Number Theory

1901 Submissions

[12] viXra:1901.0436 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-25 10:28:27

Definitive Proof of Legendre's Conjecture

Authors: Kenneth A. Watanabe
Comments: 18 Pages.

Legendre's conjecture, states that there is a prime number between n^2 and (n + 1)^2 for every positive integer n. In this paper, an equation was derived that accurately determines the number of prime numbers less than n for large values of n. Then, using this equation, it was proven by induction that there is at least one prime number between n^2 and (n + 1)^2 for all positive integers n thus proving Legendre’s conjecture for sufficiently large values n. The error between the derived equation and the actual number of prime numbers less than n was empirically proven to be very small (0.291% at n = 50,000), and it was proven that the size of the error declines as n increases, thus validating the proof.
Category: Number Theory

[11] viXra:1901.0430 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-31 12:44:22

A Note About the Abc Conjecture a Proof of the Conjecture: C

Authors: Abdelmajid Ben Hadj Salem
Comments: 5 Pages. Paper corrected of a mistake in the last version. Comments welcome.

In this paper, we consider the abc conjecture, then we give a proof of the conjecture c<rad^2(abc) that it will be the key to the proof of the abc conjecture.
Category: Number Theory

[10] viXra:1901.0300 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 14:41:09

What is This Singular Point? About Euler's Formula on Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 4 Pages.

On calculation by Euler 's formula(3), at least notice that the zero point of the real part is not on x = 0.5. Using Euler 's formula, we found that at least the real part' s zero point is not x = 0.5 but about x = 0.115444. Moreover, the imaginary point is around i14.524. And s=0.8355 +i39. And s=0.1645 +i39. And s=0.884556 +i14.524. And s=0.115444 +i14.524 Also, replacing sin with cos, the imaginary part becomes zero. I do not know at all whether the collapse of Riemann hypothesis or not? In addition, books are printed as cos instead of sin. Also, I have collected ζ on the left side. In addition, (8) is Euler's formula found overseas, which is also a singular point in this. Also, I have collected ζ on the left side. In this case, sin is printed instead of cos, but if sin and cos are exchanged, the zero point moves only from the real part to the imaginary part.
Category: Number Theory

[9] viXra:1901.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 22:35:49

Proof of Goldbach Conjecture 2019-01-06

Authors: Michael Grützmann
Comments: 2 Pages.

every prime number can be a sum of p=3+...+3+2 or q=3+...+3+4, the number of '3's in both equatons always being odd. there are the for two primes p+q the combinations 'p+q', 'p+p' and 'q+q'. we consider case 1: p+q=3k+2+3l+4 3k must be odd, as the product of two odd numbers, 3l must be odd, for the same reason. but the sum of two odd numbers is an even number always. also, if you add more even numbers, like 2 and 4, the result will always be even also. So this results in an even number. cases 'p+p' and 'q+q' analogue.
Category: Number Theory

[8] viXra:1901.0227 [pdf] replaced on 2019-05-02 10:36:14

Collatz Conjecture Proof

Authors: James Edwin Rock
Comments: 11 Pages.

Collatz sequences are formed by applying the Collatz algorithm to any positive integer. If it is even repeatedly divide by two until it is odd, then multiply by three and add one to get an even number and vice versa. If the Collatz conjecture is true eventually you always get back to one. A connected Collatz Structure is created, which contains all positive integers exactly once. The terms of the Collatz Structure are joined together via the Collatz algorithm. Thus, every positive integer forms a Collatz sequence with unique terms terminating in the number one.
Category: Number Theory

[7] viXra:1901.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 06:22:54

Elements 5 : Three Trigonometric Identities

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 1 Page.

This note presents three trigonometric identities.
Category: Number Theory

[6] viXra:1901.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 02:36:15

A Parametric Equation of the Equation A^5 + B^5 = 2c^2

Authors: Quang Nguyen Van
Comments: 2 Pages.

The equation a^5 + b^5 = c^2 has no solution in integer. However, related to Fermat- Catalan conjecture, the equation a^5 + b^5 = 2c^2 has a solution in integer. In this article, we give a parametric equation of the equation a^5 + b^5 = 2c^2.
Category: Number Theory

[5] viXra:1901.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 11:13:12

Assuming ABC Conjecture is True Implies Beal Conjecture is True

Authors: Abdelmajid Ben Hadj Salem
Comments: 5 Pages. A Proof of ABC conjecture is submitted to the Journal of Number Theory (2019). Comments Welcome.

In this paper, we assume that the ABC conjecture is true, then we give a proof that Beal conjecture is true. We consider that Beal conjecture is false then we arrive to a contradiction. We deduce that the Beal conjecture is true.
Category: Number Theory

[4] viXra:1901.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 00:16:39

A Resolution Of The Brocard-Ramanujan Problem

Authors: Johnny E. Magee
Comments: 7 Pages.

We identify equivalent restatements of the Brocard-Ramanujan diophantine equation, $(n! + 1) = m^2$; and employing the properties and implications of these equivalencies, prove that for all $n > 7$, there are no values of $n$ for which $(n! + 1)$ can be a perfect square.
Category: Number Theory

[3] viXra:1901.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 11:35:20

Relation Between the Euler Totient, the Counting Prime Formula and the Prime Generating Functions

Authors: Nazihkhelifa
Comments: 4 Pages.

Relation between The Euler Totient, the counting prime formula and the prime generating Functions The theory of numbers is an area of mathematis hiih eals ith the propertes of hole an ratonal numbers... In this paper I ill intro uie relaton bet een Euler phi funiton an prime iountnn an neneratnn formula, as ell as a ioniept of the possible operatons e ian use ith them. There are four propositons hiih are mentone in this paper an I have use the efnitons of these arithmetial funitons an some Lemmas hiih refeit their propertes, in or er to prove them
Category: Number Theory

[2] viXra:1901.0030 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 17:17:16

Comparison of the Theoretical and Empirical Results for the Benford's Law Summation Test Performed on Data that Conforms to a Log Normal Distribution

Authors: Robert C. Hall
Comments: 24 Pages.

The Benford's Law Summation test consists of adding all numbers that begin with a particular first or first two digits and determining its distribution with respect to these first or first two digits numbers. Most people familiar with this test believe that the distribution is a uniform distribution for any distribution that conforms to Benford's law i.e. the distribution of the mantissas of the logarithm of the data set is uniform U[0,1). The summation test that results in a uniform distribution is true for an exponential function (geometric progression) but not true for a data set that conforms to a Log Normal distribution even when the Log Normal distribution itself closely approximates a Benford's Law distribution.
Category: Number Theory

[1] viXra:1901.0007 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-01 16:19:56

Characterization of the Integers of the Form (Z^n-Y^n)/(z-y) that Are Divisible by Some Perfect Nth Powers.

Authors: Rachid Marsli
Comments: 11 Pages.

In this work, we show a sufficient and necessary condition for an integer of the form (z^n-y^n)/(z-y)to be divisible by some perfect nth power p^n, where p is an odd prime. We also show how to construct such integers. A link between the main result and Fermat’s last theorem is discussed. Other related ideas, examples and applications are provided.
Category: Number Theory