# Statistics

## 1007 Submissions

[2] **viXra:1007.0034 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-01-11 19:14:18*

### On the Gini Mean Difference Test for Circular Data

**Authors:** David D. Tung, S. Rao Jammalamadaka

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

In this paper, we propose a new test of uniformity on the circle based on the
Gini mean difference of the sample arc-lengths. These sample arc-lengths,
which are the gaps between successive observations on the circumference of
the circle, are analogous to sample spacings on the real line. The Gini mean
difference, which compares these arc-lengths between themselves, is
analogous to Rao's spacings statistic, which has been used to test the uniformity
of circular data.
We obtain both the exact and asymptotic distributions of the Gini mean
difference arc-lengths test, under the null hypothesis of circular uniformity.
We also provide a table of upper percentile values of the exact distribution for
small to moderate sample sizes. Illustrative examples in circular data analysis
are also given. It is shown that a generalized Gini mean difference test has
better asymptotic efficiency than the corresponding generalized Rao's test in
the sense of Pitman asymptotic relative efficiency.

**Category:** Statistics

[1] **viXra:1007.0016 [pdf]**
*submitted on 13 Mar 2010*

### Studies in Statistical Inference, Sampling Techniques and Demography

**Authors:** Rajesh Singh, Jayant Singh, Florentin Smarandache

**Comments:** 64 pages

This volume is a collection of five papers. Two chapters deal with problems in statistical
inference, two with inferences in finite population, and one deals with demographic problem.
The ideas included here will be useful for researchers doing works in these fields.

**Category:** Statistics