viXra.org e-printsPreprints from viXra.org site
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Mon Aug 20 11:33:41 BST 2018Mon Aug 20 11:33:41 BST 2018<![CDATA[Charged Biomolecules]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0297
2018-08-19 07:56:01Physics of Biology reference: viXra:1808.0297v1 title: Charged Biomolecules authors: George Rajna category: Physics of Biology type: submission date: 2018-08-19 07:56:01 abstract:
In clinical diagnostics, it is critical to monitor biomolecules in a simple, rapid and sensitive way. [31] Researchers at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum have discovered why bioelectrodes containing the photosynthesis protein complex photosystem I are not stable in the long term. [30] Molecules that are involved in photosynthesis exhibit the same quantum effects as non-living matter, concludes an international team of scientists including University of Groningen theoretical physicist Thomas la Cour Jansen. [29] Nanoparticles derived from tea leaves inhibit the growth of lung cancer cells, destroying up to 80% of them, new research by a joint Swansea University and Indian team has shown. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20]
]]> <![CDATA[Audiovisual Emotion Recognition]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0296
2018-08-19 08:58:05Mind Science reference: viXra:1808.0296v1 title: Audiovisual Emotion Recognition authors: George Rajna category: Mind Science type: submission date: 2018-08-19 08:58:05 abstract:
Researchers at Orange Labs and Normandie University have developed a novel deep neural model for audiovisual emotion recognition that performs well with small training sets. [35] We have a 'thirst for knowledge' but sometime 'ignorance is bliss', so how do we choose between these two mind states at any given time? [34] Brain-machine interfaces provide one way to connect with this puzzling organ system, including the brain. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32] UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25]
]]> <![CDATA[Implementing Green Certifications (ISO14001 and EMAS) in AVANI Central]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0295
2018-08-19 09:07:23General Science and Philosophy reference: viXra:1808.0295v1 title: Implementing Green Certifications (ISO14001 and EMAS) in AVANI Central authors: Sahan Fernando category: General Science and Philosophy type: submission date: 2018-08-19 09:07:23 abstract:
Study Structure
First a review of the extent literature on environmental management will be developed, focusing on
EMAS and ISO14001 in the hospitality industry, the stakeholder’s role in ensuring environmental
management and challenges of implementing environment certifications. Then the method will be
used in the analysis of the study can be outlined. The data obtained address the extent to which the
findings show support for the study objectives and aim and suggestions for hoteliers will be
established. Lastly conclusions can be discussed and limitations and some suggestions for future.
Study aims
The aim of this study is to explore the implementation of green practices in the Hotel AVANI and
investigate the benefits that the hotel can obtain from implementing certifications such as the
ISO14001 and EMAS.
]]> <![CDATA[Nash Embedding and Equilibrium in Pure Quantums States]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0294
2018-08-19 09:44:30Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1808.0294v1 title: Nash Embedding and Equilibrium in Pure Quantums States authors: Faisal Shah Khan, Travis S. Humble category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2018-08-19 09:44:30 abstract:
With respect to probabilistic mixtures of the strategies in non-cooperative games, quantum game theory provides guarantee of fixed-point stability, the so-called Nash equilibrium. This permits players to choose mixed quantum strategies that prepare mixed quantum states optimally under constraints. We show here that fixed-point stability of Nash equilibrium can also be guaranteed for pure quantum strategies via an application of the Nash embedding theorem, permitting players to prepare pure quantum states optimally under constraints.
]]> <![CDATA[Compiling Adiabatic Quantum Programs]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0293
2018-08-19 10:44:27Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1808.0293v1 title: Compiling Adiabatic Quantum Programs authors: Faisal Shah Khan, Nada Elsokkary, Travis S. Humble category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2018-08-19 10:44:27 abstract:
We develop a non-cooperative game-theoretic model for the problem of graph minor-embedding to show that optimal compiling of adiabatic quantum programs in the sense of Nash equilibrium is possible.
]]> <![CDATA[The Foundations of the Universe-the Laws of Time and Space.]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0292
2018-08-19 09:55:22Classical Physics reference: viXra:1808.0292v1 title: The Foundations of the Universe-the Laws of Time and Space. authors: royan rosche category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2018-08-19 09:55:22 abstract:
The Sun shows you its Space by its curve, that is, its spherical motion, it is following its own curvature of Space and in doing so creates Time. Space-Time is mapped out by the Sun itself and this is the VERY FOUNDATIONS OF REALITY. Space itself cannot be seen directly, only by what it holds can you know what it does. Listen, for this is the key to the Quantum, to find yourself in Space you must stop moving because your constant motion-Space alludes you, in order to be found you must stop. You motion spreads you across Space thus you are unable to be in one location and cannot be found, you remain undetectable. Only by Measuring via Observation can particles be seen.
]]> <![CDATA[Quantum Field Theory Explains the Accelerated Expansion of the Universe.]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0291
2018-08-19 11:05:44Quantum Gravity and String Theory reference: viXra:1808.0291v1 title: Quantum Field Theory Explains the Accelerated Expansion of the Universe. authors: Elkin Igor category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory type: submission date: 2018-08-19 11:05:44 abstract:
Expansion of the universe by Hubble, allows you to calculate the expansion at a minimum distance. This leads to the fact that the limiting speed of information transfer varies depending on the distance and depending on the local site in question. This gives a different interaction when the particles are repelled from each other and when they are attracted. This leads to the appearance of a nonzero residual interaction. And this leads to an explanation of the accelerated expansion.
]]> <![CDATA[AI for the Film Industry]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0290
2018-08-19 11:43:08Artificial Intelligence reference: viXra:1808.0290v1 title: AI for the Film Industry authors: George Rajna category: Artificial Intelligence type: submission date: 2018-08-19 11:43:08 abstract:
Researchers have developed a system using artificial intelligence that can edit the facial expressions of actors to accurately match dubbed voices, saving time and reducing costs for the film industry. [30] Computer scientists in Australia teamed up with an expert in the University of Toronto's department of English to design an algorithm that writes poetry following the rules of rhyme and metre. [29] For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. [28] AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes—he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20]
]]> <![CDATA[Virtual Reality for Real-World Literacy]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0289
2018-08-19 12:02:33Artificial Intelligence reference: viXra:1808.0289v1 title: Virtual Reality for Real-World Literacy authors: George Rajna category: Artificial Intelligence type: submission date: 2018-08-19 12:02:33 abstract:
Virtual reality is moving beyond purely entertainment to become a potential tool in improving literacy, and the University of Otago is behind one groundbreaking approach. [31] Researchers have developed a system using artificial intelligence that can edit the facial expressions of actors to accurately match dubbed voices, saving time and reducing costs for the film industry. [30] Computer scientists in Australia teamed up with an expert in the University of Toronto's department of English to design an algorithm that writes poetry following the rules of rhyme and metre. [29] For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. [28] AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes—he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21]
]]> <![CDATA[Removing Waste Heat, Improving Efficiency of Power Generation]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0288
2018-08-19 16:44:01Thermodynamics and Energy reference: viXra:1808.0288v1 title: Removing Waste Heat, Improving Efficiency of Power Generation authors: Julian Juhi-Lian Juhi-Lian category: Thermodynamics and Energy type: submission date: 2018-08-19 16:44:01 abstract:
Two methods to remove unnecessary heat through radiation to increase the efficiency of power plants are proposed: Firstly, special materials are used to improve the heat radiation for those power plants that requires heat conversion is mentioned; secondly, a frequency-separation method using nano-particles to increase the efficiency of solar cells is introduced. We propose also the best nanoparticle shape for the second method through light
harvestor designs of bacteria.
]]> <![CDATA[Update the Path Integral in Quantum Mechanics by Using the Energy Pipe Streamline]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0287
2018-08-19 18:13:25Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1808.0287v1 title: Update the Path Integral in Quantum Mechanics by Using the Energy Pipe Streamline authors: Shuang-ren Zhao category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2018-08-19 18:13:25 abstract:
The path integral in quantum mechanics is a very important mathematical tools. It is widely applied in quantum electrodynamics and quantum field theory. But its basic concepts confuse all of us. The first thing is the propagation of the probability. The second is the path can be any paths you can draw. How this can work? In this article, a new definition of energy pipe streamline integral is introduced in which the mutual energy theorem and the mutual energy flow theorem, mutual energy principle, self-energy principle, Huygens principle, and surface integral inner product of the electromagnetic fields are applied to offer a meaningful and upgraded path integral. The mutual energy flow is the energy flow from the emitter to the absorber. This energy flow is built by the retarded wave radiates from the emitter and the advanced wave radiates from the absorber. The mutual energy flow theorem guarantees that the energy go through any surface between the emitter and the absorber are all equal. This allow us to build many slender flow pipes to describe the energy flow. The path integral can be defined on these pipes. This is a updated path integral is referred as the energy pip streamline integral. The Huygens principle allow us to insert virtual current sources on any place of the pipes. Self-energy principle tell us that any particles are consist of 4 waves: the retarded wave, the advanced wave and another two time-reversal waves. All these waves are canceled and hence the waves do not carry or transfer any energy. Energy is only carried and transferred by the mutual energy flow. Hence the mutual energy flow theorem is actually the energy flow theorem. Wave looks like probability wave, but mutual energy flow are real energy flow is not a probability flow. In this article the streamline integral is applied to electromagnetic field or photon or other particle for example electrons.
]]> <![CDATA[En:primes in Arithmetic Progression#largest Known Primes in ap]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0286
2018-08-19 22:31:41Data Structures and Algorithms reference: viXra:1808.0286v1 title: En:primes in Arithmetic Progression#largest Known Primes in ap authors: Terence Chi-Shen Tao category: Data Structures and Algorithms type: submission date: 2018-08-19 22:31:41 abstract:
According to the Green-Tao theorem that a small number of sequences contains an isoquant sequence of arbitrary length
The isometric sequence is infinite
And in such a structure, p = np
]]> <![CDATA[A Revised Formulation of Maxwell's Equations]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0285
2018-08-20 00:07:25Classical Physics reference: viXra:1808.0285v1 title: A Revised Formulation of Maxwell's Equations authors: Krishna Srinivasan category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2018-08-20 00:07:25 abstract:
In 1864, James Clerk Maxwell formulated a set of electromagnetic equations to describe the interactions between electric and magnetic fields, now known as Maxwell's equations in his honor. In this paper, using a simple thought experiment, it will be proven that Faraday's law must be revised to correctly describe the relation of the electric field generated from a time-varying magnetic field in a medium, whose relative permittivity is not unity. Ampere's law will also be modified to reflect the change in Faraday's law. Additional changes will be made to
adhere the equations to the law of conservation of energy. The new set of electromagnetic equations not only does not conflict with the existing formulation, but also includes a previously unaccounted relation of a non-Ohmic current, and its generation of the magnetic field.
]]> <![CDATA[Discovery of the Prime Number Equation]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0284
2018-08-20 01:46:43Number Theory reference: viXra:1808.0284v1 title: Discovery of the Prime Number Equation authors: toshiro takami category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2018-08-20 01:46:43 abstract:
【Abstract】
I found a prime number equation. All prime numbers except 2 and 3 are expressed by the following formula.
(a = positive integer, t = prime number) For other positive integers, t is an irrational number. As an exception, This generates all prime numbers except 2 and 3, but also generates a composite number of prime numbers. The composite number of the prime has regularity.
]]> <![CDATA[Analysis of Muon Count Variations According to Detector's Measuring Scale]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0283
2018-08-20 02:47:33High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1808.0283v1 title: Analysis of Muon Count Variations According to Detector's Measuring Scale authors: Gi Hoon Bae category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2018-08-20 02:47:33 abstract:
I have analyzed muon count variations according to detector's measuring scale, calculated declining tendency and analyzed result value, inferring some reason, as a experiment hypothesis, "All muons which come to surface probably will result in those having a maximum of vertical incidences about a ground as a minimum distance." I calculated a limit moving distance based on muon's life span and muon's average velocity, and showed muon's maximum incidence scale for the earth's surface based on muon's average emergence altitude for the hypothesis' proof. After performing the experiment theoretically, I analyzed the measured data by LSM(Least Square Method). Conclusively, I discovered that as the detector's measuring scale gains each 10 degree, muons which are measured per 10 minute decrease averagely each 9.0667 approx, and I saw that on the 30°-40° point and 50°-60° point, muon counts are radically decreased.
]]> <![CDATA[Electromagnetic Wave Function and Equation, Lorentz Force in Rindler Spacetime]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0282
2018-08-20 03:32:50Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1808.0282v1 title: Electromagnetic Wave Function and Equation, Lorentz Force in Rindler Spacetime authors: Sangwha Yi category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2018-08-20 03:32:50 abstract:
In the general relativity theory, we find the electro-magnetic wave function and equation
in Rindler space-time. Specially, this article is that electromagnetic wave equation is
corrected by the gauge fixing equation in Rindler space-time. We define the force in
Rindler space-time We find Lorentz force (electromagnetic force) by electro-magnetic
field transformations in Rindler space-time. In the inertial frame, Lorentz force is
defined as 4-dimensional force. Hence, we had to obtain 4-dimensional force in Rindler
space-time. We define energy-momentum in Rindler space-time.
]]> <![CDATA[A Classical Group of Neutrosophic Triplet Groups]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0281
2018-08-20 04:47:04General Mathematics reference: viXra:1808.0281v1 title: A Classical Group of Neutrosophic Triplet Groups authors: Vasantha KandasamyW.B., Ilanthenral Kandasamy, Florentin Smarandache category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2018-08-20 04:47:04 abstract:
Fuzzy set theory was introduced by Zadeh and was generalized to the Intuitionistic Fuzzy Set (IFS) by Atanassov. Real-world, uncertain, incomplete, indeterminate, and inconsistent data were presented philosophically as a neutrosophic set by Smarandache [3], who also studied the notion
of neutralities that exist in all problems.
]]> <![CDATA[A Critical Path Problem Using Triangular Neutrosophic Number]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0280
2018-08-20 04:48:40General Mathematics reference: viXra:1808.0280v1 title: A Critical Path Problem Using Triangular Neutrosophic Number authors: Mai Mohamed, Mohamed Abdel-Baset, Florentin Smarandache, Yongquan Zhou category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2018-08-20 04:48:40 abstract:
The Critical Path Method (CPM) is one of several related techniques for planning and managing of complicated projects in real world applications. In many situations, the data obtained for decision
makers are only approximate, which gives rise of neutrosophic critical path problem.
]]> <![CDATA[A Critical Path Problem in Neutrosophic Environment]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0279
2018-08-20 04:50:13General Mathematics reference: viXra:1808.0279v1 title: A Critical Path Problem in Neutrosophic Environment authors: Mai Mohamed, Mohamed Abdel-Baset, Florentin Smarandache, Yongquan Zhou category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2018-08-20 04:50:13 abstract:
The Critical Path Method (CPM) is one of several related techniques for planning and managing of complicated projects in real world applications. In many situations, the data obtained for decision
makers are only approximate, which gives rise of neutrosophic critical path problem.
]]> <![CDATA[A Family of Estimators of Population Mean Using Multiauxiliary Information in Presence of Measurement Errors]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0278
2018-08-20 04:51:20General Mathematics reference: viXra:1808.0278v1 title: A Family of Estimators of Population Mean Using Multiauxiliary Information in Presence of Measurement Errors authors: Jack Allen, Housila P. Singh category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2018-08-20 04:51:20 abstract:
This paper proposes a family of estimators of population mean using information on several auxiliary variables and analyzes its properties in the presence of measurement errors.
]]> <![CDATA[A Hybrid Neutrosophic Group ANP-TOPSIS Framework for Supplier Selection Problems]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0277
2018-08-20 04:52:46General Mathematics reference: viXra:1808.0277v1 title: A Hybrid Neutrosophic Group ANP-TOPSIS Framework for Supplier Selection Problems authors: Mohamed Abdel-Basset, Mai Mohamed, Florentin Smarandache category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2018-08-20 04:52:46 abstract:
One of the most significant competitive strategies for organizations is sustainable supply chain management (SSCM). The vital part in the administration of a sustainable supply chain is the sustainable supplier selection, which is a multi-criteria decision-making issue, including many conflicting criteria.
]]> <![CDATA[Effect of Biofield Energy Treated Vitamin D3 on the Proliferation of Osteoblast-Like MG-63 Human Osteo-sarcoma Cells in vitro]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0275
2018-08-20 04:59:19Biochemistry reference: viXra:1808.0275v1 title: Effect of Biofield Energy Treated Vitamin D3 on the Proliferation of Osteoblast-Like MG-63 Human Osteo-sarcoma Cells in vitro authors: Janice Patricia Kinney, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana category: Biochemistry type: submission date: 2018-08-20 04:59:19 abstract:
The study objective was to evaluate the effect of Biofield Treated vitamin D3 and DMEM on bone health. The Test Items (TI) were divided into two parts. One part of each sample was received Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by Janice Patricia Kinney and those samples were labeled as Biofield Energy Treated (BT) samples, while other parts of each sample were denoted as Untreated Test items (UT). The cell viability showed test samples were found as safe in the tested concentrations. ALP was significantly increased by 212.57% and 134.55% in UT-DMEM + BT-TI and BT-DMEM + BT-TI groups, respectively at 50 µg/mL, while 242.77% increased in BT-DMEM + UT-TI at 10 µg/mL compared to UT-DMEM + UT-TI group. Collagen was significantly increased by 172.04%, 293.55%, and 248.39% in UT-DMEM + BT-TI, BT-DMEM + UT-TI, and BT-DMEM + BT-TI groups, respectively at 0.1 µg/mL compared to untreated group. Moreover, collagen was significantly increased by 99.25% and 172.93% in UT-DMEM + BT-TI and BT-DMEM + BT-TI groups, respectively at 1µg/mL, while increased by 156.38% and 145.64% in UT-DMEM + BT-TI and BT-DMEM + BT-TI groups, respectively at 10 µg/mL than untreated group. Besides, percent of bone mineralization was distinctly increased by 198.62%, 111.72%, and 168.28% in UT-DMEM + BT-TI, BT-DMEM + UT-TI, and BT-DMEM + BT-TI groups, respectively at 0.1µg/mL compared to untreated group. Overall, Biofield Treated vitamin D3 was remarkably improved the bone health parameters and could be beneficial against bone-related disorders (osteoporosis, osteomalacia etc.), stress, inflammatory and autoimmune disorders.
]]> <![CDATA[A Comparative Analysis of Vitamin D3 and Biofield Energy Treated Vitamin D3 in Bone Health Using MG-63 Cell Line]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0274
2018-08-20 05:00:36Biochemistry reference: viXra:1808.0274v1 title: A Comparative Analysis of Vitamin D3 and Biofield Energy Treated Vitamin D3 in Bone Health Using MG-63 Cell Line authors: Lauree Ann Duprey-Reed, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana category: Biochemistry type: submission date: 2018-08-20 05:00:36 abstract:
Poor bone health is related with various bone disease that predisposes to fractures, while sufficient supplementation with calcium and vitamin D suggested prevention of bone diseases. The present study aimed to find the effect of Consciousness Energy Healing based vitamin D3 and DMEM medium on in vitro bone health parameters using MG-63 cells such as alkaline phosphates enzyme (ALP) activity, collagen levels, and bone mineralization. The test items (TI) i.e. vitamin D3 and DMEM medium were divided into two parts. The test samples received Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by Lauree Ann Duprey-Reed and samples were defined as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) samples, while the other parts of each sample were denoted as the untreated test items (UT). Cell viability using MTT assay showed that cell viability range 76% to 139% with safe and nontoxic profile of test samples on MG-63 cell line. ALP was significantly increased by 171.8% and 189.7% at 10µg/mL in the UT-DMEM+BT-TI and BT-DMEM+BT-TI groups, respectively as compared with the untreated group.
In addition, 100% and 33.3% increased ALP at 0.1 and 10µg/mL, respectively in BT-DMEM+UT-TI group as compared with the untreated group. The level of collagen was significantly increased at 10µg/mL by 145.8% in the UT-DMEM+BT-TI group, while 65.8% and 145.8% at 1 and 10µg/mL, respectively in BT-DMEM+UT-TI group as compared with the untreated group. In addition, BT-DMEM+BT-TI group showed a significant increased collagen level by 86.3% and 136.1% at 1 and 10µg/mL, respectively as compared with the untreated test item and DMEM group.
The percent of bone mineralization was significantly increased by 150%, 21%, and 73.2% at 0.1, 10, and 100µg/mL, respectively in the UT-DMEM+BT-TI group, while 258.3% and 126.8% at 0.1 and 100µg/mL, respectively in the BT-DMEM+UT-TI group as compared with the untreated group. In addition, BT-DMEM+BT-TI group showed a significant increased bone mineralization by 33.3%, 32.7%, and 187.4% at 0.1, 10, and 100µg/mL, respectively as compared with the untreated group. Biofield Energy Treatment might be vital in promotion and maintenance of strong and healthy bones and quality of life by assisting them in maintaining optimal vitamin D levels. It regulates the osteoblast function, improves bone mineralization, and calcium absorption in wide range of bone disorders along with wide range of adverse health conditions, comprising cancer, and many autoimmune disorders.
]]> <![CDATA[A New Algorithm for Finding Minimum Spanning Trees with Undirected Neutrosophic Graphs]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0272
2018-08-20 05:12:26General Mathematics reference: viXra:1808.0272v1 title: A New Algorithm for Finding Minimum Spanning Trees with Undirected Neutrosophic Graphs authors: Arindam Dey, Said Broumi, Le Hoang Son, Assia Bakali, Mohamed Talea, Florentin Smarandache category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2018-08-20 05:12:26 abstract:
In this paper, we discuss the minimum spanning tree (MST) problem of an undirected neutrosophic weighted connected graph in which a single-valued neutrosophic number, instead of a real number/fuzzy number, is assigned to each arc as its arc length.We define this type of MST as neutrosophic minimum spanning tree (NMST).
]]> <![CDATA[A New Concept of Matrix Algorithm for MST in Undirected Interval Valued Neutrosophic Graph]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0271
2018-08-20 05:15:45General Mathematics reference: viXra:1808.0271v1 title: A New Concept of Matrix Algorithm for MST in Undirected Interval Valued Neutrosophic Graph authors: Said Broumi, Assia Bakali, Mohamed Talea, Florentin Smarandache, Kishore Kumar P K category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2018-08-20 05:15:45 abstract:
In this chapter, we introduce a new algorithm for finding a minimum spanning tree (MST) of an undirected neutrosophic weighted connected graph whose edge weights are represented by an interval valued neutrosophic number. In addition, we compute the cost of MST and compare the de- neutrosophied value with an equivalent MST having the detereministic weights. Finally, a numerical example is provided.
]]> <![CDATA[An Extended Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to an Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) with Maximizing Deviation Method Based on Integrated Weight Measure for Single-Valued Neutrosophic Sets]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0269
2018-08-20 05:18:04General Mathematics reference: viXra:1808.0269v1 title: An Extended Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to an Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) with Maximizing Deviation Method Based on Integrated Weight Measure for Single-Valued Neutrosophic Sets authors: Ganeshsree Selvachandran, Shio Gai Quek, Florentin Smarandache, Said Broumi category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2018-08-20 05:18:04 abstract:
A single-valued neutrosophic set (SVNS) is a special case of a neutrosophic set which is
characterized by a truth, indeterminacy, and falsity membership function, each of which lies in the standard interval of [0, 1]. This paper presents a modified Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to an Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) with maximizing deviation method based on the single-valued neutrosophic set (SVNS) model.
]]> <![CDATA[An Extension of Neutrosophic AHP–SWOT Analysis for Strategic Planning and Decision-Making]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0267
2018-08-20 05:20:59General Mathematics reference: viXra:1808.0267v1 title: An Extension of Neutrosophic AHP–SWOT Analysis for Strategic Planning and Decision-Making authors: Mohamed Abdel-Basset, Mai Mohamed, Florentin Smarandache category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2018-08-20 05:20:59 abstract:
Every organization seeks to set strategies for its development and growth and to do this, it must take into account the factors that affect its success or failure. The most widely used
technique in strategic planning is SWOT analysis. SWOT examines strengths (S), weaknesses (W),opportunities (O) and threats (T), to select and implement the best strategy to achieve organizational goals.
]]> <![CDATA[An Isolated Bipolar Single-Valued Neutrosophic Graphs]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0266
2018-08-20 05:22:13General Mathematics reference: viXra:1808.0266v1 title: An Isolated Bipolar Single-Valued Neutrosophic Graphs authors: Said Broumi, Assia Bakali, Mohamed Talea, Florentin Smarandache category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2018-08-20 05:22:13 abstract:
In this research paper, we propose the graph of the bipolar single-valued neutrosophic set (BSVNS) model. This graph generalized the graphs of single-valued neutrosophic set models.
]]> <![CDATA[An Outline of Cellular Automaton Universe Via Cosmological KdV Equation]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0265
2018-08-20 05:23:23General Mathematics reference: viXra:1808.0265v1 title: An Outline of Cellular Automaton Universe Via Cosmological KdV Equation authors: V Christianto, F Smarandache, Y Umniyati category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2018-08-20 05:23:23 abstract:
It has been known for long time that the cosmic sound wave was there since the early epoch of the Universe. Signatures of its existence are abound. However, such a sound wave model of cosmology is rarely developed fully into a complete framework.
]]> <![CDATA[Einstein’s Reply to Bell and Others? a Simple Constructive Classical Foundation for Quantum Theory]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0264
2018-08-18 17:04:27Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1808.0264v1 title: Einstein’s Reply to Bell and Others? a Simple Constructive Classical Foundation for Quantum Theory authors: Gordon Watson category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2018-08-18 17:04:27 abstract:
Having elsewhere refuted Bell’s theorem irrefutably with elementary mathematics, we here advance Einstein’s ideas similarly with a classical Lorentz-invariant theory, observationally-indistinguishable from quantum mechanics. Given that our elementary theory is straight-forward and non-mysterious, we provide an Einsteinian—a specifically local and truly realistic—advance toward understanding the classical nature of physical reality at the quantum level. We thus resolve Bell’s dilemma in Einstein’s favor: as Bell half-expected, he and his supporters were being rather silly.
]]> <![CDATA[Violation of Universality of Free Fall by Fast-moving Test Bodies]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0263
2018-08-18 23:01:23Classical Physics reference: viXra:1808.0263v1 title: Violation of Universality of Free Fall by Fast-moving Test Bodies authors: hui peng category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2018-08-18 23:01:23 abstract:
The Universality of Free Fall (UFF) and the Weak Equivalent Principle (WEP) are crucial for Einstein’s theory of gravity. In this article, we show that fast-moving test bodies violate UFF. A well-known problem of WEP is its lack of clarity about the inertial masses, e.g., the gravitational mass is equal to the rest mass for test bodies whereas it is equal to the relativistic mass, T^μν, for the source of gravitational fields (S-GF). To resolve this problem we expand WEP into three Sub-WEPs: WEP-I, WEP-II, and WEP-III. This allows us to define a new precise WEP where WEP-I is for slow-moving test bodies/S-GFs and WEP-II or WEP-III is for fast-moving test bodies/S-GFs. Not only is WEP-I valid and equivalent to UFF for slow-moving test bodies, it is also valid for slow-moving S-GFs. Either WEP-II or WEP-III is applicable to fast-moving test bodies/S-GFs. A synchrotron-type experiment is designed to directly verify both the predicted violation of UFF and the un-demonstrated WEP-II or WEP-III. Experimental confirmation of WEP-II would lead to an internal U (1) symmetry of gravity.
]]> <![CDATA[A Mechanism of Wavefunction Collapse and Modified Double Slit Experiment]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0262
2018-08-18 23:16:18Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1808.0262v1 title: A Mechanism of Wavefunction Collapse and Modified Double Slit Experiment authors: Hui Peng category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2018-08-18 23:16:18 abstract:
We restudy the particle double slit experiment and wave-particle duality of matter. We argue that: (1) a particle moving with acceleration has no wave-like behavior; thus (2) it is the acceleration of particle caused by the photons during an optical observation that collapses a matter wave; (3) This mechanism does not affect the history of the particle’s movement prior to the observation takes place. Modified double slit apparatus with various configurations covering different ways of accelerating particle is propose to investigate the wave-particle duality of accelerating matter and test the mechanism. Also we propose: (1) a free falling double slit experiment in a gravitational field. (2) An experiment in which, relative to an observer in Lab, the slit wall and detection screen are accelerated and the particle keeps constant speed. We raise a question that if, after the acceleration, the particle continuously flies with a constant speed before reaching the detection screen, would it regain wave-like behavior automatically? We also design an experiment to test this possibility.
]]> <![CDATA[Interference Model to Calculate the Lepton Masses]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0261
2018-08-19 01:51:53High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1808.0261v1 title: Interference Model to Calculate the Lepton Masses authors: Dezso Sarkadi category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2018-08-19 01:51:53 abstract:
In this paper, we extend the original idea of de Broglie matter-waves into a special physical interaction form which has been abbreviated as mass interference. We postulated that all elementary particles could form a two-particle quantum state containing two standing matter-waves. The estimable mass of the particles is the result of this standing matter-wave interference. For the practical use of the newly introduced mass interference interaction model, we have created a generalized form of the quantized harmonic oscillator known from Quantum Mechanics. Utilizing this new theory, we are presenting two successful calculation methods for the theoretical determination of the lepton masses. This new simple theory has been strengthened by the direct presence of the physical relation between the leptons and the neutrons, which has long been recognized.
]]> <![CDATA[Nonlinear Quantum Field Theory]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0260
2018-08-19 02:31:15High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1808.0260v1 title: Nonlinear Quantum Field Theory authors: Alexander G. KYRIAKOS category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2018-08-19 02:31:15 abstract:
The author proposes a special nonlinear quantum field theory. In a linear approximation, this theory mathematically can be presented in the form of the Standard Model (SM) theory. The richer physical structure of this nonlinear theory makes it possible to exceed the limits of SM and remove its known incompleteness. We show that nonlinearity of the field is critical for the appearance of charges and masses of elementary particles, for confinement of quarks, and many other effects, whose description within the framework of SM causes difficulties. In this case, the mechanism of generation of masses is mathematically similar to Higgs's mechanism, but it is considerably simpler. The proposed theory does not examine the theory of gravity, but give the base to build Lorentz-invariant gravitation theory. The book is intended for undergraduate and graduate students studying the theory of elementary particles, as well as for specialists working in this field.
]]> <![CDATA[Brahmi Aksharas and the Alphabet]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0259
2018-08-19 05:06:33Linguistics reference: viXra:1808.0259v1 title: Brahmi Aksharas and the Alphabet authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian category: Linguistics type: submission date: 2018-08-19 05:06:33 abstract:
This article explores the derivation of Phoenician and other alphabets from the Brahmi Aksharas.
]]> <![CDATA[New Telescope for Dark Energy]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0258
2018-08-18 05:47:25Astrophysics reference: viXra:1808.0258v1 title: New Telescope for Dark Energy authors: George Rajna category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2018-08-18 05:47:25 abstract:
It's an interferometer array that will be made up of 1024 6-metre dishes. Interferometer arrays are really cool because they combine signals from many telescopes to provide the resolution of a larger telescope. [19] According to a new study, they could also potentially detect dark matter, if dark matter is composed of a particular kind of particle called a "dark photon." [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
]]> <![CDATA[Impossibility of the Existence of Black-Holes in Nature]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0257
2018-08-18 06:36:20Astrophysics reference: viXra:1808.0257v1 title: Impossibility of the Existence of Black-Holes in Nature authors: Gokaran Shukla category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2018-08-18 06:36:20 abstract:
Existence of the Black-holes are the direct threat to the Pauli exclusion principle and Bragg’s
diffraction condition. In this paper we will show that there will “never” be Black-holes in nature,
otherwise Pauli exclusion principle and Bragg’s diffraction condition (indirectly whole quantum
mechanics) will break down!
]]> <![CDATA[Deep Learning for Neural Networks]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0256
2018-08-18 07:35:30Artificial Intelligence reference: viXra:1808.0256v1 title: Deep Learning for Neural Networks authors: George Rajna category: Artificial Intelligence type: submission date: 2018-08-18 07:35:30 abstract:
Today, deep neural networks with different architectures, such as convolutional, recurrent and autoencoder networks, are becoming an increasingly popular area of research. [20] A deep neural network running on an ordinary desktop computer is interpreting highly technical data related to national security as well as—and sometimes better than— today's best automated methods or even human experts. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12] The artificial intelligence system's ability to set itself up quickly every morning and compensate for any overnight fluctuations would make this fragile technology much more useful for field measurements, said co-lead researcher Dr Michael Hush from UNSW ADFA. [11]
]]> <![CDATA[AI Camera of Autonomous Vehicles]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0255
2018-08-18 07:55:25Artificial Intelligence reference: viXra:1808.0255v1 title: AI Camera of Autonomous Vehicles authors: George Rajna category: Artificial Intelligence type: submission date: 2018-08-18 07:55:25 abstract:
Now, researchers at Stanford University have devised a new type of artificially intelligent camera system that can classify images faster and more energy efficiently, and that could one day be built small enough to be embedded in the devices themselves, something that is not possible today. [21] Today, deep neural networks with different architectures, such as convolutional, recurrent and autoencoder networks, are becoming an increasingly popular area of research. [20] A deep neural network running on an ordinary desktop computer is interpreting highly technical data related to national security as well as—and sometimes better than— today's best automated methods or even human experts. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12]
]]> <![CDATA[New Discovery on Golbach Conjecture End Version]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0254
2018-08-18 07:57:07Number Theory reference: viXra:1808.0254v1 title: New Discovery on Golbach Conjecture End Version authors: BADO IDRISS OLIVIER category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2018-08-18 07:57:07 abstract:
Goldbach's famous conjecture has always fascinated eminent mathematicians. In this paper we give a rigorous proof based on a new formulation, namely, that every even integer has a primo-raduis. Our proof is mainly based on the application of Chebotarev-Artin's theorem, Mertens' formula and the Principle exclusion-inclusion of Moivre
]]> <![CDATA[A Model of Baryons (Revised)]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0252
2018-08-18 10:11:27High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1808.0252v1 title: A Model of Baryons (Revised) authors: R. Wayte category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2018-08-18 10:11:27 abstract:
Baryons are considered to be intricate particles having real geometrical structure based on our earlier proton design. Inherent baryon spin is proportional to mass and radius. The well-known octets and decuplets fit into groups wherein mass-squared is associated with quantised-action. Magnetic moments are described in terms of a spin-loop and coupled electron(s). Lifetime of a baryon is governed by action of guidewave coherence around these structures.
]]> <![CDATA[Bismuth Crystals Valleytronics]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0251
2018-08-18 12:57:18Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1808.0251v1 title: Bismuth Crystals Valleytronics authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2018-08-18 12:57:18 abstract:
A Princeton-led study has revealed an emergent electronic behavior on the surface of bismuth crystals that could lead to insights on the growing area of technology known as "valleytronics." [16] Instead of using an electric current composed of charged particles, a computer using a stream of particles with a spin other than zero could manipulate the material of its components in the same way to perform calculations. [15] A new method that precisely measures the mysterious behavior and magnetic properties of electrons flowing across the surface of quantum materials could open a path to next-generation electronics. [14] The emerging field of spintronics aims to exploit the spin of the electron. [13] In a new study, researchers measure the spin properties of electronic states produced in singlet fission – a process which could have a central role in the future development of solar cells. [12] In some chemical reactions both electrons and protons move together. When they transfer, they can move concertedly or in separate steps. Light-induced reactions of this sort are particularly relevant to biological systems, such as Photosystem II where plants use photons from the sun to convert water into oxygen. [11] EPFL researchers have found that water molecules are 10,000 times more sensitive to ions than previously thought. [10] Working with colleagues at the Harvard-MIT Center for Ultracold Atoms, a group led by Harvard Professor of Physics Mikhail Lukin and MIT Professor of Physics Vladan Vuletic have managed to coax photons into binding together to form molecules – a state of matter that, until recently, had been purely theoretical. The work is described in a September 25 paper in Nature. New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.
]]> <![CDATA[The Speciation of Australopithecus and Paranthropus Was Caused by Introgression from the Gorilla Lineage]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0250
2018-08-18 14:17:28Quantitative Biology reference: viXra:1808.0250v1 title: The Speciation of Australopithecus and Paranthropus Was Caused by Introgression from the Gorilla Lineage authors: Johan Nygren category: Quantitative Biology type: submission date: 2018-08-18 14:17:28 abstract:
ABSTRACT: The discovery of Paranthropus deyiremeda in 3.3–3.5 million year old fossil sites in Afar (Haile-Selassie, 2015), together with 30% of the gorilla genome showing lineage sorting between humans and chimpanzees (Scally, 2012), and a NUMT (“nuclear mitochondrial DNA segment”) that is shared by both gorillas, humans and chimpanzees, and that dates back to 6 million years ago (Popadin, 2017), is conclusive evidence that introgression from the gorilla lineage caused the speciation of both the Australopithecus lineage and the Paranthropus lineage, providing a lens into the gorilla-like features within Paranthropus, as well as traits within Homo that originate from the gorilla branch, such as a high opposable thumb index (Almécija, 2015), an adducted great toe (Tocheri, 2011; McHenry, 2006), and large deposits of subcutaneous fat.
]]> <![CDATA[Tsaphon & Tsafun and Atlantis]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0249
2018-08-18 14:21:51Religion and Spiritualism reference: viXra:1808.0249v1 title: Tsaphon & Tsafun and Atlantis authors: leon elshout category: Religion and Spiritualism type: submission date: 2018-08-18 14:21:51 abstract:
Tsaphon and tsafun connect the words north and midnight, which are relevant for the identification of Atlantis. My book: roodgoudvanparvaim.nl
]]> <![CDATA[Refutation of the Coin Toss Proof for Conjectures of the Bell-CHSH Inequalities]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0248
2018-08-19 16:27:47Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1808.0248v2 title: Refutation of the Coin Toss Proof for Conjectures of the Bell-CHSH Inequalities authors: Colin James III category: Quantum Physics type: replacement date: 2018-08-19 16:27:47 abstract:
Based on coin tossing, Bell's inequality and the CHSH inequality are presented respectively, for any four numbers A, A′, B, B′ each equal to ±1, as AB+AB′+A′B−A′B′=±2 and ⟨AB⟩+⟨AB′⟩+⟨A′B⟩−⟨A′B′⟩≤2. Both are not tautologous, and hence refuted. A defective proof of the former equation as repeated unawares is also refuted.
]]> <![CDATA[Refutation of the Coin Toss Proof for Conjectures of the Bell-CHSH Inequalities]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0248
2018-08-18 15:53:56Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1808.0248v1 title: Refutation of the Coin Toss Proof for Conjectures of the Bell-CHSH Inequalities authors: Colin James III category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2018-08-18 15:53:56 abstract:
Based on coin tossing, Bell's inequality and the CHSH inequality are presented respectively, for any four numbers A, A′, B, B′ each equal to ±1, as AB+AB′+A′B−A′B′=±2 and ⟨AB⟩+⟨AB′⟩+⟨A′B⟩−⟨A′B′⟩≤2.
Both are not tautologous, and hence refuted.
]]> <![CDATA[Equivalence Principle in the Quantum World]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0247
2018-08-17 08:30:24Quantum Gravity and String Theory reference: viXra:1808.0247v1 title: Equivalence Principle in the Quantum World authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory type: submission date: 2018-08-17 08:30:24 abstract:
In a state unique to quantum physics, energy and mass can exist in a 'quantum superposition' – as if they consisted of two different values 'at the same time'. [11] Scientists at the University of British Columbia have proposed a radical new theory to explain the exponentially increasing size of the universe. [10] Researchers playing with a cloud of ultracold atoms uncovered behavior that bears a striking resemblance to the universe in microcosm. [9] Gravitational waves may be produced in the heart of the galaxy, says a new study led by Ph.D. student Joseph Fernandez at Liverpool John Moores University. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7] Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6] It's estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5] The proposal by the trio though phrased in a way as to suggest it's a solution to the arrow of time problem, is not likely to be addressed as such by the physics community— it's more likely to be considered as yet another theory that works mathematically, yet still can't answer the basic question of what is time. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
]]> <![CDATA[Relativistic Forces Between Rotating Bodies]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0246
2018-08-17 08:37:44Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1808.0246v1 title: Relativistic Forces Between Rotating Bodies authors: Pantelis M. Pechlivanides category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2018-08-17 08:37:44 abstract:
The force experienced by a rotating body that lies in the G field of another rotating body depends both on the G field and on its own angular velocity of rotation that affects the magnitude and direction of the exerted force. The force is in general not central and not symmetric. The cases of the non rotating observer and the far away observer are examined for rotation with and without slippage. It is shown that the force may be repulsive or attractive or alternating between attractive and repulsive depending on the angular velocities of the rotations and distance.
]]> <![CDATA[Quantum Energy Transportation]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0245
2018-08-17 08:51:48Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1808.0245v1 title: Quantum Energy Transportation authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2018-08-17 08:51:48 abstract:
Ant-Man knows the quantum realm holds shocking revelations and irrational solutions. [29] A new uncertainty relation, linking the precision with which temperature can be measured and quantum mechanics, has been discovered at the University of Exeter. [28] Physicists have demonstrated that energy quantization can improve the efficiency of a single-atom heat engine to exceed the performance of its classical counterpart. [27] A solid can serve as a medium for heat and sound wave interactions just like a fluid does for thermoacoustic engines and refrigerators-resulting in leak-free machines that can stay operating longer. [26] Like watchmakers choosing superior materials to build a fine timepiece, physicists at the Centre for Quantum Technologies (CQT) at the National University of Singapore have singled out an atom that could allow them to build better atomic clocks. [25] Yale physicists have uncovered hints of a time crystal—a form of matter that "ticks" when exposed to an electromagnetic pulse—in the last place they expected: a crystal you might find in a child's toy. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20]
]]> <![CDATA[Doppler Effect for Non-uniformly Moving Source, Observer, and Mirror]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1808.0244
2018-08-17 19:40:10Classical Physics reference: viXra:1808.0244v1 title: Doppler Effect for Non-uniformly Moving Source, Observer, and Mirror authors: Hui Peng category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2018-08-17 19:40:10 abstract:
Doppler effect has been applied to study the accelerating universe and to daily life. We believe that to describe non-uniform moving system, physics laws should include terms of acceleration/deceleration for accuracy and completeness. In this article, we study systematically the effects of non-uniform motion of either source, or observer, or mirror on Doppler effect, called it the Extended Doppler effect. We show that, indeed, the non-uniform motion not only shifts wavelength/frequency but also changes wavelength/frequency and Extended Doppler shift continuously. There is no transformation between non-uniform moving reference frames. We derived Extended Doppler effect for non-uniform moving source, observer, and mirror based on (1) the speed of light wave is the same for all non-uniform moving frames; (2) geometric optical principles hold. We show that, for slow non-uniform motion, the shifts of wavelength/frequency depend on the relative velocity and relative acceleration/deceleration.
]]>