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Fri Sep 19 06:17:37 BST 2014Fri Sep 19 06:17:37 BST 2014<![CDATA[An Outline of Cosmologhy Based on Interpretation of the Johannine Prologue]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0146
2014-09-18 22:22:20Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1409.0146v1 title: An Outline of Cosmologhy Based on Interpretation of the Johannine Prologue authors: Victor Christianto category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2014-09-18 22:22:20 abstract:
As we know there are two main paradigms concerning the origin of the Universe: the first is Big-Bang Theory, and the other is Creation paradigm. But those two main paradigms each have their problems, for instance Big Bang Theory assumes that the first explosion was triggered by chance alone, therefore it says that everything emerged out of vacuum fluctuation caused by pure statistical chance. By doing so, its proponents want to avoid the role of the Prime Mover (God). Of course there are also other propositions such as the Steady State theory or Cyclical universe, but they do not form the majority of people in the world.
On the other side, Creation Theory says that the Universe was created by God in 6x24 hours according to Genesis chapter 1, although a variation of this theory says that it is possible that God created the Universe in longer period of thousands of years or even billions of years. But such a proposition seems not supported by Biblical texts.
To overcome the weaknesses of those main paradigms, I will outline here another choice, namely that the Universe was created by Logos (Christ in His pre-existence). This is in accordance with the Prolegomena of the Gospel of John, which says that the Logos was there in the beginning (John 1:1).
I describe 3 applications of the classical wave equation according to Shpenkov, i.e. hydrogen energy states, periodic table of elements, and planetary orbit distances. For sure, Shpenkov derived many more results beside these 3 phenomena as discussed in his 3 volume books and many papers, but these 3 phenomena are selected to give clear examples of what can be done with the classical wave equation. And then I extend further the classical wave equation to fractal vibrating string.
While of course this outline is not complete, this article is written to stimulate further investigations in this direction.
]]> <![CDATA[Realism in Science: Common Ground]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0145
2014-09-18 23:17:50General Science and Philosophy reference: viXra:1409.0145v1 title: Realism in Science: Common Ground authors: Robert Bennett category: General Science and Philosophy type: submission date: 2014-09-18 23:17:50 abstract:
Philosophy is the basis of all sciences, the foundation of knowledge that provides ultimate answers beyond the limits of science. Although scorned and spurned by science purists(which is partially justified by its modern errant versions), metaphysics and logic, especially, form a common ground of agreement and the tools for truth validation that is so obviously missing in theoretical analysis. We will propose a set of premises for use as a common world-view and then apply them to current science beliefs in order to demonstrate some common fallacies that commonly occur in establishment public beliefs and rational thinking. The intent is to build a solid common ground of tools and axioms based on philosophical realism and the scientific method for knowledge development by researchers.
]]> <![CDATA[Perfect Cuboid Does not Exist]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0144
2014-09-18 03:01:00Number Theory reference: viXra:1409.0144v1 title: Perfect Cuboid Does not Exist authors: Saenko V.I. category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2014-09-18 03:01:00 abstract:
A perfect cuboid, i.e., a rectangular parallelepiped having integer edges, integer face diagonals, and integer space diagonal, is proved to be non-existing.
]]> <![CDATA[Hilbert Matrices and Existence]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0143
2014-09-17 15:44:59Algebra reference: viXra:1409.0143v1 title: Hilbert Matrices and Existence authors: Jan S. Xoah category: Algebra type: submission date: 2014-09-17 15:44:59 abstract:
The goal of the present paper is to classify subrings. We show that Q = vp . The
groundbreaking work of F. Raman on geometric sets was a major advance. In future work, we plan to
address questions of reducibility as well as regularity.
]]> <![CDATA[First and Second Least Action Principles: de Broglie Frequency and Neutron Decay]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0142
2014-09-17 12:55:14High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1409.0142v1 title: First and Second Least Action Principles: de Broglie Frequency and Neutron Decay authors: P. R. Silva category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2014-09-17 12:55:14 abstract:
We propose two kinds of least action principles. The first one is defined in a periodic time, and when applied to creation and annihilation of particle pairs, leads to the formula for the de Broglie frequency. The second one is defined in a double-time’s metric, namely: the longitudinal and transverse (related to the discreteness of the space) times. If applied to a problem dealing with the fluctuations of the metric, this second principle permit us to infer a coherence time. We interpret this as the neutron decay time, where we take the fluctuation in the kinetic energy as being the difference between the mass-energy of the neutron minus the sum of the mass-energies of the proton and electron. The neutron decay time evaluated in this way, does not make any explicit reference to the weak interactions.
]]> <![CDATA[Gerardus ‘t Hooft, Nobel Laureate, On Black Hole Perturbations]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0141
2014-09-18 06:36:56Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1409.0141v2 title: Gerardus ‘t Hooft, Nobel Laureate, On Black Hole Perturbations authors: Stephen J. Crothers category: Relativity and Cosmology type: replacement date: 2014-09-18 06:36:56 abstract:
Professor Gerardus ‘t Hooft, Nobel Laureate in Physics, Editor-in-Chief of the journal Foundations of Physics, has again brought attention to my work on black hole theory, big bang cosmology, and General Relativity, by means of his personal website, providing me thereby with the opportunity to address his most recent comments, particularly on black holes. Black hole universes are either asymptotically flat or asymptotically curved, by definition, and so there can be no universe containing multiple black holes. All alleged big bang universes are not asymptotically anything.
]]> <![CDATA[Gerardus ‘t Hooft, Nobel Laureate, On Black Hole Perturbations]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0141
2014-09-17 13:05:54Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1409.0141v1 title: Gerardus ‘t Hooft, Nobel Laureate, On Black Hole Perturbations authors: Stephen J. Crothers category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2014-09-17 13:05:54 abstract:
Professor Gerardus ‘t Hooft, Nobel Laureate in Physics, Editor-in-Chief of the journal Foundations of Physics, has again brought attention to my work on black hole theory, big bang cosmology, and General Relativity, by means of his personal website, providing me thereby with the opportunity to address his most recent comments, particularly on black holes. Black hole universes are either asymptotically flat or asymptotically curved, by definition, and so there can be no universe containing multiple black holes.
]]> <![CDATA[Convexity Methods in Axiomatic Algebra]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0140
2014-09-17 14:41:26General Mathematics reference: viXra:1409.0140v1 title: Convexity Methods in Axiomatic Algebra authors: Jan S. Xoah category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2014-09-17 14:41:26 abstract:
Let us assume we are given an element f. In [24], the authors derived integrable, semi-generic elements. The goal of the present paper is to describe meager, anti-continuous rings. A useful survey of the subject can be found in [24].
]]> <![CDATA[Non Spin Based Quantum Information Transmission Methods]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0139
2014-09-18 13:32:05Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1409.0139v2 title: Non Spin Based Quantum Information Transmission Methods authors: Omer Dickstein category: Quantum Physics type: replacement date: 2014-09-18 13:32:05 abstract:
Most physicists claim no superluminal communication between two seperate points in space is possible in any manner. This claim is based on the no communication theory and on special relativity stating all communication methods are subluminal. This paper discusses theoretical 'holes' in no communication theorem and proposes an experiment that may check the validity of the no-communication theorem under special conditions.
]]> <![CDATA[Non Spin Based Quantum Information Transmission Methods]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0139
2014-09-17 14:58:38Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1409.0139v1 title: Non Spin Based Quantum Information Transmission Methods authors: Omer Dickstein category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2014-09-17 14:58:38 abstract:
Most physicists claim no superluminal communication between two seperate points in space is possible in any manner. This claim is based on the no communication theory and on special relativity stating all communication methods are subluminal. This paper discusses theoretical 'holes' in no communication theorem and proposes an experiment that may pass the no communication obstacle.
]]> <![CDATA[Description of Experiment Testing Superluminal Communication]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0138
2014-09-17 15:02:54Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1409.0138v1 title: Description of Experiment Testing Superluminal Communication authors: Omer Dickstein category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2014-09-17 15:02:54 abstract:
Appendix A, appendix to the paper "Non spin based quantum information transmission methods"
]]> <![CDATA[The Scale-Symmetric Physics]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0137
2014-09-17 05:48:32Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1409.0137v1 title: The Scale-Symmetric Physics authors: Sylwester Kornowski category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2014-09-17 05:48:32 abstract:
The vacuum field equations for the modified Higgs field are the most fundamental equations. The Kasner solution leads to virtual Higgs cyclones and virtual loops with toroidal and poloidal motions. Additional conditions lead to phase transitions of the modified Higgs field and quantization of the virtual Higgs cyclones which are free or overlap with the new structures. Due to the four succeeding phase transitions (their number is limited by the size of our Cosmos), there are in existence the four scales i.e. the superluminal-quantum-entanglement scale, luminal Planck scale concerning the Einstein-spacetime components, observed-particles scale and cosmological scale. Due to the quantum entanglement, there as well appear virtual cyclones and virtual loops in the Einstein spacetime. The negative pressure and characteristic motions (and the quantum entanglement) in the virtual structures cause that there appears the advection that rules the motions of matter. It leads to the “dark-matter” motions i.e. to the spin speeds of normal cold matter in galaxies almost independent from distances from the centers of galaxies. The dark energy consists of the additional Einstein-spacetime components which appeared due to the phenomena associated with the cosmological scale. The Feigenbaum constant delta follows from the internal structure of proton so this structure leads to the chaos theory. We can see the sequence: from vacuum field equations, via Kasner solution, to the virtual Higgs cyclones and loops, to phase transitions of the modified Higgs field, to quantum entanglement which via the virtual structures in the Einstein spacetime leads to the “dark-matter” motions. The chaos theory concerns particle physics and cosmology. The quantum physics appears on higher level of Nature.
]]> <![CDATA[A Brief Note on Charge Quantization from Fractal Distributions]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0136
2014-09-16 18:27:55High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1409.0136v1 title: A Brief Note on Charge Quantization from Fractal Distributions authors: Ervin Goldfain category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2014-09-16 18:27:55 abstract:
This brief note points out that fractal spacetimes having minimal deviations from integer dimensionality naturally lead to the emergence of fractional magnetic charges. Although these are un-observable at energy scales significantly lower than the electroweak scale, their cumulative contribution may become relevant for charge quantization according to Dirac’s theory of magnetic monopoles.
]]> <![CDATA[The Construction of Certain Numbers with Ruler and Compass, le Calcul de Certains Nombres Avec la Règle et le Compas]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0135
2014-09-16 21:58:47Number Theory reference: viXra:1409.0135v1 title: The Construction of Certain Numbers with Ruler and Compass, le Calcul de Certains Nombres Avec la Règle et le Compas authors: Simon Plouffe category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2014-09-16 21:58:47 abstract:
Conference in french in Montréal in 1998 about the construction of arctan(1/2)/Pi and other numbers.
]]> <![CDATA[Momentum is not Conservation Principle]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0134
2014-09-16 22:06:27Classical Physics reference: viXra:1409.0134v1 title: Momentum is not Conservation Principle authors: GuangSan Yu category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2014-09-16 22:06:27 abstract:
The thus far momentum conservation law the Were by testify, In fact only is the laws of motion of newton third, and the is object simpleness and beeline the momentum conservation of the afoul. involve the thus far of the, the all momentum conservation law experiment all is. but, it be deemed to the is classical, and were extend to all any matter system. in complicated matter system, for instance, if interaction the at object, its inner matter forminged the opposite turn, at here whether still conform the momentum conservation? have never the study that to register in such. can authenticate, in this kind of circumstance, the total beeline momenta of the substance system, would vary the occurrence, it will diminish. so here momentum is not conservation. therefore, the momentum conservation law not is an universe compliant, the law of any matter system, in some complicated substance system, it is not exactitude.
]]> <![CDATA[Transcend the Conservation Law]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0133
2014-09-16 22:07:01Classical Physics reference: viXra:1409.0133v1 title: Transcend the Conservation Law authors: GuangSan Yu category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2014-09-16 22:07:01 abstract:
In Rotation dynamics of the classical mechanics, there is a serious error, namely the notion of the force moment. Via the arm of force that vary the force moment, can vary the dimension of the force, this is wrong. But Rotation dynamics and whole theory system, is to regard the notion of this kind of force moment as the foundation, moreover establish create. Thereupon, the hitherto of thereinto the Rotation dynamics, abound the multifarious mistake. In complete of the Rotation dynamics of the inertia locomotion, the notion of the force moment is meaningless. The and force moment extraordinary resemble react, that is
other concept Inertia-torque. Inertia-torque is mass and arm of force product at object or particle. Similar in this way through correction after, the Rotation dynamics will have the grand change. And thereupon we can also achieve, versus physics several celebrated conservation law of the exceed. The world science will have a grand advancement.
]]> <![CDATA[The Momentum Engine]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0132
2014-09-16 22:07:17Classical Physics reference: viXra:1409.0132v1 title: The Momentum Engine authors: GuagSan Yu category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2014-09-16 22:07:17 abstract:
The Newton third law is wrong! Moreover the momentum
also is not conservation, So a kind of new space propeller nope don't may, That is the momentum engine.
]]> <![CDATA[The Experiment of the Inertia-Torque]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0131
2014-09-16 22:20:51Classical Physics reference: viXra:1409.0131v2 title: The Experiment of the Inertia-Torque authors: GuagSan Yu category: Classical Physics type: replacement date: 2014-09-16 22:20:51 abstract:
For the sake of the rotation dynamics, made the rotation dynamics experiment. Get the Inertia-torque
concept, of the rotation dynamics.
]]> <![CDATA[The Experiment of the Inertiatorque]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0131
2014-09-16 22:07:36Classical Physics reference: viXra:1409.0131v1 title: The Experiment of the Inertiatorque authors: GuagSan Yu category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2014-09-16 22:07:36 abstract:
For the sake of the rotation dynamics, made the rotation dynamics experiment. Get the Inertia-torque
concept, of the rotation dynamics.
]]> <![CDATA[Attest the Moment of Inertia is Wrong]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0130
2014-09-16 22:07:50Classical Physics reference: viXra:1409.0130v1 title: Attest the Moment of Inertia is Wrong authors: GuagSan Yu category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2014-09-16 22:07:50 abstract:
Moment of inertia is wrong. In it of formula deduce process, have serious I = mr 2 mistake. This is the can testify.
]]> <![CDATA[Sparse Representations and Its Applications in Digital Communication]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0129
2014-09-16 15:25:04Digital Signal Processing reference: viXra:1409.0129v1 title: Sparse Representations and Its Applications in Digital Communication authors: Abdeldjalil AISSA-EL-BEY category: Digital Signal Processing type: submission date: 2014-09-16 15:25:04 abstract:
Sparse representations are representations that account for most or all information of a signal with a linear combination of a small number of elementary signals called atoms. Often, the atoms are chosen from a so called over-complete dictionary. Formally, an over-complete dictionary is a collection of atoms such that the number of atoms exceeds the dimension of the signal space, so that any signal can be represented by more than one combination of different atoms.
Sparseness is one of the reasons for the extensive use of popular transforms such as the Discrete Fourier Transform, the wavelet transform and the Singular Value Decomposition. The aim of these transforms is often to reveal certain structures of a signal and to represent these structures using a compact and sparse representation. Sparse representations have therefore increasingly become recognized as providing extremely high performance for applications as diverse as: noise reduction, compression, feature extraction, pattern classification and blind source separation. Sparse representation ideas also build the foundations of wavelet denoising and methods in pattern classification, such as in the Support Vector Machine and the Relevance Vector Machine, where sparsity can be directly related to learnability of an estimator.
The technique of finding a representation with a small number of significant coefficients is often referred to as Sparse Coding. Decoding merely requires the summation of the relevant atoms, appropriately weighted. However, unlike a transform coder with its invertible transform, the generation of the sparse representation with an over-complete dictionary is non-trivial. Indeed, the general problem of finding a representation with the smallest number of atoms from an arbitrary dictionary has been shown to be NP-hard. This has led to considerable effort being put into the development of many sub-optimal schemes. These include algorithms that iteratively build up the signal approximation one coefficient at a time, e.g. Matching Pursuit, Orthogonal Matching Pursuit, and those that process all the coefficients simultaneously, e.g. Basis Pursuit, Basis Pursuit De-Noising and the Focal Underdetermined System Solver family of algorithms.
]]> <![CDATA[Elementary Differences Between Energy and Mass]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0128
2014-09-16 15:29:21Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1409.0128v1 title: Elementary Differences Between Energy and Mass authors: Rodolfo A. Frino category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2014-09-16 15:29:21 abstract:
In this paper I explain the elementary differences between energy and mass. When we consider the famous Einstein's formula E = mc2 these two concepts might look the same with the only differnce of a proportionalyty constant, c2 , between them. However when we explore these two concepts more meticouslosly we discover that they differ in several aspects.
]]> <![CDATA[Rates of Convergence of Lognormal Extremes Under Power Normalization]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0127
2014-09-16 10:08:05Statistics reference: viXra:1409.0127v1 title: Rates of Convergence of Lognormal Extremes Under Power Normalization authors: Jianwen Huang, Shouquan Chen category: Statistics type: submission date: 2014-09-16 10:08:05 abstract:
Let $\{X_n,~n\geq1\}$ be an independent
and identically distributed random sequence with common
distribution $F$ obeying the lognormal distribution. In
this paper, we obtain the exact uniform convergence rate of the
distribution of the maximum to its extreme value limit under power normalization.
]]> <![CDATA[Journey of the Universe from Birth to Rebirth with Insight Into the Unified Interaction of Elementary Particles with Spiral Structure]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0126
2014-09-16 10:18:55Nuclear and Atomic Physics reference: viXra:1409.0126v1 title: Journey of the Universe from Birth to Rebirth with Insight Into the Unified Interaction of Elementary Particles with Spiral Structure authors: Suraj Kumar category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics type: submission date: 2014-09-16 10:18:55 abstract:
In this paper it has been tried to propose a hypothesis for Universe life cycle from its birth to death along with a cyclic view into its rebirth referring to the concept of Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation, Spiral Structure of Galaxies and Spiral Structure of Elementary Particles. It has been tried to inherit the behaviour of Big Bang in consensus with the proposals of Steady State Cosmology within the vicinity of all modern ongoing researches. It also provides a unified approach for various force interactions of particles through the intrinsic behaviours of Spiral Structure of Elementary Particles. The inverse relation between mass of particle and rate of change of cross section of spiral arms gives us a distinct view of gravitational interactions. Also the orientation of the curl of spiral differentiate the electromagnetic interaction when has revolution and electroweak interaction when has rotational curl. Strong interaction can be described through the phase differences of particles with charge not in multiple of ½. This paper also describes the process for formation off composite particles and the atomic structure through various dynamics of interactions by spiral structured particles.
]]> <![CDATA[16]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0125
2014-09-16 10:33:17Functions and Analysis reference: viXra:1409.0125v1 title: 16 authors: ,Jianwen Huang, Shouquan Chen, Jiaojiao Liu category: Functions and Analysis type: submission date: 2014-09-16 10:33:17 abstract:
In this paper, we derive the extreme value
distributions of independent identically distributed random
variables with mixed distributions of two and finite components,
which include generalized logistic, asymmetric Laplace and
asymmetric normal distributions.
]]> <![CDATA[Homology Classes of 3-Delta-complexes Made up of a Small Number of Simplexes]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0124
2014-09-16 03:54:14Topology reference: viXra:1409.0124v1 title: Homology Classes of 3-Delta-complexes Made up of a Small Number of Simplexes authors: Vincenzo Nardozza category: Topology type: submission date: 2014-09-16 03:54:14 abstract:
By means of a computer, all the possible homogeneous compact 3-Delta-complexes made up of a small number of simplexes (from 1 to 3) have been classified in homology classes. The analysis shows that, with a small number of simplexes, it is already possible to build quite a large number of separate topological spaces.
]]> <![CDATA[Critical Behavior of Heisenberg Chains Coupled to Phonons]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0123
2014-09-18 03:51:03Condensed Matter reference: viXra:1409.0123v2 title: Critical Behavior of Heisenberg Chains Coupled to Phonons authors: Rainer W. Kühne category: Condensed Matter type: replacement date: 2014-09-18 03:51:03 abstract:
We present a quantum Monte Carlo study for the isotropic antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain coupled to Einstein phonons. By investigating the behavior of the correlation length we find the critical exponent to depend on both the phonon frequency and the spin-phonon coupling constant. Hence, these systems change the universality class continuously with the spin-phonon coupling.
]]> <![CDATA[Critical Behavior of Heisenberg Chains Coupled to Phonons]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0123
2014-09-16 04:17:45Condensed Matter reference: viXra:1409.0123v1 title: Critical Behavior of Heisenberg Chains Coupled to Phonons authors: Rainer W. Kühne category: Condensed Matter type: submission date: 2014-09-16 04:17:45 abstract:
We present a quantum Monte Carlo study for the isotropic antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain coupled to Einstein phonons. By investigating the behavior of the correlation length we find the critical exponent to depend on both the phonon frequency and the spin-phonon coupling constant. Hence, these systems change the universality class continuously with the spin-phonon coupling.
]]> <![CDATA[The Proof of Dirichlet's Assertion on Celestial Mechanics]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0122
2014-09-16 07:36:10Mathematical Physics reference: viXra:1409.0122v2 title: The Proof of Dirichlet's Assertion on Celestial Mechanics authors: Reinhard Frischbier category: Mathematical Physics type: replacement date: 2014-09-16 07:36:10 abstract:
Since the proof given by Wang Qiu-Dong on Dirichlet's assertion
is based on the successive approximations objections to assumptions
of the global solution of this problem have to be raised.
]]> <![CDATA[The Proof of Dirichlet's Assertion on Celestial Mechanics]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0122
2014-09-16 04:31:51Mathematical Physics reference: viXra:1409.0122v1 title: The Proof of Dirichlet's Assertion on Celestial Mechanics authors: Reinhard Frischbier category: Mathematical Physics type: submission date: 2014-09-16 04:31:51 abstract:
Since the proof given by Wang Qiu-Dong on Dirichlet's assertion
is based on the successive approximations objections to assumptions
of the global solution of this problem have to be raised.
]]> <![CDATA[Examples of Solving PDEs by Order Completion]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0120
2014-09-15 15:02:25General Mathematics reference: viXra:1409.0120v1 title: Examples of Solving PDEs by Order Completion authors: Elemer E Rosinger category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2014-09-15 15:02:25 abstract:
So far, the order completion method for solving PDEs, introduced in 1990, can solve by far the most general linear and nonlinear systems of PDEs, with possible initial and/or boundary data. Examples of solving various PDEs with the order completion method are presented. Some of such PDEs do not have global solutions by any other known methods, or are even proved not to have such global solutions. The presentation next aims to be as summary, and in fact, sketchy as possible, even if by that it may create some difficulty. However, nowadays, being subjected to an ever growing ``information overload", that approach may turn out to be not the worst among two bad alternatives. Details can be found in [1], while on the other hand, alternative longer "short presentations" are in [6-8].
]]> <![CDATA[Tail Behavior of the Generalized Exponential and Maxwell Distributions]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0119
2014-09-15 10:24:34Statistics reference: viXra:1409.0119v1 title: Tail Behavior of the Generalized Exponential and Maxwell Distributions authors: Jianwen Huang , Shouquan Chen category: Statistics type: submission date: 2014-09-15 10:24:34 abstract:
Motivated by Finner et al. (2008), the
asymptotic behavior of the probability density function (pdf) and
the cumulative distribution function (cdf) of the generalized
exponential and Maxwell distributions are studied. Specially, we
consider the asymptotic behavior of the ratio of the pdfs (cdfs) of
the generalized exponential and Student's $t$-distributions (likewise
for the Maxwell and Student's $t$-distributions) as the degrees of
freedom parameter approach infinity in an appropriate way. As by
products, Mills' ratios for the generalized exponential and Maxwell
distributions are gained. Moreover, we illustrate some examples to
indicate the application of our results in extreme value theory.
]]> <![CDATA[Should the Standard Model of Particle Physics Have Merely a Conventional Definition of the Electric Charge ?]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0118
2014-09-15 07:31:22High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1409.0118v1 title: Should the Standard Model of Particle Physics Have Merely a Conventional Definition of the Electric Charge ? authors: Syed Afsar Abbas category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2014-09-15 07:31:22 abstract:
It is most disconcerting that the Standard Model of particle physics defines, as fundamental a quantity as the electric charge, only conventionally and arbitrarily. We look into the nature of this conventionality
and try to find an underlying structure to it. This brings in the Higgs field in a non-trivial manner, which points as to how the above arbitrariness and conventionality may be avoided.
Next, the same is demonstrated as actually being part of the intrinsic mathematical structure of the Standard Model.
]]> <![CDATA[Teoría de Campo Relativista]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0117
2014-09-15 09:35:28Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1409.0117v1 title: Teoría de Campo Relativista authors: Wenceslao Segura González category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2014-09-15 09:35:28 abstract:
El libro "Teoría de campo relativista" expone de forma clara las técnicas físico-matamáticas usadas en el estudio de los campos clásicos relativistas.
Este libro cumple una función pedagógica, estando dirigido a aquellos, que teniendo un conocimiento básico de electromagnetismo y relatividad, quieran profundizar en los aspectos formales de la teoría de campo.
Índice
Introducción
1.- Geometría diferencial
2.- Formulación lagrangiana de la teoría de campos
3.- Campo electromagnético
4.- Campo gravitatorio
5.- Teoría de campo unificado de Weyl
Apéndice 1
Apéndice 2
]]> <![CDATA[On the Electric and Magnetic Forces]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0116
2014-09-15 04:50:56Classical Physics reference: viXra:1409.0116v1 title: On the Electric and Magnetic Forces authors: José Francisco García Juliá category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2014-09-15 04:50:56 abstract:
The electric and magnetic forces would be produced by a polarization of the vacuum.
]]> <![CDATA[Analyze Mistake of the Newton Third Law]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0115
2014-09-17 20:25:35Classical Physics reference: viXra:1409.0115v2 title: Analyze Mistake of the Newton Third Law authors: GuagSan Yu category: Classical Physics type: replacement date: 2014-09-17 20:25:35 abstract:
The dynamics experiment indicated, the Newton third law is wrong. So where is it been mistakes? The demand deepest analysis in action and reaction, it of
meaning and it of principle. The result is to make person feelings shock, it is really wrong that Newton third law!
]]> <![CDATA[Analyze Mistake of the Newton Third Law]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0115
2014-09-14 23:22:57Classical Physics reference: viXra:1409.0115v1 title: Analyze Mistake of the Newton Third Law authors: GuagSan Yu category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2014-09-14 23:22:57 abstract:
The dynamics experiment indicated, the Newton third law is wrong. So where is it been mistakes? The demand deepest analysis in action and reaction, it of
meaning and it of principle. The result is to make person feelings shock, it is really
wrong that Newton third law!
]]> <![CDATA[New Light on the Nature of Light]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0114
2014-09-16 09:08:55Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1409.0114v3 title: New Light on the Nature of Light authors: Hasmukh K. Tank category: Quantum Physics type: replacement date: 2014-09-16 09:08:55 abstract:
My study of wave-particle-duality of light, as described in a paper: “Proposed explanations for thewave-particle duality of light and double-slit interference of single photons” (Tank, H. K. http://vixra.org/pdf/1407.0036v2.pdf) leads to new light about the true nature of ‘light’; that: (i) either the real wavelengths and frequencies of the ‘waves’ of ‘light’ are not what we have been thinking so far; or (ii) the rate of formation of ‘particles’ called ‘photons’ is at much slower rate than the frequency of the waves. It was found in the above-cited paper that if light is both ‘wave’ as well as ‘particle’, then a photon should contain a wide ‘band’ of waves, rather than a single frequency; and whenever and wherever all the spectral components of the wide band get constructively added a ‘particle’ gets formed. The wavelengths and frequencies of the actual band of waves, and the ‘distances’ and ‘time-rate’ of successive formations of ‘particle’ are two different phenomena. Therefore, (i) if the wavelength of the wave measured by us is ‘distance’ between two successive formations of ‘particles’ then the frequency of the actual wave may be much higher; or (ii) if the wavelength measured by us is wavelength of the actual wave, then the formation of ‘particles’ called ‘photons’ may be at much slower rate than the frequency of the wave.. If we can establish perfect relation between wavelengths of the band of waves, and ‘distance’ between successive formations of ‘particles’, then it may be possible to make deterministic prediction of detection of ‘photons’.
]]> <![CDATA[New Light on the Nature of Light]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0114
2014-09-15 02:56:11Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1409.0114v2 title: New Light on the Nature of Light authors: Hasmukh K. Tank category: Quantum Physics type: replacement date: 2014-09-15 02:56:11 abstract:
My study of wave-particle-duality of light, as described in a paper: “Proposed explanations for the wave-particle duality of light and double-slit interference of single photons” (Tank, H. K. http://vixra.org/pdf/1407.0036v2.pdf) leads to new light about the true nature of ‘light’; that real wavelengths and frequencies of the ‘waves’ of ‘light’ are not what we have been thinking so far; rather, they are the ‘distances’ and ‘time-rates’ of repetitions of ‘particles’ in space and time. The actual frequencies and wavelengths of the ‘wave’ are likely to be much higher, possibly close to the frequency of the electron, of the order of 10^22 cycles/second. It was found in the above-cited paper that if light is both ‘wave’ as well as ‘particle’, then a photon should contain a wide ‘band’ of waves, rather than a single frequency; and whenever and wherever all the spectral components of the wide band get constructively added a ‘particle’ gets formed. The wavelength and frequency of the actual band of waves, and the ‘distances’ and ‘time-rate’ of successive formations of ‘particle’ are two different phenomena. So far we have been taking the ‘distances’ and ‘time-rates’ of formation of ‘particles’ as the wavelength and frequencies of light, which may not correct, in the light of this new finding.
]]> <![CDATA[New Light on the Nature of Light]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0114
2014-09-14 06:57:50Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1409.0114v1 title: New Light on the Nature of Light authors: Hasmukh K. Tank category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2014-09-14 06:57:50 abstract:
My study of wave-particle-duality of light, as described in a paper: “Proposed explanations for the wave-particle duality of light and double-slit interference experiments” (Tank, H. K. http://vixra.org/pdf/1407.0036v2.pdf) leads to new light about the true nature of ‘light’; that real wavelengths and frequencies of ‘light’ are not what we have been thinking so far; rather, they are the ‘distances’ and ‘time-rates’ of repetitions ‘particles’ in space and time. The actual frequencies and wavelengths of the ‘wave’ are likely to be much higher, possibly close to the frequency of the electron, of the order of 10^22 cycles/second. It was found in the above-cited paper that if light is both ‘wave’ as well as ‘particle’, then a photon should contain a wide ‘band’ of waves, rather than a single frequency; and whenever and wherever all the spectral components of the wide band get constructively added a ‘particle’ gets formed. The wavelength and frequency of the actual wave, and the ‘distances’ and ‘time-rate’ of consecutive formations of ‘particle’ are two different phenomena. So far we have been taking the ‘distances’ and ‘time-rates’ of formation of ‘particles’ as the wavelength and frequencies of light, which may not correct, in the light of this new finding.
]]> <![CDATA[The Chromatic-Covering of a Graph: Ratios, Domination, Areas and Farey Sequences]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0113
2014-09-14 08:55:20Combinatorics and Graph Theory reference: viXra:1409.0113v1 title: The Chromatic-Covering of a Graph: Ratios, Domination, Areas and Farey Sequences authors: paul august winter category: Combinatorics and Graph Theory type: submission date: 2014-09-14 08:55:20 abstract:
The study of the chromatic number and vertex coverings of graphs has opened many avenues of research. In this paper we combine these two concepts in a ratio, to investigate the domination effect of the chromatic number, of the subgaph induced by a vertex covering of a graph G (called the cover graph of G), on the original chromatic number of G, where large number of vertices are involved. This is referred to as the chromatic-cover domination. If this chromatic-cover ratio is a function of n, the order of graphs belonging to a class of graph, then we discuss its horizontal asymptotic behavior and attach the graphs average degree to the Riemann integral of this ratio, thus associating chromatic-cover area with classes of graphs. We found that the chromatic-cover domination had a strongest effect on complete graph, while this chromatic-cover domination had zero effect on star graphs. We show that the chromatic-cover asymptote of all classes of graphs belong to the interval [0,1], and conjecture that complete graphs are the only class of graphs having chromatic-cover asymptote of 1 and that they also have the largest area . We construct a class of graphs, using known classes of graph where vertices are replaced with cliques on q vertices, thus generating sequences which converges to the chromatic-cover asymptote of known classes of graphs. We use a particular sequence to construct a Farey chromatic-cover sequence which is a subsequence of the famous Farey sequence.
]]> <![CDATA[Epigenetic Effects of Cytosine Derivatives Are Caused by Their Tautomers in Hoogsteen Base Pairs]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0112
2014-09-13 21:45:39Biochemistry reference: viXra:1409.0112v1 title: Epigenetic Effects of Cytosine Derivatives Are Caused by Their Tautomers in Hoogsteen Base Pairs authors: Denis A. Semyonov category: Biochemistry type: submission date: 2014-09-13 21:45:39 abstract:
Deoxycitidine in solution exists as two tautomers one of which is an “uncanonical” imino one. The latter can dominate with such derivatives as 5-methyl, 5-hydroxymethyl- and 5-formylcytosine. The imino tautomer potentially is able to form a hoosteen GC base pair. To detect such pair, it is suggested to use 1H15N NMR. Formation of GC-Hoogsteen base pair with imino tautomer of cytosine can be a reason for epigenetic effects of 5-methyl- and , 5-hydroxymethylcytosine.
]]> <![CDATA[The 400 Billion’th Binary Digit of pi is 0]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0111
2014-09-13 15:43:12Number Theory reference: viXra:1409.0111v1 title: The 400 Billion’th Binary Digit of pi is 0 authors: Simon Plouffe category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2014-09-13 15:43:12 abstract:
A talk given in Ottawa in 1997 about the computation of pi in binary.
]]> <![CDATA[Miscellaneous Mathematical Constants]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0110
2014-09-13 16:06:52Number Theory reference: viXra:1409.0110v1 title: Miscellaneous Mathematical Constants authors: Simon Plouffe category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2014-09-13 16:06:52 abstract:
This is my collection of mathematical constants evaluated to many digits.
The document was given a copy to the gutenberg project in 1996.
]]> <![CDATA[Introducing Unitary Circles]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0109
2014-09-13 16:22:22Mathematical Physics reference: viXra:1409.0109v1 title: Introducing Unitary Circles authors: Doug Jensen category: Mathematical Physics type: submission date: 2014-09-13 16:22:22 abstract:
Unitary circles model the property of spin, and are based on imaginary numbers.
The imaginary constant i is not a real number, and it has not been apparent how it relates to real numbers. With unitary circles, the role of imaginary numbers can be clearly understood. And the definition of i changes.
]]> <![CDATA[The first 498 Bernoulli Numbers]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0108
2014-09-13 16:13:26Number Theory reference: viXra:1409.0108v1 title: The first 498 Bernoulli Numbers authors: Simon Plouffe category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2014-09-13 16:13:26 abstract:
A list of the first 498 Bernoulli Numbers.
This text was published in 1996 and donated to the Gutenberg Project.
]]> <![CDATA[The first 1000 Euler Numbers]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0107
2014-09-13 16:14:18Number Theory reference: viXra:1409.0107v1 title: The first 1000 Euler Numbers authors: Simon Plouffe category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2014-09-13 16:14:18 abstract:
A list of the first 1000 Euler Numbers.
This text was published in 1996 and donated to the Gutenberg Project.
]]> <![CDATA[The first 1000 Fibonacci Numbers]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0106
2014-09-13 16:14:58Number Theory reference: viXra:1409.0106v1 title: The first 1000 Fibonacci Numbers authors: Simon Plouffe category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2014-09-13 16:14:58 abstract:
A list of the first 1000 Fibonacci Numbers.
This text was published in 1996 and donated to the Gutenberg Project.
]]> <![CDATA[A Proof of Nonexistence of Green's Functions for the Maxwell Equations]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0105
2014-09-13 12:25:36Mathematical Physics reference: viXra:1409.0105v1 title: A Proof of Nonexistence of Green's Functions for the Maxwell Equations authors: Zafar Turakulov category: Mathematical Physics type: submission date: 2014-09-13 12:25:36 abstract:
Arguments in favor of existence of Green's functions for all linear equations are analyzed. In case of equation for electromagnetic field, these arguments have been widely used through formal considerations according to which electromagnetic field equations are nothing but some non-covariant scalar equations. We criticize these considerations and show that justification of applying the method of Green's functions to equations of classical electrodynamics are invalid. Straightforward calculations are presented which show that in case of dipole radiation the method gives incorrect results.
]]> <![CDATA[On The Evolving And Emitting Quantum Black Holes And The Scale Independent Black Hole Cosmology]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0104
2014-09-13 12:42:17Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1409.0104v1 title: On The Evolving And Emitting Quantum Black Holes And The Scale Independent Black Hole Cosmology authors: U.V.S. Seshavatharam , S.Lakshiminarayana category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2014-09-13 12:42:17 abstract:
Along with presently the believed black holes that are expected to be formed by gravitational collapse of a massive star, there may exist primordial evolving black holes. By absorbing the hidden vacuum energy primordial evolving black holes become massive. Planck mass can be considered as the basic mass of any black hole and can be called as the baby Planckion. Very high temperature of the baby Planckion is the heat source for the evolving black hole’s or evolving Planckion’s decreasing temperature. Considering the current cosmic microwave back ground temperature as a quantum gravitational effect of the evolving primordial cosmic black hole, general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics can be combined into a ‘scale independent’ true unified model of quantum gravity. Considering cosmic black hole’s light speed rotation and galactic revolution, observed galactic rotational curves can be understood. In the past, decreasing high cosmic black hole temperature forced hydrogen atom to emit increasing photon energy resulting in the observed redshift. Aged super novae dimming may be due to the effect of past high cosmic black hole temperature. As cosmic time passes, decreasing current cosmic black hole temperature makes hydrogen atom to emit increased quanta of energy causing the future redshift. In future, with reference to laboratory hydrogen atom, decreasing current cosmic temperature and measured rate of increase in emitted photon energy - true rate of future cosmic expansion can be understood. With reference to the decreasing current Hubble constant and decreasing current cosmic black hole temperature, true rate of future cosmic expansion can also be understood. Foundations of Quantum mechanics and General theory of relativity may be reviewed in this unified way.
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