viXra.org e-printsPreprints from viXra.org site
http://viXra.org/
Thu May 26 19:17:13 BST 2016Thu May 26 19:17:13 BST 2016<![CDATA[Measuring Galactic Relativistic Velocities a New and Direct Approach]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0272
2016-05-26 10:03:03Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1605.0272v1 title: Measuring Galactic Relativistic Velocities a New and Direct Approach authors: Alexander F. Jonkeren category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2016-05-26 10:03:03 abstract:
This methods describes a new an direct way of establishing galactic relativistic velocities.
]]> <![CDATA[Hungarian Fifth Force of Nature?]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0271
2016-05-26 04:19:10High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1605.0271v1 title: Hungarian Fifth Force of Nature? authors: George Rajna category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2016-05-26 04:19:10 abstract:
Radioactive decay anomaly could imply a new fundamental force, theorists say. [15] Researchers at the University of Southampton have proposed a new fundamental particle which could explain why no one has managed to detect 'dark matter', the elusive missing 85 per cent of the Universe's mass. [14] Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs) are extreme bursts of radio emission that last for a few milliseconds. They were discovered in 2013, and, in 2014, the number papers on FRBs skyrocketed. The origin of these transients is still uncertain — we can't even agree if they are extraterrestrial! Astrobites has already covered two possible origins: stellar flares and neutron star mergers. Today's paper suggests an even more exotic source: dark matter annihilation of neutron stars. [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
]]> <![CDATA[Positve And Negative Time Scaling And Time Portal Engineering - II]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0270
2016-05-26 07:15:55Mathematical Physics reference: viXra:1605.0270v1 title: Positve And Negative Time Scaling And Time Portal Engineering - II authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi category: Mathematical Physics type: submission date: 2016-05-26 07:15:55 abstract:
In this research investigation, the author has presented a Scheme for ‘Positive And Negative Time Scaling And Time Portal Engineering’
]]> <![CDATA[In Search of Reality Part II]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0269
2016-05-25 16:25:14History and Philosophy of Physics reference: viXra:1605.0269v1 title: In Search of Reality Part II authors: Robert T. Longo category: History and Philosophy of Physics type: submission date: 2016-05-25 16:25:14 abstract:
In this paper, I investigate a different way to connect General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics by using their fundamental differences i.e., the background dependence of quantum mechanics and the background independence of general relativity. This is made possible by first adopting a philosophy of how life forms make sense of the physical world and the resulting understanding of space and time. As a result, when applied to the rotation curve of the Milky Way, it is found that the galactic mass of the luminous disk has the quantity of mass that is thought to be the mass of the entire galaxy, including dark matter.
]]> <![CDATA[An Unorthodox View on the Foundations of Physical Reality]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0268
2016-05-25 16:28:01Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1605.0268v1 title: An Unorthodox View on the Foundations of Physical Reality authors: J.A.J. van Leunen category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-05-25 16:28:01 abstract:
This paper is telling essentials of the story of the Hilbert Book Test Model without applying the mathematical formulas. The paper cannot avoid the usage of mathematical terms, but these terms will be elucidated such that mathematical novices can still understand most of the story. The Hilbert Book Test Model is a way to investigate the part of the foundation of physical reality that cannot be observed. This foundation is necessarily simple and it can easily be comprehended by skilled scientists. However, this paper is targeted to readers that are not skilled in math.
]]> <![CDATA[Shouldn't be at Mars of Secrets from us Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I.v. the Atmosphere and Water of Mars Have Once Been Forced Out by an Unknown Comet to His Internal Area!]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0267
2016-05-26 02:16:32Astrophysics reference: viXra:1605.0267v1 title: Shouldn't be at Mars of Secrets from us Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I.v. the Atmosphere and Water of Mars Have Once Been Forced Out by an Unknown Comet to His Internal Area! authors: Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I.V. category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2016-05-26 02:16:32 abstract:
The atmosphere and water of Mars have once been forced out by an unknown comet to his internal area!
]]> <![CDATA[I Correct a Contribution in Front, "A Figure of Gravity and the Electromagnetic Force". ]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0266
2016-05-26 03:13:30Quantum Gravity and String Theory reference: viXra:1605.0266v1 title: I Correct a Contribution in Front, "A Figure of Gravity and the Electromagnetic Force". authors: Terubumi Honjou category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory type: submission date: 2016-05-26 03:13:30 abstract:
I correct a contribution in front, "a figure of gravity and the electromagnetic force".
This is a right figure.
]]> <![CDATA[A Unique Approach Toward Dispersion Relation for Electromagnetic Waves and Matter Waves Asad Ali]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0265
2016-05-25 11:24:16Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1605.0265v1 title: A Unique Approach Toward Dispersion Relation for Electromagnetic Waves and Matter Waves Asad Ali authors: Asad Ali category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2016-05-25 11:24:16 abstract:
In this brief paper, we have suggested a new way of deriving dispersion relation for electromagnetic waves as well as matter waves using Heisenberg uncertainty principle. It is found that the newly developed equation are equivalent to the one derived in any modest Modern Physics book [1].
]]> <![CDATA[]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0264
2016-05-25 08:20:13Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1605.0264v2 title: authors: category: Relativity and Cosmology type: withdrawal date: 2016-05-25 08:20:13 abstract:
]]> <![CDATA[The Space Time and Holographic Wave Function]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0264
2016-05-25 04:57:05Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1605.0264v1 title: The Space Time and Holographic Wave Function authors: Kuyukov Vitaly category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2016-05-25 04:57:05 abstract:
The space - time can be described by the mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics.
]]> <![CDATA[Practical Quantum Computers]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0263
2016-05-25 06:19:14Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1605.0263v1 title: Practical Quantum Computers authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-05-25 06:19:14 abstract:
Precise atom implants in silicon provide a first step toward practical quantum computers. [14] A method to produce significant amounts of semiconducting nanoparticles for light-emitting displays, sensors, solar panels and biomedical applications has gained momentum with a demonstration by researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory. [13] A source of single photons that meets three important criteria for use in quantum-information systems has been unveiled in China by an international team of physicists. Based on a quantum dot, the device is an efficient source of photons that emerge as solo particles that are indistinguishable from each other. The researchers are now trying to use the source to create a quantum computer based on "boson sampling". [11] With the help of a semiconductor quantum dot, physicists at the University of Basel have developed a new type of light source that emits single photons. For the first time, the researchers have managed to create a stream of identical photons. [10] Optical photons would be ideal carriers to transfer quantum information over large distances. Researchers envisage a network where information is processed in certain nodes and transferred between them via photons. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
]]> <![CDATA[Next-Generation Electronics]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0262
2016-05-25 06:33:21Condensed Matter reference: viXra:1605.0262v1 title: Next-Generation Electronics authors: George Rajna category: Condensed Matter type: submission date: 2016-05-25 06:33:21 abstract:
The National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, with facilities in Florida and New Mexico, offers scientists access to enormous machines that create record-setting magnetic fields. The strong magnetic fields help researchers probe the fundamental structure of materials to better understand and manipulate their properties. Yet large-scale facilities like the MagLab are scarce, and scientists must compete with others for valuable time on the machines. [10] By showing that a phenomenon dubbed the "inverse spin Hall effect" works in several organic semiconductors-including carbon-60 buckyballs-University of Utah physicists changed magnetic "spin current" into electric current. The efficiency of this new power conversion method isn't yet known, but it might find use in future electronic devices including batteries, solar cells and computers. [9] Researchers from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) and the University of Cambridge in the UK have demonstrated that it is possible to directly generate an electric current in a magnetic material by rotating its magnetization. [8] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the electric current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
]]> <![CDATA[Planetesimals in Stellar Metamorphosis]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0261
2016-05-25 06:57:25Astrophysics reference: viXra:1605.0261v1 title: Planetesimals in Stellar Metamorphosis authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2016-05-25 06:57:25 abstract:
It is reasoned that the accepted notions of planetesimal formation are philosophically backwards. A simple correction of reasoning is provided via stellar metamorphosis.
]]> <![CDATA[Teleportation of Information Without Classical Communication Channel]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0260
2016-05-25 07:12:14Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1605.0260v1 title: Teleportation of Information Without Classical Communication Channel authors: Iliyan Peruhov category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-05-25 07:12:14 abstract:
The spin projection expectation value of electrons in magnetic field in direction perpendicular to the magnetic induction B depends on the magnitude of B and the time t, spent by the electron in the field. Consequently choosing the value of the product B.t one can have spin statistics biased to +1/2 or -1/2. The spin statistics of electrons from a quantity of EPR pairs is manipulated this way. The spin statistics of the partner electrons will show the opposite statistics, thus realizing teleportation of information without the use of a classical channel in contrast to the Bennett teleportation protocol [1].
]]> <![CDATA[The Geometrodynamic Foundation of Classical Electrodynamics: A Brief Summary]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0259
2016-05-26 09:58:36Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1605.0259v2 title: The Geometrodynamic Foundation of Classical Electrodynamics: A Brief Summary authors: Jay R. Yablon category: Relativity and Cosmology type: replacement date: 2016-05-26 09:58:36 abstract:
We summarize how the Lorentz Force motion observed in classical electrodynamics may be understood as geodesic motion derived by minimizing the variation of the proper time along the worldline of test charges in external potentials, while the spacetime metric remains invariant under, and all other fields in spacetime remain independent of, any rescaling of the charge-to-mass ratio q/m. In order for this to occur, time is dilated or contracted due to attractive and repulsive electromagnetic interactions respectively, in very much the same way that time is dilated due to relative motion in special relativity, without contradicting the latter’s well-established experimental content. As such, it becomes possible to lay an entirely geometrodynamic foundation for classical electrodynamics in four spacetime dimensions.
]]> <![CDATA[The Geometrodynamic Foundation of Electrodynamics: A Brief Summary]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0259
2016-05-24 22:26:53Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1605.0259v1 title: The Geometrodynamic Foundation of Electrodynamics: A Brief Summary authors: Jay R. Yablon category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2016-05-24 22:26:53 abstract:
We summarize how the Lorentz Force motion observed in classical electrodynamics may be understood as geodesic motion derived by minimizing the variation of the proper time along the worldline of test charges in external potentials, while the spacetime metric remains invariant under, and all other fields in spacetime remain independent of, any rescaling of the charge-to-mass ratio q/m. In order for this to occur, time is dilated or contracted due to attractive and repulsive electromagnetic interactions respectively, in very much the same way that time is dilated due to relative motion in special relativity. As such, it becomes possible to lay an entirely geometrodynamic foundation for classical electrodynamics.
]]> <![CDATA[]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0258
2016-05-25 04:54:57Quantum Gravity and String Theory reference: viXra:1605.0258v2 title: authors: category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory type: withdrawal date: 2016-05-25 04:54:57 abstract:
]]> <![CDATA[The Space Time and Complex-Valued Functions]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0258
2016-05-25 02:26:06Quantum Gravity and String Theory reference: viXra:1605.0258v1 title: The Space Time and Complex-Valued Functions authors: Kuyukov Vitaly category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory type: submission date: 2016-05-25 02:26:06 abstract:
The space - time can be described by the mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics.
]]> <![CDATA[Reaction Less Drive by Anti Maxwell Dead Zone Around a Wire.]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0257
2016-05-25 17:47:33Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1605.0257v2 title: Reaction Less Drive by Anti Maxwell Dead Zone Around a Wire. authors: Leo Vuyk category: Quantum Physics type: replacement date: 2016-05-25 17:47:33 abstract:
According to Quantum FFF Theory (Function Follows Form at the quantum level) the magnetic quantum field has always TWO different shaped monopole vector components: a North- and a South vector field component. This is comparable with the electric Quantum field, equipped with Plus and Minus vector components but it is in contrast with all other quantum fields like the neutrino- gravity-or x-gamma ray field.
After interference of the magnetic wave with a real spinning propeller shaped Fermion particle, TWO real monopole magnetic waves from opposite direction will collapse and come to life as two real rigid shaped photons, as the result of two individual mutated oscillating Higgs filed particles from the vacuum.
These photons should do the magnetic job by interlocking temporarily with the Fermion, and give the Fermion a push to the left respectively a push to the right fully in line and according to the Lorentz force law.
However, based on observation of iron powder patterns around wires, it is assumed that if these monopole particle/ wave dualities travel parallel to each other inside the Higgs field, (and not- as normal- in opposition due to the natural opposing curvature of the so called B field)
.As a result, the magnetic field strength- created by the wire itself-locally drops down to zero, with a up to zero reduced Lorentz force on the iron powder atoms.
This is in contradiction with Maxwell’s magnetic field law around an electric energized wire and I call it the “tubular local magnetic dropping zone” ( dead zone) around the electric wire, which can be used for reaction less drive propulsion and Levitation in combination with different forms of strong tubular or spiral magnets.
Magnet optimalisation is suggested to form spiral configurations of high performance magnet platings with a spiralling electric coils in between.
The Lorentz force created on the wire by the static magnetic field of the tubular or spiral magnet (s) is supposed to be the only force in the system, by the absence of a reaction force on the magnet due to the local magnetic dropping zone.
]]> <![CDATA[Reaction Less Drive by Anti Maxwell Dead Zone Around a Wire.]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0257
2016-05-25 03:07:12Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1605.0257v1 title: Reaction Less Drive by Anti Maxwell Dead Zone Around a Wire. authors: LeoVuyk category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-05-25 03:07:12 abstract:
According to Quantum FFF Theory (Function Follows Form at the quantum level) the magnetic quantum field has always TWO different shaped monopole vector components: a North- and a South vector field component. This is comparable with the electric Quantum field, equipped with Plus and Minus vector components but it is in contrast with all other quantum fields like the neutrino- gravity-or x-gamma ray field.
After interference of the magnetic wave with a real spinning propeller shaped Fermion particle, TWO real monopole magnetic waves from opposite direction will collapse and come to life as two real rigid shaped photons, as the result of two individual mutated oscillating Higgs filed particles from the vacuum.
These photons should do the magnetic job by interlocking temporarily with the Fermion, and give the Fermion a push to the left respectively a push to the right fully in line and according to the Lorentz force law.
However, based on observation of iron powder patterns around wires, it is assumed that if these monopole particle/ wave dualities travel parallel to each other inside the Higgs field, (and not- as normal- in opposition due to the natural opposing curvature of the so called B field)
.As a result, the magnetic field strength- created by the wire itself-locally drops down to zero, with a up to zero reduced Lorentz force on the iron powder atoms.
This is in contradiction with Maxwell’s magnetic field law around an electric energized wire and I call it the “tubular local magnetic dropping zone” ( dead zone) around the electric wire, which can be used for reaction less drive propulsion and Levitation in combination with different forms of strong tubular or spiral magnets.
Magnet optimalisation is suggested to form spiral configurations of high performance magnet platings with a spiralling electric coils in between.
The Lorentz force created on the wire by the static magnetic field of the tubular or spiral magnet (s) is supposed to be the only force in the system, by the absence of a reaction force on the magnet due to the local magnetic dropping zone.
]]> <![CDATA[An Interplay and the Scientific Method]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0256
2016-05-24 15:12:41General Science and Philosophy reference: viXra:1605.0256v1 title: An Interplay and the Scientific Method authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey category: General Science and Philosophy type: submission date: 2016-05-24 15:12:41 abstract:
Interplay and methodology
]]> <![CDATA[Candidacy and the Grand Unification Scheme]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0255
2016-05-24 15:15:40Mathematical Physics reference: viXra:1605.0255v1 title: Candidacy and the Grand Unification Scheme authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey category: Mathematical Physics type: submission date: 2016-05-24 15:15:40 abstract:
Does any unification candidate necessitate the grand unification scheme?
]]> <![CDATA[Wavefunction Collapse Resolved, as a Function of Time Perspective Distortion]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0254
2016-05-24 15:37:12Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1605.0254v1 title: Wavefunction Collapse Resolved, as a Function of Time Perspective Distortion authors: arthur e pletcher category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-05-24 15:37:12 abstract:
"Time Perspective Theory (TPT) predicts that all quantum experimental results will vary with the scale of the instrumentation involved in any measurement.
For example; The Davisson-Germer Experiment involved observations between the detectors angular measurements (at the observers scale) and electron behavior (at quantum scales). TPT predicts that if detecting instruments can be scaled and positioned much closer to the point of beam scattering the intensities would become more isotropic, proportionately.
This concept of perspectives between scales sheds some light on the Double Slit Experiment. TPT offers an alternate explanation to the "undetermined probability wavefunction Ψ". In TPT, wavefunction is a time perspective distortion between the scale of the observer and the scale of the particle.
In the ""Double slit experiment"", the ""collapse"" is resolved when an optical plate (or any measuring instrument) is introduced at the scale of the particle. Subsequently, the measurement becomes no longer between scales, but rather at the same scale.
Although TPT is analogous to the distortions of spacial perspective, TPT addresses distortions in the time dimension (perspective vs orthogonal). TPT proposes that the same convex distortions and divergence which occur in space during magnifcation, also occurs in time. Subsequently, if a particle's motion (v) is viewed as pluralistic in time, so then is it's position d/t.
TPT has great implications in Macro-space, as well. Time intervals appear to decrease and converge to a single event. Subsequently, decreased time intervals appear as increased velocity. See figure 1. Thus, Photons travelling to an observer from remote past events will appear to arrive with successively decreased time intervals.
TPT provides a simple alternative explanation for: wavefunction, the ""Double slit experiment"", accelerated universal expansion, millisecond pulsars and the galaxy outer rim rotation problem. "
]]> <![CDATA[Spintronics]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0253
2016-05-24 13:30:32Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1605.0253v1 title: Spintronics authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-05-24 13:30:32 abstract:
Spintronics In our computer chips, information is transported in form of electrical charge. Electrons or other charge carriers have to be moved from one place to another. For years scientists have been working on elements that take advantage of the electrons angular momentum (their spin) rather than their electrical charge. This new approach, called "spintronics" has major advantages compared to common electronics. It can operate with much less energy. [12] Scientists have achieved the ultimate speed limit of the control of spins in a solid state magnetic material. The rise of the digital information era posed a daunting challenge to develop ever faster and smaller devices for data storage and processing. An approach which relies on the magnetic moment of electrons (i.e. the spin) rather than the charge, has recently turned into major research fields, called spintronics and magnonics. [11] A team of researchers with members from Germany, the U.S. and Russia has found a way to measure the time it takes for an electron in an atom to respond to a pulse of light. [10] As an elementary particle, the electron cannot be broken down into smaller particles, at least as far as is currently known. However, in a phenomenon called electron fractionalization, in certain materials an electron can be broken down into smaller "charge pulses," each of which carries a fraction of the electron's charge. Although electron fractionalization has many interesting implications, its origins are not well understood. [9] New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.
]]> <![CDATA[Elementary Particle Pulsation Principle Hypothesis.]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0252
2016-05-24 13:39:47Quantum Gravity and String Theory reference: viXra:1605.0252v1 title: Elementary Particle Pulsation Principle Hypothesis. authors: Terubumi Honjou category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory type: submission date: 2016-05-24 13:39:47 abstract:
The author announced the elementary particle pulsation hypothesis in the Physical Society of Japan of 1980.
To date, I study an elementary particle pulsation hypothesis.
This page is the gravity in the elementary particle pulsation hypothesis and an article about the electromagnetic force.
]]> <![CDATA[In Epistolam ad Romanos Andreae Knopken Costerinensis Interpretatio: Translation from Latin Into Latvian]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0251
2016-05-24 07:23:45Religion and Spiritualism reference: viXra:1605.0251v1 title: In Epistolam ad Romanos Andreae Knopken Costerinensis Interpretatio: Translation from Latin Into Latvian authors: Andreas Knopken, Dainis Zeps category: Religion and Spiritualism type: submission date: 2016-05-24 07:23:45 abstract:
This work Commentary to the Epistle to Romans by Aadreas Knopken is translated From Latin into Latvian by Dainis Zeps.
I would like to thank Artūrs Hansons and Līva Bodniece both for their help, and severe criticism in the translation of this work.
]]> <![CDATA[The Light]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0250
2016-05-24 04:16:00Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1605.0250v1 title: The Light authors: Yibing Qiu category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-05-24 04:16:00 abstract:
Abstract: statement of light is just one kind of waves.
]]> <![CDATA[Using Gravo-Electric and Gravo-Magnetic Fields as a Way to Compute Minimum Allowed Initial Frequency, at Start of Universe]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0249
2016-05-24 06:17:22Quantum Gravity and String Theory reference: viXra:1605.0249v1 title: Using Gravo-Electric and Gravo-Magnetic Fields as a Way to Compute Minimum Allowed Initial Frequency, at Start of Universe authors: Andrew Beckwith category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory type: submission date: 2016-05-24 06:17:22 abstract:
Starting off with the Usual Energy Density for Electro-Magnetic fields, we adopt Padmanbhan’s Gravo – Electric and Gravo Magnetic field formulation to come up with an initial frequency, at the start of the universe, and then using work done by the author, take the inverse of this frequency as a way to initiate a practical time step, which will then be related to earlier work the Author did. The miminum time step iteratively relates to a “cosmological constant” initial value, and a range of initial GW frequencies which for a scale factor which would correspond to GW of about 10^36 Hertz, red shifted to 10^4 Hertz in the modern era. If the scale factor were of the order of 10^-55, the GW waves initially would be as high as 10^42 Hertz which would be red shifted to 10^10 Hertz, for relic GW. All this assumes that the graviton rest mass remains invariant about 10^-62 grams in the aftermath of the creation of the universe.
]]> <![CDATA[Attosecond Physics]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0248
2016-05-24 06:21:47Condensed Matter reference: viXra:1605.0248v1 title: Attosecond Physics authors: George Rajna category: Condensed Matter type: submission date: 2016-05-24 06:21:47 abstract:
Light waves could in principle be used to drive future transistors. Since the electromagnetic waves of light oscillate approximately one million times in a billionth of a second, i.e. at petahertz (PHz) frequencies, optoelectronic computers could attain switching rates 100,000 times higher than current digital electronic systems. [18]
Ultra-peripheral collisions of lead nuclei at the LHC accelerator can lead to elastic collisions of photons with photons. [17]
Physicists from Trinity College Dublin's School of Physics and the CRANN Institute, Trinity College, have discovered a new form of light, which will impact our understanding of the fundamental nature of light. [16]
Light from an optical fiber illuminates the metasurface, is scattered in four different directions, and the intensities are measured by the four detectors. From this measurement the state of polarization of light is detected. [15]
Converting a single photon from one color, or frequency, to another is an essential tool in quantum communication, which harnesses the subtle correlations between the subatomic properties of photons (particles of light) to securely store and transmit information. Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a miniaturized version of a frequency converter, using technology similar to that used to make computer chips. [14]
Harnessing the power of the sun and creating light-harvesting or light-sensing devices requires a material that both absorbs light efficiently and converts the energy to highly mobile electrical current. Finding the ideal mix of properties in a single material is a challenge, so scientists have been experimenting with ways to combine different materials to create "hybrids" with enhanced features. [13]
Condensed-matter physicists often turn to particle-like entities called quasiparticles—such as excitons, plasmons, magnons—to explain complex phenomena. Now Gil Refael from the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena and colleagues report the theoretical concept of the topological polarition, or “topolariton”: a hybrid half-light, half-matter quasiparticle that has special topological properties and might be used in devices to transport light in one direction. [12]
Solitons are localized wave disturbances that propagate without changing shape, a result of a nonlinear interaction that compensates for wave packet dispersion. Individual solitons may collide, but a defining feature is that they pass through one another and emerge from the collision unaltered in shape, amplitude, or velocity, but with a new trajectory reflecting a discontinuous jump.
Working with colleagues at the Harvard-MIT Center for Ultracold Atoms, a group led by Harvard Professor of Physics Mikhail Lukin and MIT Professor of Physics Vladan Vuletic have managed to coax photons into binding together to form molecules – a state of matter that, until recently, had been purely theoretical. The work is described in a September 25 paper in Nature.
New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.
]]> <![CDATA[Some for Erdős-Straus Conjecture]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0247
2016-05-24 00:51:23Number Theory reference: viXra:1605.0247v1 title: Some for Erdős-Straus Conjecture authors: Hajime Mashima category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2016-05-24 00:51:23 abstract:
This is the expectation that "two or more of the natural number 4/n will be represented by the sum of the three unit fractions".
]]> <![CDATA[New The Formula For Law Of Gravity]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0246
2016-05-24 02:19:29Classical Physics reference: viXra:1605.0246v1 title: New The Formula For Law Of Gravity authors: GuagSan Yu category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2016-05-24 02:19:29 abstract:
Newton's second law and Newton's third law has proven to be wrong, then including the law of gravity into account, but also need make the appropriate modification. Following will be given the new formula the law of gravity, corresponding to the new calculations, a lot of specific data astronomical observations, may be subject to change. Such as mass of celestial bodies, and the
size of gravity between celestial bodies, are likely to change. So far variety of astronomical data, should all be recalculated.
]]> <![CDATA[An Elementary Particle Pulsation Principle Revises Equation of Einstein, E=mc².(1)]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0245
2016-05-23 13:23:29Number Theory reference: viXra:1605.0245v1 title: An Elementary Particle Pulsation Principle Revises Equation of Einstein, E=mc².(1) authors: Terubumi Honjou category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2016-05-23 13:23:29 abstract:
The new equation by the elementary particle pulsation hypothesis.
Arrow of time turns. In response to it, mass m changes with +1, 0, -1.
Arrow of time turns.
It is the same as the arrow of time of the Schrodinger equation.
Arrow of time turns.
It is the same as a material wave of the elementary particle pulsation hypothesis.
Current physics is always +mc²>0. Elementary particle mass m does not change.
A pulsation principle suggests a super-high-speed change of elementary particle mass m.
]]> <![CDATA[Quantum Controller of Gravity]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0244
2016-05-23 12:59:01Quantum Gravity and String Theory reference: viXra:1605.0244v1 title: Quantum Controller of Gravity authors: Fran De Aquino category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory type: submission date: 2016-05-23 12:59:01 abstract:
A new type of device for controlling gravity is here proposed. This is a quantum device because results from the behaviour of the matter and energy at subatomic length scale (10-20m). From the technical point of view this device is easy to build, and can be used to develop several devices for controlling gravity.
]]> <![CDATA[Continued Radicals , Mathematical Constants]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0243
2016-05-23 08:49:48General Mathematics reference: viXra:1605.0243v1 title: Continued Radicals , Mathematical Constants authors: Edgar Valdebenito category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2016-05-23 08:49:48 abstract:
In this note we show continued radicals for some mathematical constants
]]> <![CDATA[Collection of Formulas for pi :Part 1]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0242
2016-05-23 08:53:42General Mathematics reference: viXra:1605.0242v1 title: Collection of Formulas for pi :Part 1 authors: Edgar Valdebenito category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2016-05-23 08:53:42 abstract:
In this note we show some formulas related with the constant pi
]]> <![CDATA[Asymptotic Behaviors of Normalized Maxima for Generalized Maxwell Distribution Under Nonlinear Normalization]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0241
2016-05-23 09:32:06Statistics reference: viXra:1605.0241v1 title: Asymptotic Behaviors of Normalized Maxima for Generalized Maxwell Distribution Under Nonlinear Normalization authors: Jianwen Huang category: Statistics type: submission date: 2016-05-23 09:32:06 abstract:
In this article, the high-order asymptotic
expansions of cumulative distribution function and probability
density function of extremes for generalized Maxwell distribution
are established under nonlinear normalization. As corollaries, the
convergence rates of the distribution and density of maximum are
obtained under nonlinear normalization.
]]> <![CDATA[The Second-order Local Formalism for Time Evolution of Dynamical Systems]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0240
2016-05-23 04:23:55Mathematical Physics reference: viXra:1605.0240v1 title: The Second-order Local Formalism for Time Evolution of Dynamical Systems authors: I. V. Drozdov category: Mathematical Physics type: submission date: 2016-05-23 04:23:55 abstract:
The second-order approach to the entropy gradient maximization for systems with many degrees of freedom provides the dynamic equations of first order and light-like second order without additional ergodicity conditions like conservation laws.
The first order dynamics lead to the definition of the conserved kinetic energy
and potential energy. In terms of proper degrees of freedom the total energy conservation reproduces the Einstein's mass-energy relation.
The newtonian interpretation of the second order dynamic equations suggests the definition for general inertial mass and for the interaction potential.
]]> <![CDATA[Theory of Everything=Philosophy of Everything+Physics of Everything]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0239
2016-05-23 04:36:30Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1605.0239v1 title: Theory of Everything=Philosophy of Everything+Physics of Everything authors: ssor Abed Peerally category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2016-05-23 04:36:30 abstract:
The paper describes that science now has enough data on which a Theory of Everything. The data accrue from analysing cosmological, physics and philosophical information. However the Theory of Everything must imperatively be based on scientific information that explains the Theory of Everything, and on philosophical information that interprets the why of the Theory of Everything.
]]> <![CDATA[A Review of Drive]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0238
2016-05-22 14:08:10General Science and Philosophy reference: viXra:1605.0238v1 title: A Review of Drive authors: S Halayka category: General Science and Philosophy type: submission date: 2016-05-22 14:08:10 abstract:
A brief review of life and death drive is given.
]]> <![CDATA[∞ Worlds: the Pangeometry of the 5th Dimension.]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0237
2016-05-22 14:15:00Topology reference: viXra:1605.0237v1 title: ∞ Worlds: the Pangeometry of the 5th Dimension. authors: Luis Sancho category: Topology type: submission date: 2016-05-22 14:15:00 abstract:
The 5th dimension is in the discontinuities of the real line, which grow as we look into smaller scales, till becoming infinite.
The 5th dimension creates different geometries for each different world.
From the human relative frame of reference, the observer has an Euclidean view of its scale, a hyperbolic view of smaller quantum systems and an elliptic view of larger gravitational worlds, according to the ratio between its informative curvature, Tƒ and length of its space quanta Sp.
The symmetries that web bidimensional planes of space with tall, cyclical frequencies of time create the 4D Space-time beings of the fractal Universe, constantly moving, generating, growing, reproducing, evolving new fractal scales of the 5th dimension.
But as time passes the densities of its frequency of time cycles, Tƒ, grow and the system curves in excess, ageing and finally completing a 0-sum closed curve,, ending a world cycle in which the topological transformations of the being, are seen as its 3 ages each one a phase of its r=evolution as a world-view.
]]> <![CDATA[Two Theorems on Solutions in Eulerian Description]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0236
2016-05-22 15:47:43Functions and Analysis reference: viXra:1605.0236v1 title: Two Theorems on Solutions in Eulerian Description authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi category: Functions and Analysis type: submission date: 2016-05-22 15:47:43 abstract:
We present two proofs of theorems needed to the major work we are doing on existence and breakdown solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations for incompressible case in n = 3 spatial dimensions.
]]> <![CDATA[FPGA Programming Step by Step]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0235
2016-05-22 18:39:09Data Structures and Algorithms reference: viXra:1605.0235v1 title: FPGA Programming Step by Step authors: Edwin Eugene Klingman category: Data Structures and Algorithms type: submission date: 2016-05-22 18:39:09 abstract:
FPGAs and microprocessors are more similar than you may think. Here's a primer on how to program an FPGA and some reasons why you'd want to.
Small processors are, by far, the largest selling class of computers and form the basis of many embedded systems. The first single-chip microprocessors contained approximately 10,000 gates of logic and 10,000 bits of memory. Today, field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) provide single chips approaching 10 million gates of logic and 10 million bits of memory...
]]> <![CDATA[FPGA Design from the Outside In]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0234
2016-05-22 18:44:43Data Structures and Algorithms reference: viXra:1605.0234v1 title: FPGA Design from the Outside In authors: Edwin Eugene Klingman category: Data Structures and Algorithms type: submission date: 2016-05-22 18:44:43 abstract:
FPGAs enable everyone to be a chip designer. This installment shows how to design the bus interface for a generic peripheral chip.
When designing with an embedded microprocessor, you always have to take into account, if not begin with, the actual pinout of the device. Each pin on a given microprocessor is uniquely defined by the manufacturer and must be used in a specific manner to achieve a specific function. Part of learning to design with embedded processors is learning the pin definitions. In contrast, field programmable gate array (FPGA) devices come to the design with pins completely undefined (except for power and ground). You have to define the FPGA's pins yourself. This gives you incredible flexibility but also forces you to think through the use of each pin...
]]> <![CDATA[The Problem of Apollonius as an Opportunity for Teaching Students to Use Reflections and Rotations to Solve Geometry Problems via Geometric (Clifford) Algebra]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0233
2016-05-22 20:06:09Geometry reference: viXra:1605.0233v1 title: The Problem of Apollonius as an Opportunity for Teaching Students to Use Reflections and Rotations to Solve Geometry Problems via Geometric (Clifford) Algebra authors: James A. Smith category: Geometry type: submission date: 2016-05-22 20:06:09 abstract:
The beautiful Problem of Apollonius from classical geometry (``\textit{Construct all of the circles that are tangent, simultaneously, to three given coplanar circles}") does not appear to have been solved previously by vector methods. It is solved here via GA to show students how they can make use of GA's capabilities for expressing and manipulating rotations and reflections. As Viète did when deriving his ruler-and-compass solution, we first transform the problem by shrinking one of the given circles to a point. In the course of solving the transformed problem, guidance is provided to help students ``see" geometric content in GA terms. Examples of the guidance that is given include (1) recognizing and formulating useful reflections and rotations that are present in diagrams; (2) using postulates on the equality of multivectors to obtain solvable equations; and (3) recognizing complex algebraic expressions that reduce to simple rotations of multivectors.
]]> <![CDATA[Rotations of Vectors Via Geometric Algebra: Explanation, and Usage in Solving Classic Geometric "Construction" Problems (Version of 11 February 2016)]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0232
2016-05-22 20:17:30Geometry reference: viXra:1605.0232v1 title: Rotations of Vectors Via Geometric Algebra: Explanation, and Usage in Solving Classic Geometric "Construction" Problems (Version of 11 February 2016) authors: James A. Smith category: Geometry type: submission date: 2016-05-22 20:17:30 abstract:
Written as somewhat of a "Schaums Outline" on the subject, which is especially useful in robotics and mechatronics. Geometric Algebra (GA) was invented in the 1800s, but was largely ignored until it was revived and expanded beginning in the 1960s. It promises to become a "universal mathematical language" for many scientific and mathematical disciplines. This document begins with a review of the geometry of angles and circles, then treats rotations in plane geometry before showing how to formulate problems in GA terms, then solve the resulting equations. The six problems treated in the document, most of which are solved in more than one way, include the special cases that Viete used to solve the general Problem of Apollonius.
]]> <![CDATA[A Totally Ordered Set with Cardinality Strictly Between Natural and Real Numbers]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0231
2016-05-22 20:23:04Set Theory and Logic reference: viXra:1605.0231v1 title: A Totally Ordered Set with Cardinality Strictly Between Natural and Real Numbers authors: Philip Druck category: Set Theory and Logic type: submission date: 2016-05-22 20:23:04 abstract:
A totally ordered set is identified with cardinality strictly between natural (N) and real (R) numbers. This set, denoted DS, is essentially an experimental finding, identified in unrelated patented research on nonuniform data sampling and self-stabilizing computer arithmetic. Its theoretical validation here will provide concrete proof that the Continuum Hypothesis (CH) is false. Note that this is distinct from determining whether CH can or cannot be proven from current axioms of set theory, which is settled. Also note that the Generalized Continuum Hypothesis is not addressed. First, Cantor diagonalization is applied isomorphically to prove that DS has strictly more than Cardinality(N) points. Then three (3) distinct proofs are provided to show that DS contains strictly fewer than Cardinality(R) elements. Each proof relies on a distinct property of primes. It is surmised that the considerable research efforts to-date on CH missed this result due to over-generalization, by considering all Alephi sets, i=0.., ∞. Those efforts thereby missed the impact of primes specifically on Aleph0/Aleph1 sets.
]]> <![CDATA[Engineering Approach to Explanation of Special Relativity Theory]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0230
2016-05-25 11:29:03Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1605.0230v3 title: Engineering Approach to Explanation of Special Relativity Theory authors: Jaroslav Hynecek category: Relativity and Cosmology type: replacement date: 2016-05-25 11:29:03 abstract:
In this short note it is shown that the Special Relativity Theory (SRT) is a theory describing the reality correctly providing that certain conditions, which are encapsulated in the theory’s assumptions, are satisfied. This is demonstrated by using a simple capacitor, which avoids many difficulties of a relatively complex mathematics that leads many physics hobby enthusiasts to a wrong conclusion claiming that the theory cannot be correct and needs to be changed.
]]> <![CDATA[Engineering Approach to Explanation of Special Relativity Theory]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0230
2016-05-24 11:14:43Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1605.0230v2 title: Engineering Approach to Explanation of Special Relativity Theory authors: Jaroslav Hynecek category: Relativity and Cosmology type: replacement date: 2016-05-24 11:14:43 abstract:
In this short note it is shown that the Special Relativity Theory (SRT) is a theory describing the reality correctly providing that certain conditions that are encapsulated in the theory’s assumptions are satisfied. This is demonstrated by using a simple capacitor, which avoids many difficulties of a relatively complex mathematics that leads many physics hobby enthusiasts to a wrong conclusion claiming that the theory cannot be correct and needs to be changed.
]]> <![CDATA[Engineering Approach to Explanation of Special Relativity Theory]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0230
2016-05-22 21:19:51Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1605.0230v1 title: Engineering Approach to Explanation of Special Relativity Theory authors: Jaroslav Hynecek category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2016-05-22 21:19:51 abstract:
In this short note it is shown that the Special Relativity Theory (SRT) is a theory describing the reality correctly providing that certain conditions that are encapsulated in the theory’s assumptions are satisfied. This is demonstrated by using a simple capacitor, which avoids many difficulties of a relatively complex mathematics that leads many physics hobby enthusiasts to a wrong conclusion claiming that the theory cannot be correct and needs to be changed.
]]> <![CDATA[Proving Riemann Hypothesis]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1605.0229
2016-05-22 07:48:37Number Theory reference: viXra:1605.0229v1 title: Proving Riemann Hypothesis authors: Ricardo Gil category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2016-05-22 07:48:37 abstract:
As non-trivial Riemann zero's grow larger on the 1/2 critical line so does the distance grow proportionally between 0 and 1. Therefore, a non-trivial Riemann zero will not be outside the critical strip or off of the critical line.
]]>