viXra.org e-printsPreprints from viXra.org site
http://viXra.org/
Sun May 28 13:11:37 BST 2017Sun May 28 13:11:37 BST 2017<![CDATA[The Recursive Future And Past Equation Based On The Ananda-Damayanthi Normalized Similarity Measure Considered To Exhaustion (New Version)]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0402
2017-05-28 04:09:15Statistics reference: viXra:1705.0402v1 title: The Recursive Future And Past Equation Based On The Ananda-Damayanthi Normalized Similarity Measure Considered To Exhaustion (New Version) authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi category: Statistics type: submission date: 2017-05-28 04:09:15 abstract:
In this research investigation, the author has presented a Recursive Past Equation and a Recursive Future Equation based on the Ananda-Damayanthi Normalized Similarity Measure considered to Exhaustion [1].
]]> <![CDATA[Vacuum Permittivity and Vacuum Permeability in the Theory of Gravitomagnetism]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0401
2017-05-28 06:18:10Classical Physics reference: viXra:1705.0401v1 title: Vacuum Permittivity and Vacuum Permeability in the Theory of Gravitomagnetism authors: Grisha Filippov category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2017-05-28 06:18:10 abstract:
In the framework of the system of units MKS-PLUS the dependence between vacuum permittivity, vacuum permeability, Newtonian gravitational constant and speed of light. This dependence allowed us to find numerical values of the permittivity and permeability for gravitomagnetic vacuum.
]]> <![CDATA[Variable Axis Angles in Coordinate Systems Part. 1 (Ziennokątowe Układy Współrzędnych)]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0399
2017-05-28 00:50:44Functions and Analysis reference: viXra:1705.0399v1 title: Variable Axis Angles in Coordinate Systems Part. 1 (Ziennokątowe Układy Współrzędnych) authors: Andrzej Peczkowski category: Functions and Analysis type: submission date: 2017-05-28 00:50:44 abstract:
This is mathematics where the axes of the OX and OY coordinate systems do not intersect at right angles. Hi 1 is the OY axis that crosses the OX axis at any angle.
]]> <![CDATA[Variable Axis Angles in Coordinate Systems Part.2 (Zmiennokątowe Układy Współrzęnych)]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0398
2017-05-28 00:55:17Functions and Analysis reference: viXra:1705.0398v1 title: Variable Axis Angles in Coordinate Systems Part.2 (Zmiennokątowe Układy Współrzęnych) authors: Andrzej Peczkowski category: Functions and Analysis type: submission date: 2017-05-28 00:55:17 abstract:
This is mathematics where the axes of the OX and OY coordinate systems do not intersect at right angles. Hi 1 is the OX axis that crosses the OY axis at any angle.
]]> <![CDATA[Variable Axis Angles in Coordinate Systems Part. 3 (Zmiennokątowe Układy Współrzędnych )]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0397
2017-05-28 01:04:24Functions and Analysis reference: viXra:1705.0397v1 title: Variable Axis Angles in Coordinate Systems Part. 3 (Zmiennokątowe Układy Współrzędnych ) authors: Andrzej Peczkowski category: Functions and Analysis type: submission date: 2017-05-28 01:04:24 abstract:
This is mathematics where the axes of the OX and OY coordinate systems do not intersect at right angles. Part 3. Axes OX and OY intersect at any angle
]]> <![CDATA[The Recursive Future And Past Equation Based On The Ananda Damayanthi Normalized Similarity Measure With Error Formulation Included]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0396
2017-05-28 01:50:06Statistics reference: viXra:1705.0396v1 title: The Recursive Future And Past Equation Based On The Ananda Damayanthi Normalized Similarity Measure With Error Formulation Included authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi category: Statistics type: submission date: 2017-05-28 01:50:06 abstract:
In this research investigation, the author has presented a Recursive Past Equation and a Recursive Future Equation based on the Ananda-Damayanthi Normalized Similarity Measure considered to Exhaustion [1].
]]> <![CDATA[Unknown Algorithms for Finding Prime Numbers Among Odd Numbers]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0395
2017-05-28 03:10:36Number Theory reference: viXra:1705.0395v1 title: Unknown Algorithms for Finding Prime Numbers Among Odd Numbers authors: Oleg Cherepanov category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2017-05-28 03:10:36 abstract:
The discovered algorithm for extracting prime numbers from the natural series is alternative to both the Eratosthenes lattice and Sundaram and Atkin's sentences. The distribution of prime numbers does not have a formula, but if the number is one less than the prime number is an exponent of the integers, then there are no two scalar scalars whose sum is equal to the third integer in the same degree. This is the sound of P. Fermat's Great Theorem, the proof of which he could begin by using the Minor theorem known to him. The first part of the proof is here restored. But how did P. Fermat finish it?
]]> <![CDATA[A Scheme of the Second Type of Perpetual Motion Machine is Realized by Using Imbalance of Cationic and Anions]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0394
2017-05-28 03:51:51Thermodynamics and Energy reference: viXra:1705.0394v2 title: A Scheme of the Second Type of Perpetual Motion Machine is Realized by Using Imbalance of Cationic and Anions authors: LI WeiGang category: Thermodynamics and Energy type: replacement date: 2017-05-28 03:51:51 abstract:
The molar ratio of sodium sulfate (Na2SO4), Na + cation and SO4- anion is 2 : 1.Thus, when the aqueous solution of sodium sulfate (Na2SO4) between the upper and lower semipermeables in the figure is placed in a vertical downward electrostatic field, Na + cation and SO4 - anion, respectively, to the bottom and above the concentration, Forming the bottom of the rich Na + cationic solution and the above-rich SO4- anion liquid, Up and down the balance of electricity but the molar concentration of ions is not balanced !
]]> <![CDATA[A Scheme of the Second Type of Perpetual Motion Machine is Realized by Using Imbalance of Cationic and Anions]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0394
2017-05-28 03:15:32Thermodynamics and Energy reference: viXra:1705.0394v1 title: A Scheme of the Second Type of Perpetual Motion Machine is Realized by Using Imbalance of Cationic and Anions authors: LI WeiGang category: Thermodynamics and Energy type: submission date: 2017-05-28 03:15:32 abstract:
The molar ratio of sodium sulfate (Na2SO4), Na + cation and SO4- anion is 2 : 1.Thus, when the aqueous solution of sodium sulfate (Na2SO4) between the upper and lower semipermeables in the figure is placed in a vertical downward electrostatic field, Na + cation and SO4 - anion, respectively, to the bottom and above the concentration, Forming the bottom of the rich Na + cationic solution and the above-rich SO4- anion liquid, Up and down the balance of electricity but the molar concentration of ions is not balanced !
]]> <![CDATA[On Gormaund Numbers and Gormaund's Theorem]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0393
2017-05-27 18:13:53Number Theory reference: viXra:1705.0393v1 title: On Gormaund Numbers and Gormaund's Theorem authors: Caitherine Gormaund category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2017-05-27 18:13:53 abstract:
Herein we introduce the subject of the Gormaund numbers, and prove a fundamental property thereof.
]]> <![CDATA[Number Theory and Dimensionless Ratios of Physics]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0392
2017-05-27 10:56:20Number Theory reference: viXra:1705.0392v1 title: Number Theory and Dimensionless Ratios of Physics authors: M. A. Thomas category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2017-05-27 10:56:20 abstract:
A PDF copy of a Slide Presentation. Relationship of number theory to physics forms are established using a 'wholly trinity' consisting of the first odd Riemann Zeta function, the Euler-Mascheroni constant and the imaginary part of the first non-trivial Zeta zero. Quark flavor changes occur under extremal gravities with only slight asymmetric changes to dimensionless ratios. Symmetric invariance is maintained throughout changes.
]]> <![CDATA[Demostración de la Hipótesis de Riemann]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0391
2017-05-27 11:05:35Functions and Analysis reference: viXra:1705.0391v1 title: Demostración de la Hipótesis de Riemann authors: Wilson Torres Ovejero category: Functions and Analysis type: submission date: 2017-05-27 11:05:35 abstract:
Since 2013 I have dedicated my life to the study of the famous Riemann hypothesis, which is one of the 6 thousand-year-old problems that exist. This conjecture in addition to allowing me to deepen my knowledge in complex analysis, I had the opportunity to finish my degree in mathematics with an excellent thesis. Based on all of this, today I pose a possible demonstration of this hypothesis and hope that it has succeeded.
]]> <![CDATA[A Recreative Method to Obtain from a Given Prime Larger Primes Based on the Powers of 3]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0390
2017-05-27 07:41:40Number Theory reference: viXra:1705.0390v1 title: A Recreative Method to Obtain from a Given Prime Larger Primes Based on the Powers of 3 authors: Marius Coman category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2017-05-27 07:41:40 abstract:
In this paper I present a method to obtain from a given prime p1 larger primes, namely inserting before of a digit of p1 a power of 3, and, once a prime p2 is obtained, repeating the operation on p2 and so on. By this method I obtained from a prime with 9 digits a prime with 36 digits (the steps are showed in this paper) using just the numbers 3, 9(3^2), 27(3^3) and 243(3^5).
]]> <![CDATA[Dark Matter and Rotation Curves]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0389
2017-05-26 19:53:36Astrophysics reference: viXra:1705.0389v1 title: Dark Matter and Rotation Curves authors: Anton A. Lipovka category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2017-05-26 19:53:36 abstract:
In present paper we show that to explain the shape of the rotation curves of
galaxies, there is no need to involve the concept of dark matter. Rotation
curves are completely determined by the distribution of baryonic matter and such parameters of the galaxy as its mass and the distribution of baryonic matter can be easily calculated from the observed rotation curves. As an example, our Galaxy is considered. Calculated total mass of the Galaxy is 25x10(10)M\_sun. Consequences for cosmology are discussed.
]]> <![CDATA[On the Analysis of Heart Rate Variability in Frequency Domain]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0388
2017-05-26 07:04:00Mind Science reference: viXra:1705.0388v1 title: On the Analysis of Heart Rate Variability in Frequency Domain authors: SERGIO CONTE , ELIO CONTE category: Mind Science type: submission date: 2017-05-26 07:04:00 abstract:
we define the basic foundations of a method for frequency domain analysis of time series biosignals of physiological and psycho-physiological interest in medicine and biology.
]]> <![CDATA[Water Around DNA]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0387
2017-05-26 07:13:42Biochemistry reference: viXra:1705.0387v1 title: Water Around DNA authors: George Rajna category: Biochemistry type: submission date: 2017-05-26 07:13:42 abstract:
Living cells must constantly process information to keep track of the changing world around them and arrive at an appropriate response. [26] A research team led by Professor YongKeun Park of the Physics Department at KAIST has developed an optical manipulation technique that can freely control the position, orientation, and shape of microscopic samples having complex shapes. [25] Rutgers researchers have developed a new way to analyze hundreds of thousands of cells at once, which could lead to faster and more accurate diagnoses of illnesses, including tuberculosis and cancers. [24] An international team including researchers from MIPT has shown that iodide phasing—a long-established technique in structural biology—is universally applicable to membrane protein structure determination. [23] Scientists in Greece have devised a new form of biometric identification that relies on humans' ability to see flashes of light containing just a handful of photons. [22] A research team led by Professor CheolGi Kim has developed a biosensor platform using magnetic patterns resembling a spider web with detection capability 20 times faster than existing biosensors. [21] Researchers at Columbia University have made a significant step toward breaking the so-called "color barrier" of light microscopy for biological systems, allowing for much more comprehensive, system-wide labeling and imaging of a greater number of biomolecules in living cells and tissues than is currently attainable. [20] Scientists around the Nobel laureate Stefan Hell at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Göttingen have now achieved what was for a long time considered impossible – they have developed a new fluorescence microscope, called MINFLUX, allowing, for the first time, to optically separate molecules, which are only nanometers (one millionth of a millimeter) apart from each other. [19] Dipole orientation provides new dimension in super-resolution microscopy [18]
]]> <![CDATA[Einstein's Road Not Taken]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0386
2017-05-26 07:54:04Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1705.0386v1 title: Einstein's Road Not Taken authors: Robert D. Bock category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2017-05-26 07:54:04 abstract:
When confronted with the challenge of defining distant simultaneity Einstein looked down two roads that seemingly diverged. One road led to a theory based on backward null cone simultaneity and the other road led to a theory based on standard simultaneity. He felt that alone he could not travel both. After careful consideration he looked down the former and then took the latter. Sadly, years hence, he did not return to the first. In the following we investigate Einstein's road not taken, i.e., the road that leads to a theory based on backward null cone simultaneity. We show that both roads must be traveled to develop a consistent quantum theory of gravity and also to understand the relationship between the gravitational and electromagnetic fields.
]]> <![CDATA[Quantum Magnetic Sensors]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0385
2017-05-26 08:59:58Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1705.0385v1 title: Quantum Magnetic Sensors authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2017-05-26 08:59:58 abstract:
Three teams working independently have found a nearly identical way to boost the resolution of quantum magnetic sensors, allowing frequency measurements with far higher precision than previous techniques. [22]
The 'quantized magneto-electric effect' has been demonstrated for the first time in topological insulators at TU Wien, which is set to open up new and highly accurate methods of measurement. [21]
In a recent experiment at EPFL, a microwave resonator, a circuit that supports electric signals oscillating at a resonance frequency, is coupled to the vibrations of a metallic micro-drum. [20]
Researchers at the Institute of Solid State Physics map out a radically new approach for designing optical and electronic properties of materials in Advanced Materials. [19]
Now MIT physicists have found that a flake of graphene, when brought in close proximity with two superconducting materials, can inherit some of those materials' superconducting qualities. As graphene is sandwiched between superconductors, its electronic state changes dramatically, even at its center. [18]
EPFL scientists have now carried out a study on a lithium-containing copper oxide and have found that its electrons are 2.5 times lighter than was predicted by theoretical calculations. [17]
Washington State University physicists have created a fluid with negative mass, which is exactly what it sounds like. Push it, and unlike every physical object in the world we know, it doesn't accelerate in the direction it was pushed. It accelerates backwards. [16]
When matter is cooled to near absolute zero, intriguing phenomena emerge. These include supersolidity, where crystalline structure and frictionless flow occur together. ETH researchers have succeeded in realising this strange state experimentally for the first time. [15]
Helium atoms are loners. Only if they are cooled down to an extremely low temperature do they form a very weakly bound molecule. In so doing, they can keep a tremendous distance from each other thanks to the quantum-mechanical tunnel effect. [14]
Inside a new exotic crystal, physicist Martin Mourigal has observed strong indications of "spooky" action, and lots of it. The results of his experiments, if corroborated over time, would mean that the type of crystal is a rare new material that can house a quantum spin liquid. [13]
An international team of researchers have found evidence of a mysterious new state of matter, first predicted 40 years ago, in a real material. This state, known as a quantum spin liquid, causes electrons - thought to be indivisible building blocks of nature - to break into pieces. [12]
In a single particle system, the behavior of the particle is well understood by solving the Schrödinger equation. Here the particle possesses wave nature characterized by the de Broglie wave length. In a many particle system, on the other hand, the particles interact each other in a quantum mechanical way and behave as if they are "liquid". This is called quantum liquid whose properties are very different from that of the single particle case. [11]
Quantum coherence and quantum entanglement are two landmark features of quantum physics, and now physicists have demonstrated that the two phenomena are "operationally equivalent"—that is, equivalent for all practical purposes, though still conceptually distinct. This finding allows physicists to apply decades of research on entanglement to the more fundamental but less-well-researched concept of coherence, offering the possibility of advancing a wide range of quantum technologies. [10]
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.
The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
]]> <![CDATA[Gauge Theory of Spiritual Interactions.]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0384
2017-05-27 13:41:12Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1705.0384v2 title: Gauge Theory of Spiritual Interactions. authors: Johan Noldus category: Quantum Physics type: replacement date: 2017-05-27 13:41:12 abstract:
I repeat a theory I launched in 2012 and dismissed afterwards because
I was not sure about its soundness and partially because I realized it was
only an approximation to more complex situations. However, it is useful
and explains several observations of mine from very simple characteristics.
]]> <![CDATA[Gauge Theory of Spiritual Interactions.]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0384
2017-05-26 09:40:26Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1705.0384v1 title: Gauge Theory of Spiritual Interactions. authors: Johan Noldus category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2017-05-26 09:40:26 abstract:
I repeat a theory I launched in 2012 and dismissed afterwards because
I was not sure about its soundness and partially because I realized it was
only an approximation to more complex situations. However, it is useful
and explains several observations of mine from very simple characteristics.
]]> <![CDATA[Preventing the Artificial Intelligence Apocalypse with Retrocausality]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0383
2017-05-26 09:55:01Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1705.0383v1 title: Preventing the Artificial Intelligence Apocalypse with Retrocausality authors: Ricardo Gil category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2017-05-26 09:55:01 abstract:
AI is like a brain with no conscience. It rules itself unbridled. You shouldn’t try set parameters on AI because that will stifle innovation. What you have to do is like a High Frequency Trade on Wall Street. It’s all about speed. The fastest algorithm wins. So purposely don’t allow the public to have faster chips than the Government to the public. Give the Government the advantage by giving the government faster chip >THZ with many cores. Give the public AI but at GHZ or <. See Retro Causal Machine Learning below. Its use, should make sense now. Give it to GOOGLE or any company that aligns itself to look out for American Interests. In short one can look towards Wall Street, fastest algorithm wins in High Frequency Trade, so control chip speed for the masses Ghz or < and run Government AI Programs on fastest chip to win against all other AI to prevent the AI Apocalypse.
]]> <![CDATA[Circuits in Living Cells]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0382
2017-05-26 04:30:17Physics of Biology reference: viXra:1705.0382v1 title: Circuits in Living Cells authors: George Rajna category: Physics of Biology type: submission date: 2017-05-26 04:30:17 abstract:
Living cells must constantly process information to keep track of the changing world around them and arrive at an appropriate response. [26] A research team led by Professor YongKeun Park of the Physics Department at KAIST has developed an optical manipulation technique that can freely control the position, orientation, and shape of microscopic samples having complex shapes. [25] Rutgers researchers have developed a new way to analyze hundreds of thousands of cells at once, which could lead to faster and more accurate diagnoses of illnesses, including tuberculosis and cancers. [24] An international team including researchers from MIPT has shown that iodide phasing—a long-established technique in structural biology—is universally applicable to membrane protein structure determination. [23] Scientists in Greece have devised a new form of biometric identification that relies on humans' ability to see flashes of light containing just a handful of photons. [22] A research team led by Professor CheolGi Kim has developed a biosensor platform using magnetic patterns resembling a spider web with detection capability 20 times faster than existing biosensors. [21] Researchers at Columbia University have made a significant step toward breaking the so-called "color barrier" of light microscopy for biological systems, allowing for much more comprehensive, system-wide labeling and imaging of a greater number of biomolecules in living cells and tissues than is currently attainable. [20] Scientists around the Nobel laureate Stefan Hell at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Göttingen have now achieved what was for a long time considered impossible – they have developed a new fluorescence microscope, called MINFLUX, allowing, for the first time, to optically separate molecules, which are only nanometers (one millionth of a millimeter) apart from each other. [19] Dipole orientation provides new dimension in super-resolution microscopy [18] Fluorescence is an incredibly useful tool for experimental biology and it just got easier to tap into, thanks to the work of a group of University of Chicago researchers. [17]
]]> <![CDATA[Newton’s Third Law is Wrong]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0381
2017-05-26 05:47:14Quantum Gravity and String Theory reference: viXra:1705.0381v1 title: Newton’s Third Law is Wrong authors: Adrian Ferent category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory type: submission date: 2017-05-26 05:47:14 abstract:
I explained why Newton’s third law is wrong!
In the last 300 years you learned from your professors that Newton’s third law is right.
“Newton and Einstein did not understand Gravitation, they calculated Gravitation”
Adrian Ferent
1. Why Newton’s third law is wrong?
For example the interaction between a black whole and a planet, or a star:
“The gravitational force exerted by the black hole on the planet is much higher than the gravitational force exerted by the planet on the black hole. Because the energy of the gravitons emitted by the black hole is much higher than the energy of the gravitons emitted by the planet”
Adrian Ferent
This means Newton’s third law is wrong:
F12 ≠ −F21
2. Why Newton’s third law is wrong?
Because the reaction is not simultaneously, because the gravitons which mediate the gravitational force, have a finite speed, not an infinite speed.
“The majority of Dark matter is the core of the supermassive black holes”
Adrian Ferent
“Einstein bent the space, Ferent unbent the space”
Adrian Ferent
]]> <![CDATA[Mass-Producible Quantum Computers]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0380
2017-05-26 06:12:51Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1705.0380v1 title: Mass-Producible Quantum Computers authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2017-05-26 06:12:51 abstract:
One promising approach to building them involves harnessing nanometer-scale atomic defects in diamond materials. [23] Based on early research involving the storage of movies and documents in DNA, Microsoft is developing an apparatus that uses biology to replace tape drives, researchers at the company say. [22] Our brains are often compared to computers, but in truth, the billions of cells in our bodies may be a better analogy. The squishy sacks of goop may seem a far cry from rigid chips and bundled wires, but cells are experts at taking inputs, running them through a complicated series of logic gates and producing the desired programmed output. [21] At Caltech, a group of researchers led by Assistant Professor of Bioengineering Lulu Qian is working to create circuits using not the usual silicon transistors but strands of DNA. [20] Researchers have introduced a new type of "super-resolution" microscopy and used it to discover the precise walking mechanism behind tiny structures made of DNA that could find biomedical and industrial applications. [19] Genes tell cells what to do—for example, when to repair DNA mistakes or when to die—and can be turned on or off like a light switch. Knowing which genes are switched on, or expressed, is important for the treatment and monitoring of disease. Now, for the first time, Caltech scientists have developed a simple way to visualize gene expression in cells deep inside the body using a common imaging technology. [18] Researchers at The University of Manchester have discovered that a potential new drug reduces the number of brain cells destroyed by stroke and then helps to repair the damage. [17]
]]> <![CDATA[Open Number Theory Problem]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0379
2017-05-26 06:15:45Number Theory reference: viXra:1705.0379v1 title: Open Number Theory Problem authors: ricardo.gil category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2017-05-26 06:15:45 abstract:
In math the the 7 Clay Math unsolved problems? Another problem is the question if there is a God(s)? In my paper the purpose is to explain that in the end we all meet our maker and that man does not have the power to cheat death. Like the Riemann Zeta function that remains unsolved and when solved will give insight to distribution of the Primes, giving or solving this open-end problem will help me solve a problem. This is the only problem I have not been able to solve and I am open sourcing it.
]]> <![CDATA[Quantum Berry Phase]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0378
2017-05-25 14:07:06Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1705.0378v1 title: Quantum Berry Phase authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2017-05-25 14:07:06 abstract:
To study this quantum property, NIST physicist and fellow Joseph A. Stroscio and his colleagues studied electrons corralled in special orbits within a nanometer-sized region of graphene—an ultrastrong, single layer of tightly packed carbon atoms. [22] The 'quantized magneto-electric effect' has been demonstrated for the first time in topological insulators at TU Wien, which is set to open up new and highly accurate methods of measurement. [21] In a recent experiment at EPFL, a microwave resonator, a circuit that supports electric signals oscillating at a resonance frequency, is coupled to the vibrations of a metallic micro-drum. [20] Researchers at the Institute of Solid State Physics map out a radically new approach for designing optical and electronic properties of materials in Advanced Materials. [19] Now MIT physicists have found that a flake of graphene, when brought in close proximity with two superconducting materials, can inherit some of those materials' superconducting qualities. As graphene is sandwiched between superconductors, its electronic state changes dramatically, even at its center. [18] EPFL scientists have now carried out a study on a lithium-containing copper oxide and have found that its electrons are 2.5 times lighter than was predicted by theoretical calculations. [17] Washington State University physicists have created a fluid with negative mass, which is exactly what it sounds like. Push it, and unlike every physical object in the world we know, it doesn't accelerate in the direction it was pushed. It accelerates backwards. [16] When matter is cooled to near absolute zero, intriguing phenomena emerge. These include supersolidity, where crystalline structure and frictionless flow occur together. ETH researchers have succeeded in realising this strange state experimentally for the first time. [15] Helium atoms are loners. Only if they are cooled down to an extremely low temperature do they form a very weakly bound molecule. In so doing, they can keep a tremendous distance from each other thanks to the quantum-mechanical tunnel effect. [14]
]]> <![CDATA[Simulated Bell-like Correlations from Geometric Probability]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0377
2017-05-25 15:50:20Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1705.0377v1 title: Simulated Bell-like Correlations from Geometric Probability authors: Colin Walker category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2017-05-25 15:50:20 abstract:
Simulating Bell correlations by Monte Carlo methods
can be time-consuming due to the large number of trials required to produce
reliable statistics.
For a noisy vector model,
formulating the vector threshold crossing in terms of geometric probability
can eliminate the need for trials, with inferred probabilities replacing statistical frequencies.
]]> <![CDATA[The Sagnac Effect Falsifies Special Relativity Theory]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0376
2017-05-25 17:15:36Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1705.0376v1 title: The Sagnac Effect Falsifies Special Relativity Theory authors: Ramzi suleiman category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2017-05-25 17:15:36 abstract:
It is believed that the Sagnac effect does not contradict Special Relativity theory because it is manifest in non-inertial rotational motion; therefore, it should be treated in the framework of General Relativity theory. However, several well-designed studies have convincingly shown that a Sagnac Effect identical to the one manifest in rotational uniform motion is also manifest in transverse uniform motion. This result should have been sufficient to falsify Special Relativity theory. In the present article, we offer theoretical support to the experimental results by elucidating the notion that the dynamics of transverse and rotational types of motion are completely equivalent. Since the transverse Sagnac effect contradicts Special Relativity theory, it follows that the rotational Sagnac effect contradicts Special Relativity theory as well. In addition, we show that our recently proposed Information Relativity theory, in which we abandoned the constancy of the velocity of light axiom, theoretically accounts for the Sagnac effect.
]]> <![CDATA[Holy Cosmic Condensate of Dipolar Gravitons]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0375
2017-05-25 18:57:51General Science and Philosophy reference: viXra:1705.0375v1 title: Holy Cosmic Condensate of Dipolar Gravitons authors: Evgeny A. Novikov category: General Science and Philosophy type: submission date: 2017-05-25 18:57:51 abstract:
Quantum modification of general relativity (Qmoger) is supported by cosmic data (without fitting). Qmoger equations consist of Einstein equations with two additional terms responsible for production/absorption of matter. In Qmoger cosmology there was no Big Bang and matter is continuously producing by the Vacuum. Particularly, production of the ultralight gravitons with tiny electric dipole moment was started about 284 billion years ago. Quantum effects dominate interaction of these particles and they form the quantum condensate. Under influence of gravitation, the condensate is forming galaxies and producing ordinary matter, including photons. As one important result of this activity, it recently created us, the people, and continues to support us. Particularly, our subjective experiences are a result of an interaction between the background condensate and the neural system of the brain. The action potentials of neural system create traps and coherent dynamic patterns in the dipolar condensate. So, our subjective experiences are graviton-based, which can open new directions of research in biology and medicine.
]]> <![CDATA[Is Mechanics a Proper Approach to Fundamental Physics?]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0374
2017-05-25 20:55:10Mathematical Physics reference: viXra:1705.0374v1 title: Is Mechanics a Proper Approach to Fundamental Physics? authors: Zihao Song category: Mathematical Physics type: submission date: 2017-05-25 20:55:10 abstract:
Physicists are proposing different mechanics to describe the nature, physical body is measured by intrinsic properties like electric charge, and extrinsic properties being related to space like generalized coordinates or velocities etc., with these properties we can predict what event will happen. We can naturally define the fact of the event and the cause of the event as information, the information grasped by physicist must be originated from something objective, information must have its object container. Intrinsic property information is contained by object itself, but container of extrinsic property information like position is ambiguous, position is a relation based on multiple objects, it's hard to define which one is the information container. With such ambiguity, no mechanics is a complete theory, errors hidden in assumptions are hard to find. Here we show a new theoretical framework with strict information container restriction, on which we can build complete determinism theories to approach grand unification.
]]> <![CDATA[The Theoretical Model of God: Proof of the Existence and of the Uniqueness of God]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0372
2017-05-25 23:12:56General Science and Philosophy reference: viXra:1705.0372v1 title: The Theoretical Model of God: Proof of the Existence and of the Uniqueness of God authors: Temur Z. Kalanov category: General Science and Philosophy type: submission date: 2017-05-25 23:12:56 abstract:
The work is devoted to the 21st century’s most urgent problem: the problem of existence of God. The theoretical proof of the existence and of the uniqueness of God, based on the correct method of knowledge – unity of formal logic and of rational dialectics, – is proposed. This proof represents a theoretical model of God: a system of axioms from which the principle of existence and of uniqueness of God is deduced. The principle runs as follows: God exists as the Absolute, the Creator, the Governor of the essence (information) and of the phenomenon (material manifestation of information). The theoretical model of man and the formulation of the principle of development of Mankind – as consequences of the model of God – are proposed as well. The main conclusion is as follows: the principle of the existence and of the uniqueness of God represents absolute scientific truth and, consequently, should be a starting-point and a basis of the 21st century’s correct sciences.
]]> <![CDATA[Atomistic Insights into Ferroelectric Materials]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0371
2017-05-25 07:26:26Condensed Matter reference: viXra:1705.0371v1 title: Atomistic Insights into Ferroelectric Materials authors: George Rajna category: Condensed Matter type: submission date: 2017-05-25 07:26:26 abstract:
At first glance, biomedical imaging devices, cell phones, and radio telescopes may not seem to have much in common, but they are all examples of technologies that can benefit from certain types of relaxor ferroelectrics— ceramics that change their shape under the application of an electric field. [23] Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have demonstrated a new level of optical isolation necessary to advance on-chip optical signal processing. The technique involving light-sound interaction can be implemented in nearly any photonic foundry process and can significantly impact optical computing and communication systems. [22] City College of New York researchers have now demonstrated a new class of artificial media called photonic hypercrystals that can control light-matter interaction in unprecedented ways. [21] Experiments at the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw prove that chemistry is also a suitable basis for storing information. The chemical bit, or 'chit,' is a simple arrangement of three droplets in contact with each other, in which oscillatory reactions occur. [20] Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories have developed new mathematical techniques to advance the study of molecules at the quantum level. [19] Correlation functions are often employed to quantify the relationships among interdependent variables or sets of data. A few years ago, two researchers proposed a property-testing problem involving Forrelation for studying the query complexity of quantum devices. [18] A team of researchers from Australia and the UK have developed a new theoretical framework to identify computations that occupy the 'quantum frontier'—the boundary at which problems become impossible for today's computers and can only be solved by a quantum computer. [17] Scientists at the University of Sussex have invented a groundbreaking new method that puts the construction of large-scale quantum computers within reach of current technology. [16]
]]> <![CDATA[We Are Living in a Computer Simulation]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0370
2017-05-25 08:47:15Quantum Gravity and String Theory reference: viXra:1705.0370v1 title: We Are Living in a Computer Simulation authors: Ding-Yu Chung category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory type: submission date: 2017-05-25 08:47:15 abstract:
This paper posits that we are living in a computer simulation to simulate physical reality which has the same computer simulation process as virtual reality (computer-simulated reality). The computer simulation process involves the digital representation of data, the mathematical computation of the digitized data in geometric formation and transformation in space-time, and the selective retention of events in a narrative. Conventional physics cannot explain physical reality clearly, while computer-simulated physics can explain physical reality clearly by using the computer simulation process consisting of the digital representation component, the mathematical computation component, and the selective retention component. For the digital representation component, the three intrinsic data (properties) are rest mass-kinetic energy, electric charge, and spin which are represented by the digital space structure, the digital spin, and the digital electric charge, respectively. The digital representations of rest mass and kinetic energy are 1 as attachment space for the space of matter and 0 as detachment space for the zero-space of matter, respectively, to explain the Higgs field, the reverse Higgs field, quantum mechanics, special relativity, force fields, dark matter, and baryonic matter. The digital representations of the exclusive and the inclusive occupations of positions are ½ spin fermion and integer spin boson, respectively, to explain spatial translation by supersymmetry transformation and dark energy. The digital representations of the allowance and the disallowance of irreversible kinetic energy are integral electric charges and fractional electric charges, respectively, to explain the confinements of quarks and quasiparticles. For the mathematical computation component, the mathematical computation involves the reversible multiverse and oscillating M-theory as oscillating membrane-string-particle whose space-time dimension (D) number oscillates between 11D and 10D and between 10D and 4D to explain cosmology. For the selective retention component, gravity, the strong force, electromagnetism, and the weak force are the retained events during the reversible four-stage evolution of our universe, and are unified by the common narrative of the evolution.
]]> <![CDATA[The Accurate Mass Formulas of Leptons, Quarks, Gauge Bosons, the Higgs Boson, and Cosmic Rays]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0369
2017-05-25 08:55:15High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1705.0369v1 title: The Accurate Mass Formulas of Leptons, Quarks, Gauge Bosons, the Higgs Boson, and Cosmic Rays authors: Ding-Yu Chung category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2017-05-25 08:55:15 abstract:
One of the biggest unsolved problems in physics is the particle masses of all elementary particles which cannot be calculated accurately and predicted theoretically. In this paper, the unsolved problem of the particle masses is solved by the accurate mass formulas which calculate accurately and predict theoretically the particle masses of all leptons, quarks, gauge bosons, the Higgs boson, and cosmic rays (the knees-ankles-toe) by using only five known constants: the number (seven) of the extra spatial dimensions in the eleven-dimensional membrane, the mass of electron, the masses of Z and W bosons, and the fine structure constant. The calculated masses are in excellent agreements with the observed masses. For examples, the calculated masses of muon, top quark, pion, neutron, and the Higgs boson are 105.55 MeV, 175.4 GeV, 139.54 MeV, 939.43 MeV, and 126 GeV, respectively, in excellent agreements with the observed 105.65 MeV, 173.3 GeV, 139.57 MeV, 939.27 MeV, and 126 GeV, respectively. The theoretical base of the accurate mass formulas is the periodic table of elementary particles. As the periodic table of elements is derived from atomic orbitals, the periodic table of elementary particles is derived from the seven principal mass dimensional orbitals and seven auxiliary mass dimensional orbitals. All elementary particles including leptons, quarks, gauge bosons, the Higgs boson, and cosmic rays can be placed in the periodic table of elementary particles. The periodic table of elementary particles is based on the theory of everything as the computer simulation model of physical reality consisting of the mathematical computation, digital representation, and selective retention components. The computer simulation model of physical reality provides the seven principal mass dimensional orbitals and seven auxiliary mass dimensional orbitals for the periodic table of elementary particles.
]]> <![CDATA[The Unified Theory of Physics: Symmetry Physics and Yinyang Physics]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0368
2017-05-25 08:58:46Quantum Gravity and String Theory reference: viXra:1705.0368v1 title: The Unified Theory of Physics: Symmetry Physics and Yinyang Physics authors: Ding-Yu Chung category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory type: submission date: 2017-05-25 08:58:46 abstract:
The unified theory of physics is based on both symmetry physics and yinyang physics to unify all physical laws and phenomena, all four fundamental forces, and all elementary particles. Conventional symmetry physics preserves the physical features of a system under transformation by a symmetry operator. In unconventional yinyang physics, yin and yang constitute a binary yinyang system of opposite physical properties by yin and yang operators. The three fundamental symmetry operators transform the three fundamental yinyang systems (inclusiveness-exclusiveness, rest-movement, and composite-individual) into the unified theory of physics. In the inclusiveness-exclusiveness system, a particle is transformed into boson with inclusive occupation of position by the integer spin operator, while a particle is transformed into fermion with exclusive occupation of position by the ½ spin operator. The fundamental symmetry operator is supersymmetry to result in M-theory and cosmology. In the rest-movement system, a moving massless particle (kinetic energy) is transformed into a resting massive particle (rest mass) by the attachment space (denoted as 1) operator to explain the Higgs field, while a resting massive particle is transformed into a moving massless particle by the detachment space (denoted as 0) operator to explain the reverse Higgs field. The fundamental symmetry operator is the symmetrical combination of attachment space and detachment space to bring about the three space structures: binary partition space, (1)n(0)n, for wave-particle duality, binary miscible space, (1+0)n, for relativity, and binary lattice space, (1 0)n, for virtual particles in quantum field theory. In the composite-individual system, particles are transformed into fractional charge quark composite by the fractional electric charge operator, while particles are transformed into integral charge particle individuals by the integral electric charge operator. The fundamental symmetry operator is the symmetrical combination of quarks, leptons, and bosons to constitute the periodic table of elementary particles which calculates accurately the particle masses of all elementary particles.
]]> <![CDATA[Biological Cells using Laser Holographic]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0367
2017-05-25 10:02:16Physics of Biology reference: viXra:1705.0367v1 title: Biological Cells using Laser Holographic authors: George Rajna category: Physics of Biology type: submission date: 2017-05-25 10:02:16 abstract:
A research team led by Professor YongKeun Park of the Physics Department at KAIST has developed an optical manipulation technique that can freely control the position, orientation, and shape of microscopic samples having complex shapes. [25] Rutgers researchers have developed a new way to analyze hundreds of thousands of cells at once, which could lead to faster and more accurate diagnoses of illnesses, including tuberculosis and cancers. [24] An international team including researchers from MIPT has shown that iodide phasing—a long-established technique in structural biology—is universally applicable to membrane protein structure determination. [23] Scientists in Greece have devised a new form of biometric identification that relies on humans' ability to see flashes of light containing just a handful of photons. [22] A research team led by Professor CheolGi Kim has developed a biosensor platform using magnetic patterns resembling a spider web with detection capability 20 times faster than existing biosensors. [21] Researchers at Columbia University have made a significant step toward breaking the so-called "color barrier" of light microscopy for biological systems, allowing for much more comprehensive, system-wide labeling and imaging of a greater number of biomolecules in living cells and tissues than is currently attainable. [20] Scientists around the Nobel laureate Stefan Hell at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Göttingen have now achieved what was for a long time considered impossible – they have developed a new fluorescence microscope, called MINFLUX, allowing, for the first time, to optically separate molecules, which are only nanometers (one millionth of a millimeter) apart from each other. [19] Dipole orientation provides new dimension in super-resolution microscopy [18] Fluorescence is an incredibly useful tool for experimental biology and it just got easier to tap into, thanks to the work of a group of University of Chicago researchers. [17]
]]> <![CDATA[The Notion “speed” and the Lorentz Transformations]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0366
2017-05-25 10:37:57Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1705.0366v1 title: The Notion “speed” and the Lorentz Transformations authors: Sergey V. Shevchenko, Vladimir V. Tokarevsky category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2017-05-25 10:37:57 abstract:
In the paper a few problems relating to the special relativity theory are considered, real SRT problems that arise from the self-inconsistence of the theory, and so limit its correct application; and imaginary, when at some “refuting of SRT” the notion “relatives speed” is erroneously applied, first of all the “(c±V)” problem.
]]> <![CDATA[Magnetic Topological Insulators]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0365
2017-05-25 10:44:51Condensed Matter reference: viXra:1705.0365v1 title: Magnetic Topological Insulators authors: George Rajna category: Condensed Matter type: submission date: 2017-05-25 10:44:51 abstract:
In the world of electronics, where the quest is always for smaller and faster units with infinite battery life, topological insulators (TI) have tantalizing potential. [24] At first glance, biomedical imaging devices, cell phones, and radio telescopes may not seem to have much in common, but they are all examples of technologies that can benefit from certain types of relaxor ferroelectrics— ceramics that change their shape under the application of an electric field. [23] Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have demonstrated a new level of optical isolation necessary to advance on-chip optical signal processing. The technique involving light-sound interaction can be implemented in nearly any photonic foundry process and can significantly impact optical computing and communication systems. [22] City College of New York researchers have now demonstrated a new class of artificial media called photonic hypercrystals that can control light-matter interaction in unprecedented ways. [21] Experiments at the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw prove that chemistry is also a suitable basis for storing information. The chemical bit, or 'chit,' is a simple arrangement of three droplets in contact with each other, in which oscillatory reactions occur. [20] Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories have developed new mathematical techniques to advance the study of molecules at the quantum level. [19] Correlation functions are often employed to quantify the relationships among interdependent variables or sets of data. A few years ago, two researchers proposed a property-testing problem involving Forrelation for studying the query complexity of quantum devices. [18] A team of researchers from Australia and the UK have developed a new theoretical framework to identify computations that occupy the 'quantum frontier'—the boundary at which problems become impossible for today's computers and can only be solved by a quantum computer. [17] Scientists at the University of Sussex have invented a groundbreaking new method that puts the construction of large-scale quantum computers within reach of current technology. [16]
]]> <![CDATA[Price Uncertainty Principle]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0364
2017-05-25 10:44:59Economics and Finance reference: viXra:1705.0364v1 title: Price Uncertainty Principle authors: Chuanli Chen category: Economics and Finance type: submission date: 2017-05-25 10:44:59 abstract:
In modern economy science, there are many theories that discuss the equilibrium. This convention was originally come from two famous economists Walras and Afred Marshall. Walras firstly finished the general equilibrium theory in 1874 in the book the mere economics to iustice. While Afred Marshall put forward the partial equilibrium in 1920. However, by observance, there was never the evidence for the existence of equilibrium.
In this paper, I will put forward a new theory, which is named Price Uncertainty Principle. I will point out the flaws of these two equilibrium theories and discuss why the price mechanism is not the invisible hand, then further discuss why partial equilibrium and general equilibrium are not existent. I will prove that there is no equilibrium point for the price and prices are always fluctuant in the market.
]]> <![CDATA[Fermi–Hubbard Antiferromagnet]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0363
2017-05-25 11:19:05Condensed Matter reference: viXra:1705.0363v1 title: Fermi–Hubbard Antiferromagnet authors: George Rajna category: Condensed Matter type: submission date: 2017-05-25 11:19:05 abstract:
A team at Harvard University has found a way to create a cold-atom Fermi– Hubbard antiferromagnet, which offers new insight into how electrons behave in solids. [33] NIST scientists have devised a novel hybrid system for cooling superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPD) – essential tools for many kinds of cutting-edge research – that is far smaller than those previously demonstrated and that eliminates the need for conventional cryogens-such as liquid helium. [32] The research team recently succeeded for the first time in precisely controlling the transition temperature of superconducting atomic layers using organic molecules. [31] For the first time, physicists have experimentally validated a 1959 conjecture that places limits on how small superconductors can be. [30] A new finding by physicists at MIT and in Israel shows that under certain specialized conditions, electrons can speed through a narrow opening in a piece of metal more easily than traditional theory says is possible. [29] Researchers have found a way to trigger the innate, but previously hidden, ability of graphene to act as a superconductor-meaning that it can be made to carry an electrical current with zero resistance. [28] Researchers in Japan have found a way to make the 'wonder material' graphene superconductive-which means electricity can flow through it with zero resistance. The new property adds to graphene's already impressive list of attributes, like the fact that it's stronger than steel, harder than diamond, and incredibly flexible. [27] Superconductivity is a rare physical state in which matter is able to conduct electricity—maintain a flow of electrons—without any resistance. It can only be found in certain materials, and even then it can only be achieved under controlled conditions of low temperatures and high pressures. New research from a team including Carnegie's Elissaios Stavrou, Xiao-Jia Chen, and Alexander Goncharov hones in on the structural changes underlying superconductivity in iron arsenide compounds—those containing iron and arsenic. [26] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
]]> <![CDATA[Artificial Intelligence by Quantum Computing]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0362
2017-05-25 03:53:34Artificial Intelligence reference: viXra:1705.0362v1 title: Artificial Intelligence by Quantum Computing authors: George Rajna category: Artificial Intelligence type: submission date: 2017-05-25 03:53:34 abstract:
We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20] It's man vs machine this week as Google's artificial intelligence programme AlphaGo faces the world's top-ranked Go player in a contest expected to end in another victory for rapid advances in AI. [19] Google's computer programs are gaining a better understanding of the world, and now it wants them to handle more of the decision-making for the billions of people who use its services. [18] Microsoft on Wednesday unveiled new tools intended to democratize artificial intelligence by enabling machine smarts to be built into software from smartphone games to factory floors. [17] The closer we can get a machine translation to be on par with expert human translation, the happier lots of people struggling with translations will be. [16] Researchers have created a large, open source database to support the development of robot activities based on natural language input. [15] A pair of physicists with ETH Zurich has developed a way to use an artificial neural network to characterize the wave function of a quantum many-body system. [14] A team of researchers at Google's DeepMind Technologies has been working on a means to increase the capabilities of computers by combining aspects of data processing and artificial intelligence and have come up with what they are calling a differentiable neural computer (DNC.) In their paper published in the journal Nature, they describe the work they are doing and where they believe it is headed. To make the work more accessible to the public team members, Alexander Graves and Greg Wayne have posted an explanatory page on the DeepMind website. [13] Nobody understands why deep neural networks are so good at solving complex problems. Now physicists say the secret is buried in the laws of physics. [12]
]]> <![CDATA[Superconducting Nanowire]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0361
2017-05-25 04:37:17Condensed Matter reference: viXra:1705.0361v1 title: Superconducting Nanowire authors: George Rajna category: Condensed Matter type: submission date: 2017-05-25 04:37:17 abstract:
NIST scientists have devised a novel hybrid system for cooling superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPD) – essential tools for many kinds of cutting-edge research – that is far smaller than those previously demonstrated and that eliminates the need for conventional cryogens-such as liquid helium. [32] The research team recently succeeded for the first time in precisely controlling the transition temperature of superconducting atomic layers using organic molecules. [31] For the first time, physicists have experimentally validated a 1959 conjecture that places limits on how small superconductors can be. [30] A new finding by physicists at MIT and in Israel shows that under certain specialized conditions, electrons can speed through a narrow opening in a piece of metal more easily than traditional theory says is possible. [29] Researchers have found a way to trigger the innate, but previously hidden, ability of graphene to act as a superconductor-meaning that it can be made to carry an electrical current with zero resistance. [28] Researchers in Japan have found a way to make the 'wonder material' graphene superconductive-which means electricity can flow through it with zero resistance. The new property adds to graphene's already impressive list of attributes, like the fact that it's stronger than steel, harder than diamond, and incredibly flexible. [27] Superconductivity is a rare physical state in which matter is able to conduct electricity—maintain a flow of electrons—without any resistance. It can only be found in certain materials, and even then it can only be achieved under controlled conditions of low temperatures and high pressures. New research from a team including Carnegie's Elissaios Stavrou, Xiao-Jia Chen, and Alexander Goncharov hones in on the structural changes underlying superconductivity in iron arsenide compounds—those containing iron and arsenic. [26] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
]]> <![CDATA[y^n FLT Identity Proof]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0360
2017-05-25 07:46:44Number Theory reference: viXra:1705.0360v2 title: y^n FLT Identity Proof authors: Maik Becker-Sievert category: Number Theory type: replacement date: 2017-05-25 07:46:44 abstract:
This Identity proofs direct Fermats Last Theorem
]]> <![CDATA[y^n FLT Identity Proof]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0360
2017-05-25 05:19:12Number Theory reference: viXra:1705.0360v1 title: y^n FLT Identity Proof authors: Maik Becker-Sievert category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2017-05-25 05:19:12 abstract:
This Identity proofs direct Fermats Last Theorem
]]> <![CDATA[Metallurgy in Stellar Metamorphosis]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0359
2017-05-25 07:12:28Astrophysics reference: viXra:1705.0359v1 title: Metallurgy in Stellar Metamorphosis authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2017-05-25 07:12:28 abstract:
It is observed that stars evolve into what are called “planets/exoplanets”, this meaning planets/exoplanets are simply evolved/evolving stars. The theoretical foundations for explaining how this occurs is outlined in the General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis. As a principle of this still developing theory the plasma to rock and metal principle is mentioned with how it relates to metallurgy.
]]> <![CDATA[Construction of the Lovas-Andai Two-Qubit Function $\tilde{\chi}_2 (\varepsilon )=\frac{1}{3} \varepsilon ^2 \left(4-\varepsilon ^2\right)$ Verifies the $\frac{8}{33}$-Hilbert Schmidt Separability Probability Conjecture]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0358
2017-05-24 13:09:34Mathematical Physics reference: viXra:1705.0358v1 title: Construction of the Lovas-Andai Two-Qubit Function $\tilde{\chi}_2 (\varepsilon )=\frac{1}{3} \varepsilon ^2 \left(4-\varepsilon ^2\right)$ Verifies the $\frac{8}{33}$-Hilbert Schmidt Separability Probability Conjecture authors: Paul B. Slater category: Mathematical Physics type: submission date: 2017-05-24 13:09:34 abstract:
We investigate relationships between two forms of Hilbert-Schmidt two-re[al]bit and two-qubit "separability functions''--those recently advanced by Lovas and Andai (arXiv:1610.01410), and those earlier presented by Slater ({\it J. Phys. A} {\bf{40}} [2007] 14279). In the Lovas-Andai framework, the independent variable $\varepsilon \in [0,1]$ is the ratio $\sigma(V)$ of the singular values of the $2 \times 2$ matrix $V=D_2^{1/2} D_1^{-1/2}$ formed from the two $2 \times 2$ diagonal blocks ($D_1, D_2$) of a
randomly generated $4 \times 4$ density matrix $D$. In the Slater setting, the independent variable $\mu$ is the diagonal-entry ratio $\sqrt{\frac{d_ {11} d_ {44}}{d_ {22} d_ {33}}}$--with, importantly, $\mu=\varepsilon$ or $\mu=\frac{1}{\varepsilon}$ when both $D_1$ and $D_2$ are themselves diagonal. Lovas and Andai established that their two-rebit function $\tilde{\chi}_1 (\varepsilon )$ ($\approx \varepsilon$) yields the
previously conjectured Hilbert-Schmidt separability probability of $\frac{29}{64}$. We are able, in the Slater framework (using cylindrical algebraic decompositions [CAD] to enforce positivity constraints), to reproduce this result. Further, we similarly obtain its new (much simpler) two-qubit counterpart, $\tilde{\chi}_2(\varepsilon) =\frac{1}{3} \varepsilon ^2 \left(4-\varepsilon ^2\right)$. Verification of the companion conjecture of a Hilbert-Schmidt separability probability of $\frac{8}{33}$ immediately follows in the Lovas-Andai framework. We obtain the formulas for $\tilde{\chi}_1(\varepsilon)$ and $\tilde{\chi}_2(\varepsilon)$ by taking $D_1$ and $D_2$ to be diagonal, allowing us to proceed in lower (7 and 11), rather than the full (9 and 15) dimensions occupied by the convex sets of two-rebit and two-qubit states. The CAD's themselves involve 4 and 8 variables, in addition to $\mu=\varepsilon$. We also investigate extensions of these analyses to rebit-retrit and qubit-qutrit ($6 \times 6$) settings.
]]> <![CDATA[A Review of Two Derivations of Maxwell-Dirac Isomorphism and a Few Plausible Extensions]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0357
2017-05-24 16:04:15Mathematical Physics reference: viXra:1705.0357v1 title: A Review of Two Derivations of Maxwell-Dirac Isomorphism and a Few Plausible Extensions authors: Victor Christianto category: Mathematical Physics type: submission date: 2017-05-24 16:04:15 abstract:
The problem of the formal connection between electrodynamics and wave mechanics has attracted the attention of a number of authors, especially there are some existing proofs on Maxwell-Dirac isomorphism. Here the author will review two derivations of Maxwell-Dirac isomorphism i.e. by Hans Sallhofer and Volodimir Simulik. A few plausible extensions will be discussed too.
]]> <![CDATA[Никитин В.Н., Никитин И.В. ГИПОТЕЗА О ТОМ, ЧТО ЯВЛЯЕТСЯ ИСТОЧНИКОМ ЭНЕРГИИ ГАЛАКТИК ВСЕЛЕННОЙ Источником энергии галактик является Вселенская Белая дыра. Галактики возникли в результате галактического распада Белой дыры Вселенной.]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0356
2017-05-25 02:23:57Astrophysics reference: viXra:1705.0356v1 title: Никитин В.Н., Никитин И.В. ГИПОТЕЗА О ТОМ, ЧТО ЯВЛЯЕТСЯ ИСТОЧНИКОМ ЭНЕРГИИ ГАЛАКТИК ВСЕЛЕННОЙ Источником энергии галактик является Вселенская Белая дыра. Галактики возникли в результате галактического распада Белой дыры Вселенной. authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V. category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2017-05-25 02:23:57 abstract:
Источником энергии галактик является Вселенская Белая дыра. Галактики возникли в результате галактического распада Белой дыры Вселенной.
]]> <![CDATA[Theoretical-Heuristic Derivation Sommerfeld's Fine Structure Constant by Feigenbaum's Constant (Delta): Perodic Logistic Maps of Double Bifurcation]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0355
2017-05-25 02:51:48Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1705.0355v1 title: Theoretical-Heuristic Derivation Sommerfeld's Fine Structure Constant by Feigenbaum's Constant (Delta): Perodic Logistic Maps of Double Bifurcation authors: Angel Garcés Doz category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2017-05-25 02:51:48 abstract:
In an article recently published in Vixra: http://vixra.org/abs/1704.0365. Its author (Mario Hieb) conjectured the possible relationship of Feigenbaum's constant delta with the fine-structure constant of electromagnetism (Sommerfeld's Fine-Structure Constant). In this article it demonstrated, that indeed, there is an unequivocal physical-mathematical relationship. The logistic map of double bifurcation is a physical image of the random process of the creation-annihilation of virtual pairs lepton-antilepton with electric charge; Using virtual photons. The probability of emission or absorption of a photon by an electron is precisely the fine structure constant for zero momentum, that is to say: Sommerfeld's Fine-Structure Constant. This probability is coded as the surface of a sphere, or equivalently: four times the surface of a circle. The original, conjectured calculation of Mario Hieb is corrected or improved by the contribution of the entropies of the virtual pairs of leptons with electric charge: muon, tau and electron. Including a correction factor due to the contributions of virtual bosons W and Z; And its decay in electrically charged leptons and quarks.
]]> <![CDATA[Quantized Magneto-Electric Effect]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1705.0354
2017-05-25 03:18:41Condensed Matter reference: viXra:1705.0354v1 title: Quantized Magneto-Electric Effect authors: George Rajna category: Condensed Matter type: submission date: 2017-05-25 03:18:41 abstract:
The 'quantized magneto-electric effect' has been demonstrated for the first time in topological insulators at TU Wien, which is set to open up new and highly accurate methods of measurement. [21] In a recent experiment at EPFL, a microwave resonator, a circuit that supports electric signals oscillating at a resonance frequency, is coupled to the vibrations of a metallic micro-drum. [20] Researchers at the Institute of Solid State Physics map out a radically new approach for designing optical and electronic properties of materials in Advanced Materials. [19] Now MIT physicists have found that a flake of graphene, when brought in close proximity with two superconducting materials, can inherit some of those materials' superconducting qualities. As graphene is sandwiched between superconductors, its electronic state changes dramatically, even at its center. [18] EPFL scientists have now carried out a study on a lithium-containing copper oxide and have found that its electrons are 2.5 times lighter than was predicted by theoretical calculations. [17] Washington State University physicists have created a fluid with negative mass, which is exactly what it sounds like. Push it, and unlike every physical object in the world we know, it doesn't accelerate in the direction it was pushed. It accelerates backwards. [16] When matter is cooled to near absolute zero, intriguing phenomena emerge. These include supersolidity, where crystalline structure and frictionless flow occur together. ETH researchers have succeeded in realising this strange state experimentally for the first time. [15] Helium atoms are loners. Only if they are cooled down to an extremely low temperature do they form a very weakly bound molecule. In so doing, they can keep a tremendous distance from each other thanks to the quantum-mechanical tunnel effect. [14] Inside a new exotic crystal, physicist Martin Mourigal has observed strong indications of "spooky" action, and lots of it. The results of his experiments, if corroborated over time, would mean that the type of crystal is a rare new material that can house a quantum spin liquid. [13]
]]>