viXra.org e-printsPreprints from viXra.org site
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Fri Oct 31 21:24:25 GMT 2014Fri Oct 31 21:24:25 GMT 2014<![CDATA[Simp or Wimp as Dark Matter]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0209
2014-10-31 14:47:26Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1410.0209v1 title: Simp or Wimp as Dark Matter authors: George Rajna category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2014-10-31 14:47:26 abstract:
The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies.
In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
]]> <![CDATA[What Speaks the Speaking Tree? Performance Analysis of Kudankulam Reactor During Its One Year of Grid Connection]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0208
2014-10-31 10:48:30Nuclear and Atomic Physics reference: viXra:1410.0208v1 title: What Speaks the Speaking Tree? Performance Analysis of Kudankulam Reactor During Its One Year of Grid Connection authors: T Padmanabhan1, R Ramesh, V Pugazhendi, Joseph Makkoli category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics type: submission date: 2014-10-31 10:48:30 abstract:
The VVER-1000/412 design, a third generation (Gen-III) pressurized water reactor (PWR) at Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KKNPP), 98 km North-East of Thiruvananthapuram and off Bay of Bengal in Tamil Nadu state of India (8°10′08″N 77°42′45″E) attained criticality on 15 Jul 2013 and was grid connected on 22 Oct 2013. During the year, the reactor ‘tripped’ 14 times and was off the grid for 106 days. Two maintenance shutdowns lasted for 64 days. On 14th May 14, while in start-up mode, a pipe burst accident occurred in the feed-water system. During 4701 hours of operation, it generated 2,825 million units (MU) of electricity, consumed 538 MU for house-load and supplied 2,287 MU to the Southern Grid. The commissioning crew at KKNPP failed in all the seven attempts for clearing the final leg of the commissioning test. The reactor has been under cold-shutdown since 26 September 14 due to problems in its turbine. This study of the health of the reactor, based on daily data of generation and outages of KKNPP for one year since grid connection, shows that the situation is serious enough and warrants an independent safety audit.
]]> <![CDATA[The Putative Theory of Quantum Gravity an Introduction]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0207
2014-10-31 13:22:21Mathematical Physics reference: viXra:1410.0207v1 title: The Putative Theory of Quantum Gravity an Introduction authors: Thierry PERIAT category: Mathematical Physics type: submission date: 2014-10-31 13:22:21 abstract:
I continue my dream: the construction of an alternative presentation of the standard model including topological considerations and the extended Lie products previously defined. Progressing step by step,I push my way of thinking up to its logical limits. This presumably yields the basic stones for a future solution concerning the Koide's formula (equivalently: the hierarchy problem).
]]> <![CDATA[The Two-Dimensional Vavilov-Cherenkov Radiation in Led]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0206
2014-10-31 06:51:41Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1410.0206v1 title: The Two-Dimensional Vavilov-Cherenkov Radiation in Led authors: Miroslav Pardy category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2014-10-31 06:51:41 abstract:
We derive by the Schwinger source theory method, the power spectrum
of photons, generated by charged particle moving within 2D sheet, with
index of refraction n. Some graphene-like structures, for instance graphene
with implanted ions, or, also 2D-glasses, are dielectric media, enabling the
experimental realization of the Vavilov-Cherenkov radiation. The relation of
the Vavilov-Cherenkov radiation to LED, where the 2D the additional dielectric
sheet is the integral part of LED, is discussed. It is not excluded that LEDs
with the 2D dielectric sheets will be the crucial components of detectors in
experimental particle physics.
1 Introduction
]]> <![CDATA[Quantum Threshold Signature Based on Divisible Quantum Entanglement and P Unitary Operator]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0205
2014-10-31 03:12:31Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1410.0205v1 title: Quantum Threshold Signature Based on Divisible Quantum Entanglement and P Unitary Operator authors: Zhen-Hu Ning category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2014-10-31 03:12:31 abstract:
Different from the existing quantum threshold signature schemes, which are mainly based on the classical Shamir’s threshold signature scheme, we construct the map from the multiple binary information to a quantum and support a new threshold signature scheme based on divisible quantum entanglement and p -unitary operator, which are well defined in the paper. Compared with the existing the schemes, the scheme involved fewer quanta. The scheme also meets the requirement of “Threshold Signature”, that is to say, only the number of participants is
not less than the threshold, they can execute the signature or the verification.
]]> <![CDATA[Music Collection: In the world (2)]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0204
2014-10-31 04:48:11Social Science reference: viXra:1410.0204v1 title: Music Collection: In the world (2) authors: Cheng Tianren category: Social Science type: submission date: 2014-10-31 04:48:11 abstract:
this is a music work of Professor Jeff, which collect 49 songs associated with 49 lyrical stories. In the second part, we select 17 music pieces of them to describe the growth experience of Jeff. on the other hand, this is not only a music composition, it is also suitable for music education.
]]> <![CDATA[Bohr-Like Model for Black Holes]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0203
2014-10-30 13:17:08Quantum Gravity and String Theory reference: viXra:1410.0203v1 title: Bohr-Like Model for Black Holes authors: Christian Corda category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory type: submission date: 2014-10-30 13:17:08 abstract:
It is an intuitive but general conviction that black holes (BHs) result in highly excited states representing both the “hydrogen atom” and the “quasi-thermal emission” in quantum gravity. Here we show that such an intuitive picture is more than a picture, discussing a model of quantum BH somewhat similar to the historical semi-classical model of the structure of a hydrogen atom introduced by Bohr in 1913. Our model has important implications on the BH information puzzle and on the non-strictly random character of Hawking radiation. It is also in perfect agreement with existing results in the literature, starting from the famous result of Bekenstein on the area quantization.
This paper improves, clarifies and finalizes some recent results that, also together with collaborators, we published in various peer reviewed journals.
Preliminary results on the model in this paper have been recently discussed in an Invited Lecture at the 12th International Conference of Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics.
]]> <![CDATA[Black Holes A Model For Superconductors]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0202
2014-10-30 08:21:36Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1410.0202v1 title: Black Holes A Model For Superconductors authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2014-10-30 08:21:36 abstract:
A leading candidate for room temperature superconductors is the copper compound cuprate, but no one knew how cuprates facilitated superconductivity...until some brave souls looked inside a black hole and broke out the string theory to explain how they work.
This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
]]> <![CDATA[Understanding the Balance of Matter and Antimatter in the Universe]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0201
2014-10-30 05:54:06High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1410.0201v1 title: Understanding the Balance of Matter and Antimatter in the Universe authors: George Rajna category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2014-10-30 05:54:06 abstract:
Physicists in the College of Arts and Sciences have made important discoveries regarding Bs meson particles -- something that may explain why the universe contains more matter than antimatter.
Named Ds3*(2860), the particle, a new type of meson, was discovered by analyzing data collected with the LHCb detector at CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The new particle is bound together in a similar way to protons. Due to this similarity, the Warwick researchers argue that scientists will now be able to study the particle to further understand strong interactions.
Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.
]]> <![CDATA[Dark Matter Model by Quantum Vacuum]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0200
2014-10-29 17:40:19Astrophysics reference: viXra:1410.0200v1 title: Dark Matter Model by Quantum Vacuum authors: Manuel Abarca category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2014-10-29 17:40:19 abstract:
The idea of the model is quite simple:
The physical vacuum is a quantum system with a minimum energy when it is in his ground state. When the space has a gravitational field the space state increase his energy levels and the mass of the space begin to increase as well. The mass of the space would be the dark matter (D.M.).
Model refers to the same conception about ‘vacuum’ as the Quantum Electrodynamics (QED), which consider the space full of virtual electrons and virtual positrons. Similarly, the Quantum Chromo Dynamics (QCD) consider the space full of virtual particles, called gluons. Therefore it is easy to think that there is virtual particles which feel the gravitational forces named virtual gravitons.
It is logical to think that the gravitational field excites the vacuum states in a way that “the vacuum would be heavier, the more intense gravitational field”.
The hypothesis of this DM model is that virtual gravitons are Dark Matter.
With this paper, the author try to explain his theory in a qualitative way, because the final theory will be the Quantum gravity (QG) which there is not exist yet.
The paper is organised in four parts:
The first one explain the model theoretically in a simple way because in my opinion the ultimate theory of DM will be explain by the Quantum Gravity.
The second one study the spin speed star on galaxies. It is got the density formula for DM. ? and the formula ? , which connects DM density with intensity field.
The third one explain the coherence between the DM model and experimental evidences known about DM.
The fourth one propose six experimental test to check the model with astronomical measures.
The purpose this paper is to introduce the model. To show a new origin of DM and try to convince the reader that it is worth to check the model with experimental evidences.
]]> <![CDATA[Derivation of the Equation e =mc2 from the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principles]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0199
2014-10-29 18:21:32Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1410.0199v1 title: Derivation of the Equation e =mc2 from the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principles authors: Rodolfo A. Frino category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2014-10-29 18:21:32 abstract:
The present paper is concerned with the derivation of the Einstein's equation of equivalence of mass and energy from the Heisenberg uncertainty relations.
]]> <![CDATA[The Weather of Evolving Stars]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0198
2014-10-29 18:24:25Astrophysics reference: viXra:1410.0198v1 title: The Weather of Evolving Stars authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2014-10-29 18:24:25 abstract:
It is theorized that ancient stars' differentiation (evolution) can be witnessed as basic weather patterns. Weather patterns undergo thermodynamic phase transitions which can be tested in a laboratory environment.
]]> <![CDATA[Identification of Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles in Biological Objects]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0197
2014-10-29 20:34:48Physics of Biology reference: viXra:1410.0197v1 title: Identification of Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles in Biological Objects authors: Duplavyi Illia category: Physics of Biology type: submission date: 2014-10-29 20:34:48 abstract:
The objective of this study was to determine the physical parameters involved in detecting and localizing the magnetic field created by superparamagnetic particles localized on the tumor.
]]> <![CDATA[No Big Bang or Inflation]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0196
2014-10-30 01:24:35Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1410.0196v1 title: No Big Bang or Inflation authors: Rodney Bartlett category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2014-10-30 01:24:35 abstract:
Cosmic inflation is the exponential expansion of space in the early universe. The inflationary epoch lasted from 10^−36 second after the Big Bang to sometime between 10^−33 and 10^−32 second. Following the inflationary period, the universe continues to expand, but at a less accelerated rate. The inflationary hypothesis was developed in the 1980s by physicists Alan Guth and Andrei Linde. It says that, when viewed at scales of billions of light years, the universe is unified to near-uniform temperature and curvature by the whole cosmos having once been small enough for everything to be in contact, then undergoing extremely rapid expansion from a big bang during a period called inflation. If the Big Bang never happened, would the theory of inflation be needed for any reason? Personally, I don't believe the Big Bang happened – and this is why the world doesn’t need any Big Bang(s) or inflation.
]]> <![CDATA[GPU Concept]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0195
2014-10-29 13:29:26Artificial Intelligence reference: viXra:1410.0195v1 title: GPU Concept authors: Wei Wang category: Artificial Intelligence type: submission date: 2014-10-29 13:29:26 abstract:
Graphical Processing Units (GPUs) were originally developed to improve graphical performance of computers. They are structured to handle graphical processes but not the regular daily processes. They contain multiple simple processors with large internal memories. Even though the processors are not as strong as normal CPUs, they can accept some CPU loads and perform them on the graphics cards. Nowadays, a normal CPU has four cores while a graphic card can have up to 1000 processors. nVidia started implementing a common framework for using its graphics cards in complicated processes. In this document we would like to briefly describe the basics of a graphics card, and show some of its applications outside graphical scope.
]]> <![CDATA[Relative Scale Spacetime]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0194
2014-10-30 06:55:05Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1410.0194v2 title: Relative Scale Spacetime authors: D. Chakalov category: Relativity and Cosmology type: replacement date: 2014-10-30 06:55:05 abstract:
Ensuing from the proposals of Plato, Heraclitus and Aristotle, a new theory of spacetime has been suggested. The scope is to reveal the origin of gravity and replace the absolute size of spatial volumes at different length scales by 'relative scale spacetime'.
]]> <![CDATA[Relative Scale Spacetime]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0194
2014-10-29 15:48:55Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1410.0194v1 title: Relative Scale Spacetime authors: D. Chakalov category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2014-10-29 15:48:55 abstract:
Ensuing from the proposals of Plato, Heraclitus and Aristotle, a new theory of spacetime has been suggested. The scope is to reveal the origin of gravity and replace the absolute size of spatial volumes at different length scales by 'relative scale spacetime'.
]]> <![CDATA[High Availability-Aware Optimization Digest for Applications Deployment in Cloud]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0193
2014-10-29 16:10:28Data Structures and Algorithms reference: viXra:1410.0193v1 title: High Availability-Aware Optimization Digest for Applications Deployment in Cloud authors: Manar Jammal, Ali Kanso, Abdallah Shami category: Data Structures and Algorithms type: submission date: 2014-10-29 16:10:28 abstract:
Cloud computing is continuously growing as a
business model for hosting information and communication technology
applications. Although on-demand resource consumption
and faster deployment time make this model appealing for
the enterprise, other concerns arise regarding the quality of
service offered by the cloud. One major concern is the high
availability of applications hosted in the cloud. This paper
demonstrates the tremendous effect that the placement strategy
for virtual machines hosting applications has on the high
availability of the services provided by these applications. In
addition, a novel scheduling technique is presented that takes
into consideration the interdependencies between applications
components and other constraints such as communication delay
tolerance and resource utilization. The problem is formulated
as a linear programming multi-constraint optimization model.
The evaluation results demonstrate that the proposed solution
improves the availability of the scheduled components compared
to OpenStack Nova scheduler.
]]> <![CDATA[Clock Paradox and the Absolute Reference Frame]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0192
2014-10-29 10:26:21Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1410.0192v1 title: Clock Paradox and the Absolute Reference Frame authors: Jaroslav Hynecek category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2014-10-29 10:26:21 abstract:
In this paper it is shown that the well-publicized claim about the Special Relativity Theory, which states that it is not possible, using only arguments contained within the theory, to detect an absolute motion. This is one of the fundamental conclusions of the theory and it is usually considered in connection with the so called Clock Paradox or the Twins’ Paradox. There have been many papers published on this topic with the various proposed resolutions, however, the controversy related to these paradoxes continues to this day. This paper will clearly show that the resolution of the Clock Paradox is related to the clock synchronization procedure and that by introducing an absolute reference frame the paradox can be simply resolved. In addition it will be shown that it is possible to detect the absolute motion of particular reference frames relative to this absolute reference frame.
]]> <![CDATA[Introduction to Ammi Methodology]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0191
2014-10-29 07:37:19Statistics reference: viXra:1410.0191v1 title: Introduction to Ammi Methodology authors: Carlos Tadeu dos Santos Dias, Kuang Hongyu, Lúcio B. Araújo, Maria Joseane C. Silva, Marisol García-Peña, Mirian F. C. Araújo, Priscila N. Faria, Sergio Arciniegas-Alarcón category: Statistics type: submission date: 2014-10-29 07:37:19 abstract:
This work is based on the short course “A Metodologia AMMI: Com Aplicacão ao Melhoramento Genético” taught during the 58a RBRAS and 15o SEAGRO held in Campina Grande - PB and aim to introduce the AMMI method for those that have and no have the mathematical training. We do not intend to submit a detailed work, but the intention is to serve as a light for researchers, graduate and postgraduate students. In other words, is a work to stimulate research and the quest for knowledge in an area of statistical methods. For this propose we make a review about the genotype-by-environment interaction, definition of the AMMI models and some selection criteria and biplot graphic. More details about it can be found in the material produced for the short course.
]]> <![CDATA[A Note on the Global Warming]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0190
2014-10-29 08:03:34Climate Research reference: viXra:1410.0190v1 title: A Note on the Global Warming authors: José Francisco García Juliá category: Climate Research type: submission date: 2014-10-29 08:03:34 abstract:
We think that the so-called global warming would affect mainly to the north hemisphere, because in part it would be produced by the human action in that area.
]]> <![CDATA[Magnetic Measurement Model of Nanoparticle Properties]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0189
2014-10-29 07:18:30Physics of Biology reference: viXra:1410.0189v1 title: Magnetic Measurement Model of Nanoparticle Properties authors: I. Duplavyi category: Physics of Biology type: submission date: 2014-10-29 07:18:30 abstract:
A proposed model describes magnetic field configuration depending on penetration depth of the drug enclosed in a biocompatible form with ferromagnetic material, and surface shape. The model provides more accurate and reliable delivery of nanocomposite, as well as determination of its location in human body. Determination of spatial distribution of nanocomposite will allow calculating the effective dose of its concentration as close as possible for subsequent administration into the object studied.
]]> <![CDATA[The Composition of Ancient Stellar Cores]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0188
2014-10-28 18:07:29Astrophysics reference: viXra:1410.0188v1 title: The Composition of Ancient Stellar Cores authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2014-10-28 18:07:29 abstract:
It is theorized that ancient stellar cores are comprised of two main types of minerals. These minerals are abundant in outer space and fall to the Earth on a regular basis.
]]> <![CDATA[Photomapping Using Aerial Vehicle]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0187
2014-10-28 20:57:03Artificial Intelligence reference: viXra:1410.0187v1 title: Photomapping Using Aerial Vehicle authors: Su Kim category: Artificial Intelligence type: submission date: 2014-10-28 20:57:03 abstract:
Creating a photomap plays a critical rule in navigation. Therefore, flying vehicles are usually used to create topdown maps of the environment. In this report we used two different aerial vehicles to create a map in a simulated environment.
]]> <![CDATA[Where Are the Dark Matter Particles?]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0186
2014-10-29 00:24:19Quantum Gravity and String Theory reference: viXra:1410.0186v1 title: Where Are the Dark Matter Particles? authors: David Brown category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory type: submission date: 2014-10-29 00:24:19 abstract:
Consider the Milgrom Denial Hypothesis: The main problem with string theory is that string theorists fail to realize that Milgrom is the Kepler of contemporary cosmology. Is it possible that Milgrom’s acceleration law is wrong? No, because Milgrom, McGaugh, Kroupa, and Pawlowski have elaborated too much empirical evidence in its favor. There are only 2 possibilities: (1) Newtonian-Einsteinian gravitational theory is 100% correct but appears to be significantly wrong for some unknown reason. (2) Newtonian-Einsteinian gravitational theory really is slightly wrong. Where did Newton go wrong? Lex III: Actioni contrariam semper et æqualem esse reactionem: sive corporum duorum actiones in se mutuo semper esse æquales et in partes contrarias dirigi. To every action there exists a contrary and equal reaction: in other words, the actions of two bodies in relation to each other are always equal and directed in contrary parts. Within the universe to every action there exists a contrary and equal reaction. Newton’s Third Law should perhaps be: Within the multiverse to every action there exists a contrary and equal reaction provided that the action and the reaction are both confined to one particular universe. In other words, I suggest that Newton and Einstein made the mistake of assuming that gravitational energy is conserved. Start with Kepler’s laws and follow Newton’s reasoning with the removal of the assumption that gravitational energy is conserved. The result is not F = G * m1 * m2 / r^2 but instead F = ((1 – 2 * D-M-C-C)^–1) * G * m1 * m2 / r^2 , where D-M-C-C = dark-matter-compensation-constant = 0 if gravitational energy is conserved, > 0 if gravitational energy is unexpectedly large, and < 0 if gravitational energy in unexpectedly small. In the standard form of Einstein’s field equations replace the –1/2 by –1/2 + dark-matter-compensation-constant to get the alleged Fernández-Rañada-Milgrom effect, where the constant is approximated sqrt((60±10)/4) * 10^–5.
]]> <![CDATA[Music Collection: In the world (1)]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0185
2014-10-29 04:35:12Education and Didactics reference: viXra:1410.0185v1 title: Music Collection: In the world (1) authors: Cheng Tianren category: Education and Didactics type: submission date: 2014-10-29 04:35:12 abstract:
this is a music work of Professor Jeff, which collect 49 songs associated with 49 lyrical stories. In the first part, we select 16 music pieces of them to describe the growth experience of Jeff.
on the other hand, this is not only a music composition, it is also suitable for music education.
]]> <![CDATA[Relativistic Approach to Circular Motion and Solution to Sagnac Effect]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0184
2014-10-28 10:22:16Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1410.0184v1 title: Relativistic Approach to Circular Motion and Solution to Sagnac Effect authors: Yang-Ho Choi category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2014-10-28 10:22:16 abstract:
The Sagnac effect could not have been exactly explained with consistency under the theory of special relativity (TSR). The conundrum of TSR has been completely solved fully in the relativistic context. Special relativity is reformulated without the postulates of the relativity principle and the light velocity constancy, employing a complex Euclidean space (CES), which is an extension of Euclidean space from the real number to the complex number. In the reformulation, the relativity in the representation and the light velocity constancy are obtained as properties that isotropic space-time spaces have. The coordinate systems each have perpendicular axes in CES and the relativistic transformation has the form of rotation. These characteristics of the formulation pave the way for the relativistic approach to circular motion. The relativistic transformation from the inertial frame to the circular frame is shown to have the same representation as that from the circular to the inertial, which implies that circular motions can be described relative to linear motions and vice versa. The difference between the arrival times of two light beams in the Sagnac experiment can be exactly found by the circular approach presented, which shows that the non-relativistic and relativistic analysis results are the same within a first order approximation. The circular approach can also be applied to the analysis of the Hafele–Keating (HK) experiment. The analysis of Hafele and Keating appears to exploit the results of this paper, though circular motions were treated as liner motions. The relativistic approach for circular motion, which is formulated without any postulates, can lead to propound understanding of relativity and true space-time spaces. These issues are examined.
]]> <![CDATA[Elucidation of the Mystery of the Number Resulting from the Ratio of the Gravitational Force to the Electrical Force Between Two Electrons]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0183
2014-10-28 08:40:25Classical Physics reference: viXra:1410.0183v1 title: Elucidation of the Mystery of the Number Resulting from the Ratio of the Gravitational Force to the Electrical Force Between Two Electrons authors: Riad Boudellioua category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2014-10-28 08:40:25 abstract:
In this letter I present an unprecedented numeric result in fundamental physics which is very easy to verify.It is the elucidation of the mystery of the number resulting from the ratio of the gravitational force to the electrical force between two electrons.
]]> <![CDATA[Comment on ``backreaction of Hawking Radiation on a Gravitationally Collapsing Star I: Black Holes?'']]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0182
2014-10-28 05:46:57Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1410.0182v1 title: Comment on ``backreaction of Hawking Radiation on a Gravitationally Collapsing Star I: Black Holes?'' authors: Dmitri Martila category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2014-10-28 05:46:57 abstract:
I present objections against the statement of the popular press ``Big Bang was not, and black holes do not exist - proved mathematically''. Sadly, but this was deduced from Houghton paper, which has different value.
]]> <![CDATA[The Participator Model]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0181
2014-10-28 06:17:46Quantum Gravity and String Theory reference: viXra:1410.0181v1 title: The Participator Model authors: Robert A. Herrmann category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory type: submission date: 2014-10-28 06:17:46 abstract:
In this article, the formal definition for the participator model is given. This solves the participator requirement for the General Grand Unification Problem. This is the participator aspect for the generation of universes via the GGU-model cosmogony schemes. It is shown to be representable as a finite meet semi-lattice with lower unit.
]]> <![CDATA[Black Hole Poly-Entanglement Using a Nonsingular Model]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0179
2014-10-27 20:20:46Astrophysics reference: viXra:1410.0179v1 title: Black Hole Poly-Entanglement Using a Nonsingular Model authors: Ben Steber category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2014-10-27 20:20:46 abstract:
The geometry of the Einstein-Rosen bridge presents the possibility of entanglement of nonlocal black hole event horizons. The historical difficulty in the nature of these hypersurface bridges has been singularity which was shown to destabilize the spacetime throat, preventing their prolonged existence. Singularity is based upon the Eddington-Finkelstein coordinate system and is exclusively reliant upon such a transformation of the Schwarzschild metric to be viable. Comparisons between specially and generally relativistic event horizons can demonstrate that such a transformation is not necessary to define a gravitationally bound event horizon and that a field free of singularity may yield negatively curved hypersurface geometry unbounded by eminent singularity collapse. The concept of quantum foam when applied to the principle of the Einstein-Rosen bridge may produce multiple hypersurfaces from a single such black hole. This bears the possibility that Poly-Entanglement may occur between clusters of black holes. Such physical behavior, while beyond conventional detection shows potential as an explanation for the galactic clustering and rotation behavior currently thought to be the result of dark matter.
]]> <![CDATA[Contamination of Food Chain by Lead from Bone Processing Industry in India]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0178
2014-10-27 22:01:01Biochemistry reference: viXra:1410.0178v1 title: Contamination of Food Chain by Lead from Bone Processing Industry in India authors: VT Padmanabhan, Joseph Makkolil category: Biochemistry type: submission date: 2014-10-27 22:01:01 abstract:
Amaranth grown using the solid waste from a gelatine factory as manure in an experiment conducted by the Kerala Agricultural University had 1085 mg/kg of Pb, 200,000 times the benchmark dose level for developmental neuro-toxicity. The sludge has since been approved and is being marketed as organic manure. This has serious implications for the food safety and public health at a national level.
]]> <![CDATA[Some Call The Consequences Of Quantum Gravity Supernatural But It’s Merely Nature We Have Not Discovered Yet]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0177
2014-10-30 06:33:14Quantum Gravity and String Theory reference: viXra:1410.0177v2 title: Some Call The Consequences Of Quantum Gravity Supernatural But It’s Merely Nature We Have Not Discovered Yet authors: Rodney Bartlett category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory type: replacement date: 2014-10-30 06:33:14 abstract:
The Illustris supercomputer simulation of the universe models a huge chunk of the universe: a cube 350 million light years across, and home to tens of thousands of galaxies. The computer’s simulations are extraordinarily similar to images by the Hubble Space Telescope. It’s been said that Illustris shows we do now understand the basics of how our universe evolved. The extraordinary similarity does not show we understand the basics. If the universe is represented as the numeral 1, there's more than one way to arrive at that number e.g. 2-1 or 3-2. Illustris takes one way, this article takes a different approach. Both can describe the cosmos but since the cosmos only has one history, both cannot be correct. Nevertheless, "Quantum Gravity Personalized" does say that the universe is indeed a computer simulation. This sounds outrageous, perhaps it would be better to say "an outgrowth of computer simulation". This is explained throughout the article, as are original interpretations of the basics (including the universe, string theory, gravity, computer science, topology, wave-particle duality, the wave function of the universe, the Holographic Quantum Model, and the Unified Field with its application not just in mathematics but also in human activities).
This article provides answers to the questions of what dark energy and dark matter are. It also links dark energy to gravitation, and gravity to mass (as the producer, not the product, of mass); as well as linking gravity to creation of black holes, and of electromagnetism and the nuclear forces. The end result is an original picture of everything cosmological, from the overall universe of space-time to the quantum world of string theory. The picture is developed from experiments as well as theory; and is of a universe that is fundamentally mathematical and electronic. The paper explains time travel to the past, giving it practical use and providing an alternative to the 3 concepts of a “primordial soup” creating life (evolution explains adaptations, not origins), a supernatural God and the multiverse. It culminates in a section about Special Relativity, General Relativity and E=mc^2 confirming this and previous papers’ ideas regarding speed, light, motion, mass, division by zero, gravity both repelling and attracting, the Higgs field and boson, and even entanglement on both quantum and macroscopic scales. At the very end is the outline of an idea for further investigation – an idea about accessing and manipulating a 5th-dimensional hyperspace, which includes another time dimension, that draws on prior comments (whether the comment be a sentence, a figure or an equation). And for those who aren’t afraid to speculate - the development of an all-powerful, all-knowing, omnipresent human body composed of photons and gravitons, and quantum entangled with every point in space-time is going to be proposed, for the purpose of overcoming the limits of biological bodies – or biological bodies incorporating computer and robotic systems.
]]> <![CDATA[Some Call The Consequences Of Quantum Gravity Supernatural But It’s Merely Nature We Have Not Discovered Yet]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0177
2014-10-28 02:57:04General Science and Philosophy reference: viXra:1410.0177v1 title: Some Call The Consequences Of Quantum Gravity Supernatural But It’s Merely Nature We Have Not Discovered Yet authors: Rodney Bartlett category: General Science and Philosophy type: submission date: 2014-10-28 02:57:04 abstract:
The Illustris supercomputer simulation of the universe models a huge chunk of the universe: a cube 350 million light years across, and home to tens of thousands of galaxies. The computer’s simulations are extraordinarily similar to images by the Hubble Space Telescope. It’s been said that Illustris shows we do now understand the basics of how our universe evolved. The extraordinary similarity does not show we understand the basics. If the universe is represented as the numeral 1, there's more than one way to arrive at that number e.g. 2-1 or 3-2. Illustris takes one way, this article takes a different approach. Both can describe the cosmos but since the cosmos only has one history, both cannot be correct. Nevertheless, "Quantum Gravity Personalized" (my article's former title) does say that the universe is indeed a computer simulation. This sounds outrageous, perhaps it would be better to say "an outgrowth of computer simulation". This is explained throughout the article, as are original interpretations of the basics (including the universe, string theory, gravity, computer science, topology, wave-particle duality, the wave function of the universe, the Holographic Quantum Model, and the Unified Field with its application not just in mathematics but also in human activities).
This article is a summary, and partial revision, of ideas in my previous articles on the vixra.org ePrint archive (hopefully, all previous errors have been detected and corrected). It provides answers to the questions of what dark energy and dark matter are. It also links dark energy to gravitation, and gravity to mass (as the producer, not the product, of mass); as well as linking gravity to creation of black holes, and of electromagnetism and the nuclear forces. The end result is an original picture of everything cosmological, from the overall universe of space-time to the quantum world of string theory. The picture is developed from experiments as well as theory; and is of a universe that is fundamentally mathematical and electronic. The paper explains time travel to the past, giving it practical use and providing an alternative to the 3 concepts of a “primordial soup” creating life (evolution explains adaptations, not origins), a supernatural God and the multiverse. It culminates in a section about Special Relativity and General Relativity confirming this and previous papers’ ideas regarding speed, light, motion, mass, division by zero, gravity both repelling and attracting, the Higgs field and boson, and even entanglement on both quantum and macroscopic scales. At the very end is the outline of an idea for further investigation – an idea about accessing and manipulating a 5th-dimensional hyperspace, which includes another time dimension, that draws on prior comments (whether the comment be a sentence, a figure or an equation). And for those who aren’t afraid to speculate - the development of an all-powerful, all-knowing, omnipresent human body composed of photons and gravitons, and quantum entangled with every point in space-time is going to be proposed, for the purpose of overcoming the limits of biological bodies – or biological bodies incorporating computer and robotic systems.
]]> <![CDATA[Some Alternative Possibilities in Cosmology]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0176
2014-10-28 04:51:33Astrophysics reference: viXra:1410.0176v1 title: Some Alternative Possibilities in Cosmology authors: Hasmukh K. Tank category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2014-10-28 04:51:33 abstract:
The observations of: Paal (1992), Perlmutter(1999) and Riess (1998) led to the possibility of accelerated expansion of the universe and the ‘dark energy’, but after fifteen years of search no trace of ‘dark energy’ is observed ; so this is time we start considering alternative possibilities of interpretations of the observations. Some arguments and alternative interpretations considered here include: (i) If the expansion of space can stretch the wavelength of the photon, then its gradual entry from expanding extra-galactic space into the non-expanded space within our milky-way galaxy should shrink the wavelength of the photon back to its original length. (ii) According to Einstein, if photons are point particles then expansion of space should only increase the path-length of photons without reducing their energy. (iii) The ‘cosmic-coincidence’, that the ratio of radius-of-the-universe and classical-radius-of-the-electron, and ratio of ‘total-mass-of-the-universe’ and ‘mass-of-the-proton’, matching strikingly with the ratio of electric-forces and gravitational forces, has happened only in the current epoch, is a very-very improbable coincidence; raising doubt about expansion of the universe (iv) the ratio of: energy lost by the cosmologically red shifted photons and the electrostatic potential energy lost by the electron at that distance is directly proportional to the strength-ratio of gravitational and electric forces. Can the big-bang be so precise? (iv) Cumulative phase alteration of galactic light passing through cosmic microwave background.
]]> <![CDATA[The Evolution of the Universe and Its Inevitable Consequences for Humanity as a Species of Intelligent Civilization on Planet Earth]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0175
2014-10-27 10:58:33Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1410.0175v1 title: The Evolution of the Universe and Its Inevitable Consequences for Humanity as a Species of Intelligent Civilization on Planet Earth authors: V.B. Smolenskii category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2014-10-27 10:58:33 abstract:
in the article, within the Pi-Theory of fundamental physical constants, the theoretical basis and experimental evidence of the author's perspective on the mechanism of the process is exactly the evolution of the Universe, and not the dynamics of the process of changing its parameters. Given the formula for the criterion of the existence of extraterrestrial civilizations earth group that significantly narrow your search protein intelligent life on exoplanets.
]]> <![CDATA[Solving Diophantine Equations]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0174
2014-10-27 11:29:15Number Theory reference: viXra:1410.0174v1 title: Solving Diophantine Equations authors: Octavian Cira, Florentin Smarandache category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2014-10-27 11:29:15 abstract:
In this book a multitude of Diophantine equations and their partial or complete solutions are presented. How should we solve, for example, the equation
η(π(x)) = π(η(x)), where η is the Smarandache function and π is Riemann function
of counting the number of primes up to x, in the set of natural numbers?
If an analytical method is not available, an idea would be to recall the empirical search for solutions. We establish a domain of searching for the solutions and then we check all possible situations, and of course we retain among them only those solutions that verify our equation.
In other words, we say that the equation does not have solutions in the search domain, or the equation has n solutions in this domain. This mode of solving is called partial resolution. Partially solving a Diophantine equation may be a good start for a complete solving of the problem.
The authors have identified 62 Diophantine equations that impose such approach and they partially solved them. For an efficient resolution it was necessarily that they have constructed many useful ”tools” for partially solving the
Diophantine equations into a reasonable time.
The computer programs as tools were written in Mathcad, because this is
a good mathematical software where many mathematical functions are implemented. Transposing the programs into another computer language is facile, and such algorithms can be turned to account on other calculation systems with various processors.
]]> <![CDATA[On Quasi-Normal Modes, Area Quantization and Bohr Correspondence Principle]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0173
2014-10-27 12:00:49Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1410.0173v1 title: On Quasi-Normal Modes, Area Quantization and Bohr Correspondence Principle authors: Christian Corda category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2014-10-27 12:00:49 abstract:
In Int. Journ. Mod. Phys. D 14, 181 (2005) Khriplovich verbatim claims that “the correspondence principle does not dictate any relation between the asymptotics of quasinormal modes and the spectrum of quantized black holes” and that “this belief is in conflict with simple physical arguments”. In this paper we stress that Khriplovich's criticisms work only for the original proposal by Hod, while they do not work for the improvements suggested by Maggiore and recently finalized by the author and collaborators through a connection between Hawking radiation and black hole (BH) quasi-normal modes (QNMs). Thus, QNMs can be really interpreted as BH quantum levels.
]]> <![CDATA[Ai Carte, ai cu ce Să te ştergi la Fund! Folclor Umoristic Internetist (Vol. Xi)]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0172
2014-10-27 12:10:27Linguistics reference: viXra:1410.0172v1 title: Ai Carte, ai cu ce Să te ştergi la Fund! Folclor Umoristic Internetist (Vol. Xi) authors: editor Florentin Smarandache category: Linguistics type: submission date: 2014-10-27 12:10:27 abstract:
Bancuri, folclor in general, imagini colorate.
]]> <![CDATA[Stellar Electrochemistry]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0171
2014-10-27 07:28:17Astrophysics reference: viXra:1410.0171v1 title: Stellar Electrochemistry authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2014-10-27 07:28:17 abstract:
It is proposed that stars are electrochemical in nature, not thermonuclear
]]> <![CDATA[Life Without a General Center]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0170
2014-10-31 01:35:20General Science and Philosophy reference: viXra:1410.0170v2 title: Life Without a General Center authors: R. V. Klinkerman category: General Science and Philosophy type: replacement date: 2014-10-31 01:35:20 abstract:
In articles of the author [2], [3] the version of organization of life when it to a
great extent is operated and provided from the center of Earth was offered to
consideration. In present article the alternative version when life has no an operating
center and represents network structure is considered. Given article is extension and
expansion of article of the author « Essence of life » [1].
Keywords: information, adaptation, evolution, activity, creation, beginning of
life, centralization, a state, bacteria.
]]> <![CDATA[Life Without a General Center]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0170
2014-10-27 04:18:16General Science and Philosophy reference: viXra:1410.0170v1 title: Life Without a General Center authors: R. V. Klinkerman category: General Science and Philosophy type: submission date: 2014-10-27 04:18:16 abstract:
In articles of the author [2], [3] the version of organization of life when it to a
great extent is operated and provided from the center of Earth was offered to
consideration. In present article the alternative version when life has no an operating
center and represents network structure is considered. Given article is extension and
expansion of article of the author « Essence of life » [1].
Keywords: information, adaptation, evolution, activity, creation, beginning of
life, centralization, a state, bacteria.
]]> <![CDATA[New Research on Neutrosophic Algebraic Structures]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0169
2014-10-26 14:52:01Algebra reference: viXra:1410.0169v1 title: New Research on Neutrosophic Algebraic Structures authors: Mumtaz Ali, Florentin Smarandache, Muhammad Shabir category: Algebra type: submission date: 2014-10-26 14:52:01 abstract:
In this book, we define several new neutrosophic algebraic structures and their related properties. The main focus of this book is to study the important class of neutrosophic rings such as neutrosophic LA-semigroup ring, neutrosophic loop ring, neutrosophic groupoid ring and so on. We also construct their generalization in each case to study these neutrosophic algebraic structures in a broader sense. The indeterminacy element “I“ gives rise to a bigger algebraic structure than the classical algebraic structures. It mainly classifies the algebraic structures in three categories such as: neutrosophic algebraic structures, strong neutrosophic algebraic structures, and classical algebraic structures respectively. This reveals the fact that a classic algebraic structure is a part of the neutrosophic algebraic structures. This opens a new way for the researcher to think in a broader way to visualize these vast neutrosophic algebraic structures.
]]> <![CDATA[Energy in the Universe and its Syntropic Forms of Existence According to the BSM - Supergravitation Unified Theory]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0168
2014-10-26 21:35:19General Science and Philosophy reference: viXra:1410.0168v2 title: Energy in the Universe and its Syntropic Forms of Existence According to the BSM - Supergravitation Unified Theory authors: Stoyan Sarg Sargoytchev category: General Science and Philosophy type: replacement date: 2014-10-26 21:35:19 abstract:
According to the BSM- Supergravitation Unified Theory (BSM-SG), the energy is indispensable feature of matter, while the matter possesses hierarchical levels of organization. The physical vacuum according to BSM-SG possesses underlying organized structure called a Cosmic Lattice. It contains two types of energies: a Static one, that is enormous but not electromagnetic and a dynamic one - connected to electricity and magnetism. At the upper levels of matter organization is the atomic energy, followed by the chemical energy. The next upper level is the energy of the biomolecules, including the DNA and the proteins. They can store energy as rotating quantum states in rings of atoms. A detailed hypothesis about such a feature was previously published in http://vixra.org/abs/1307.0059. When the stored in such way energy is released it may form rings of entangled photons circulating in a localized space volume. This envisioned upper energy level is able to store information, so it is called an information field. Based on the properties of the photons to preserve their energy, the information field should be stable.
]]> <![CDATA[Energy in the Universe and its Syntropic Forms of Existence According to the BSM - Supergravitation Unified Theory]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0168
2014-10-26 20:26:45General Science and Philosophy reference: viXra:1410.0168v1 title: Energy in the Universe and its Syntropic Forms of Existence According to the BSM - Supergravitation Unified Theory authors: Stoyan Sarg Sargoytchev category: General Science and Philosophy type: submission date: 2014-10-26 20:26:45 abstract:
According to the BSM- Supergravitation Unified Theory (BSM-SG), the energy is indispensable feature of matter, while the matter possesses hierarchical levels of organization. The physical vacuum according to BSM-SG possesses underlying organized structure called a Cosmic Lattice. It contains two types of energies: a Static one, that is enormous but not electromagnetic and a dynamic one - connected to electricity and magnetism. At the upper levels of matter organization is the atomic energy, followed by the chemical energy. The next upper level is the energy of the biomolecules, including the DNA and the proteins. They can store energy as rotating quantum states in rings of atoms. A detailed hypothesis about such a feature was previously published in http://vixra.org/abs/1307.0059. When the stored in such way energy is released it may form rings of entangled photons circulating in a localized space volume. This envisioned upper energy level is able to store information, so it is called an information field. Based on the properties of the photons to preserve their energy, the information field should be stable.
]]> <![CDATA[A Review of Soliton Solution of Sine-Gordon Model of DNA]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0167
2014-10-29 00:27:10Physics of Biology reference: viXra:1410.0167v2 title: A Review of Soliton Solution of Sine-Gordon Model of DNA authors: Victor Christianto, Yunita Umniyati category: Physics of Biology type: replacement date: 2014-10-29 00:27:10 abstract:
There are many models of DNA, both the linear ones and the nonlinear ones. One interesting model in this regard is the sine-Gordon model of DNA as proposed by Salerno. It belongs to nonlinear model of DNA which is close to realistic model. Here we discuss a graphical plot of soliton solution of such a sine-Gordon model of DNA.
]]> <![CDATA[Soliton Solution of Sine-Gordon Model of DNA]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0167
2014-10-26 22:13:18Physics of Biology reference: viXra:1410.0167v1 title: Soliton Solution of Sine-Gordon Model of DNA authors: Victor Christianto, Yunita Umniyati category: Physics of Biology type: submission date: 2014-10-26 22:13:18 abstract:
There are many models of DNA, both the linear ones and the nonlinear ones. One interesting model in this regard is the sine-Gordon model of DNA. It belongs to nonlinear model of DNA which is close to realistic model. Here we discuss a graphical plot of soliton solution of such a sine-Gordon model of DNA.
]]> <![CDATA[An Electron Model that Helps Explain the Transition from a Photon to a Fermion State of Matter]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0165
2014-10-26 12:07:14Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1410.0165v1 title: An Electron Model that Helps Explain the Transition from a Photon to a Fermion State of Matter authors: D. Bowen, R. Mulkern category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2014-10-26 12:07:14 abstract:
This is a classically based rotating charge loop model of an electron which explains the electron’s de Broglie base frequency to an accuracy of over 6 decimal places. The model also predicts the magnetic moment of the electron to over 6 decimal places and helps explain the transition from a purely electromagnetic photon to a fermion state of matter. The model also explains how charge and spin are conserved in the transition. Finally, this concept might be extended to explain the Tau and Muon higher energy states of the electron as well.
]]> <![CDATA[A Possible Explanation for Anomalous Heat Production in Ni-H Systems]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0164
2014-10-26 12:24:58Nuclear and Atomic Physics reference: viXra:1410.0164v1 title: A Possible Explanation for Anomalous Heat Production in Ni-H Systems authors: Fran De Aquino category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics type: submission date: 2014-10-26 12:24:58 abstract:
Anomalous heat production has been detected in Ni-H Systems. Several evidences point to the occurrence of nuclear fusion reactions. A possible explanation for this phenomenon is shown here based on the recent discovery that electromagnetic fields of extremely-low frequencies (ELF) can increase the intensities of gravitational forces. Under certain circumstances, the intensities of gravitational forces can even overcome the intensity of the electrostatic repulsion forces, and, in this way, produce nuclear fusion reactions, without need high temperatures for these reactions occur.
]]> <![CDATA[Quantum Effects Stop the Formation of Black Holes?]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0162
2014-10-26 13:19:25Astrophysics reference: viXra:1410.0162v1 title: Quantum Effects Stop the Formation of Black Holes? authors: George Rajna category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2014-10-26 13:19:25 abstract:
New Research Mathematically Proves Quantum Effects Stop the Formation of Black Holes. By merging two seemingly conflicting theories, Laura Mersini-Houghton, a physics professor at UNC-Chapel Hill in the College of Arts and Sciences, has proven, mathematically, that black holes can never come into being in the first place. The works not only forces scientists to reimagining the fabric of space-time, but also rethink the origins of the universe.
Considering the positive logarithmic values as the measure of entropy and the negative logarithmic values as the measure of information we get the Information – Entropy Theory of Physics, used first as the model of the computer chess program built in the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
Applying this model to physics we have an understanding of the perturbation theory of the QED and QCD as the Information measure of Physics. We have an insight to the current research of Quantum Information Science. The generalization of the Weak Interaction shows the arrow of time in the associate research fields of the biophysics and others. We discuss also the event horizon of the Black Holes, closing the information inside.
]]>