Nuclear and Atomic Physics

1906 Submissions

[8] viXra:1906.0351 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-20 01:37:26

Beta Decay Emits No Neutrino

Authors: Chan Rasjid Kah Chew
Comments: 11 Pages.

The 1927 Ellis-Wooster calorimetry experiment was an attempt to resolve the controversy over the continuous energy distribution spectrum of beta decay. A Radium E source was placed within a calorimeter in order to capture and measure the heat generated by beta decay. If the beta decay energy is assumed to be quantized, the captured heat energy should match the maximum spectrum energy of 1.05 MeV if the calorimeter captured all the disintegration energy. The result of the experiment gave the captured average heat of beta decay to be 350,000 eV instead of the expected 1.05 MeV. The 350,000 eV was accepted to be a match to the average spectrum energy of 390,000 eV. The experiment indicated some energy escaped the Ellis-Wooster calorimeter - thus the notion of "missing energy". The thesis of this paper is that the conclusion of the Ellis-Wooster experiment depends on whether the heat of calorimetry is consistent with relativistic kinetic energy or with classical kinetic energy. The spectrum energy used by the experiment was based on relativistic energy. If the values are converted to classical energy, the the maximum spectrum energy would only be 230,000 eV and the average 120,000 eV. The captured heat was much greater than the average of 120,000 eV. This reinterpretation would dismiss the notion of any missing energy in the experiment. The question of whether there was any missing energy is related to whether physical reality is consistent with special relativity or with Newtonian mechanics. The basis upon which Wolfgang Pauli proposed his 1930 neutrino hypothesis was the conclusion of the 1927 Ellis-Wooster experiment which supposedly supported the idea of "missing energy". The neutrino and the current neutrino physics would remain if special relativity is found to be the correct mechanics representing the physical world. On the other hand, if Newtonian mechanics is found to be correct, then all of neutrino physics would have to be dismissed. The one experiment that could decide on the issue is to determine the maximum speed with which beta particles are ejected in beta decay using the direct time-of-flight method. If Newtonian mechanics is correct, then there would be beta particles found to go beyond the speed of light; otherwise, it would be experimental evidence supporting special relativity. The result of this experiment would settle unequivocally the question concerning the nature of physical reality. But to date, this experiment has not been carried out.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[7] viXra:1906.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-12 18:25:46

Preon Interaction Theory and Model of Universe (v.2)

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 105 Pages.

Book contains researches six new ideas: new preon interaction theory of the micro World; relations between time, mass, space, charge and energy; possibility of creating the super-strong (in millions times) matter, having surprise properties; super-strong nuclear AB-needles, which allows to penetrate deep into the Earth and planets; the nuclear generator for converting of any matter into the energy and possibility of the artificial explosion of Sun.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[6] viXra:1906.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-12 04:47:04

Atom-Resolved Magnetic Imaging

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 67 Pages.

Newly developed magnetic objective-lens system provides a magnetic-field-free environment at the sample position. [43] As if they were bubbles expanding in a just-opened bottle of champagne, tiny circular regions of magnetism can be rapidly enlarged to provide a precise method of measuring the magnetic properties of nanoparticles. [42] Antennas made of carbon nanotube films are just as efficient as copper for wireless applications, according to researchers at Rice University's Brown School of Engineering. [41]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[5] viXra:1906.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-08 09:29:22

Microworld_56. Unsolved Problems of Physics_ 16 Xxvi. the Quantum Theory – a Genius Invention or or a Proof of Unsatisfactory Knowledge of the “Classic” Physics?

Authors: N.N.Leonov
Comments: 23 Pages. English and russian texts

Due to the idea of atomism, there were discovered atoms, nucleons, and electrons. The atomic theory incorporated seeds of the idea of infinite divisibility of matter aimed at perceiving the structure of the entire material world. The next step in that perceiving should have been the recognition of ether discovered in Fizeau’s experiment. However, physicists did not recognize the discovery. The neglect of ether in physical theories resulted in physicists’ failure to use the methods of “classic”, Newtonian physics to gain a detailed understanding of atomic structure, and to build a “classic” microworld theory. As consequence, there emerged the quantum hypothesis that became a basis for the quantum physics of microworld. As the quantum hypothesis appeared to be in irreconcilable contradiction with the idea of infinite divisibility of matter, because of the neglect of ether, the quantum physics failed to understand the real structure of electrons and nucleons, even though all the necessary and ample experimental facts there had been obtained on microobject accelerators. Instead of objective ideas of the structure of electrons and nucleons or further development of knowledge regarding the structure of matter, there appeared fake concepts of quarks, myons, pions, bosons, etc., that do not exist in the real material world Experimental evidence as to the lack of indivisible quanta in nature [1] seemed to have fixed the intolerable situation but quantum physicists did not “notice” that.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[4] viXra:1906.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-07 02:42:53

Microworld_55. UNSOLVED PROBLEMS OF PHYSICS_ 15 XXV. Experimental Verification of Ethereal Nature of Electron and Neutron Structures

Authors: N.N.Leonov
Comments: 17 Pages. English and russian texts

The theory of non-linear oscillations found that elementary microobjects – electrons and neutrons – consist of multiple ether elements and have vortex-like shapes [1]. Can this be verified in direct experiments? Diffraction methods fail here. At maximum juxtaposition of these microobjects, electrons and neutrons should “disperse” into ether elements. Such juxtaposition results in nature from enormous pressure inside a confined space (“black holes”), and at collision of high-energy microobjects – tetraelectronvolt cosmic rays. In the Earth environment, it is yet impossible to observe processes happening in confined spaces at super-high pressure. Tetraelectronvolt juxtaposition of two protons has recently become possible in LHC. We further discuss how such protons collide and what LHC detectors record in such cases.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[3] viXra:1906.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-05 12:58:07

Microworld_54. Unsolved Problems of Physics_ 14 Xxiv. Big Neutrino Embarrassment of “New Physics”

Authors: N.N. Leonov
Comments: 13 Pages. English and russian texts

The theory of non-linear oscillations established the hypothesis that there exists an object called “neutrino” is a consequence of misinterpretation of a system of tracks that occur after neutron-to-proton transformation. The reason for such misinterpretation was bad knowledge of the basic “classic” physics and the lack of necessary “classic” physical intuition. This explains sixty years of failed neutrino experiments. Identification of structures of electrons, neutrons, protons, and photons allowed for a detailed “classic” understanding of neutron-to-proton transformation mechanism, and a detailed “classic” clarity of atomic nucleus structures at an imaginative level.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[2] viXra:1906.0026 [pdf] replaced on 2019-06-17 20:11:00

Studies on the Formation and the Nuclear Structure of an Atom

Authors: Nakyoung Seong
Comments: 19 Pages.

A new approach on the formation and the nuclear structure of an atom and its components are developed throughout the following paper. We provided more intuitive interpretations of the physical phenomena that can be found in the nature of the atom, which can be quite controversial with the orthodox view and the interpretations in modern physics. Readers can expect the original viewpoints and explanations on the atomic nuclei and its foundations from the three-dimensional nuclear structure of the atom and interpretations of phenomena. Most of the ideas provided in this paper can be seen as unconventional since the portions of bases are fairly the opposite of the established notions. However, the three-dimensional nuclear structure of an atom presents more plausible and practical interpretations on the physical phenomena compared to the current the field of physics can provides. Potential future applications and the necessary scientific proofs to strengthen the theories are discussed.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[1] viXra:1906.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-03 00:26:36

The World is Different the Gam-Hypothesis

Authors: Hartmut Balke
Comments: 17 Pages. These idea can be verified by the fact, that everything can be explained with it.

I will show that matter does not exist in the classical sense. Matter is the representation by units originating in the Primordial Nothingness and made- up by a single force, which I name here Gam. Everything consists of Gam and their interactions. All processes of the universe can be explained without contradiction with the help of these findings. This essay contains only the most basic thoughts, which nevertheless allow us to find explanations for all questions.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics