Nuclear and Atomic Physics

1901 Submissions

[6] viXra:1901.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 08:02:49

Collision of Individual Atoms

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

Thanks to new technology, it is possible to retain individual atoms, move them in a targeted manner or change their condition. [19] Using a new computational method, an international collaboration has succeeded for the first time in systematically investigating magnetic quantum effects in the well-known 3-D pyrochlore Heisenberg model. [18] Researchers in the US and Japan say they have observed spin superfluidity and very long distance spin transport in an antiferromagnetic insulator made from graphene for the first time. [17] The first known superconductor in which spin-3/2 quasiparticles form Cooper pairs has been created by physicists in the US and New Zealand. [16]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[5] viXra:1901.0262 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-17 14:41:17

Physical Model for Lattice Assisted Nuclear Reactions

Authors: Jozsef Garai
Comments: 28 Pages.

Atomic scale description of the electrochemically induced cold fusion is presented. The model consistent with the conditions required for successive experiments and offers physical explanation for the occurrence of nuclear fusion at low energies. Based on this atomic scale description, the vibrational frequency of the D2 molecules in vacancy is calculated. The fundamental frequency of the vibrating Deuterium molecule in a cavity is 21.65 THz, which is almost identical with the observed “sweet spot” in the two laser experiments at 20.8 THz, indicating that this previously unidentified peak represents the self frequency of the Deuterium molecule in vacancy. The fundamental frequencies in vacancies for HD and H2 molecules are also calculated. It is predicted that these frequencies in HD or H2 systems should also activate the reaction and that these fundamental frequencies in cavities should remain unchanged regardless of the hosting lattice.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[4] viXra:1901.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 08:08:56

Zirconium Isotope Capture Neutron

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

The probability that a nucleus will absorb a neutron is important to many areas of nuclear science, including the production of elements in the cosmos, reactor performance, nuclear medicine and defense applications. [28] CERN's nuclear physics facility, ISOLDE, has minted a new coin in its impressive collection of isotopes. [27] In the case of several light nuclei, experimental confirmation of the individualism or family nature of nucleons will now be simpler, thanks to predictions presented by Polish physicists from Cracow and Kielce. [26]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[3] viXra:1901.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 08:49:54

Electronegativity Rewrites Chemistry

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Electronegativity is one of the most well-known models for explaining why chemical reactions occur. [30] Innovations in microscale electronics, medicine, combustion and scores of other technologies depend on understanding and predicting the behavior of electricity on the smallest of length scales. [29] New research from UBC's Okanagan campus, recently published in Nature Communications, may have uncovered the key to one of the darkest secrets of light. [28] But an international group led by Prof. Beena Kalisky and Prof. Aviad Frydman, from the Department of Physics and the Institute for Nanotechnology at Bar-Ilan University in Israel, has succeeded in imaging quantum fluctuations for the first time. [27] To tame chaos in powerful semiconductor lasers, which causes instabilities, scientists have introduced another kind of chaos. [26]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[2] viXra:1901.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 15:43:03

The Production Of Helium In Cold Fusion Experiments

Authors: Melvin H. Miles
Comments: 15 Pages. Helium-4 Production in the Palladium-Deuterium System

It is now known that cold fusion effects are produced only by certain palladium materials made under special conditions. Most palladium materials will never produce any excess heat, and no helium production will be observed. The palladium used in our first six months of cold fusion experiments in 1989 at the China Lake Navy laboratory never produced any measurable cold fusion effects. Therefore, our first China Lake result were listed with CalTech, MIT, Harwell and other groups reporting no excess heat effects in the DOE-ERAB report issued in November 1989. However, later research using special palladium made by Johnson-Matthey produced excess heat in every China Lake D2O-LiOD electrolysis experiment. Further experiments showed a correlation of the excess heat with helium-4 production. Two additional sets of experiments over several years at China Lake verified these measurements. This correlation of excess heat and helium-4 production has now been verified by cold fusion studies at several other laboratories. Theoretical calculations show that the amounts of helium-4 appearing in the electrolysis gas stream are in the parts-per-billion (ppb) range. The experimental amounts of helium-4 in our experiments show agreement with the theoretical amounts. The helium-4 detection limit of 1 ppm (1000 ppb) reported by CalTech and MIT was far too insensitive for such measurements. Very large excess powers leading to the boiling of the electrolyte would be required in electrochemical cold fusion experiments to even reach the CalTech or MIT helium-4 detection limit of 1000 ppb helium-4 in the electrolysis gas stream.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[1] viXra:1901.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 00:25:47

The Spiral Proton by Numbers: Composite Angular Momentum, Mass Discrimination, and G-Factor as 1

Authors: Bruno R Galeffi
Comments: 5 Pages.

Angular momentum acquisition and spiral motion seems to drive particle creation. This process requires an initial momentum mivi having the ability to initiate spiral motion via quantized circular orbitals, while abiding by momentum conservation principles. This approach led to the discovery at [Ref1] that the proton was constructed from 2 opposing angular momenta S=ħ/2Φ and L=ħΦ/2 resulting in precisely ±ħ/2 (Φ=golden ratio). It is now found that S is linked to the proton charge, magnetic moment, and 11% of the mass via a rotating charged hollow sphere of radius 0.875 fm. On the other hand, L is associated with 89% of the proton mass centered within 0.23 fm radius. The angular velocity related to L is found 3.5 times that of S. The proton charge-to-energy ratio calculation leads to a surprising equivalence Coulomb vs. Joule.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics