General Mathematics

1512 Submissions

[179] viXra:1512.0493 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-31 22:31:59

Recursion Scheme Of Any Complete Primality Tree Of Concern

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 17 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has detailed a Scheme to Find the Recursion Scheme Of Any Complete Primality Tree Of Concern
Category: General Mathematics

[178] viXra:1512.0480 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-30 06:24:39

On the Theory Of Complete Recursive Sub-Sets Of A Given Set Of Concern. Definition Of A Galaxy

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 18 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has advented a Novel Addition to the Author’s Concept of Theory Of Complete Recursive Sub-Sets Of A Given Set Of Concern. Also, a Formal Definition of a Galaxy is presented.
Category: General Mathematics

[177] viXra:1512.0466 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-29 04:58:39

Universal Truth Of Recursive Kind {Version IV}

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 21 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has detailed a Scheme of detecting the Component of ‘Universal Truth Of Recursive Kind’ to an Existing Native Degree.
Category: General Mathematics

[176] viXra:1512.0464 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-28 23:48:57

Universal Truth Of Recursive Kind {Version III}

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 21 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has detailed a Scheme of detecting the Component of ‘Universal Truth Of Recursive Kind’ to an Existing Native Degree.
Category: General Mathematics

[175] viXra:1512.0463 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-28 23:56:30

Universal Complementary Lower End Prime Pair And Complementary Higher End Prime Pair

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 17 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has advented a Novel Concept of Lower End Complementary Prime and a Higher End Complementary Prime for a Given Prime of concern.
Category: General Mathematics

[174] viXra:1512.0453 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-27 22:31:48

THeory Of Evolution {Version Iv OR 4}

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 56 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has Holistically Detailed Some Important Pointers on the Theory Of {Un-Biased Complete}Evolution.
Category: General Mathematics

[173] viXra:1512.0441 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-26 10:15:20

Angola Landscapes with Mathematical Silhoettes

Authors: Joao Minga, Maria Isabel Nobre dos Santos, Jose Carlos Tiago de Oliveira
Comments: Pages.

Biographic note on the builders of Angola University
Category: General Mathematics

[172] viXra:1512.0427 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-25 23:02:27

Schema Of Construction Of Infinity Geodesic Of Any Aspect Of Concern

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 18 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has detailed a ‘Schema Of Construction f Infinity Geodesic Of Any Aspect Of Concern’.
Category: General Mathematics

[171] viXra:1512.0426 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-26 01:50:19

Universal Un-Biased Complete Evolution

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 15 Pages.

In this research manuscript the author has detailed the Definition of ‘Universal Un-Biased Complete Evolution’.
Category: General Mathematics

[170] viXra:1512.0419 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-25 05:54:12

NP Versus P Problem. Schroedinger's Cat In A Box Problem

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 13 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has detailed some Insights on ‘NP Versus P Problem’ that is Synonymous with ‘Schroedinger’s Cat In A Box Problem’.
Category: General Mathematics

[169] viXra:1512.0417 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-24 22:38:29

Universal Objective Of The Universe. Universal Beauty Primality. Universal Optimal Life Primality. The Aforementioned Three Aspects As Restrictions For Evolution {Version II of All The Aforementioned}

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 17 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has detailed ‘Universal Objective Of The Universe’, ‘Universal Beauty Primality’, ‘Universal Optimal Life Primality’, ‘The Aforementioned Three Aspects As Restrictions For Evolution’.
Category: General Mathematics

[168] viXra:1512.0410 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-24 05:48:20

Universal Objective Of The Universe. Universal Beauty Primality. Universal Optimal Life Primality. The Aforementioned Three Aspects As Restrictions For Evolution

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 15 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has detailed ‘Universal Objective Of The Universe’, ‘Universal Beauty Primality’, ‘Universal Optimal Life Primality’ and ‘The Aforementioned Three Aspects As Restrictions For Evolution’.
Category: General Mathematics

[167] viXra:1512.0407 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-23 09:21:29

Representation Of Alphabets By Set Of Prime Numbers – Primality Engineering I {Version II}

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 15 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has presented a Scheme wherein Each of the Alphabets of English are represented by a Distinct Prime Number and/ or Set Of Ordered Distinct Prime Numbers, such that the thusly found Set of Prime Numbers Representing All the Alphabets of English Language and/ or Set(s) of Prime Numbers Representing All The Alphabets Of English Language, also, form a Complete Recursive Sub-Set.
Category: General Mathematics

[166] viXra:1512.0404 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-22 23:48:48

Theory Of Quantum Coupling. Theory Of Quantum Lensing. Theory Of Quantum Lens Invasion.

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 16 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has detailed three Schemes of ‘Theory Of Quantum Coupling’, ‘Theory Of Quantum Lensing’, ‘Theory Of Quantum Lens Invasion’.
Category: General Mathematics

[165] viXra:1512.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-22 01:04:57

Universal Truth Of Recursive Kind {Version II}

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 15 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has detailed a Scheme of detecting the Component of ‘Universal Truth Of Recursive Kind’ to an Existing Native Degree.
Category: General Mathematics

[164] viXra:1512.0389 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-21 05:26:05

Universal Recursive Scheme To Generate The Sequence Of Primes Of Any Order {Say, Rth} Space

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 14 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has detailed a ‘Universal Recursive Scheme To Generate The Sequence Of Primes Of Any Order {Say, Rth} Space’.
Category: General Mathematics

[163] viXra:1512.0387 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-21 05:35:54

Universal Truth Of Recursive Kind

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 13 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has detailed a Scheme of Detecting the Component of ‘Universal Truth Of Recursive Kind’ to the Natively Existing Degree.
Category: General Mathematics

[162] viXra:1512.0377 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-20 05:30:29

Karma-Falam. Why-To.

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 16 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the Author details a Scheme of Approximating ‘Karma-Falam’, i.e., ‘Why-To’, i.e., ‘How Much We Ought Pay For And/ or How Do We Quantify Any Action Aspect Of Concern’.
Category: General Mathematics

[161] viXra:1512.0359 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-18 07:14:32

{1} Universal Recursive Scale Shifting Technique {2} Universal Recursion Scheme That Is Vertically {Maximally} Evolving {10-3-105}-{6-2-15}-{14-5-385}

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 14 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has detailed a ‘Universal Recursive Scale Shifting Technique’ using which one can Scale any ‘Infinity’. Also, the Recursion Scheme of a Universe That Is Maximally {Vertically} Evolving is presented.
Category: General Mathematics

[160] viXra:1512.0358 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-18 07:17:57

Removing And/ Or Minimizing The Redundancies In The Primality Of Any Aspect Of Concern {Version II}

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 17 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has presented a Scheme for ‘Removing And/ Or Minimizing The Redundancies In The Primality Of Any Aspect Of Concern’. Also, the author has detailed three examples on Example 1: Optimal Primality Engineering. Example 2: Universal Interference Design In Any Given Eco-System Set Of Concern. Example 3: Retail Business Model Using Parameters That Conform To The Optimal And/ Or High Precision Of The ‘Pi’ And/ Or Its Higher Order Equivalent Value Of The Complete Recursive Sub-Sets Formed By Linearization Of The Aforementioned Business Parameters In Terms Of One Most Fundamental Parameter Of Concern Implemented At A Certain Least Count Of Concern. Example 4: On Similar Lines as detailed in the Theory and the above Examples one can even Construct a Special Psyche Assessment Scheme Characteristic for Any Profession and/ or Task, Operation Of Concern.
Category: General Mathematics

[159] viXra:1512.0350 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-17 04:45:31

Removing And/ Or Minimizing The Redundancies In The Primality Of Any Aspect Of Concern

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 15 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has presented a Scheme for ‘Removing And/ Or Minimizing The Redundancies In The Primality Of Any Aspect Of Concern’. Also, the author has detailed Four examples on Example 1: Optimal Primality Engineering. Example 2: Universal Interference Design In Any Given Eco-System Set Of Concern. Example 3: Retail Business Model Using Parameters That Conform To The Optimal And/ Or High Precision Of The ‘Pi’ And/ Or Its Higher Order Equivalent Value Of The Complete Recursive Sub-Sets Formed By Linearization Of The Aforementioned Business Parameters In Terms Of One Most Fundamental Parameter Of Concern Implemented At A Certain Least Count Of Concern. Example 4: On Similar Lines as detailed in the Theory and the above Examples one can evenConstructa Special Psyche Assessment Scheme Characteristic for Any Profession and/ or Task, Operation of Concern.
Category: General Mathematics

[158] viXra:1512.0345 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-17 00:49:27

Universal Daily Wage Labour Work Order(s) Placed Instantaneous Quantification And Exigent Work Order(s) Realization Facilitation System

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 14 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has a detailed a ‘Universal Daily Wage Labour Work Order(s) Instantaneous Quantification And Exigent Work Order(s) Realization Facilitation System’ that can be maintained by the Local State Capital and/ or Local Country Capital through its Administrative Services Network of Comprehensive Nature.
Category: General Mathematics

[157] viXra:1512.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-16 06:07:38

First Meaning(s) Of All The English Alphabet(s)

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 18 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has incisively penetrated his mental faculties for appropriating the ‘First Meaning(s) Of The English Alphabet(s)’.
Category: General Mathematics

[156] viXra:1512.0323 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-15 00:08:54

Recommended Human Conduct

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 16 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has detailed a ‘Recommended Human Conduct’ which Humans Can Follow to achieve a ‘Pysche’ ‘Pi’ (and/ or it’s Higher Order Equivalent) to Supplement their already achieved Topological and Functional Abilities ‘Pi’ (and/ or it’s Higher Order Equivalent) and Holistically Direct their Evolution towards becoming Benevolent Gods.
Category: General Mathematics

[155] viXra:1512.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-14 04:14:04

Knowing The Infinitely Deeper Meaning - An Example Of Natural Memory Embedding

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 13 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has detailed a Scheme of ‘Knowing The Infinitely Deeper Meaning’ of any‘Consciousness Information’. Furthermore, the author highlights and envisages the significance of this scheme in constructing a ‘Universal Infinite Logic Distiller’. Furthermore, the author enlightens the readers that using a ‘Scheme Of Procedure Inverse Of Knowing The Infinite Deeper Meaning’, one can construct a‘‘Scheme Of Natural Memory Embedding’ To Exhaustion, That Is To An Infinite Order, Such Order Depending On The Least Count Of Our Technological Practicality Edge’’.
Category: General Mathematics

[154] viXra:1512.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-13 23:48:21

Knowing The Infinitely Deeper Meaning. The Universal Infinite Logic Distiller

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 17 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has detailed a Scheme of ‘Knowing The Infinitely Deeper Meaning’ of any ‘Consciousness Information’. Furthermore, the author highlights and envisages the significance of this scheme in constructing a ‘Universal Infinite Logic Distiller’.
Category: General Mathematics

[153] viXra:1512.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-14 00:00:25

On The Governmental Policy Of Acquiring And/ Or Purchase Of Individual Citizen Property For Governmental Reforms {Version I}

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 15 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has presented a Fair Scheme using which any ‘Governmental Policy Of Acquiring And/ Or Purchase Of Individual Citizen Property For Governmental Reforms’ can be founded and/ or created, especially during the situations when the Government wishes to Acquire and/ or Purchase Individual Citizen Property for implementing Governmental Reforms, for example, as those of Extending the Width of a Highway and/ or Sub-Highway, Construction of the State Citizenl Office and City Infrastructure, Government Offices, Hospitals, Schools, Colleges, etc.
Category: General Mathematics

[152] viXra:1512.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-13 00:19:58

Universal Light Type Holistic Reference Frames For Characterizing Universal Electro-Magnetic Phenomena

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 13 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has wishes to enlighten the readers regarding ‘Universal Light Type Holistic Reference Frames For Characterizing Universal Electro-Magnetic Phenomena’.
Category: General Mathematics

[151] viXra:1512.0299 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-12 09:01:29

Maximizing Relativistic Electro-Magnetic Fringe Displacement Effect Width

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 13 Pages.

In this research manuscript the author has presented a Scheme of ‘Maximizing Relativistic Electro-Magnetic Fringe Displacement Effect Width’ using ‘‘Pi’ Value And/ Or Its Higher Order Equivalents Value Precision Increase Based Refinement Of Any Primality And/ Or Any Recursion Scheme Of Any Aspect Of Concern’ [37], ‘Theory Of Evolution Based On Consecutive Asymmetric Imaging Technique’[39], ‘Evolution Through Quantization (Version III)’ [30],‘Living A Happy Life {Version 4}’[31], ‘Relativistic Transformations In Standard Prime Metric And/ Or Reverse Prime Metric Within Some Selected Domains Of Complementable Bounds’ [32].
Category: General Mathematics

[150] viXra:1512.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-11 07:22:21

REprersentation Of Alphabets By Prime Numbers - Primality Engineering - I

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 13 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has presented a Scheme wherein Each of the Alphabets of English is represented by a Distinct Prime Number and/ or a Distinct Prime Numbers Set, such that the thusly found Set {and/ or Set(s)} of Prime Numbers also form a Complete Recursive Sub-Set [7].
Category: General Mathematics

[149] viXra:1512.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-09 03:30:14

Theory Of Evolution Through Consecutive Asymmetric Imaging Technique

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 22 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has presented a ‘Theory Of Evolution Through Imaging Technique’.
Category: General Mathematics

[148] viXra:1512.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-06 02:38:01

Truth Assessment Of Any Consciousness Information

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 12 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has presented a Schemeto detect the Truthfulness of any Consciousness Information of concern.Consciousness Information is the Information that is Perceived, Documented, Expressed, Felt,Disseminated,Thought, Ideated, Acted-Upon, i.e., all the Forms of Human and/ or Life Consciousness(es) and/ or its Near Causal Manifestations.
Category: General Mathematics

[147] viXra:1512.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-05 00:41:24

‘Pi’ Value And/ Or Its Higher Order Equivalents Value Precision Quantized Increase Based Refinement Of Any Primality And/ Or Any Recursion Scheme Of Any Aspect Of Concern

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 10 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has presented a Novel technique using which one can Hyper-Refine any Aspect of concern, i.e., its Primality and/ or its Recursion Scheme.
Category: General Mathematics

[146] viXra:1512.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 06:30:53

Human Integration of Motion and Texture Information in Visual Slant Estimation

Authors: Albena Tchamova, Jean Dezert, Nadejda Bocheva, Pavlina Konstantinova
Comments: 6 Pages.

The present research is aimed to: (i) characterize the ability of human visual system to define the objects’ slant on the base of combination of visual stimulus characteristics, that in general are uncertain and even conflicting. (ii) evaluate the influence of human age on visual cues assessment and processing; (iii) estimate the process of human visual cue integration based on the well known Normalized Conjunctive Consensus and Averaging fusion rules, as well on the base of more efficient probabilistic Proportional Conflict Redistribution rule no.5 defined within Dezert-Smarandache Theory for plausible and paradoxical reasoning.
Category: General Mathematics

[145] viXra:1512.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 06:32:14

Hybrid Vector Similarity Measures and Their Applications to Multi-attribute Decision Making under Neutrosophic Environment

Authors: Surapati Pramanik, Pranab Biswas, Bibhas C. Giri
Comments: 31 Pages.

In this paper, we propose new vector similarity measures of single valued and interval neutrosophic sets by hybridizing the concepts of Dice and cosine similarity measures. We present their applications in multi attribute decision making under neutrosophic environment.
Category: General Mathematics

[144] viXra:1512.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 06:36:38

Improved Fusion Machine Based on T-norm Operators for Robot Perception

Authors: Xinde Li, Xianzhong Dai, Jean Dezert
Comments: 5 Pages.

Map reconstruction for autonomous mobile robots navigation needs to deal with uncertainties, imprecisions and even imperfections due to the limited sensors quality and knowledge acquisition.
Category: General Mathematics

[143] viXra:1512.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 06:38:15

Improvement of Land Cover Map from Satellite Imagery Using DST and DSmT

Authors: Radja Khedam, Abdenour Bouakache, Gregoire Mercier, Aichouche Belhadj-Aissa
Comments: 6 Pages.

The aim of this paper is to show that Dempster-Shafer Theory (DST) and a recent theory of plausible and paradoxical reasoning introduced by Dezert and Smaradache and thus called Dezert-Smarandache Theory (DSmT), can be successfully applied to improve a supervised classification of remotely sensed data. Notice that application fields of these two theories are related on multisensor/multitemporal/multiscale data fusion.
Category: General Mathematics

[142] viXra:1512.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 06:40:06

Information Fusion and Discounting Techniques for Decision Support in Aerospace

Authors: Fiona Browne, Yan Jin, Niall Rooney, Hui Wang
Comments: 6 Pages.

Decision makers are required to make critical decisions throughout all stages of a life-cycle in large-scale projects. These decisions are important as they impact upon the outcome and the success of projects. In this paper we present an evidential reasoning framework to aid decision-makers in the decision making process.
Category: General Mathematics

[141] viXra:1512.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 06:43:06

Intelligent Alarm Classification Based on DSmT

Authors: Albena Tchamova, Jean Dezert
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper the critical issue of alarms’ classification and prioritization (in terms of degree of danger) is considered and realized on the base of Proportional Conflict Redistribution rule no.5, defined in Dezert-Smarandache Theory of plausible and paradoxical reasoning. The results obtained show the strong ability of this rule to take care in a coherent and stable way for the evolution of all possible degrees of danger, relating to a set of a priori defined, out of the ordinary dangerous directions.
Category: General Mathematics

[140] viXra:1512.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 06:45:17

Interval Neutrosophic Numbers Choquet Integral Operator for Multi-Criteria Decision Making

Authors: Hong-Xia Sun, Hao-Xiong Yang, Jian-Zhang Wu, Yao Ouyang
Comments: 13 Pages.

In this paper, the Choquet integral and the interval neutrosophic set theory are combined to make multi-criteria decision for problems under neutrosophic fuzzy environment. Firstly, a ranking index is proposed according to its geometrical structure, and an approach for comparing two interval neutrosophic numbers is given. Then, a ≤L implied operation-invariant total order which satisfies order-preserving condition is proposed.
Category: General Mathematics

[139] viXra:1512.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 06:47:18

Inverse Problem in DSmT and Its Applications in Trust Management

Authors: Jin Wang, Huaijiang Sun
Comments: 5 Pages.

DSmT (Dezert-Smarandache Theory) is actually a natural extension of DST (Dempster-Shafer Evidence Theory) and Bayes Probability Theory, which can handle both uncertainty and contradiction efficiently. We present the inverse problem in DSmT and research on the existence of its unique exact solution.
Category: General Mathematics

[138] viXra:1512.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 06:51:42

K-Mean Algorithm for Image Segmentation Using Neutrosophy

Authors: Nadeem Akhtar, Nishi Agarwal, Amita Burjwal
Comments: 5 Pages.

Image Segmentation is an important step in the Image applications such as Image Processing, Recognitions Task, Medical Imaging, etc.
Category: General Mathematics

[137] viXra:1512.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 06:52:43

Mathematics with Natural Reality — Action Flows

Authors: Linfan MAO
Comments: 37 Pages.

The universality of contradiction implies that the reality of a thing is only hold on observation with level dependent on the observer standing out or in and lead respectively to solvable equation or non-solvable equations on that thing for human beings.
Category: General Mathematics

[136] viXra:1512.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 06:53:44

Maximizing Deviation Method for Neutrosophic Multiple Attribute Decision Making with Incomplete Weight Information

Authors: Rıdvan Şahin, Peide Liu
Comments: 17 Pages.

This paper develops a method for solving the multiple attribute decision making problems with the single valued neutrosophic information or interval neutrosophic information. We first propose two discrimination functions referred to as score function and accuracy function for ranking the neutrosophic numbers.
Category: General Mathematics

[135] viXra:1512.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 06:55:32

Mobile Robot's Map Reconstruction Based on DSmT and Fast-Hough Self-Localization

Authors: Xinhan Huang, Xinde Li, Zuyu Wu, Min Wang
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper presents a new tool based on DSmT(Dezert-Smarandache Theory) and fast-Hough self-localization which is applied to autonomous mobile robot's reconstruction.
Category: General Mathematics

[134] viXra:1512.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 06:56:54

Modelling Uncertain Implication Rulees Theory in Evidence

Authors: Alessio Benavoli, Luigi Chisci, Alfonso Farina, Branko Ristic
Comments: 7 Pages.

Often knowledge from human experts is expressed in the form of uncertain implication rules, such as "if A then B" with a certain degree of confidence. Therefore, it is important to include such a representation of knowledge into the process of reasoning under uncertainty.
Category: General Mathematics

[133] viXra:1512.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 06:58:17

MRI Denoising Based on Neutrosophic Wiener Filtering

Authors: J. Mohan, Yanhui Guo, V. Krishnaveni, Kanchana Jeganathan
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this paper, a new filtering method is presents to remove Rician noise from magnetic resonance image. This filter is based on Neutrosophic set (NS) approach of wiener filtering. A Neutrosophic Set (NS), a part of neutrosophy theory, studies the origin, nature, and scope of neutralities, as well as their interactions with different ideational spectra.
Category: General Mathematics

[132] viXra:1512.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 06:59:23

Mri Denoising Using Nonlocal Neutrosophic Set Approach Ofwiener Filtering

Authors: J. Mohana, V. Krishnaveni, Yanhui Guo
Comments: 13 Pages.

tIn this paper, a new filtering method is presented to remove the Rician noise from magnetic resonanceimages (MRI) acquired using single coil MRI acquisition system. This filter is based on nonlocal neutro-sophic set (NLNS) approach of Wiener filtering. A neutrosophic set (NS), a part of neutrosophy theory,studies the origin, nature, and scope of neutralities, as well as their interactions with different ideationalspectra.
Category: General Mathematics

[131] viXra:1512.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:00:28

Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Method Based on a Cross-Entropy with Interval Neutrosophic Sets

Authors: Zhang-peng Tian, Hong-yu Zhang, Jing Wang, Jian-qiang Wang, Xiao-hong Chen
Comments: 11 Pages.

In this paper, two optimisation models are established to determine the criterion weights in multi-criteria decision-making situations where knowledge regarding the weight information is incomplete and the criterion values are interval neutrosophic numbers.
Category: General Mathematics

[130] viXra:1512.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:01:30

Multimodal Medical Case Retrieval Using the Dezert-Smarandache Theory

Authors: Gwenole Quellec, Mathieu Lamard, Guy Cazuguel, Christian Roux, Beatrice Cochener
Comments: 4 Pages.

Most medical images are now digitized and stored with semantic information, leading to medical case databases.
Category: General Mathematics

[129] viXra:1512.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:10:53

Multimodal Medical Case Retrieval Using Bayesian Networks and the Dezert-Smarandache Theory

Authors: G. Quellec, M. Lamard, L. Bekri, G. Cazuguel, C. Roux, B. Cochener
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper, we present a Case Based Reasoning (CBR) system for the retrieval of medical cases made up of a series of images with semantic information (such as the patient age, sex and medical history).
Category: General Mathematics

[128] viXra:1512.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:12:12

Multi-Period Medical Diagnosis Method Using a Single Valued Neutrosophic Similarity Measure Based on Tangent Function

Authors: Jun Ye, Jing Fu
Comments: 23 Pages.

Similarity measures play an important role in pattern recognition and medical diagnosis, and then existing medical diagnosis methods deal scarcely with the multi-period medical diagnosis problems with neutrosophic information. Hence, this paper proposed similarity measures between single-valued neutrosophic sets (SVNSs) based on tangent function and weighted similarity measures of SVNSs considering the importance of each element.
Category: General Mathematics

[127] viXra:1512.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:13:17

Multiple Attribute Decision-Making Method Under Hesitant Interval Neutrosophic Linguistic Environment

Authors: Jun Ye
Comments: 26 Pages.

Motivated by the ideas of interval neutrosophic linguistic sets (INLSs) and hesitant fuzzy sets (HFSs), this paper proposes the concept of hesitant interval neutrosophic linguistic sets (HINLSs) and defines the operational laws of hesitant interval neutrosophic linguistic elements (HINLEs) and the score, accuracy and certainty functions for HINLEs.
Category: General Mathematics

[126] viXra:1512.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:15:36

Multiple Camera Fusion Based on DSmT for Tracking Objects on Ground Plane

Authors: Esteban Garcia, Leopoldo Altamirano
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper presents comparative results of a model for multiple camera fusion, which is based on Dezert-Smarandache theory of evidence. Our architecture works at the decision level to track objects on a ground plane using predefined zones, producing useful information for surveillance tasks such as behavior recognition. Decisions from cameras are generated by applying a perspective-based basic belief assignment function, which represent uncertainty derived from cameras perspective while tracking objects on ground plane.
Category: General Mathematics

[125] viXra:1512.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:16:42

Multiple Mobile Robots Map Building Based on DSmT

Authors: Peng Li, Xinhan Huang, Min Wang, Xiangjin Zeng
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper, a new multi-robot system framework is introduced to solve the problem of multi-robot map building. Compared with the classical architectures introduced in the literature, this kind of framework enhances overall system performance, especially in reducing calculations and communications, improving real-time performance.
Category: General Mathematics

[124] viXra:1512.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:17:54

Multi-Ultrasonic Sensor Fusion Based on Dezert-Smarandache Theory

Authors: ZHAO Xianzhang, ZENG Junfang, GAO Yibo, GUO Rui, YANG Yiping
Comments: 5 Pages.

It is well known that ultrasonic sensor is widely used in mobile robot to get range information with low cost, and the main bottle problem of using ultrasonic sensors to build an occupancy grid map is how to deal with the uncertainty in ultrasonic sensor data.
Category: General Mathematics

[123] viXra:1512.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:20:24

Neural Network Ensembles using Interval Neutrosophic Sets and Bagging for Mineral Prospectivity Prediction and Quantification of Uncertainty

Authors: Pawalai Kraipeerapun, Chun Che Fung, Warick Brown, Kok-Wai Wong
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper describes the integration of neural network ensembles and interval neutrosophic sets using bagging technique for predicting regional-scale potential for mineral deposits as well as quantifying uncertainty in the predictions.
Category: General Mathematics

[122] viXra:1512.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:21:23

Neutrosophic Decision Making Model for Clay-Brick Selection in Construction Field Based on Grey Relational Analysis

Authors: Kalyan Mondal, Surapati Pramanik
Comments: 14 Pages.

The purpose of this paper is to present quality clay-brick selection approach based on multi-attribute decisionmaking with single valued neutrosophic grey relational analysis. Brick plays a significant role in construction field. So it is important to select quality clay-brick for construction based on suitable mathematical decision making tool.
Category: General Mathematics

[121] viXra:1512.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:22:40

Neutrosophic Information Fusion Applied to Financial Market

Authors: Mohammad Khoshnevisan, Sukanto Bhattacharya
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper we basically make two propositions ~ firstly Q non-linear feedback process that is primarily fuelled by mass cognitive dissonance could generate systematic deviations between the theoretical and market prices of long-term options, and secondly such deviations are best reconciled in terms of neutrosophic rather than rule-based reasoning, especially in the context of the users of automated trading systems designed to generate trading signals based on analysis of information from conflicting sources.
Category: General Mathematics

[120] viXra:1512.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:23:58

Neutrosophic Linguistic Variables and Aggregation Operators for Multiple Attribute Group Decision Making

Authors: Jun Ye
Comments: 14 Pages.

The paper proposes the new concepts of a neutrosophic linguistic variable (NLV) and a neutrosophic linguistic set (NLS) based on the combination of a linguistic variable and a neutrosophic number. Then, we introduce basic operational laws of NLVs and the expected value of a NLV to rank NLVs. Furthermore, we propose a neutrosophic linguistic weighted arithmetic average (NLWAA) operator and a neutrosophic linguistic weighted geometric average (NLWGA) operator and investigate their properties, and then establish a decision-making method based on the NLWAA and NLWGA operators to handle multiple attribute group decision-making problems with neutrosophic linguistic information. Finally, an illustrative example is given to demonstrate the application and effectiveness of the developed approach.
Category: General Mathematics

[119] viXra:1512.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:28:19

Neutrosophic Set - A Generalization of the Intuitionistic Set

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this paper one generalized the intuitionistic fuzzy set, paraconsistent set, and intuitionistic set to the neutrosophic set.
Category: General Mathematics

[118] viXra:1512.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:30:08

Neutrosophic Soft Multi-Attribute Group Decision Making Based On Grey Relational Analysis Method

Authors: Partha Pratim, Surapati PRAMANIK, Bibhas C. GIRI
Comments: 22 Pages.

The objective of the paper is to present neutrosophic soft multi attribute group decision making based on grey relational analysis involving multiple decision makers. The concept of neutrosophic soft sets is derived from the hybridization of the concepts of neutrosophic set and soft set. In the decision making process, the decision makers offer the rating of alternatives with respect to the parameters in terms of single valued neutrosophic set.
Category: General Mathematics

[117] viXra:1512.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:31:01

New Contributions Into the Dezert-Smarandache Theory: Application to Remote Sensing Image Classification

Authors: Fatma Haouas, Zouhour Ben Dhiaf
Comments: 6 Pages.

The theory of Dezert and Smarandache (DSmT) called also the theory of plausible and paradoxical reasoning represents a suitable formalism to fuse paradoxical sources.
Category: General Mathematics

[116] viXra:1512.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:32:33

On Neutosophic Topology

Authors: Franciscu Gallego Lupianez
Comments: 4 Pages.

The paper shows original results on fuzzy sets and topology.
Category: General Mathematics

[115] viXra:1512.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:34:07

On the Quality Estimation of Optimal Multiple Criteria Data Association Solutions

Authors: Jean Dezert, Kaouthar Benameur, Laurent Ratton, Jean-Francois Grandin
Comments: 8 Pages.

In this paper, we present a method to estimate the quality (trustfulness) of the solutions of the classical optimal data association (DA) problem associated with a given source of information (also called a criterion).
Category: General Mathematics

[114] viXra:1512.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:35:27

Opinion and Persuasion

Authors: Ioan Constantin Dima, Daniela Gîfu
Comments: 8 Pages.

The research proves that persuasion has two types of objectives. Its main objective is the change of opinion. Its fundamental and foundational objectives are the change in attitude, generic conduct and situational behaviour. The main objective controls the fundamental objectives.
Category: General Mathematics

[113] viXra:1512.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:36:17

Optimized Unsupervised Image Classification Based on Neutrosophic Set Theory

Authors: A. E. Amin
Comments: 14 Pages.

In this paper, a new technique is used to an unsupervised learning image classification based on integration between neutrosophic sets and optimization linear programming.
Category: General Mathematics

[112] viXra:1512.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:42:02

Performance Evaluation of Fusion Rules For Multitarget Tracking in Clutter Based on Generalized Data Association

Authors: Jean Dezert, AIbena Tchamova, Tzvetan Semerdjiev, Pavlina Konstantinova
Comments: 8 Pages.

In this paper, we present and compare different fusion rules which can be used for Generalized Data Association (GDA)for multitarget tracking (MIT) in clutter. Most of tracking methods including Target Identification (ID) or attribute information are based on classical tracking algorithms as PDAF, JPDAF, MHT, IMM, etc and either on the Bayesian estimation and prediction of target ID, or on fusion of target class belief assignments through the Demspter-Shafer Theory (DST) and Dempster's rule of combination.
Category: General Mathematics

[111] viXra:1512.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:43:22

Plants Leaves Images Segmentation Based on Pseudo Zernike Moments

Authors: Ali Behloul, Soundous Belkacemi
Comments: 7 Pages.

Leaves images segmentation is an important task in the automated plant identification. Images leaf segmentation is the process of extracting the leaf from its background, which is a challenging task.
Category: General Mathematics

[110] viXra:1512.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:44:29

P-Union and P-Intersection of Neutrosophic Cubic Sets

Authors: Young Bae Jun, Florentin Smarandache, Chang Su Kim
Comments: 7 Pages.

Conditions for the P-intersection and P-intersection of falsity-external (resp. indeterminacy-external and truth-external) neutrosophic cubic sets to be an falsity-external (resp. indeterminacy-external and truth- external) neutrosophic cubic set are provided.
Category: General Mathematics

[109] viXra:1512.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:45:56

Quantification of Uncertainty in Mineral Prospectivity Prediction Using Neural Network Ensembles and Interval Neutrosophic Sets

Authors: Pawalai Krai peerapun, Kok Wai Wong, Chun Che Fung, Warick Brown
Comments: 6 Pages.

Qnantification of unscrtalnty in mineral prospee tivity predictinn is an important prncess tn support decision making In mineral exploration.
Category: General Mathematics

[108] viXra:1512.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:46:41

Quantification of Vagueness in Multiclass Classification Based on Multiple Binary Neural Networks

Authors: Pawalai Kraipeerapun, Chun Che Fung, Kok Wai Wong
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper presents an innovative approach to solve the problem of multiclass classification. One-against-one neural networks are applied to interval neutrosophic sets (INS). INS associates a set of truth, false and indeterminacy membership values with an output.
Category: General Mathematics

[107] viXra:1512.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:47:41

Reality Checks for a Distributional Assumption: The Case of “Benford’s Law”

Authors: William M. Goodman
Comments: 15 Pages.

In recent years, many articles have promoted uses for “Benford’s Law,” claimed to identify a nearly ubiquitous distribution pattern for the frequencies of first digits of numbers in many data sets.
Category: General Mathematics

[106] viXra:1512.0162 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:57:22

Recentdevelopmentsinnaturalcomputation

Authors: Yun Ye
Comments: 2 Pages.

The main objective of this special issue is to present readers with the significantly extended and improved versions of several high-quality articles presented at the Third International Conference on Natural Computation (ICNC’07).
Category: General Mathematics

[105] viXra:1512.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 07:58:58

Red Teaming Military Intelligence - a New Approach based on Neutrosophic Cognitive Mapping

Authors: Suman Rao
Comments: 6 Pages.

One of the key methods of ensuring effectiveness and actionability of military intelligence is “Red Teaming”. Red Teaming involves questioning the conventional analyst-driven military intelligence constructs.
Category: General Mathematics

[104] viXra:1512.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:05:51

Refined Building Change Detection in Satellite Stereo Imagery Based on Belief Functions and Reliabilities

Authors: Jiaojiao Tian, Jean Dezert, Peter Reinartz
Comments: 6 Pages.

Digital Surface Models (DSMs) generated from satellite stereo imagery provide valuable but not comprehensive information for building change detection.
Category: General Mathematics

[103] viXra:1512.0159 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:07:05

Research on Moving Object Tracking Under Occlusion Conditions

Authors: Jin Sun, Yi Wang
Comments: 4 Pages.

With the development of information fusion, a new theory based on Dezert-Smarandache Theory (DSmT) was widely applied to lots of aspects. Owing to the difficulty of handling conflict evidence combination when tracking multiple moving objects under occlusion conditions, a DSmT method with anti-occluding objects tracking in complex background is proposed based on occlusion judgment prediction, and the corresponding computing examples of generating hyper-power sets and tracking under different occluding conditions are analyzed and discussed in this paper.
Category: General Mathematics

[102] viXra:1512.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:13:12

Road and Obstacle Detection Based on Multi-layer Laser Radar in Driverless Car

Authors: DUAN Jianmin, ZHENG Kaihua, SHI Lixiao
Comments: 6 Pages.

To make a driverless car with better environment awareness, multi-layer laser radar was applied to detect roads and obstacles. Firstly the road edge data set was extracted from numerous laser radar data based on characteristics of the road edge data, and the cluster analysis of the data sets was done with the improved COBWEB algorithm based on Euclidean distance.
Category: General Mathematics

[101] viXra:1512.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:14:32

Rough sets in Neutrosophic Approximation Space

Authors: C. Antony Crispin Sweety, I. Arockiarani
Comments: 14 Pages.

A rough set is a formal approximation of a crisp set which gives lower and upper approximation of original set to deal with uncertainties. The concept of neutrosophic set is a mathematical tool for handling imprecise, indeterministic and inconsistent data. In this paper, we introduce the concepts of neutrosophic rough Sets and investigate some of its properties. Further as the characterisation of neutrosophic rough approxi- mation operators, we introduce various notions of cut sets of neutrosophic rough sets.
Category: General Mathematics

[100] viXra:1512.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:16:33

Sensor Data Fusion using DSm Theory for Activity Recognition under Uncertainty in Home-based Care

Authors: Hyun Lee, Jae Sung Choi, Ramez Elmasri
Comments: 8 Pages.

Reliable contextual information of remotely monitored patients should be generated to prevent hazardous situations and to provide pervasive services in home-based care. This is difficult for several reasons.
Category: General Mathematics

[99] viXra:1512.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:17:47

Simplified Neutrosophic Exponential Similarity Measures for the Initial Evaluation/diagnosis of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Symptom

Authors: Jing Fua, Jun Yeb
Comments: 17 Pages.

When physician carries out the clinical survey of a patient with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) symptom to reach the initial evaluation/diagnosis of BPH symptom, the existing initial evaluation method of BPH based on the international prostate symptom score (I-PSS) usually use the objective evaluation/diagnosis method with crisp values without considering fuzzy information.
Category: General Mathematics

[98] viXra:1512.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:19:36

Simulating Human Decision Making for Testing Soft and Hard/Soft Fusion Algorithms

Authors: Donald J Bucci, Sayandeep Acharya, Moshe Kam
Comments: 6 Pages.

Current methods for evaluating the effects of human opinions in data fusion systems are often dependent on human testing (which is logistically hard and difficult to arrange for repeated tests of the same population).
Category: General Mathematics

[97] viXra:1512.0152 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:20:22

Single Valued Neutrosophic Minimum Spanning Tree and Its Clustering Method

Authors: Yun Ye
Comments: 25 Pages.

Clustering plays an important role in data mining, pattern recognition, and machine learning. Then, single valued neutrosophic sets (SVNSs) are useful means to describe and handle indeterminate and inconsistent information, which fuzzy sets and intuitionistic fuzzy sets cannot describe and deal with.
Category: General Mathematics

[96] viXra:1512.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:23:31

Smarandache–Boolean–Near–Rings and Algorithms

Authors: N. Kannappa, P. Tamilvani
Comments: 8 Pages.

In this paper we introduced Smarandache-2-algebraic structure of Boolean-near-ring namely Smarandache-Boolean-near-ring.
Category: General Mathematics

[95] viXra:1512.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:24:24

Smarandache’s Concurrent Lines Theorem

Authors: Mircea Eugen Şelariu
Comments: 1 Page.

Let’s consider a polygon (which has at least four sides) circumscribed to a circle, and D the set of its diagonals and the lines joining the points of contact of two non-adjacent sides.
Category: General Mathematics

[94] viXra:1512.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:25:36

Smarandache-Lattice and Algorithms

Authors: N. Kannappa, K. Suresh
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this paper we introduced algorithms for constructing Smarandache-lattice from the Boolean algebra through Atomic lattice, weakly atomic modular lattice, Normal ideals, Minimal subspaces, Structural matrix algebra, Residuated lattice. We also obtained algorithms for Smarandache-lattice from the Boolean algebra.
Category: General Mathematics

[93] viXra:1512.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:26:45

Smarandache – R-Module and BF-Algebras

Authors: N. Kannappa, P. Hirudayaraj
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this paper we introduced Smarandache – 2 – algebraic structure of R-Module namely Smarandache – R-Module.
Category: General Mathematics

[92] viXra:1512.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:27:56

Smarandache Soft-Neutrosophic-Near Ring and Soft- Neutrosophic Bi-Ideal

Authors: N.Kannappa, B.Fairosekani
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper, we introduced Samarandache-2-algebraic structure of Soft Neutrosophic Near-ring namely Smarandache–Soft Neutrosophic Near-ring.
Category: General Mathematics

[91] viXra:1512.0144 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:29:00

Special Elements In Semigroups

Authors: K. Jayshree, P. Gajivaradhan
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper defines the notion of special elements like Smarandache zero divisors, Smarandache units, Smarandache idempotents and Smarandache nilpotnents for semigroups. This is the first time such study has been carried out on semigroups
Category: General Mathematics

[90] viXra:1512.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:30:50

Special Issue on Granular Soft Computing for Pattern Recognition and Mining

Authors: Sankar K. Pal, Saroj K. Meher
Comments: 2 Pages.

This issue introduces the state-of-art in granular soft computing for pattern recognition and mining and presents some novel contributions. Granulation is a computing paradigm, among others such as self-reproduction, self-organization, functioning of brain, Darwinian evolution, group behavior, cell membranes, and morphogenesis that are abstracted from natural phenomena.
Category: General Mathematics

[89] viXra:1512.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:42:27

Taylor Series Approximation to Solve Neutrosophic Multiobjective Programming Problem

Authors: Yun Ye
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper, Taylor series is used to solve neutrosophic multi-objective programming problem (NMOPP). In the proposed approach, the truth membership, Indeterminacy membership, falsity membership functions associated with each objective of multi-objective programming problems are transformed into a single objective linear programming problem by using a first order Taylor polynomial series.
Category: General Mathematics

[88] viXra:1512.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:43:33

The Combination Method for Dependent Evidence and Its Application for Simultaneous Faults Diagnosis

Authors: Hai-Na Jiang, Xiao-Bin Xu, Cheng-Lin Wen
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper provides a method based on Dezert-Smarandache Theory (DSmT) for simultaneous faults diagnosis when evidence is dependent.
Category: General Mathematics

[87] viXra:1512.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:45:14

The Extended VIKOR Method for Multiple Criteria Decision Making Problem Based on Neutrosophic Hesitant Fuzzy Set

Authors: Peide Liu, Lili Zhang
Comments: 13 Pages.

Neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy set is the generalization of neutrosophic set and the hesitant fuzzy set, and the VIKOR method is an effective decision making method which select the optimal alternative by the maximum ‘‘group utility’’ and minimum of an ‘‘individual regret’’. In this paper, we firstly introduced some operational laws, comparison rules and the Hamming distance measure of neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy set, and detailedly described the decision making steps of VIKOR method. Then we extended the VIKOR method to process the Neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy information, and proposed a multiple criteria decision making method based on neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy VIKOR method, and an illustrative example shows the effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed approach.
Category: General Mathematics

[86] viXra:1512.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:47:33

The Improvement of DS Evidence Theory and its Application in IR/MMW Target Recognition

Authors: Yibing Li, Jie Chen, Fang Ye, Dandan Liu
Comments: 11 Pages.

ATR system has a broad application prospect in military, especially in the field of modern defense technology. When paradoxes are existence in ATR system due to adverse battlefield environment, integration cannot be effectively and reliably carried out only by traditional DS evidence theory.
Category: General Mathematics

[85] viXra:1512.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:50:36

The Problem of Entropy Production in the Classic Rule of Combination in the Dezer T-Smarandache Theory

Authors: Xinde Li
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper, the classic r ule of combination in the Dezer t-Smarandache theory is found to be not convergent with the number increase of evidential sources since it leaves out the denominator in the Dempster ’s rule.
Category: General Mathematics

[84] viXra:1512.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:52:07

Thermogram Breast Cancer Prediction Approach based on Neutrosophic Sets and Fuzzy C-Means Algorithm

Authors: Tarek Gaber, Gehad Ismail, Ahmed Anter, Mona Soliman, Mona Ali, Noura Semary, Aboul Ella Hassanien, Vaclav Snasel
Comments: 4 Pages.

The early detection of breast cancer makes many women survive. In this paper, a CAD system classifying breast cancer thermograms to normal and abnormal is proposed. This approach consists of two main phases: automatic segmentation and classification.
Category: General Mathematics

[83] viXra:1512.0131 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:53:19

The Unitary Quantum Theory and New Sources of Energy

Authors: Sapogin Leo Georgy, Ryabov Yuri Alexander, Boichenko Victor Alexander
Comments: 556 Pages.

The book you are holding is a thoroughly unconventional work wholly devoted to a new concept called ‘Unitary Quantum Theory’ (UQT).
Category: General Mathematics

[82] viXra:1512.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:54:33

Topsis Method for Multi-Attribute Group Decision Making Under Single-Valued Neutrosophic Environment

Authors: Pranab Biswas, Surapati Pramanik, Bibhas C. Giri
Comments: 37 Pages.

A single-valued neutrosophic set is a special case of neutrosophic set. It has been proposed as a generalization of crisp sets, fuzzy sets, and intuitionistic fuzzy sets in order to deal with incomplete information.
Category: General Mathematics

[81] viXra:1512.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:55:23

Trapezoidal Neutrosophic Set and Its Application to Multiple Attribute Decision Making

Authors: Yun Ye
Comments: 25 Pages.

Based on the combination of trapezoidal fuzzy numbers and a single valued neutrosophic set, this paper proposes a trapezoidal neutrosophic set, some operational rules, score and accuracy functions for trapezoidal neutrosophic numbers.
Category: General Mathematics

[80] viXra:1512.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:56:31

Truth-Value Based Interval Neutrosophic Sets

Authors: Haibin Wang, Yan-Qing Zhang, Rajshekhar Sunderraman
Comments: 4 Pages.

Neutrosophic set is a part of neutrosophy which studies the origin, nature, and scope of neutralities, as well as their interactions with different ideational spectra.
Category: General Mathematics

[79] viXra:1512.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:57:26

Updating Attribute Fusion Results with Additional Evidence Using DSmT

Authors: Ksawery Krenc
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper performs an investigation related to updating uncertain evidence with confirmed or verified information for the purpose of information fusion in C2 systems.
Category: General Mathematics

[78] viXra:1512.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:58:34

Vagueness, a Multifacet Concept a Case Study on Ambrosia Artemisiifolia Predictive Cartography

Authors: Patrick Maupin, Anne-Laure Jousselme
Comments: 4 Pages.

This papers proposes a reflexion on the concept of vagueness. We relate the different kinds of vagueness to relevant mathematical frameworks with particular emphasis on recent works on neutrosophic logic, Dezert-Smarandache theory, and rough sets. The different facets of vagueness are illustrated through a case study on Ambrosia artemisiifolia predictive cartography.
Category: General Mathematics

[77] viXra:1512.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 08:59:36

Validating the Neutrosophic Approach of Mri Denoising Based on Structural Similarity

Authors: J. Mohan, V. Krishnaveni, Yanhui Guo
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper focuses on validating the proposed Neutrosophic Set (NS) approach of Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI) denoising based on structural similarity such as Structural Similarity Index (SSIM) and Quality Index based on Local Variance (QILV).
Category: General Mathematics

[76] viXra:1512.0120 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 06:28:13

Handwritten Digit Recognition Based On a DSmT-SVM Parallel Combination

Authors: Nassim Abbas, Youcef Chibani, Hassiba Nemmour
Comments: 6 Pages.

We propose in this work a new handwritten digit recognition system based on parallel combination of SVM classifiers for managing conflict provided between their outputs. Firstly, we evaluate different methods of generating features to train the SVM classifiers that operate independently of each other.
Category: General Mathematics

[75] viXra:1512.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 02:24:10

Holistic Flood Proof City Design. Instantaneous Flood Water Draining System Theory

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 12 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has presented a ‘Holistic Flood Proof City Design’ and a consequential ‘Instantaneous Flood Water Draining System’.
Category: General Mathematics

[74] viXra:1512.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:26:46

Defining Posterior Hypotheses in C2 Systems

Authors: Ksawery Krenc, Adam Kawalec
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper describes the results of numerical experiments devoted to examination of influence of the target attribute hypotheses definitions on quality of information fusion. The main goal of the research works presented herein was to find answers to the subsequent questions: ‘In the context of attribute information fusion in C2 systems, is it reasonable to extend the information scope of a sensor?’ and ‘Does the extension of the sensor information scope always provide tangible benefits in quality of fusion?’. In order to achieve that there have been defined two measures: decision robustness and decision deviation.
Category: General Mathematics

[73] viXra:1512.0110 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:27:50

Definition of Bba and Quality of Fusion in C2 Systems

Authors: Ksawery Krenc, Adam Kawalec, Tadeusz Pietkiewicz
Comments: 8 Pages.

This paper presents the results of numerical experiments devoted to examination of influence of the target attribute hypotheses definitions on quality of information fusion.
Category: General Mathematics

[72] viXra:1512.0109 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:28:48

Deployment of Neutrosophic Technology to Retrieve Answer for Queries Posed in Natural Language

Authors: Meena Arora, Ranjit Biswas
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this paper, we have we have introduced a new intelligent soft-computing method of neutrosophic search with ranks and a new neutrosophic rank sets for neutrosophic relational data model (NRDM).
Category: General Mathematics

[71] viXra:1512.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:30:11

Designing a Home Security System Using Sensor Data Fusion with DST and DSmT Methods

Authors: Behzad Moshiri, Arezou Moussavi Khalkhali, Hamid Reza Momeni
Comments: 6 Pages.

Today due to the importance and necessity of implementing security systems in homes and buildings with the capability of higher certainty and lower cost, sensor fusion methods as applicable and high performance methods are attracting the researchers' attention.
Category: General Mathematics

[70] viXra:1512.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:31:17

Dezert–Smarandache Theory for Multiple Targets Tracking in Natural Environment

Authors: Yi Wang, Yingwu Fang, Jian Zhang, Pengyang Li
Comments: 11 Pages.

The aim of this article was to investigate multiple targets tracking in natural environment based on Dezert–Smarandache theory (DSmT). On the basis of establishing conflict strategy and combination model, the basic framework and algorithm of fusing multi-source information were described. The multiple targets tracking platform which embedded location and colour cues into the particle filters (PFs) was developed in the framework of DSmT.
Category: General Mathematics

[69] viXra:1512.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:33:31

DSmT Based RX Detector for Hyperspectral Imagery

Authors: Lin He, Peipei Zhang, Weitong Ruan
Comments: 4 Pages.

Anomaly detection is very useful for hyperspectral detection with no a priori information of spectral signature. However, most prevailing anomaly detectors are applied directly to the all-bands data without considering the characteristics of hyperspectral imagery in local spectrum range and some computation problem incurred from high dimensional data. In this paper, a Dezert-Smarandache Theory (DSmT) based anomaly detector is presented to handle these problems.
Category: General Mathematics

[68] viXra:1512.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:34:47

DSmT Based Scheduling Algorithm in OFDMA Systems

Authors: Yuan Ren, Tiejun Lv, Feichi Long, Jie Zhang, Yueming Lu
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper proposes a novel scheduling scheme based on Dezert-Smarandache Theory (DSmT) in an Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA) downlink scenario. The proposed scheme is utilized in a decoupled time/frequency domain packet scheduling framework and allows jointly optimizing both system throughput and fairness. Compared with the proportional fair (PF) scheduling algorithm, the proposed method is able to achieve higher system throughput and lower average packet delay with approximately the same fairness among users. Simulation results verify that the proposed scheme can make a better tradeoff between system throughput and fairness among users than its counterparts.
Category: General Mathematics

[67] viXra:1512.0103 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:36:01

DSmT Based Scheduling Algorithm in Opportunistic Beamforming Systems

Authors: Feichi Long, Tiejun Lv, Hui Gao, Pengfei Chang
Comments: 5 Pages.

A novel approach based on Dezert-Smarandache Theory (DSmT) is proposed for scheduling in opportunistic beamforming (OBF) systems. By jointly optimizing among system throughput, fairness and time delay of each user, the proposed algorithm can achieve larger system throughput and lower average time delay with approximately the same fairness and acceptable complexity, as compared with the proportional fair scheduler PFS).
Category: General Mathematics

[66] viXra:1512.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:36:59

DSmT Coupling with PCR5 for Mobile Robot’s Map Reconstruction

Authors: Xinde Li, Xinhan Huang, Min Wang, Jiansheng Xu, Hongbo Zhang
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper, considering the information fusion of multi-sensors on mobile robot, a new tool (the fusion machine of DSmT (Dezert-Smarandache Theory) coupling with PCR5 (Proportional Conflict Redistribution Rule)) is applied to autonomous mobile robot’s map reconstruction from 16 sonar rangefinders.
Category: General Mathematics

[65] viXra:1512.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:39:05

Dynamic Evidential Reasoning for Change Detection in Remote Sensing Images

Authors: Zhun-ga Liu, Jean Dezert, Grégoire Mercier, Quan Pan
Comments: 13 Pages.

Theories of evidence have already been applied more or less successfully in the fusion of remote sensing images. These attempts were based on the classical evidential reasoning which works under the condition that all sources of evidence and their fusion results are related to the same invariable (static) frame of discernment.
Category: General Mathematics

[64] viXra:1512.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:40:08

Ensemble Neural Networks Using Interval Neutrosophic Sets and Bagging

Authors: Pawalai Kraipeerapun, Chun Che Fung, Kok Wai Wong
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper presents an approach to the problem of binary classification using ensemble neural networks based on interval neutrosophic sets and bagging technique.
Category: General Mathematics

[63] viXra:1512.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:42:38

Estimation of Target Behavior Tendencies using Dezert-Smarandache Theory

Authors: Albena Tchamova, Tzvetan Semerdjiev, Jean Dezert
Comments: 8 Pages.

This paper presents an approach for target behavior tendency estimation (Receding, Approaching). It is developed on the principles of Dezert-Smarandache theory (DSmT) of plausible and paradoxical reasoning applied to conventional sonar amplitude measurements, which serve as an evidence for COTresponding decision-making procedures.
Category: General Mathematics

[62] viXra:1512.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:44:56

Evaluation Schema for SAR image Segmentation based on Swarm Optimization in Neutrosophic Domain

Authors: Mangalraj P, Rakesh Singala, Anupam Agrawal
Comments: 6 Pages.

The present paper proposes an evaluation schema for SAR image Segmentation. The segmentation of SAR images becomes a crucial step because the segmented results will be used as the input for the post- processing like target detection, change detection applications.
Category: General Mathematics

[61] viXra:1512.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:45:49

Evidence Reasoning Machine Based on DSmT for Mobile Robot Mapping in Unknown Dynamic Environment

Authors: Xinhan Huang, Peng Li, Min Wang
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper a new method of information fusion, Dezert-Smarandache Theory (DSmT) is introduced to deal with high conflicting and uncertain information. And then the Evidence Reasoning Machine (ERM) based on DSmT is presented for mobile robot mapping in unknown dynamic environment.
Category: General Mathematics

[60] viXra:1512.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:46:44

Evidential Grids Information Management in Dynamic Environments

Authors: Jean Dezert, Julien Moras, Benjamin Pannetier
Comments: 7 Pages.

An occupancy grid map is a common world representation for mobile robotics navigation. Usually, the information stored in every cell is the probability on the occupancy state.
Category: General Mathematics

[59] viXra:1512.0093 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:47:30

Examination of Combination Rules for the Purpose of Information Fusion in C2 Systems

Authors: Ksawery Krenc
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper presents an analysis of known rules of combination as well as a new method of combining uncertain evidence.
Category: General Mathematics

[58] viXra:1512.0092 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:48:21

Experimenting with Neutrosophic Ontologies for Medical Data Classification

Authors: Kanika Bhutani, Swati Aggarwal
Comments: 6 Pages.

Ontology helps us to think about the real world with its semantic constraints. But there exist different uncertainties and ambiguities that cannot be considered using traditional ontologies. This paper mainly deals with classification using fuzzy ontology and Neutrosophic ontology. Classification based on Neutrosophic ontology employs Neutrosophic logic for its working and is compared with classification based on fuzzy ontology on appendicitis dataset from Knowledge extraction based on evolutionary learning.
Category: General Mathematics

[57] viXra:1512.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:49:36

Extension to Fuzzy Logic Representation: Moving Towards Neutrosophic Logic - A New Laboratory Rat

Authors: A.Q.Ansari, Ranjit Biswas, Swati Aggarwal
Comments: 8 Pages.

Real world problems have been effectively modeled using fuzzy logic that gives suitable representation of real-world data/information and enables reasoning that is approximate in nature. It is quite uncommon that the inputs captured by the fuzzy models are 100% complete and determinate.
Category: General Mathematics

[56] viXra:1512.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:50:30

Externalizing Tacit Knowledge to Discern Unhealthy Nuclear Intentions of Nation States

Authors: Suman Rao
Comments: 6 Pages.

One of the enduring challenges in international relations with far-reaching consequences is discerning unhealthy nuclear intentions of nation states. Explicit Strategic Intelligence information available on such issues are in many cases vague, incomplete, sketchy or fragmented, rendering the process of discerning intentions reliant on tacit knowledge of experts in discerning intentions.
Category: General Mathematics

[55] viXra:1512.0088 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:53:22

From Fuzzification to Neutrosophication: a Better Interface Between Logic and Human Reasoning

Authors: Swati Aggarwal, Ranjit Biswas, A.Q.Ansari
Comments: 6 Pages.

Prof. L. A. Zadeh recognized that to simulate soft knowledge of human reasoning it is essential to use some formal approach to knowledge processing. So he pioneered by taking first step by proposing a novel logic, fuzzy logic in 1965, by releasing constraints imposed on existing formalisms to accommodate important properties of natural inference.
Category: General Mathematics

[54] viXra:1512.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:54:32

Fusion of Qualitative Beliefs Based on Linguistic Labels

Authors: Jian Gao, Weitai Liang, Jingjing Yan
Comments: 5 Pages.

In order to model beliefs expressed by natural language, the qualitative belief assignment based on the linguistic labels has been presented in the Dezert-Smarandache Theory (DSmT). However, the combination of qualitative beliefs is only based on the equidistant linguistic labels and the calculation of non-equidistant labels is approximate. To solve the fusion problem of qualitative beliefs denoted by nonequidistant labels, this paper proposed the universal arithmetic operations of linguistic labels, and analyzed the fusion of qualitative beliefs based on the general labels.
Category: General Mathematics

[53] viXra:1512.0085 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:55:43

Fuzzy Inference System & Fuzzy Cognitive Maps based Classification

Authors: Kanika Bhutani, Gaurav, Megha Kumar
Comments: 5 Pages.

Fuzzy classification is very necessary because it has the ability to use interpretable rules. It has got control over the limitations of crisp rule based classifiers. This paper mainly deals with classification on the basis of soft computing techniques fuzzy cognitive maps and fuzzy inference system on the lenses dataset.
Category: General Mathematics

[52] viXra:1512.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:56:42

Fuzzy Multicriteria Decision Making Method Based on the Improved Accuracy Function for Interval-Valued Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets

Authors: Rıdvan Sahin
Comments: 1 Page.

A new accuracy function for the theory of interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy set, which overcomes some difficulties arising in the existing methods for determining rank of interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy numbers, is proposed by taking into account the hesitancy degree of interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy sets.
Category: General Mathematics

[51] viXra:1512.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:57:36

Fuzzy Neutrosophic Product Space

Authors: A.A.Salama, I.R.Sumathi, I.Arockiarani
Comments: 15 Pages.

In this paper we introduce the concept of fuzzy neutrosophic product spaces and investigate some of their properties.
Category: General Mathematics

[50] viXra:1512.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:58:30

Fuzzy Rough Sets and Its Application in Data Mining Field

Authors: Megha Kumar, Nidhika Yadav
Comments: 4 Pages.

Rough set theory is a new method that deals with vagueness and uncertainty emphasized in decision making. The theory provides a practical approach for extraction of valid rules fromdata.This paper discusses about rough sets and fuzzy rough sets with its applications in data mining that can handle uncertain and vague data so as to reach at meaningful conclusions.
Category: General Mathematics

[49] viXra:1512.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:59:27

Fuzzy Uncertainty Assessment in RBF Neural Networks Using Neutrosophic Sets for Multiclass Classification

Authors: Adrian Rubio-Solis, George Panoutsos
Comments: 8 Pages.

In this paper we introduce a fuzzy uncertainty assessment methodology based on Neutrosophic Sets (NS). This is achieved via the implementation of a Radial Basis Function Neural-Network (RBF-NN) for multiclass classification that is functionally equivalent to a class of Fuzzy Logic Systems (FLS).
Category: General Mathematics

[48] viXra:1512.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 07:11:38

A Comparison of the Effect of Sonar Grid Map Building Based on DSmT and DST

Authors: Xinde Li, Xinhan Huang, Min Wang, Gang Peng
Comments: 5 Pages.

Information acquired in map building presents characteristics of uncertainty, imprecision and even high conflict, especially in the course of building grid map using sonar. Here a new method of information fusion-DSmT (Dezert-Smarandache Theory) recently developed from DST and Bayesian theory was introduced to apply to managing and dealing with this uncertainty.
Category: General Mathematics

[47] viXra:1512.0077 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 07:14:46

A Dynamic Evidential Network for Multisensor Context Reasoning in Home-based Care

Authors: Hyun Lee, Jae Sung Choi, Ramez Elmasri
Comments: 6 Pages.

In home-based care, reliable contextual information of remotely monitored patients should be generated to recognize activities and to identify hazardous situations of the patient. This is difficult for several reasons.
Category: General Mathematics

[46] viXra:1512.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 07:17:10

A Fast Massively Parallel Fuzzy C-Means Algorithm for Brain MRI Segmentation

Authors: Mohamed Youssfi, Omar Bouattane, Mohammed Ouadi Bensalah, Bouchaib Cherradi
Comments: 19 Pages.

In this paper, we propose a fast parallel algorithm for data classification, and its application for Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI) segmentation. The presented classification method is based on a parallel fine grained fuzzy C-means algorithm. It is implemented on a polymorphic SIMD machine to sort out the different components of a brain image.
Category: General Mathematics

[45] viXra:1512.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 07:24:52

A Fuzzy Neutrosophic Soft Set Model in Medical Diagnosis

Authors: I.Arockiarani
Comments: 8 Pages.

The focus of this paper is to explore the notion of fuzzy neutrosophic sets and soft sets. A novel approach is proposed to meet the challenges in medical diagnosis. The calculation of distances, a new score function are all defined to discuss in decision making problem. A topological structure on fuzzy neutrosophic soft set is considered as a tool to derive some of their characterizations.
Category: General Mathematics

[44] viXra:1512.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 07:27:21

A Hybrid Method for Dynamic Local Path Planning

Authors: Li Peng, Huang Xinhang, Wang Min
Comments: 4 Pages.

A hybrid approach for efficiently planning smooth local paths for mobile robot in an unknown environment is presented. The single robot is treated as a multi-agent system, and the corresponding architecture with cooperative control is constructed.
Category: General Mathematics

[43] viXra:1512.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 07:30:53

A Lower Bound for the Smarandache Function Value

Authors: Guo Yanchun, Ren Ganglian, Yang Yifang
Comments: 3 Pages.

The main purpose of this paper is using elementary methods to study the distribution properties of Smarandache function and give a general result for it under no condition.
Category: General Mathematics

[42] viXra:1512.0071 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 07:32:20

A MES Pre-processor Design in Multi-source Information Fusion

Authors: Jinyuan Yang, Xinhan Huang, Min Wang
Comments: 6 Pages.

In multi-sources information fusion, because of the diversity of evidences, especially the imperfect evidences, it’s difficult to get a satisfied result. To avoid and reduce the influence of the mistaken or conflicting information on the final precision of fusion, a pre-processor of evidence sources is proposed and proved. A MES (measurement of evidence support) pre-processor is designed.
Category: General Mathematics

[41] viXra:1512.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 07:33:47

A Method For Condition Evaluation Based On DSmT

Authors: Liu Aihua
Comments: 4 Pages.

Condition-based maintenance (CBM) is an optimal maintenance strategy due to improved planning for rehabilitation or replacement based on current evaluation of condition.In this paper, a new method of information fusion-DSmT(Dezert-Smarandache Theory) developed from DST(Dempster-Shafer Theory) and Bayesian theory is introduced to dealing with condition evaluation.
Category: General Mathematics

[40] viXra:1512.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 07:36:14

A Method of Ranking Interval Numbers Based on Degrees for Multiple Attribute Decision Making

Authors: Yicheng Ye, Nan Yao, Qiaozhi Wang, Qihu Wang
Comments: 11 Pages.

In order to deal with the difficulty of ranking interval numbers in the multiple attribute decision making process, interval numbers are expressed in the Rectangular Coordinate System. On the basis of this, two-dimensional relations of interval numbers are analyzed. For interval numbers, their advantage degree functions of the symmetry axis and the length are deduced after an information mining process, and then the advantage degree function of interval numbers is defined. Procedures of ranking interval numbers based on degrees for multiple attribute decision making are given. Finally, the feasibility and the effectiveness of this method are verified through an example.
Category: General Mathematics

[39] viXra:1512.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 07:37:25

A Modified Fuzzy C Means Clustering using Neutrosophic Logic

Authors: Nadeem Akhtar, Mohd Vasim Ahamad
Comments: 5 Pages.

A cluster can be defined as the collection of data objects grouped into the same group which are similar to each other whereas data objects which are different are grouped into different groups. The process of grouping a set objects into classes of similar objects is called clustering. In fuzzy c means clustering, every data point belongs to every cluster by some membership value. Hence, every cluster is a fuzzy set of all data points.
Category: General Mathematics

[38] viXra:1512.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 07:39:45

Analysis and Improvement for Proportional Conflict Redistribution Rules

Authors: Li Hongfei, Jin Hongbin, Tian Kangsheng, Fei Xiaoyan
Comments: 4 Pages.

The Proportional Conflict Redistribution (PCR) rules based on Dezert-Smarandache theory (DSmT) is a useful method for dealing with uncertainty problems. It is more efficient in combining conflicting evidence. Therefore, it has been successfully applied in identity identification. However, there exist shortcomings in PCR rule. So in this paper we propose a new improved rule which is based on new Proportional Conflict Redistribution. The six PCR rules (PCR1-PCR6) and improved PCR rule are analyzed and compared through numerical examples, and the results show that the improved rule is effective.
Category: General Mathematics

[37] viXra:1512.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 07:41:02

Analysis of Information Fusion Combining Rules Under the DSm Theory Using Esm Inputs

Authors: Pascal Djiknavorian, Dominic Grenier, Pierre Valin
Comments: 8 Pages.

In the context of Electronic Support Measures, the use of the Dempster-Shafer Theory is not flexible enough to obtain a clear evaluation of the state of allegiance for a detected target. With the new theory of plausible, paradoxical, and neutrosophic reasoning, the Dezert-Smarandache Theory, we are able to get a clearer assessment. The current paper presents our research for these cases.
Category: General Mathematics

[36] viXra:1512.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 07:43:49

An Approach to Neutrosophic Soft Rough Set and Its Properties

Authors: Ashraf Al-Quran, Emad Marei, Nasruddin Hassan
Comments: 15 Pages.

In this paper a new approach is being introduced to study roughness through neutrosophic soft sets. This new model is called neutrosophic right neighborhood.The concept of neutrosophic soft rough set approximations will be dened, properties of suggested approximations are deduced and proved and then some of neutrosophic soft rough set concepts will be dened along with several propositions and illustrative examples. Finally, we illustrate that classical rough sets model can be viewed as a special case of the suggested model in this paper.
Category: General Mathematics

[35] viXra:1512.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 07:52:02

An Equation Involving the Fibonacci Numbers and Smarandache Primitive Function

Authors: Hai Yang, Ruiqin Fu
Comments: 5 Pages.

The main purpose of this paper is using elementary methods to study the number of the solutions of the equation and give all positive integer solutions for this equation.
Category: General Mathematics

[34] viXra:1512.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 07:53:41

A Neutrosophic Approach of MRI Denoising

Authors: Mohan J, Krishnaveni V.
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper, a new filtering method to remove Rician noise from magnetic resonance image is presented. This filter is based on Neutrosophic set (NS) approach of median filtering.
Category: General Mathematics

[33] viXra:1512.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 07:57:15

A Neutrosophic Description Logic

Authors: Haibin Wang, Andre Rogatko, Florentin Smarandache, Rajsnekar Sunderraman
Comments: 4 Pages.

Description Logis are appropriate, widely used, logics for managing structured knowledge.
Category: General Mathematics

[32] viXra:1512.0058 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 07:59:26

An Evidential Fusion N Etworl( Based Context Reasoning for Smart Media Service

Authors: Hyojin Park, Jinhong Yang, Sanghong An, Jun Kyun Choi
Comments: 4 Pages.

For effective smart media service, a reliable and confidential context recognition is required to prepare and react properly. However, it is difficult to achieve a higher confidence level for several reasons. First, raw data from multiple sensors have different degrees of uncertainty.
Category: General Mathematics

[31] viXra:1512.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 08:01:56

An Improved Partial Haar Dual Adaptive Filter for Sparse Echo Cancellation

Authors: Patrick Kechichian, Benoıt Champagne
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper proposes the use of a peak tendency estimator (PTE)based on Dezert Smarandache Theory (DSmT) and fuzzy inference to overcome two inherent limitations of a recently proposed partial Haar dual adaptive filter (PHDAF) for sparse echo cancellation.
Category: General Mathematics

[30] viXra:1512.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 08:02:53

A Novel Approach to Evidence Combination in Battlefield Situation Assessment Using Dezert-Smarandache Theory

Authors: Huimin Chai
Comments: 8 Pages.

Situation assessment, which belongs to high level information fusion, plays an important role in military decision-making systems. In order to combine the fuzzy evidence in situation assessment, a novel approach based on Dezert-Smarandache theory(DSmT) is described in this paper.
Category: General Mathematics

[29] viXra:1512.0054 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 08:04:12

A Novel Image Enhancement Approach for Phalanx and Epiphyseal/metaphyseal Segmentation Based on Hand Radiographs

Authors: Chih-Yen Chen, Tai-Shan Liao, Tzu-Chiang Liu, Chi-Wen Hsieh, Hung-Chun Chien
Comments: 5 Pages.

Precise and effective bony segmentation from soft tissues on hand radiograph is very critical in the bone age assessment, especially for separating phalanx and epiphyseal/metaphyseal region of interests (EMROIs) from the background and soft tissue.
Category: General Mathematics

[28] viXra:1512.0052 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 08:07:03

Application of Dezert-Smarandache Theory for Tactical MANET Security Enhancement

Authors: Joanna Głowacka, Marek Amanowicz
Comments: 6 Pages.

The article presents a concept of Dezert-Smarandache theory application for enhancing security in tactical mobile ad-hoc network. Tactical MANET, due to its specification, requires collection and processing of information from different sources of diverse security and trust metrics. The authors specify the needs for building a node’s situational awareness and identify data sources used for calculations of trust metrics. They provide some examples of related works and present their own conception of Dezert-Smarandache theory applicability for trust evaluation in mobile hostile environment.
Category: General Mathematics

[27] viXra:1512.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 08:08:28

Application of DSM Theory for Sar Image Change Detection

Authors: S. Hachicha, F. Chaabane
Comments: 4 Pages.

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data enables direct observation of land surface at repetitive intervals and therefore allows temporal detection and monitoring of land changes. However, the problem of radar automatic change detection is made more difficult, mainly with the presence of speckle noise
Category: General Mathematics

[26] viXra:1512.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 08:11:52

Applying Extensions of Evidence Theory to Detect Frauds in Nancial Infrastructures

Authors: Luigi Coppolino, Salvatore D'Antonio, Valerio Formicola, Luigi Romano
Comments: 24 Pages.

The Dempster-Shafer (DS) theory of evidence has signicant weaknesses when dealing with confflicting information sources, as demonstrated by preeminent mathematicians. This problem may invalidate its eectiveness when it is used to implement decision making tools that monitor a great number of parameters and metrics.
Category: General Mathematics

[25] viXra:1512.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 08:13:02

Applying the PCR6 Rule of Combination in Real Time Classication Systems

Authors: Krispijn A. Scholte, Willem L. van Norden
Comments: 8 Pages.

Modern navies face the introduction of new ships with reduced and less trained manning and new, more complex, sensor systems. These trends could result in operator overload which might be solved by in- troducing a higher level of automation.
Category: General Mathematics

[24] viXra:1512.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 08:14:44

A Static Evidential Network for Context Reasoning in Home-Based Care

Authors: Hyun Lee, Jae Sung Choi, Ramez Elmasri
Comments: 12 Pages.

In home-based care, reliable contextual information of remotely monitored patients should be generated by correctly recognizing the activities to prevent hazardous situations of the patient. It is difficult to achieve a higher confidence level of contextual information for several reasons. First, low-level data from multisensors have different degrees of uncertainty. Second, generated contexts can be conflicting, even though they are acquired by simultaneous operations.
Category: General Mathematics

[23] viXra:1512.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 08:15:55

A Study on (T, S)-Intuitionistic Fuzzy Subnearrings of a Nearring

Authors: M. Palanivelrajan, K. Gunasekaran, K. Kaliraju
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper, we made an attempt to study the algebraic nature of a (T, S)-intuitionistic fuzzy subnearring of a nearring.
Category: General Mathematics

[22] viXra:1512.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 08:17:46

A Theorical Point of View of Reality, Perception and Language

Authors: J. Nescolarde-Selva, J.L. Usó-Doménech
Comments: 18 Pages.

It is possible to view the relations between mathematics and natural language from different aspects. This relation between mathematics and language is not based on just one aspect. In this paper the authors address the role of the Subject facing reality through language. Perception is defined and a mathematical theory of the perceptual field proposed.
Category: General Mathematics

[21] viXra:1512.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 08:18:46

Automated Brain Tumor Segmentation on MR Images Based on Neutrosophic Set Approach

Authors: Mohan J, Krishnaveni V.
Comments: 6 Pages.

Brain tumor segmentation for MR images is a difficult and challenging task due to variation in type, size, location and shape of tumors. This paper presents an efficient and fully automatic brain tumor segmentation technique. This proposed technique includes non local preprocessing, fuzzy intensification to enhance the quality of the MR images, k - means clustering method for brain tumor segmentation.
Category: General Mathematics

[20] viXra:1512.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 08:23:40

Automatic Cloud Detection Based on Neutrosophic Set in Satellite Images

Authors: Jeethu Mary Mathew, Surya S.R, Philomina Simon
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper, an approach for automatic cloud detection and localization in satellite remote sensing images is introduced. Cloud detection is useful in improving the accuracy of land cover classification in cloudy satellite images. The accurate detection of clouds in satellite images is vital for many atmospheric and terrestrial applications.
Category: General Mathematics

[19] viXra:1512.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 08:24:56

Automatic Tuning of MST Segmentation of Mammograms for Registration and Mass Detection Algorithms

Authors: Mariusz Bajger, Fei Ma, Murk J. Bottema
Comments: 8 Pages.

A technique utilizing an entropy measure is developed for automatically tuning the segmentation of screening mammograms by minimum spanning trees (MST).
Category: General Mathematics

[18] viXra:1512.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 08:26:04

A Web Based Semi Automatic Frame Work for Astrobiological Researches

Authors: P.V. Arun
Comments: 7 Pages.

Astrobiology addresses the possibility of extraterrestrial life and explores measures towards its recognition. Researches in this context are founded upon the premise that indicators of life encountered in space will be recognizable. However, effective recognition can be accomplished through a universal adaptation of life signatures without restricting solely to those attributes that represent local solutions to the challenges of survival.
Category: General Mathematics

[17] viXra:1512.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 08:28:26

Building Change Detection in Satellite Stereo Imagery Based on Belief Functions

Authors: Jiaojiao Tian, Peter Reinartz, Jean Dezert
Comments: 4 Pages.

3D Building change detection has become a popular research topic along with the improvement of image quality and computer science. When only building changes are of interest, both the multi-temporal images and Digital Surface Models provide valuable but not comprehensive information in the change detection procedure. Therefore, in this paper, belief functions have been adopted for fusing information from these two sources.
Category: General Mathematics

[16] viXra:1512.0038 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 08:31:27

Calculating Smarandache Function in Parallel

Authors: Sabin Tabirca, Tatiana Tabirca, Kieran Reynolds, Laurence T. Yang
Comments: 4 Pages.

Thia article presents an efficient method to calculate in parallel the values of the Smarandache function.
Category: General Mathematics

[15] viXra:1512.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 08:33:13

Case Retrieval in Medical Databases by Fusing Heterogeneous Information

Authors: Gwénolé Quellec, Mathieu Lamard, Guy Cazuguel, Christian Roux, Béatrice Cochener
Comments: 11 Pages.

A novel content-based heterogeneous information retrieval framework, particularly well suited to browse medical databases and support new generation computer aided diagnosis (CADx) systems, is presented in this paper. It was designed to retrieve possibly incomplete documents, consisting of several images and semantic information, from a database; more complex data types such as videos can also be included in the framework.
Category: General Mathematics

[14] viXra:1512.0036 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 08:34:57

Cautious OWA and Evidential Reasoning for Decision Making under Uncertainty

Authors: Jean-Marc Tacnet, Jean dezert
Comments: 8 Pages.

To make a decision under certainty, multicriteria decision methods aims to choose, rank or sort alternatives on the basis of quantitative or qualitative criteria and preferences expressed by the decision-makers. However, decision is often done under uncertainty: choosing alternatives can have different consequences depending on the external context (or state of the word). In this paper, a new methodology called Cautious Ordered Weighted Averaging with Evidential Reasoning (COWA-ER) is proposed for decision making under uncertainty to take into account imperfect evaluations of the alternatives and unknown beliefs about groups of the possible states of the world (scenarii). COWA-ER mixes cautiously the principle of Yager’s Ordered Weighted Averaging (OWA) approach with the efficient fusion of belief functions proposed in Dezert-Smarandache Theory DSmT).
Category: General Mathematics

[13] viXra:1512.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 08:36:40

Change Detection by New DSmT Decision Rule and Icm with Constraints :Application to Argan Land Cover

Authors: Azeddine Elhassouny, Soufiane Idbraim, Driss Mammass, Danielle Ducrot
Comments: 6 Pages.

The objective of this work is, in the first place, the integration in a fusion process using hybrid DSmT model, both, the contextual information obtained from a supervised ICM classification with constraints and the temporal information with the use of two images taken at two different dates. Secondly, we have proposed a new decision rule based on the DSmP transformation to overcome the inherent limitations of the decision rules thus use the maximum of generalized belief functions.The approach is evaluated on two LANDSAT ETM+ images, the results are promising.
Category: General Mathematics

[12] viXra:1512.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:15:24

Change Detection in Heterogeneous Remote Sensing Images Based on Multidimensional Evidential Reasoning

Authors: Zhun-ga Liu, Gregoire Mercier, Jean Dezert, Quan Pan
Comments: 5 Pages.

We present a multidimensional evidential reasoning (MDER) approach to estimate change detection from the fusion of heterogeneous remote sensing images. MDER is based on a multidimensional (M-D) frame of discernment composed by the Cartesian product of the separate frames of discernment used for the classification of each image.
Category: General Mathematics

[11] viXra:1512.0032 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:16:28

Characterizations of Normal Parameter Reductions of Soft Sets

Authors: V. Renukadevi, G. Sangeetha
Comments: 10 Pages.

In 2014, Wang et. al gave the reduct denition for fuzzy information system. We observe that the reduct denition given by Wang et. al does not retain the optimal choice of objects. In this paper, we give the drawbacks of the reduct denition of Wang et. al and give some characterizations of normal parameter reduction of soft sets. Also, we prove that the image and inverse image of a normal parameter reduction is a normal parameter reduction under consistency map.
Category: General Mathematics

[10] viXra:1512.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:18:07

Classification using Fuzzy Cognitive Maps & Fuzzy Inference System

Authors: Kanika Bhutani, Yogita Gigras
Comments: 5 Pages.

Fuzzy classification has become very necessary because of its ability to use simple linguistically interpretable rules and has get control over the limitations of symbolic or crisp rule based classifiers. This paper mainly deals with classification on the basis of soft computing techniques Fuzzy cognitive maps and fuzzy inference system. But the data available for classification contain some missing or ambiguous data so it is better to use the Neutrosophic logic for classification.
Category: General Mathematics

[9] viXra:1512.0030 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:19:23

Combining System and User Belief on Classification Using the DSmT Combination Rule

Authors: Wilbert van Norden, Fok Bolderheij, Catholijn Jonker
Comments: 8 Pages.

Having a correct and timely classification solution for objects has become increasingly important as well as increasingly difficult to obtain in new maritime military missions; a decision support system is therefore needed.
Category: General Mathematics

[8] viXra:1512.0029 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:20:21

Comparing Performance of Interval Neutrosophic Sets and Neural Networks with Support Vector Machines for Binary Classification Problems

Authors: Pawalai Kraipeerapun, Chun Che Fung
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper, the classification results obtained from several kinds of support vector machines (SVM) and neural networks (NN) are compared with our proposed classifier. Our approach is based on neural networks and interval neutrosophic sets which are used to classify the input patterns into one of the two binary class outputs.
Category: General Mathematics

[7] viXra:1512.0028 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:21:23

Contribution of Evidence-Similarity to Target Classification

Authors: Jian Li, Jinhui Lan
Comments: 5 Pages.

To resolve the target classification problem under the condition of interference, the paper presents a target classification method based on the evidence-similarity. Because the results of Dempster-Shafer Theory (DST) and Dezert-Smarandache Theory (DSmT) are used in different conflict condition.
Category: General Mathematics

[6] viXra:1512.0027 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:22:11

Correlation Coefficients of Simplified Neutrosophic Sets and Their Multiple Attribute Decision-Making Method

Authors: Jun Ye
Comments: 19 Pages.

The paper presents two new correlation coefficients of simplified neutrosophic sets (SNSs) as the further extension of the correlation coefficient of single valued neutrosophic sets (SVNSs) and investigates their properties.
Category: General Mathematics

[5] viXra:1512.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:23:49

Correlation Coefficients of Single Valued Neutrosophic Hesitant Fuzzy Sets and Their Applications in Decision Making

Authors: Rıdvan Şahin, Peide Liu
Comments: 15 Pages.

As a combination of the hesitant fuzzy set (HFS) and the single valued neutrosophic set (SVNS), the single valued neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy set (SVNHFS) is an important concept to handle uncertain and vague information existing in real-life, which consists of three membership functions including hesitancy, as the truth-hesitancy membership function, the indeterminacy-hesitancy membership function and the falsity-hesitancy membership function, and encompass the fuzzy set (FS), intuitionistic fuzzy set (IFS), hesitant fuzzy set (HFS), dual hesitant fuzzy set (DHFS) and singlevalued neutrosophic set (SVNS).
Category: General Mathematics

[4] viXra:1512.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:25:00

Correlation Coefficients of Single Valued Neutrosophic Refined Soft Sets and Their Applications in Clustering Analysis

Authors: Faruk Karaaslan
Comments: 23 Pages.

Neutrosophic set theory was introduced by Smarandache based on neutrosophy which is a branch of philosophy. The concept of single valued neutrosophic refined set was defined by Ye as an extension of single valued neutrosophic sets introduced by Wang.
Category: General Mathematics

[3] viXra:1512.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 09:25:51

Cross-Entropy Measure on Interval Neutrosophic Sets and Its Applications in Multicriteria Decision Making (Revision Form)

Authors: Rıdvan Şahin
Comments: 13 Pages.

The neutrosophic set model is an important tool for dealing with real scientific and engineering applications because it can handle not only incomplete information but also the inconsistent information and indeterminate information which exist commonly in real situations.
Category: General Mathematics

[2] viXra:1512.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 00:53:45

Universal Aspect Recursion Scheme {Version 2}

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 12 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has presented an Universal Aspect Recursion Scheme which can be considered as the Recursion Scheme that is synonymous with the ‘Theory Of Everything’.
Category: General Mathematics

[1] viXra:1512.0008 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-02 00:45:31

Universal Aspect Recursion Scheme {Version 1 }

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 11 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has presented an Universal Aspect Recursion Scheme which can be considered as the Recursion Scheme that is synonymous with the ‘Theory Of Everything’.
Category: General Mathematics