[3] **viXra:1105.0033 [pdf]**
*submitted on 23 May 2011*

**Authors:** Dan Visser

**Comments:** 5 pages

Three new cosmological models are 'circling' the science-community: a 'Bouncing
Universe', a 'Conformal Cyclic Cosmology and a 'Double Torus Cosmology'. All new
ideas, commented anonymously and discussed institutionally. This paper wants more
cosmologists and physicists to involve the discussion openly in the media, without walking
save roads. The authors and readers are invited to involve this discussion. Which model is
true and can the mathematics be matched?

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[2] **viXra:1105.0022 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-05-13 17:01:06*

**Authors:** Dan Visser

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

This paper shows how my ‘dark energy force formula’ emerges five more space- and two more time-dimensions in nature. The ‘formula’ is earlier described in vixra-papers, announcing the universe is a Double Torus of dark energy and dark matter. The ‘formula’ represents a completely different force than the cosmological constant of Einstein, which is used to explain the accelerated expansion in Big Bang cosmology. With this in mind, two independent experimental investigations have given additional proof for my ‘dark energy force formula’, as follows: 1) The ratio of five extra space-dimensions and two extra time dimensions represent the up- and down electron-spin, behaving in a ‘chessboard-structure’ and associated with grapheme-experiments. 2) A computer-simulation shows a Double Torus, artificially emerging from two colliding black-holes. These results match with my hypothesis that the universe indeed is a Double Torus of dark energy and dark matter, because my (new) ’dark energy force formula‘ matches these two investigations. This (new) force could therefore have a link to topological insulators to guide light without scattering in quantum-computers.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[1] **viXra:1105.0016 [pdf]**
*submitted on 12 May 2011*

**Authors:** Subhajit Ganguly

**Comments:** 10 pages.

Considering transport of light through space-time, following the laws of physical transactions
(viXra:1101.0035) it may be said that there must be a spreading effect on it. Over suitable distances from
a source of light, an observer's perception is bound to be affected due to this spreading. In the following
paper, these effects on the reception of a signal, due to the spreading of light are studied. Experimental
set-ups are desired to verify the actual angles of spread with their theoretical values. An experiment
regarding the minimum distance between two disturbances for them to be distinguishable is also carried
out. The energy quantum is also studied in a new light.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics