[14] **viXra:1605.0292 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-05-29 10:43:19*

**Authors:** Ricardo Gil

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Einstein merged Space with Time hence Spacetime. Tesla has a Unified Theory based on Fields and Electromagnetism. The logical progression is to merge the two and suggest Frequential Spacetime in which the frequency of matter dictates the shape and speed of entanglement of matter in Spacetime.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[13] **viXra:1605.0270 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-05-26 07:15:55*

**Authors:** Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has presented a Scheme for ‘Positive And Negative Time Scaling And Time Portal Engineering’

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[12] **viXra:1605.0255 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-05-24 15:15:40*

**Authors:** Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Does any unification candidate necessitate the grand unification scheme?

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[11] **viXra:1605.0240 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-05-23 04:23:55*

**Authors:** I. V. Drozdov

**Comments:** 25 Pages.

The second-order approach to the entropy gradient maximization for systems with many degrees of freedom provides the dynamic equations of first order and light-like second order without additional ergodicity conditions like conservation laws.
The first order dynamics lead to the definition of the conserved kinetic energy
and potential energy. In terms of proper degrees of freedom the total energy conservation reproduces the Einstein's mass-energy relation.
The newtonian interpretation of the second order dynamic equations suggests the definition for general inertial mass and for the interaction potential.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[10] **viXra:1605.0199 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-05-19 09:42:01*

**Authors:** V. A. Budarin

**Comments:** 9 Pages. MSC 76D09

The velocity field culculation method is based on the use of two special cases of the Newtonian fluid motion equations, not including the Navier-Stokes equation. Two shear stress calculation ways are considered. The first way is the differentiation on the velocity field equation, and the second one requires the solution of the first-order differential equation. The second way provides the distribution of shear stresses for any continuous medium, including Newtonian fluid.
Culculation equations for a laminar flow in a round pipe are found. It is shown that parabolic velocity distribution along the radius is a special case of more general equation.
The factors affecting the shear stresses for the three flow models are found. Stresses are determined by the linear velocity gradients in the laminar flow. In the 3D vortex, they can be found by various equations, which include vorticity. Total stresses for the averaged turbulent flow are culculated by summing the previously found stresses.
The equations of the method are incomplete and may be used for the accurate solution of simple problems.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[9] **viXra:1605.0192 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-01-23 17:19:08*

**Authors:** Bernd Ganter

**Comments:** 12 pages. The paper is the condensed version in English translation of the German parent document viXra:1408.0018. Comments please to bernd.ganter.fsk@gmx.de

In order to explain the strongly differing forces of the fundamental interactions, we use optimal consecutive exponentiation (power towers) as mathematical instrument for the optimization of volumes or densities, and thus for information storage in the universe. From this approach it is possible to derive and exactly calculate the fine structure constant, the value of which has remained unexplained for over 100 years now, as 137.035999099611.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[8] **viXra:1605.0183 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-05-17 08:17:14*

**Authors:** Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed a scheme for 'Positive And Negative Time Scaling And Time Portal Engineering'.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[7] **viXra:1605.0167 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-05-15 03:57:58*

**Authors:** Dionysios G. Raftopoulos

**Comments:** 424 Pages.

The Theory of the Harmonicity of the Field of Light is an axiomatic theory motivated by the logical contradictions of Special Relativity Theory and based on two fundamental acceptances:
1. The adoption of the natural philosophy of Werner Heisenberg and the school of Copenhagen, according to which a consistent natural description of the Cosmos shouldn’t ignore the existence of the Observer or at least the instrument of observation and measurement and
2. The choice of the Projective Space as the Geometrical Space of its natural description. This choice is validated following the fundamental separation of the Perceptible Space, which is objective, and the Geometrical Space, that exists only in our minds. As all logically consistent Geometries are accepted in Mathematical Science, the adoption of a Geometrical Space by a Theory of Physics is free.
Further on, this theory adopts as its first fundamental hypothesis the second hypothesis of the Special Relativity Theory, properly modified. Then, during the study of the kinematics of the material point, the property of harmonicity of the field of light emerges practically automatically.
Via this theory Human Reason is restored.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[6] **viXra:1605.0163 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-05-14 21:39:22*

**Authors:** Frank H. Makinson

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

The commonly used units of measure have changed over the centuries. The numeric value for the speed of light was measured before it was known that light was an electromagnetic wave and how electromagnetic waves were produced. The scientific community adopted a set of units of measures that were originally developed for joint commercial, scientific and common use. There is an on going effort by the various metrology organizations to update them. There is no need to change the generally accepted units of measure for commercial and common use, but scientific units of measure need major improvements.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[5] **viXra:1605.0126 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-03-25 08:22:53*

**Authors:** Giuseppe Azzarello

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

The properties of symmetry of the Planck particle will be presented, and its magnetic charge will be
extracted. This particle unifies the gravitational force, the electric force and the magnetic force into a single one, referred to as superforce. The physical meaning of permeability of vacuum constants, of ℏc , and of zero-point energy will be shown.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[4] **viXra:1605.0101 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-09-28 04:34:35*

**Authors:** J.A.J. van Leunen

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

Hilbert spaces can store discrete members of division rings and continuums that are formed by members of division rings in the eigenspaces of operators that reside in these Hilbert spaces. Only three suitable division rings exist. These are the real numbers, the complex numbers and the quaternions.
The reverse bra-ket method is an extension of the bra-ket notation that was introduced by P.M. Dirac. The reverse bra-ket method can create natural parameter spaces from number systems that are division rings and can relate the combinations of functions and their parameter spaces with eigenspaces and eigenvectors of corresponding operators that reside in non-separable Hilbert spaces. This also works for separable Hilbert spaces. The defining functions relate the separable Hilbert space with its non-separable companion. In this way, the method links Hilbert space technology with function technology, differential technology and integral technology. Quaternionic number systems exist in several versions that differ in the way that they are ordered. This is applied by defining multiple types of parameter spaces in the same Hilbert space. The set of closed subspaces of a separable Hilbert space has the relational structure of an orthomodular lattice. This fact makes the Hilbert space suitable for modelling quantum physical systems. The reverse bra-ket method is a powerful tool for generating quaternionic models that help investigating quantum physical models.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[3] **viXra:1605.0099 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-05-10 12:41:46*

**Authors:** Jean-Luc Paillet, Andrew Meulenberg

**Comments:** 17 Pages. paper presented to the 11th Workshop on Anomalies in Hydrogen Loaded Metals, Airbus-Toulouse (Fr.), 15-16 Oct. 2015

This work continues our previous work [1] and in a more developed form [2]), on electron deep orbits of the hydrogen atom. An introduction shows the importance of the deep orbits of hydrogen (H or D) for research in the LENR domain, and gives some general considerations on the EDO (Electron Deep Orbits) and on other works about deep orbits.
A first part recalls the known criticism against the EDO and how we face it. At this occasion we highlight the difference of resolution of these problems between the relativistic Schrödinger equation and the Dirac equation, which leads for this latter, to consider a modified Coulomb potential with finite value inside the nucleus.
In the second part, we consider the specific work of Maly and Va’vra [3], [4]) on deep orbits as solutions of the Dirac equation, so-called Deep Dirac Levels (DDLs). As a result of some criticism about the matching conditions at the boundary, we verified their computation, but by using a more complete ansatz for the “inside” solution. We can confirm the approximate size of the mean radii

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[2] **viXra:1605.0083 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-05-09 00:20:00*

**Authors:** Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Given a unification candidate which is both inefficient and non-optimal will the experimental physics have validity with all such candidates?

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[1] **viXra:1605.0025 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-05-02 18:29:22*

**Authors:** Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

What to do when there is a lack of bonding between D-variants?

**Category:** Mathematical Physics