiff University have shown tiny light-emitting nanolasers less than a tenth of the size of the width of a human hair can be integrated into silicon chip design. [31] Large-scale plasmonic metasurfaces could find use in flat panel displays and other devices that can change colour thanks to recent work by researchers at the University of Cambridge in the UK. [30] Particles in solution can grow, transport, collide, interact, and aggregate into complex shapes and structures. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[2] viXra:1909.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 05:16:47

Organic Solar Cell Design

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Solar cells that use mixtures of organic molecules to absorb sunlight and convert it to electricity, that can be applied to curved surfaces such as the body of a car, could be a step closer thanks to a discovery that challenges conventional thinking about one of the key components of these devices. [31] "Experiments of hot dense plasma are challenging enough that we should not rule out the possibility of error," Nagayama said. "And the science impact is enormous—this obligates us to continue examining the experiment's validity." [30] The researchers extracted a 2-D material they call hematene from ordinary iron ore. The material is only three atoms thick and is thought to have enhanced photocatalytic properties. [29]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[1] viXra:1909.0069 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-10 16:06:03

Hurricane Suppression Using Salt

Authors: Alec Feinberg
Comments: 3 Pages.

This paper is a short overview of why adding salt to the eye of a hurricane might be an effective method for suppressing a hurricane by disrupting its electric field which is known to exist in hurricanes. A salt powder absorbed into the moist atmosphere would add a measure of ionic conductivity and could significantly reduce the electric and electromagnetic fields build-up which would change a hurricane’s pressure and ability to stay organized. There is a history of observed strong electric fields inside hurricanes, primarily in the eye. A hurricane’s electric field role is not well understood. We hypothesize some physics of how the electric field’s role can aid in reducing pressure; thus if fields can be discharged, pressure levels should then increase, weakening the hurricane. Considering the damage hurricanes create, and their increase threat due to global warming, rewards could overwhelm risks in a proper investigation of hurricane de-electrification.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy