Nuclear and Atomic Physics

1804 Submissions

[7] viXra:1804.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-25 05:45:18

Nuclear Accurate Clocks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

Recently, scientists suggested switching from electron to nuclear transitions that may considerably increase the precision of clocks due to higher frequency. [25] Now, physicists are working toward getting their first CT scans of the inner workings of the nucleus. [24] The process of the sticking together of quarks, called hadronisation, is still poorly understood. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20] Researchers characterize the rotational jiggling of an optically levitated nanoparticle, showing how this motion could be cooled to its quantum ground state. [19] Researchers have created quantum states of light whose noise level has been " squeezed " to a record low. [18] An elliptical light beam in a nonlinear optical medium pumped by " twisted light " can rotate like an electron around a magnetic field. [17] Physicists from Trinity College Dublin's School of Physics and the CRANN Institute, Trinity College, have discovered a new form of light, which will impact our understanding of the fundamental nature of light. [16] Light from an optical fiber illuminates the metasurface, is scattered in four different directions, and the intensities are measured by the four detectors. From this measurement the state of polarization of light is detected. [15] Converting a single photon from one color, or frequency, to another is an essential tool in quantum communication, which harnesses the subtle correlations between the subatomic properties of photons (particles of light) to securely store and transmit information.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[6] viXra:1804.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-23 04:06:10

Relevance of Atomic Structure to the Physical Characteristics of Matter

Authors: David Johnson
Comments: A 9 page paper containing 9 explanatory diagrams

Energy to Matter (E2M) proposes a structure for quarks and nucleons, and uses these to generate 3-dimensional models of atomic structure of elements in the Periodic Table and their bonding characteristics. This short article and associated videos present some of the modelled atomic structures and shows how the structure of the nucleus relates to the observed physical and bonding characteristics of the elements involved.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[5] viXra:1804.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-23 09:09:59

The Golden Ratio in Atomic Theory

Authors: Raji Heyrovska
Comments: 4 pages

It is now exactly fifteen years since the author sent a short article on the topic of the title to Nature, but it was not accepted. Two years later, a full paper was accepted in Molecular Physics, 103 (2005) 877, in the Special Issue in honor of Nicholas Handy and the author has published many papers over the years. The Golden ratio is an amazing number that is found to govern many natural spontaneous creations of Universe. The article to Nature, reproduced here, shows for the first time that it arises right in the core of the atom.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[4] viXra:1804.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-19 02:17:34

The Origin of the Mass of a Charged Particle and the Mass Prediction of a Fourth-Generation Quark

Authors: Hyoyoung Choi
Comments: 5 Pages.

Since the charge Q is the set of infinitesimal charge dQ, electric force is operated between infinitesimal charges and therefore, electrostatic self-energy exists due to the presence of charge Q itself. Electrostatic self-energy has a potential to explain substantial parts of elementary particle mass. Mass Prediction of a Fourth-Generation Quark.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[3] viXra:1804.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-16 01:49:53

Coulombic Energy Replaced by Electromagnetic Energy in Bohr’s Theory Makes Atomic Physics Simple and Sensible

Authors: Raji Heyrovska
Comments: 6 pages

Over a century ago Bohr arrived at the conclusion that the ground state energy of hydrogen is half the Coulombic energy, which is negative. As hydrogen is the most abundant element in the Universe, it implies that the energy of the Universe is predominantly negative. Since this is strange, the author found that on replacing the Coulombic energy by electromagnetic energy, the energy is in fact positive. This modification of Bohr’s theory gave rise to many interesting results, showing that atomic physics is much simpler and more meaningful.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[2] viXra:1804.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-17 07:33:29

Nuclei Catch Up with Electrons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

In an attosecond study of the H2 molecule, physicists at ETH Zurich found that for light atomic nuclei, as contained in most organic and biological molecules, the correlation between electronic and nuclear motions cannot be ignored. [41] A half-century ago, the theorist Walter Henneberger wondered if it were possible to use a laser field to free an electron from its atom without removing it from the nucleus. [40] A new study by researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) may explain this disparity. In the work, the OIST researchers measured electrical current across a two-dimensional plane. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[1] viXra:1804.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-03 09:07:54

Quantum Mechanics Solved with Simplified Orbital Mechanics

Authors: Enos Øye
Comments: 10 Pages.

We show that a simplified force between the electron and the nucleus solves Quantum Mechanics in the simplest way possible. We update and rewrite Bohr's postulates, we show the simple relation between the electric and magnetic force, we show how light is emitted, and find a new term for the fine structure constant which is the simplest term there is. Simplified Orbital Mechanics results in a new atomic model which allow mathematically the observed electron cloud. All calculations can be found in this google spreadsheet:
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics