[4] **viXra:1101.0096 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-05-09 17:02:56*

**Authors:** Dan Visser

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

This paper postulates a theoretical structure within entangled photons. The postulate is introduced within the framework of the cosmological Twin-Tori Model (TTM). Related papers are to be found in viXra[1,2,3,4,5,6]. After generally having derived equations and interpretations, a mass (mt) per 2 [rad] is calculated on 2.6 x 10^-34 [(J.s) m^2 / s]. This is a tiny (sub-quantum) spin, which moves forward in a surface-stream of the torus geometry that connects the entangled photons. The equivalent relativistic energy of (mt) has an energy much smaller than the equivalent energy of the Planck-mass (in Joule), which suggests a subdivision of approximately 0.73 x10^43 surfaces within (which means below) the Planck-scale. If a photon changes spin than the entangled photon could follow this change by means of that surface-structure within the torus geometry (per 2 rad]), while being an sub-quantum information-flux for the establishment of the entanglement in general. This refines time in the TTM and relates it to time in Einstein’s energy-tensor-equation.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[3] **viXra:1101.0052 [pdf]**
*submitted on 16 Jan 2011*

**Authors:** Giuliano Bettini

**Comments:** 10 pages

In a preceding paper we introduced a conjecture: the classification of the 32 crystal classes with 5
bits. In the present paper we will review our preceding result, and continue showing some further
interesting issues. In the paper, it is argued that bits should be identified with five basic unknown
symmetries generating these 32 groups. Probably it is not merely a coincidence that 32 means 5
bits. And probably is it not merely a coincidence that each complete subset of bits (properties)
means the holohedry of a crystal system; and each new bit means a new crystal system.
The purpose of this article was of course not to draw a conclusive theory, but to suggest ideas that,
we hope, will be useful for researchers in mathematics, group theory and crystallography.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[2] **viXra:1101.0037 [pdf]**
*replaced on 12 Jan 2011*

**Authors:** Ke Xiao

**Comments:** 5 pages

The fine structure constant α = e^{2}/hc ~ 1/137.036 and the blackbody
radiation constant α_{R} = e^{2}(a_{R}/k^{4}_{B})^{1/3} ~ 1/157.555
are linked by prime numbers. The blackbody radiation constant is a new method to measure
the fine structure constant. It also links the fine structure constant to the
Boltzmann constant.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[1] **viXra:1101.0035 [pdf]**
*submitted on 10 Jan 2011*

**Authors:** Subhajit Ganguly

**Comments:** 15 pages

Considering transport or tendency ... (see paper)

**Category:** Mathematical Physics