# General Mathematics

## 1911 Submissions

 viXra:1911.0417 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-24 14:51:43

### In New Mathematics, Riemann Hypothesis is Mistake

Authors: Toshiro Takami

In classical mathematics there will be a complete zero.\\ But in new mathematics there is no perfect zero. At the same time, there is no perfect 1/2 in new mathematics.\\ Hence, Riemann hypothesis is false.\\ In new mathematics, there is no perfect 1 or 2.\\ They are 1 or 2 as close as possible to 1 or 2, and not 1 or 2.\\ I think we should break away from classical mathematics and think about new mathematics.\\ These can be said from quantum mechanics.\\ New mathematics doesn't have perfect zero, 1/2, 1, 2 and so on.\\ There are only numbers close to zero, 1/2, 1, and 2.\\ 1/2 is 0.499999999..... or 0.5000000000.....\\ A perfect 1/2 cannot exist.\\
Category: General Mathematics

 viXra:1911.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-23 09:51:39

### Functions

Authors: Viola Maria Grazia

I talk about functions in particolar I study the behavior of this near infinity
Category: General Mathematics

 viXra:1911.0384 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-22 10:21:35

### Elementary Integrals: Report 21/11/2019 6:21:49

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito, Rodrigo Valdebenito

We give some elementary integrals
Category: General Mathematics

 viXra:1911.0379 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-25 02:38:30

### Zero is only a Mathematical Fantasy

Authors: Toshiro Takami

Mathematics returns to Ancient Times.\\ Perfect Zero cannot exist.\\ In physics, there are many particles in a vacuum.\\ 0 is not perfect zero.\\ 0 is almost zero.\\ Zero is only a mathematical fantasy.\\ There is no Zero.\\ 0 may be a return to the womb.\\ And, love is 0 and infinite.\\
Category: General Mathematics

 viXra:1911.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-20 10:02:31

### Fractal for :F(z)=z-Arctanh(1-z)

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito, Rodrigo Valdebenito

We give a simple formula for Pi
Category: General Mathematics

 viXra:1911.0327 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-19 06:23:05

### A Method of Determining the Extreme Points of a Function Defined on the Integers

Authors: Stanley Korn

The standard method of determining the extreme points of a function ��(��) is to set its first derivative equal to zero and solve for x. However, this method requires that the function be continuous (at least piecewise) and differentiable; it won’t work for a function defined on the integers. Described herein is a method of determining the extreme points of a function defined on the integers. This method is illustrated by using it to solve two example problems.
Category: General Mathematics

 viXra:1911.0317 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-18 09:26:22

### Unknown Summations

Authors: Yuly Shipilevsky

We introduce a set of finite and infinite summations which looks like were never considered yet.
Category: General Mathematics

 viXra:1911.0311 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-23 05:48:28

### A Note on a Possible Anomaly in the Complex Numbers

Authors: Han Geurdes
Comments: 4 Pages. After further discussion

In the present paper a conflict in basic complex number theory is reported. The ingredients of the analysis are Euler's identity and the DeMoivre rule for n=2. The outcome is that a quadratic equation only has one single solution because one of the existing solutions gives rise to an impossibility.
Category: General Mathematics

 viXra:1911.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 11:58:07

### Catalan's Constant and pi :Integrals

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito, Rodrigo Valdebenito

Double integrals
Category: General Mathematics

 viXra:1911.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 12:00:10

### Numbers: Part 6, Three Integrals .

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito, Rodrigo Valdebenito

We give three definite integrals
Category: General Mathematics

 viXra:1911.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 06:51:46

### Numbers Do Not Exist

Authors: Averky Glebov

In this paper we discuss how numbers, are just not real, and do not exist in the world.
Category: General Mathematics

 viXra:1911.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 17:21:28

### Refutation of Multiplication, Addition, and Subtraction by Zero Calculus

Authors: Colin James III

We evaluate the conjecture of the following equations: (a×0)≠0 ; (a×0)<a; and (a−0)<a<(a+0). None is tautologous, and the first two are contradictory. This refutes the conjectures to form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: General Mathematics

 viXra:1911.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 01:57:55

### Multiplication by Zero Calculus, Addition by Zero Calculus, and Subtraction by Zero Calculus

Authors: Toshiro Takami

In physics, there are many particles in a vacuum.\\ Perfect zero cannot exist.\\ 0 is not perfect zero.\\ 0 is almost zero.\\ Perfect zero is only a mathematical fantasy.\\ $a\times0\approx0$, but $a\times0\neq0$.\\ $a\times0\times0\times0\times0\times0<a\times0\times0\times0\times0<a\times0\times0\times0<a\times0\times0<a\times0<a$.\\ $a-0-0-0<a-0-0<a-0<a<a+0<a+0+0<a+0+0+0$.\\
Category: General Mathematics

 viXra:1911.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 18:05:40

### Finite-Time Lyapunov Exponents in the Instantaneous Limit and Material Transport

Authors: Peter J. Nolan, Mattia Serra, Shane D. Ross
Comments: 43 Pages. Submitted for publication

Lagrangian techniques, such as the Finite-Time Lyapunov Exponent (FTLE) and hyperbolic Lagrangian coherent structures, have become popular tools for analyzing unsteady fluid flows. These techniques identify regions where particles transported by a flow will converge to and diverge from over a finite-time interval, even in a divergence-free flow. Lagrangian analyses, however, are time consuming and computationally expensive, hence unsuitable for quickly assessing short-term material transport. A recently developed method called OECSs rigorously connected Eulerian quantities to short-term Lagrangian transport. This Eulerian method is faster and less expensive to compute than its Lagrangian counterparts, and needs only a single snapshot of a velocity field. Along the same line, here we define the instantaneous Lyapunov Exponent (iLE), the instantaneous counterpart of the finite-time Lyapunov exponent (FTLE), and connect the Taylor series expansion of the right Cauchy-Green deformation tensor to the infinitesimal integration time limit of the FTLE. We illustrate our results on geophysical fluid flows from numerical models as well as analytical flows, and demonstrate the efficacy of attracting and repelling instantaneous Lyapunov exponent structures in predicting short-term material transport.
Category: General Mathematics

 viXra:1911.0058 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 06:03:56

### SCIS- Traffic Congestion Optimisation using River Formation Dynamics

Authors: Kunal Verma, Vishal Paike