viXra.org e-printsPreprints from viXra.org site
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Thu Aug 27 22:03:18 BST 2015Thu Aug 27 22:03:18 BST 2015<![CDATA[Unified Field Theory Chaykin]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0288
2015-08-27 14:48:11Mathematical Physics reference: viXra:1508.0288v1 title: Unified Field Theory Chaykin authors: ANDREY CHAYKIN category: Mathematical Physics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 14:48:11 abstract:
In this paper, based on the super fluid substance (vacuum liquid) is identical with the equations of the electromagnetic field and gravitational field.
These differential equations are corrected by the author equations of electrodynamics Maxwell.
Electrodynamics
1. Excluded vortex electric field, the electric field is always potentially.
2. Time-varying magnetic field is interpreted as a density charge displacement and added to the real density of the charges.
Gravitodynamics.
For the successful application of modified equations of electrodynamics to gravity, enough gravitational mass to be considered as a gravitational charge, having the same dimensionality as the electric charge.
For that weight multiply on the gravitational constant of Newton in degree 1/2.
Gravity currents are conventional mechanical pulses multiplied by this factor also leads to a vortex gravitational fieldes, as in electrodynamics and with the same consequences.
]]> <![CDATA[Quantum Cognition by Nuclear Spins]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0287
2015-08-27 11:53:43Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1508.0287v1 title: Quantum Cognition by Nuclear Spins authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 11:53:43 abstract:
The pursuit of an understanding of the base machinery of the mind led early researchers to anatomical exhaustion. With neuroscience now in the throes of molecular mayhem and a waning biochemical bliss, physics is spicing things up with a host of eclectic quantum, spin, and isotopic novelties. While increases in electron spin content have been linked to anesthetic effects, nuclear spins have recently been implicated in a more rarefied and subtle phenomenon— neural quantum processing. [7]
The hypothesis that there may be something quantum-like about the human mental function was put forward with “Spooky Activation at Distance” formula which attempted to model the effect that when a word’s associative network is activated during study in memory experiment; it behaves like a quantum-entangled system. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems.
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
]]> <![CDATA[The Orch OR Theory of Consciousness and Information Theory: Limits on the Speed of Switching of Quantum States allow Coherence over the Length Scales of Cellular Biology]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0286
2015-08-26 18:49:31Physics of Biology reference: viXra:1508.0286v1 title: The Orch OR Theory of Consciousness and Information Theory: Limits on the Speed of Switching of Quantum States allow Coherence over the Length Scales of Cellular Biology authors: Simon WW Manley category: Physics of Biology type: submission date: 2015-08-26 18:49:31 abstract:
The theory of Orchestrated Objective Reduction (Orch OR) can be reformulated using the Margolus-Levitin Theorem of conventional quantum mechanics, thereby preserving the essential predictions of Orch OR without invoking a theory of Quantum Gravity which still awaits satisfactory development. Further, we demonstrate that, at the energies encountered in biology, quantum states cannot evolve quickly enough to preclude causal interactions over length scales matching the dimensions of typical cells. The facile inference, often drawn, that decoherence of a quantum state in a heat bath at biological temperatures is too rapid to permit significant quantum effects is thereby shown to be fallacious.
]]> <![CDATA[Neutrosophic Sets and Systems]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0285
2015-08-27 00:47:59General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0285v1 title: Neutrosophic Sets and Systems authors: Florentin Smarandache, Mumtaz Ali category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 00:47:59 abstract:
Since the world is full of indeterminacy, the
neutrosophics found their place into contemporary research. We now introduce for the first time the notions of neutrosophic measure and neutrosophic integral.Neutrosophic Science means development and applications of neutrosophic logic/set/measure/integral/
probability etc. and their applications in any field. It is possible to define the neutrosophic measure and consequently the neutrosophic integral and neutrosophic
probability in many ways, because there are various types of indeterminacies, depending on the problem we need to solve. Indeterminacy is different from randomness.Indeterminacy can be caused by physical space materials and type of construction, by items involved in the space,
or by other factors. Neutrosophic measure is a
generalization of the classical measure for the case when the space contains some indeterminacy. Neutrosophic Integral is defined on neutrosophic measure. Simple examples of neutrosophic integrals are given.
]]> <![CDATA[Mappings on Neutrosophic Soft Classes]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0284
2015-08-27 01:08:39Set Theory and Logic reference: viXra:1508.0284v1 title: Mappings on Neutrosophic Soft Classes authors: Shawkat Alkhazaleh, Emad Marei category: Set Theory and Logic type: submission date: 2015-08-27 01:08:39 abstract:
In 1995 Smarandache introduced the concept of
neutrosophic set which is a mathematical tool for handling problems involving imprecise, indeterminacy and inconsistent data. In 2013 Maji introduced the concept of neutrosophic soft
set theory as a general mathematical tool for dealing with uncertainty.
]]> <![CDATA[Expanding Newton Mechanics with Neutrosophy and Quadstage Method ──New Newton Mechanics Taking Law of Conservation of Energy as Unique Source Law]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0283
2015-08-27 01:12:07Mathematical Physics reference: viXra:1508.0283v1 title: Expanding Newton Mechanics with Neutrosophy and Quadstage Method ──New Newton Mechanics Taking Law of Conservation of Energy as Unique Source Law authors: Fu Yuhua category: Mathematical Physics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 01:12:07 abstract:
Neutrosophy is a new branch of philosophy,
and "Quad-stage" (Four stages) is the expansion of
Hegel’s triad thesis, antithesis, synthesis of development.Applying Neutrosophy and "Quad-stage" method, the purposes of this paper are expanding Newton Mechanics and making it become New Newton Mechanics (NNW)taking law of conservation of energy as unique source law.
]]> <![CDATA[Neutrosophic Closed Set and Neutrosophic Continuous Functions]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0282
2015-08-27 01:51:43General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0282v1 title: Neutrosophic Closed Set and Neutrosophic Continuous Functions authors: A. A. Salama, Florentin Smarandache, Valeri Kromov category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 01:51:43 abstract:
In this paper, we introduce and study the concept of "neutrosophic closed set "and "neutrosophic continuous function". Possible application
to GIS topology rules are touched upon.
]]> <![CDATA[Neutrosophic Correlation and Simple Linear Regression]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0281
2015-08-27 01:53:49General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0281v1 title: Neutrosophic Correlation and Simple Linear Regression authors: A. A. Salama, O. M. Khaled, K. M. Mahfouz category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 01:53:49 abstract:
In this paper, we introduce and study the concepts of correlation and correlation coefficient of neutrosophic data in probability spaces and study some of their properties. Also, we introduce
and study the neutrosophic simple linear
regression model. Possible applications to data processing are touched upon.
]]> <![CDATA[Pauli Exclusion Principle and the Law of Included Multiple-Middle]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0280
2015-08-27 01:55:21General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0280v1 title: Pauli Exclusion Principle and the Law of Included Multiple-Middle authors: Fu Yuhua category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 01:55:21 abstract:
It has been found that bosons are not subject
to the Pauli Exclusion Principle. This paper argues that in some cases the exclusion principle is also invalid for fermions.
]]> <![CDATA[A Generalized Family Of Estimators For Estimating Population Mean Using Two Auxiliary Attributes]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0276
2015-08-27 02:02:21General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0276v1 title: A Generalized Family Of Estimators For Estimating Population Mean Using Two Auxiliary Attributes authors: Sachin Malik, Rajesh Singh, Florentin Smarandache category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:02:21 abstract:
This paper deals with the problem of estimating the finite population mean when some information on two auxiliary attributes are available.
]]> <![CDATA[A General Procedure of Estimating Population Mean Using Information on Auxiliary Attribute]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0275
2015-08-27 02:15:21General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0275v1 title: A General Procedure of Estimating Population Mean Using Information on Auxiliary Attribute authors: Sachin Malik, Rajesh Singh, Florentin Smarandache category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:15:21 abstract:
This paper deals with the problem of estimating the finite population mean when some
information on auxiliary attribute is available. It is shown that the proposed estimator is more
efficient than the usual mean estimator and other existing estimators. The results have been
illustrated numerically by taking empirical population considered in the literature.
]]> <![CDATA[Algebraic Problems and Exercises for High School]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0274
2015-08-27 02:17:40General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0274v1 title: Algebraic Problems and Exercises for High School authors: Ion Goian, Raisa Grigor, Vasile Marin, Florentin Smarandache category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:17:40 abstract:
In this book, you will find algebraic exercises and problems,grouped by chapters, intended for higher grades in high schools or middle schools of general education. Its purpose is to facilitate training in mathematics for students in all high school categories, but can be equally helpful in a standalone work. The book can also be used as an extracurricular source, as the reader shall find enclosed important theorems and formulas, standard definitions
and notions that are not always included in school textbooks.
]]> <![CDATA[Algebraic Structures Of Neutrosophic Soft Sets]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0273
2015-08-27 02:19:05General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0273v1 title: Algebraic Structures Of Neutrosophic Soft Sets authors: Asim Hussain, Muhammad Shabir category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:19:05 abstract:
In this paper, we study the algebraic operations of neutrosophic soft sets and their basic properties associated with these opertaions. And also define the associativity and distributivity of these operations. We discusse different
algebraic structures, such as monoids, semiring and lattices, of neutrosophic soft sets.
]]> <![CDATA[A New Approach to Multi-spaces Through the Application of Soft Sets]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0271
2015-08-27 02:22:03General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0271v1 title: A New Approach to Multi-spaces Through the Application of Soft Sets authors: Mumtaz Ali, Florentin Smarandache, Said Broumi, Muhammad Shabir category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:22:03 abstract:
Multi-space is the notion combining different
fields in to a unifying field, which is more applicable in our daily life. In this paper, we introduced the notion of multi-soft space which is the approximated collection of the multi-subspaces of a multi-space
]]> <![CDATA[A New Method of Measuring Similarity Between Two Neutrosophic Soft Sets and Its Application in Pattern Recognition Problems]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0270
2015-08-27 02:23:30General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0270v1 title: A New Method of Measuring Similarity Between Two Neutrosophic Soft Sets and Its Application in Pattern Recognition Problems authors: Anjan Mukherjee, Sadhan Sarkar category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:23:30 abstract:
Smarandache in 1995 introduced the concept of neutrosophic set and in 2013 Maji introduced the notion of neutrosophic soft set, which is a hybridization of neutrosophic set and soft set.
]]> <![CDATA[An Example of Guiding Scientific Research with Philosophical Principles Based on Uniqueness of Truth and Neutrosophy Deriving Newton's Second Law and the like]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0269
2015-08-27 02:24:20General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0269v1 title: An Example of Guiding Scientific Research with Philosophical Principles Based on Uniqueness of Truth and Neutrosophy Deriving Newton's Second Law and the like authors: Fu Yuhua category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:24:20 abstract:
According to the principle of the uniqueness of truth, there should be only one truth,
namely law of conservation of energy, in the area of Newton Mechanics. Through the
example of free falling body, according to the neutrosophic principle considering
neutralities (the small ball is falling to the middle positions), this paper derives the
original Newton's second law and the original law of gravity respectively by using the
law of conservation of energy.
]]> <![CDATA[An Extended TOPSIS Method for Multiple Attribute Decision Making based on Interval Neutrosophic Uncertain Linguistic Variables]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0268
2015-08-27 02:25:42General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0268v1 title: An Extended TOPSIS Method for Multiple Attribute Decision Making based on Interval Neutrosophic Uncertain Linguistic Variables authors: Said Broumi, Jun Ye, Florentin Smarandache category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:25:42 abstract:
The interval neutrosophic uncertain
linguistic variables can easily express the
indeterminate and inconsistent information in real world, and TOPSIS is a very effective decision making method more and more extensive
applications. In this paper, we will extend the
TOPSIS method to deal with the interval
neutrosophic uncertain linguistic information, and propose an extended TOPSIS method to solve the multiple attribute decision making problems in which the attribute value takes the form of the interval neutrosophic uncertain linguistic variables and attribute weight is unknown.
]]> <![CDATA[An Original Notion to Find Maximal Solution in the Fuzzy Neutrosophic Relation Equations (FNRE) with Geometric Programming (GP)]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0267
2015-08-27 02:26:47General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0267v1 title: An Original Notion to Find Maximal Solution in the Fuzzy Neutrosophic Relation Equations (FNRE) with Geometric Programming (GP) authors: Huda E. Khalid category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:26:47 abstract:
The analysis of most of the real world
problems involves the concept of
indeterminacy. One cannot establish or cannot
rule out the possibility of some relation but
says that cannot determine the relation or link;
]]> <![CDATA[Assessing the Performance of Data Fusion Algorithms Using Human Response Models]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0266
2015-08-27 02:29:40Mathematical Physics reference: viXra:1508.0266v1 title: Assessing the Performance of Data Fusion Algorithms Using Human Response Models authors: Donald J. Bucci category: Mathematical Physics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:29:40 abstract:
There is ongoing interest in designing data fusion systems that make use of human opinions (i.e.,\soft" data) alongside readings from various sensors that use mechanical, electromagnetic, optical,and acoustic transducers (i.e., \hard" data). One of the major challenges in the development of
these hard/soft fusion systems is to determine accurately and flexibly the impact of human responses on the performance of the fusion operator.
]]> <![CDATA[A Study of Improved Chain Ratio-cum-Regression type Estimator for Population Mean in the Presence of Non- Response for Fixed Cost and Specified Precision]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0265
2015-08-27 02:35:07Statistics reference: viXra:1508.0265v1 title: A Study of Improved Chain Ratio-cum-Regression type Estimator for Population Mean in the Presence of Non- Response for Fixed Cost and Specified Precision authors: B. B. Khare, Habib Ur Rehman, U. Srivastava category: Statistics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:35:07 abstract:
In this paper, a study of improved chain ratio-cum regression type estimator for population
mean in the presence of non-response for fixed cost and specified precision has been made.
Theoretical results are supported by carrying out one numerical illustration.
]]> <![CDATA[Axa Radicală a Cercurilor Lemoine]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0264
2015-08-27 02:36:17Geometry reference: viXra:1508.0264v1 title: Axa Radicală a Cercurilor Lemoine authors: Ion Pătrașcu, Florentin Smarandache category: Geometry type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:36:17 abstract:
În acest articol scoatem în evidență axa radicală a cercurilor Lemoine.
]]> <![CDATA[Calculul Razelor Cercurilor Lemoine]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0262
2015-08-27 02:39:07Geometry reference: viXra:1508.0262v1 title: Calculul Razelor Cercurilor Lemoine authors: Ion Pătrașcu, Florentin Smarandache category: Geometry type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:39:07 abstract:
Laturile unui triunghi sunt împărțite de primul cerc Lemoine în segmente proporționale cu pătratele laturilor triunghiului.
]]> <![CDATA[A Comparison of Combined Overlap Block Fuzzy Cognitive Maps (Cobfcm) and Combined Overlap Block Neutrosophic Cognitive Map (Cobncm) in Finding the Hidden Patterns and Indeterminacies in Psychological Causal Models: Case Study of Adhd]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0261
2015-08-27 02:41:27General Science and Philosophy reference: viXra:1508.0261v1 title: A Comparison of Combined Overlap Block Fuzzy Cognitive Maps (Cobfcm) and Combined Overlap Block Neutrosophic Cognitive Map (Cobncm) in Finding the Hidden Patterns and Indeterminacies in Psychological Causal Models: Case Study of Adhd authors: Hojjatollah Farahani, Florentin Smarandache category: General Science and Philosophy type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:41:27 abstract:
In spite of researchers’ concerns to find causalities, reviewing the literature of
psychological studies one may argue that the classical statistical methods applied in order to find causalities are unable to find uncertainty and indeterminacies of the relationships between concepts.
]]> <![CDATA[255 Compiled and Solved Problems in Geometry and Trigonometry]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0260
2015-08-27 02:43:09Geometry reference: viXra:1508.0260v1 title: 255 Compiled and Solved Problems in Geometry and Trigonometry authors: Florentin Smarandache category: Geometry type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:43:09 abstract:
The degree of difficulties of the problems is from easy and medium to hard. The solutions of the problems are at the end of each chapter. One can navigate back and forth from the text of the problem to its solution using bookmarks. The book is especially a didactical material for the mathematical students and instructors.
]]> <![CDATA[Cosine Similarity Measure Based Multi-attribute Decision-making with Trapezoidal Fuzzy Neutrosophic Numbers]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0259
2015-08-27 02:44:21General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0259v1 title: Cosine Similarity Measure Based Multi-attribute Decision-making with Trapezoidal Fuzzy Neutrosophic Numbers authors: Pranab Biswas, Surapati Pramanik, Bibhas C. Giri category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:44:21 abstract:
The objective of the study is to present cosine
similarity measure based multi-attribute decision making under neutrosophic environment.
]]> <![CDATA[Critical Review]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0258
2015-08-27 02:46:52General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0258v1 title: Critical Review authors: Paul P. Wang, John N. Mordeson, Mark J. Wierman category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:46:52 abstract:
In this paper we initiated the concept of neutrosophic codes which are better codes than other type of codes. We first construct linear neutrosophic codes and gave illustrative examples. This neutrosophic algebriac structure is more rich for codes and also we found the containement of corresponding code in neutrosophic code. We also found new types of codes and these are pseudo neutrosophic codes and strong or pure neutrosophic codes. By the help of examples, we illustrated in a simple way. We established the basic results for neutosophic codes. At the end, we developed the decoding proceedures for neutrosophic codes.
]]> <![CDATA[Critical Review, Volume X, 2015]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0257
2015-08-27 02:49:21General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0257v1 title: Critical Review, Volume X, 2015 authors: Paul P. Wang, John N. Mordeson, Mark J. Wierman, Florentin Smarandache category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:49:21 abstract:
In this paper, we introduce for the first time the notions of Neutrosophic Axiom,
Neutrosophic Axiomatic System, Neutrosophic Deducibility and Neutrosophic Inference, Neutrosophic Proof, Neutrosophic Tautologies, Neutrosophic Quantifiers, Neutrosophic Propositional Logic, Neutrosophic Axiomatic Space, Degree of Contradiction (Dissimilarity) of Two Neutrosophic Axioms, and Neutrosophic
Model. A class of neutrosophic implications is also introduced. A comparison between these innovatory neutrosophic notions and their corresponding classical notions is made. Then, three concrete examples of neutrosophic axiomatic systems, describing the same neutrosophic geometrical model, are presented at the end of the paper.
]]> <![CDATA[Estimation of Ratio and Product of Two Population Means Using Auxiliary Characters in the Presence of Non Response]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0256
2015-08-27 02:50:36Statistics reference: viXra:1508.0256v1 title: Estimation of Ratio and Product of Two Population Means Using Auxiliary Characters in the Presence of Non Response authors: B. B. Khare category: Statistics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:50:36 abstract:
The auxiliary information is used in increasing the efficiency of the estimators for the
parameters of the populations such as mean, ratio, and product of two population means. In this context, the estimation procedure for the ratio and product of two population means using auxiliary characters in special reference to the non response problem has been discussed.
]]> <![CDATA[Examples of Neutrosophic Probability in Physics]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0255
2015-08-27 02:53:06Classical Physics reference: viXra:1508.0255v1 title: Examples of Neutrosophic Probability in Physics authors: Fu Yuhua category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:53:06 abstract:
This paper re-discusses the problems of the
so-called “law of nonconservation of parity” and “accelerating expansion of the universe”, and presents the examples of determining Neutrosophic Probability of the experiment of Chien-Shiung Wu et al in 1957, and determining Neutrosophic Probability of accelerating expansion of the partial universe.
]]> <![CDATA[Expanding Uncertainty Principle to Certainty-Uncertainty Principles with Neutrosophy and Quad-stage Method]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0254
2015-08-27 02:54:17General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0254v1 title: Expanding Uncertainty Principle to Certainty-Uncertainty Principles with Neutrosophy and Quad-stage Method authors: Fu Yuhua category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:54:17 abstract:
The most famous contribution of Heisenberg is
uncertainty principle. But the original uncertainty principle is improper.
]]> <![CDATA[Further Generalization of n-D Distance and n-D Dependent Function in Extenics]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0253
2015-08-27 02:55:40General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0253v1 title: Further Generalization of n-D Distance and n-D Dependent Function in Extenics authors: Florentin Smarandache category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:55:40 abstract:
Prof. Cai Wen defined the 1-D Distance and 1-D Dependent Function in 1983. F. Smarandache generalized them to n-D Distance and n-D Dependent Function respectively in 2012 during his postdoc research at Guangdong University of
Technology in Guangzhou. O. I. Şandru extended the last results in 2013. Now [2015], as a further generalization, we unify all these results into a single formula for the n-D Distance and respectively for the n-D Dependent Function.
]]> <![CDATA[Fuzzy Abel Grassmann Groupoids, Second Updated and Enlarged Version]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0252
2015-08-27 02:57:49General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0252v1 title: Fuzzy Abel Grassmann Groupoids, Second Updated and Enlarged Version authors: Madad Khan, Florentin Smarandache, Tariq Aziz category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 02:57:49 abstract:
Usually the models of real world problems in almost all disciplines like engineering, medical sciences, mathematics, physics, computer science, management sciences, operations research and arti…cial intelligence are mostly full of complexities and consist of several types of uncertainties while dealing them in several occasion.
]]> <![CDATA[Single Valued Neutrosophic Information Systems Based on Rough Set Theory]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0249
2015-08-27 03:02:39General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0249v1 title: Single Valued Neutrosophic Information Systems Based on Rough Set Theory authors: Said Broumi, Florentin Smarandache category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 03:02:39 abstract:
The theory of rough sets was firstly proposed by Pawlak. Later on, Smarandache introduced the concept of neutrosophic (NS) sets in 1998. In this paper based on the concept of rough neutrosohic set, we define the concept of single valued neutrosophic information systems. In addition, we will discuss the knowledge reduction and extension of the single valued neutrosophic information systems.
]]> <![CDATA[Legile lui Florentin]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0246
2015-08-27 03:07:33Education and Didactics reference: viXra:1508.0246v1 title: Legile lui Florentin authors: Florentin Smarandache category: Education and Didactics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 03:07:33 abstract:
Legile lui Florentin nu sunt nici Legi ale lui Murphy (pesimiste), nici Legi ale lui Peter (optimiste), ci, pe de o parte, parțial pesimiste și pațial optimiste, iar pe de altă parte neutre (ambigue: nici pesimiste, nici optimiste) – ca în logica neutrosofică.
]]> <![CDATA[Lemoine Circles Radius Calculus]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0245
2015-08-27 03:08:22Geometry reference: viXra:1508.0245v1 title: Lemoine Circles Radius Calculus authors: Ion Pătrașcu, Florentin Smarandache category: Geometry type: submission date: 2015-08-27 03:08:22 abstract:
The first Lemoine circle divides the sides of a triangle in segments proportional to the squares of the triangle’s sides.
]]> <![CDATA[Mathematics After CC Conjecture — Combinatorial Notions and Achievements]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0244
2015-08-27 03:22:18General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0244v1 title: Mathematics After CC Conjecture — Combinatorial Notions and Achievements authors: Linfan Mao category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 03:22:18 abstract:
As a powerful technique for holding relations in things, combinatorics has experienced rapidly development in the past century, particularly, enumeration of configurations,combinatorial design and graph theory.
]]> <![CDATA[Medical Diagnosis Using Distance-Based Similarity Measures of Single Valued Neutrosophic Multisets]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0243
2015-08-27 03:23:29General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0243v1 title: Medical Diagnosis Using Distance-Based Similarity Measures of Single Valued Neutrosophic Multisets authors: Shan Ye, Jing Fu, Jun Ye category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 03:23:29 abstract:
This paper proposes a generalized distance
measure and its similarity measures between single valued neutrosophic multisets (SVNMs).
]]> <![CDATA[Misfire Fault Diagnosis Method of Gasoline Engines Using the Cosine Similarity Measure of Neutrosophic Numbers]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0242
2015-08-27 03:24:26General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0242v1 title: Misfire Fault Diagnosis Method of Gasoline Engines Using the Cosine Similarity Measure of Neutrosophic Numbers authors: Lingwei Kong, Yuefeng Wu, Jun Ye category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 03:24:26 abstract:
This paper proposes a distance measure of
neutrosophic numbers and a similarity measure based on cosine function, and then develops the misfire fault diagnosis method of gasoline engines by using the cosine similarity measure of neutrosophic numbers.
]]> <![CDATA[Multi-criteria Group Decision Making Approach for Teacher Recruitment in Higher Education under Simplified Neutrosophic Environment]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0241
2015-08-27 03:25:29General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0241v1 title: Multi-criteria Group Decision Making Approach for Teacher Recruitment in Higher Education under Simplified Neutrosophic Environment authors: Kalyan Mondal, Surapati Pramanik category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 03:25:29 abstract:
Teacher recruitment is a multi-criteria group decisionmaking process involving subjectivity, imprecision,and fuzziness that can be suitably represented by neutrosophic sets.
]]> <![CDATA[Neutrosophic Code]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0238
2015-08-27 03:28:48General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0238v1 title: Neutrosophic Code authors: Mumtaz Ali, Florentin Smarandache, Munazza Naz,Muhammad Shabir4 category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 03:28:48 abstract:
The idea of neutrosophic code came into my mind at that time when i was reading the literature
about linear codes and i saw that, if there is data transfremation between a sender and a reciever. They want to send 11and 00 as codewords. They suppose 11 for true and 00 for false. When the sender sends the these two
codewords and the error occures. As a result the reciever recieved 01 or 10 instead of 11 and 00. This story give a way to the neutrosophic codes and thus we introduced neutrosophic codes over finite field in this paper
]]> <![CDATA[Neutrosophic Cognitive Maps for Modeling Project Portfolio Interdependencies]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0237
2015-08-27 03:30:02General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0237v1 title: Neutrosophic Cognitive Maps for Modeling Project Portfolio Interdependencies authors: Ameirys Betancourt-Vázquez, Maikel Leyva-Vázquez, Karina Perez-Teruel category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 03:30:02 abstract:
Interdependency modeling and analysis have commonly been ignored in project portfolio management. In this work, we proposed a new method for modeling project portfolio interdependencies, and specially risks interdependencies, using neutrosophic logic and neutrosophic cognitive maps. This proposal has many advantages for dealing with indeterminacy making easy the elicitation of knowledge from experts. An illustrative example is presented to demonstrate the applicability of the proposed method.
]]> <![CDATA[Space-Time Structure and Quantum Vacuum]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0236
2015-08-27 03:30:07Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1508.0236v1 title: Space-Time Structure and Quantum Vacuum authors: Mojtaba Mahmoudi Fard category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 03:30:07 abstract:
It is thought that in accordance with the quantum uncertainty, energy could be extracted from the empty space. However, space nowadays could be considered as a material sui generis entity, a collection of indivisible small particles, and in a grainy fabric. So this paper asserts that the vacuum is not a concept other than the space-time itself related to its microscopic structure and the underlying ether.
]]> <![CDATA[Neutrosophic Decision Making Model of School Choice]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0234
2015-08-27 03:32:50General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0234v1 title: Neutrosophic Decision Making Model of School Choice authors: Kalyan Mondal, Surapati Pramanik category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 03:32:50 abstract:
The purpose of this paper is to present single
valued neutrosophic decision making model of school choice. Childhood is a crucial stage in terms of a child's physical, intellectual, emotional and social development i.e. all round development of a child. Mental and physical
abilities of children grow at an increasing rate.
]]> <![CDATA[Neutrosophic LA-Semigroup Rings]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0233
2015-08-27 03:34:00General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0233v1 title: Neutrosophic LA-Semigroup Rings authors: Mumtaz Ali, Muhammad Shabir, Florentin Smarandache, Luige Vladareanu category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 03:34:00 abstract:
Neutrosophic LA-semigroup is a midway
structure between a neutrosophic groupoid and a commutative neutrosophic semigroup. Rings are the old concept in algebraic structures.
]]> <![CDATA[Neutrosophic Vague Set Theory]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0231
2015-08-27 03:35:46General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0231v1 title: Neutrosophic Vague Set Theory authors: Shawkat Alkhazaleh category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 03:35:46 abstract:
In 1993, Gau and Buehrer proposed the theory of vague sets as an extension of fuzzy
set theory. Vague sets are regarded as a special case of context-dependent fuzzy sets.
In 1995, Smarandache talked for the first time about neutrosophy, and he defined the
neutrosophic set theory as a new mathematical tool for handling problems involving
imprecise, indeterminacy, and inconsistent data. In this paper, we define the concept
of a neutrosophic vague set as a combination of neutrosophic set and vague set. We
also define and study the operations and properties of neutrosophic vague set and
give some examples.
]]> <![CDATA[N-Valued Interval Neutrosophic Sets and Their Application in Medical Diagnosis]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0230
2015-08-27 03:36:39General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0230v1 title: N-Valued Interval Neutrosophic Sets and Their Application in Medical Diagnosis authors: Said Broumi, Irfan Deli, Florentin Smarandache category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 03:36:39 abstract:
In this paper a new concept is called n-valued interval neutrosophic sets is given. The
basic operations are introduced on n-valued interval neutrosophic sets such as; union,
intersection, addition, multiplication, scalar multiplication, scalar division, truthfavorite
and false-favorite.
]]> <![CDATA[On Neutrosophic Ideals of Neutrosophic BCI-Algebras]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0229
2015-08-27 03:38:21General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0229v1 title: On Neutrosophic Ideals of Neutrosophic BCI-Algebras authors: A.A.A. Agboola, B. Davvaz category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 03:38:21 abstract:
The objective of this paper is to introduce and study neutrosophic ideals of neutrosophic BCI-algebras. Elementary properties of neutrosophic ideals of neutrosophic BCI-algebras are presented.
]]> <![CDATA[On The Use of Coefficient of Variation in Estimating Mean of a Finite Population]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0228
2015-08-27 03:40:03General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0228v1 title: On The Use of Coefficient of Variation in Estimating Mean of a Finite Population authors: B. B. Khare, P. S. Jha, U. Srivastava category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 03:40:03 abstract:
In this paper the use of coefficient of variation and shape parameters in each stratum, the
problem of estimation of population of mean has been considered. The expression of mean
squared error of the proposed estimator is derived and its properties are discussed.
]]> <![CDATA[Quaestiones Neutrosophicae]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0227
2015-08-27 03:41:46General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0227v1 title: Quaestiones Neutrosophicae authors: FLORENTIN SMARANDACHE, YALE LANDSBERG category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 03:41:46 abstract:
Neutrosophy is a new branch of philosophy that studies the origin, nature, and scope of neutralities, as well as their interactions with different ideational spectra.
]]> <![CDATA[Refined Literal Indeterminacy and the Multiplication Law of Sub-Indeterminacies]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1508.0224
2015-08-27 03:45:24General Mathematics reference: viXra:1508.0224v1 title: Refined Literal Indeterminacy and the Multiplication Law of Sub-Indeterminacies authors: Florentin Smarandache category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2015-08-27 03:45:24 abstract:
In this paper, we make a short history about: the
neutrosophic set, neutrosophic numerical components and neutrosophic literal components, neutrosophic numbers, and elementary neutrosophic algebraic structures.
]]>