[1] **viXra:1501.0070 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-01-08 13:09:52*

**Authors:** Jay R. Yablon

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

Just as Maxwell’s magnetic equations emerge entirely from applying dd = 0 of exterior calculus to a gauge potential A, so too does the second law of thermodynamics emerge from applying dd=0 to a scalar potential s. If we represent this as dds = dU = 0, then when the Gauss / Stokes theorem is used to obtain the integral formulation of this equation, and after breaking a time loop that appears in the integral equation, we find that U behaves precisely like the internal energy state variable, and that the second law of thermodynamics for the entropy of irreversible processes naturally emerges.

**Category:** Thermodynamics and Energy