viXra.org e-printsPreprints from viXra.org site
http://viXra.org/
Thu Jun 30 21:59:58 BST 2016Thu Jun 30 21:59:58 BST 2016<![CDATA[A Polynomial Recursion for Prime Constellations]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0345
2016-06-30 11:00:58Number Theory reference: viXra:1606.0345v1 title: A Polynomial Recursion for Prime Constellations authors: Scott B. Guthery category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2016-06-30 11:00:58 abstract:
An algorithm for recursively generating the sequence of solutions of a prime constellation is described. The algorithm is based on an polynomial equation formed from the first n elements of the constellation. A root of this equation is the next element of the sequence.
]]> <![CDATA[Note on Uniqueness Solutions of Navier-Stokes Equations]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0344
2016-06-30 08:34:29Functions and Analysis reference: viXra:1606.0344v1 title: Note on Uniqueness Solutions of Navier-Stokes Equations authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi category: Functions and Analysis type: submission date: 2016-06-30 08:34:29 abstract:
Remembering the need of impose the boundary condition u(x,t)=0 at infinity to ensure uniqueness solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations.
]]> <![CDATA[Neutrosophic Overset, Neutrosophic Underset, and Neutrosophic Offset. Similarly for Neutrosophic Over-/Under-/Off- Logic, Probability, and Statistics]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0343
2016-06-30 08:36:33Artificial Intelligence reference: viXra:1606.0343v1 title: Neutrosophic Overset, Neutrosophic Underset, and Neutrosophic Offset. Similarly for Neutrosophic Over-/Under-/Off- Logic, Probability, and Statistics authors: Florentin Smarandache category: Artificial Intelligence type: submission date: 2016-06-30 08:36:33 abstract:
Neutrosophic Over-/Under-/Off-Set and -Logic were defined for the first time by Smarandache in 1995 and published in 2007. They are totally different from other sets/logics/probabilities.
He extended the neutrosophic set respectively to Neutrosophic Overset {when some neutrosophic component is > 1}, Neutrosophic Underset {when some neutrosophic component is < 0}, and to Neutrosophic Offset {when some neutrosophic components are off the interval [0, 1], i.e. some neutrosophic component > 1 and other neutrosophic component < 0}.
This is no surprise with respect to the classical fuzzy set/logic, intuitionistic fuzzy set/logic, or classical/imprecise probability, where the values are not allowed outside the interval [0, 1], since our real-world has numerous examples and applications of over-/under-/off-neutrosophic components.
Example of Neutrosophic Offset.
In a given company a full-time employer works 40 hours per week. Let’s consider the last week period.
Helen worked part-time, only 30 hours, and the other 10 hours she was absent without payment; hence, her membership degree was 30/40 = 0.75 < 1.
John worked full-time, 40 hours, so he had the membership degree 40/40 = 1, with respect to this company.
But George worked overtime 5 hours, so his membership degree was (40+5)/40 = 45/40 = 1.125 > 1. Thus, we need to make distinction between employees who work overtime, and those who work full-time or part-time. That’s why we need to associate a degree of membership strictly greater than 1 to the overtime workers.
Now, another employee, Jane, was absent without pay for the whole week, so her degree of membership was 0/40 = 0.
Yet, Richard, who was also hired as a full-time, not only didn’t come to work last week at all (0 worked hours), but he produced, by accidentally starting a devastating fire, much damage to the company, which was estimated at a value half of his salary (i.e. as he would have gotten for working 20 hours that week). Therefore, his membership degree has to be less that Jane’s (since Jane produced no damage). Whence, Richard’s degree of membership, with respect to this company, was - 20/40 = - 0.50 < 0.
Consequently, we need to make distinction between employees who produce damage, and those who produce profit, or produce neither damage no profit to the company.
Therefore, the membership degrees > 1 and < 0 are real in our world, so we have to take them into consideration.
Then, similarly, the Neutrosophic Logic/Measure/Probability/Statistics etc. were extended to respectively Neutrosophic Over-/Under-/Off-Logic, -Measure, -Probability, -Statistics etc. [Smarandache, 2007].
]]> <![CDATA[Functia Smarandache]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0342
2016-06-30 08:39:43Education and Didactics reference: viXra:1606.0342v1 title: Functia Smarandache authors: Gheorghe Tomozei category: Education and Didactics type: submission date: 2016-06-30 08:39:43 abstract:
Prodigiosul poet și matematician Florentin Smarandache e, încă, un necunoscut – efectiv ilustru – pentru cititorul român.
Fiindcă totul, în ce-l privește pe autor, stă sub semnul mirabilităţii (studiile, debutul literar, dar mai ales... biografia copleșitor de bogată în evenimente), totul consună întru insolitul (programat) și implacabila "soartă".
]]> <![CDATA[Operators on Single-Valued Neutrosophic Oversets, Neutrosophic Undersets, and Neutrosophic Offsets]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0341
2016-06-30 08:42:46Artificial Intelligence reference: viXra:1606.0341v1 title: Operators on Single-Valued Neutrosophic Oversets, Neutrosophic Undersets, and Neutrosophic Offsets authors: Florentin Smarandache category: Artificial Intelligence type: submission date: 2016-06-30 08:42:46 abstract:
We have defined Neutrosophic Over-/Under-/Off-Set and Logic for the first
time in 1995 and published in 2007. During 1995-2016 we presented them to various
national and international conferences and seminars. These new notions are totally
different from other sets/logics/probabilities.
We extended the neutrosophic set respectively to Neutrosophic Overset {when some
neutrosophic component is > 1}, to Neutrosophic Underset {when some neutrosophic
component is < 0}, and to Neutrosophic Offset {when some neutrosophic components are
off the interval [0, 1], i.e. some neutrosophic component > 1 and other neutrosophic
component < 0}.
This is no surprise since our real-world has numerous examples and applications of
over-/under-/off-neutrosophic components.
]]> <![CDATA[Is Electric Field Vector Field or Covector Field?]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0340
2016-06-30 09:26:08Classical Physics reference: viXra:1606.0340v1 title: Is Electric Field Vector Field or Covector Field? authors: Radi I. Khrapko category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2016-06-30 09:26:08 abstract:
There are different fields in electrodynamics: vector fields and covector fields.
]]> <![CDATA[The Principle of Multiple Nebulas in Stellar Metamorphosis]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0339
2016-06-30 09:47:35Astrophysics reference: viXra:1606.0339v1 title: The Principle of Multiple Nebulas in Stellar Metamorphosis authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2016-06-30 09:47:35 abstract:
It is reasoned that the solar system formed from multiple nebulas, not a singular one. Explanation is given.
]]> <![CDATA[The Solar System Principle]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0338
2016-06-30 09:48:56Astrophysics reference: viXra:1606.0338v1 title: The Solar System Principle authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2016-06-30 09:48:56 abstract:
According to the Principle of Multiple nebulas inside of stellar metamorphosis theory, a new principle of solar systems is presented.
]]> <![CDATA[Colloidal Mushy Layers]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0337
2016-06-30 10:15:19Condensed Matter reference: viXra:1606.0337v1 title: Colloidal Mushy Layers authors: S. S. L. Peppin, S. Deville, R. W. Style, J. S. Wettlaufer, M. G. Worster category: Condensed Matter type: submission date: 2016-06-30 10:15:19 abstract:
We describe and examine theoretically a model of a mushy layer that forms during the solidification of an aqueous colloidal suspension from a cooled boundary. The model
accounts for the formation of three regions:
a frozen layer containing both pore ice and segregated ice, a mushy layer containing
segregated ice but no pore ice, and a boundary layer of particles ahead of the mushy layer. Diffusion of the colloidal particles in the mushy layer is shown to be equivalent to thermal regelation of the particles through ice. The behaviour of the system is
sensitive to the size and initial concentration of the colloidal particles. The model is in
good qualitative agreement with experimental results on aqueous alumina
suspensions.
]]> <![CDATA[Thermal and Physical Properties of Biofield Treated Bile Salt and Proteose Peptone]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0336
2016-06-29 23:18:35Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1606.0336v1 title: Thermal and Physical Properties of Biofield Treated Bile Salt and Proteose Peptone authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Snehasis Jana category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-06-29 23:18:35 abstract:
Bile salt (BS) and proteose peptone (PP) are important biomacromolecules being produced inside the human body. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of biofield treatment on physicochemical properties of BS and PP. The study was performed in two groups (control and treated). The control group remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treated group. The control and treated BS and PP samples were characterized by particle size analyzer (PSA), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), x-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). PSA results showed increase in particle size (d50 and d99) of both treated BS and PP as compared to control. Surface area analysis showed minimal decrease by 1.59%, in surface area of treated BS as compared to control. However, the treated PP showed increase (8%) in surface area as compared to control. DSC characterization showed increase in melting temperature of treated BS as compared to control. Whereas, DSC thermogram of treated PP showed decrease in melting temperature with respect to control. Moreover, the DSC of control and treated PP showed presence of exothermic peaks which were possibly due to protein aggregation. The treated PP showed higher exothermic transition temperature as compared to control. XRD analysis revealed slight reduction in crystalline nature of BS as compared to control. On the other hand, XRD data of control and treated PP showed an amorphous nature. TGA analysis of treated BS showed maximum thermal decomposition temperature at 22°C which was higher as compared to control sample (106°C). This could be due to biofield treatment which may enhance the thermal stability of treated BS with respect to control. However, the TGA thermogram of treated PP showed decrease in maximum thermal stability as compared to control. The overall results showed that biofield treatment has significantly altered the physical and thermal properties of BS and PP.
]]> <![CDATA[Characterization of Physical, Thermal and Structural Properties of Chromium (VI) Oxide Powder: Impact of Biofield Treatment]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0335
2016-06-29 23:22:10Thermodynamics and Energy reference: viXra:1606.0335v1 title: Characterization of Physical, Thermal and Structural Properties of Chromium (VI) Oxide Powder: Impact of Biofield Treatment authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana category: Thermodynamics and Energy type: submission date: 2016-06-29 23:22:10 abstract:
Chromium (VI) oxide (CrO3 ) has gained extensive attention due to its versatile physical and chemical properties. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment on physical, thermal and structural properties of CrO3 powder. In this study, CrO3 powder was divided into two parts i.e. control and treatment. Control part was remained as untreated and treated part received Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment. Subsequently, control and treated CrO3 samples were characterized using Thermo gravimetric analysis-differential thermal analysis (TGA-DTA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). DTA showed that the melting point of treated CrO3 was increased upto 212.65°C (T3) as compared to 201.43°C in control. In addition, the latent heat of fusion was reduced upto 51.70% in treated CrO3 as compared to control. TGA showed the maximum thermal decomposition temperature (Tmax) around 330°C, was increased upto 340.12°C in treated CrO3 sample. XRD data revealed that lattice parameter and unit cell volume of treated CrO3 samples were reduced by 0.25 and 0.92% respectively, whereas density was increased by 0.93% in treated CrO3 sample as compared to control. The crystallite size of treated CrO3 was increased from 46.77 nm (control) to 60.13 nm after biofield treatment. FT-IR spectra showed the absorption peaks corresponding to Cr=O at 906 and 944 cm-1 in control, which were increased to 919 and 949 cm¬1 in treated CrO3 after biofield treatment. Overall, these results suggest that biofield treatment has substantially altered the physical, thermal and structural properties of CrO3 powder.
]]> <![CDATA[Can Football Fans Win the Home Match Sitting in the Stadium? (1)]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0334
2016-06-30 01:29:30Mind Science reference: viXra:1606.0334v1 title: Can Football Fans Win the Home Match Sitting in the Stadium? (1) authors: Tamas Lajtner category: Mind Science type: submission date: 2016-06-30 01:29:30 abstract:
According to chaos theory, the single flap of a butterfly’s wings can lead to unexpectedly great consequences. This sentence allows us to picture the phenomenon, but we may understand it in a more concrete form. We can measure the energy of the flap of a butterfly’s wing. This energy is about as great as the measurable energy of thought. Using chaos theory, thought is able to change the environment. The butterfly effect can manifest itself as a thought effect.
]]> <![CDATA[Kinematic Solutions to the Twin Paradox in Special Relativity]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0332
2016-06-30 03:37:04Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1606.0332v1 title: Kinematic Solutions to the Twin Paradox in Special Relativity authors: Vadim N. Matvejev category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2016-06-30 03:37:04 abstract:
This paper deals with the twin paradox within special relativity. The paper reveals the cause of paradoxical time dilation for an inertial stay-at-home twin, occurring, as believed by a non-inertial travelling twin, throughout his motion except for a short-time turn, though by the return of the travelling twin it is the stay-at-home twin who has aged more. This cause is the unconditional approach to the individual observer’s inherent state of rest. Certain kinematic solutions to the paradox are given without resorting to a non-inertial reference frame. The existence of such solutions is shown both in special relativity and in Lorentz ether theory.
]]> <![CDATA[Specific Features of Time Dilation During Circular Movement]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0331
2016-06-30 03:39:23Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1606.0331v1 title: Specific Features of Time Dilation During Circular Movement authors: Vadim N. Matvejev, Oleg V. Matvejev category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2016-06-30 03:39:23 abstract:
Imagine that all the processes in your body, and the objects that you hold in your hands, have slowed. For those around you, you would become a dawdler, while a lamp in your hands, which you think is giving off a green light, during a certain degree of slowing would be perceived by the people around you as yellow due to a decrease in the light wave frequency. In turn, you would notice accelerated life and the rapid movement of each person in the world around you, while a lamp just like yours in the hands of one of these individuals would emit a blue light from your point of view. These disparate, diametrically opposed perceptions by you and the people around you can be called asymmetric. There is no similar asymmetric and what would appear to be such a natural result of mutual observation in Einstein’s special theory of relativity. Therein, each observer in motion relative to another observer notices a slowing of the other observer’s processes that is strange from the standpoint of “common” sense; i.e., the results prove to be symmetric. But can a disturbance of this symmetry be observed in the physics of moving bodies?
]]> <![CDATA[Популярное изложение поперечного эффекта Доплера]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0330
2016-06-30 04:15:19Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1606.0330v1 title: Популярное изложение поперечного эффекта Доплера authors: Vadim N. Matvejev, Oleg V. Matvejev category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2016-06-30 04:15:19 abstract:
В популярной онлайн энциклопедии Wikipedia есть статья, посвященная релятивистскому эффекту Доплера. В статье есть раздел, рассматривающий поперечный эффект Доплера. В этом разделе утверждается следующее:
The transverse Doppler effect is the nominal redshift or blueshift predicted by special relativity that occurs when the emitter and receiver are at the point of closest approach. Light emitted at this instant will be redshifted. Light received at this instant will be blueshifted.
Classical theory does not make a specific prediction for either of these two cases, as the shift depends on the motions relative to the medium.
Между тем, начинающий исследователь, прочитав эту замеку, может задаться вопросом – так какое же их этих наблюдений является истинным либо как правильно интерпретировать различные результаты? Судя по всему, таким вопросом также задаются весьма опытные исследователи, о чем свидетельствует серия относительно недавних публикаций.
]]> <![CDATA[Low Dose Rate Imaging]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0329
2016-06-30 04:21:06Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1606.0329v1 title: Low Dose Rate Imaging authors: J.A.J. van Leunen category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-06-30 04:21:06 abstract:
Heerbaan 6The quality of low dose rate imaging strongly depends on the number of quanta that take part in the
detected image. If quantum multiplication is applied, then the detective quantum efficiency of the
imaging chain is an important imaging quality characteristic. Also the blur caused by the chain of
imaging components that take part in the imaging process affects the imaging quality. For linear
operating imaging devices this translates in the optical transfer function of the participating
components. The fact that these qualifiers play a decisive role is based on the assumption that
human perception is in a special way optimized for perceiving low dose rate images.
]]> <![CDATA[Kalman Folding, Part 1 (Review Draft)]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0328
2016-06-29 14:21:33Data Structures and Algorithms reference: viXra:1606.0328v1 title: Kalman Folding, Part 1 (Review Draft) authors: Brian Beckman category: Data Structures and Algorithms type: submission date: 2016-06-29 14:21:33 abstract:
Kalman filtering is commonplace in engineering, but less familiar to software
developers. It is the central tool for estimating states of a model, one
observation at a time. It runs fast in constant memory. It is the mainstay of
tracking and navigation, but it is equally applicable to econometrics,
recommendations, control: any application where we update models over time.
By writing a Kalman filter as a functional fold, we can test code in friendly
environments and then deploy identical code with confidence in unfriendly
environments. In friendly environments, data are deterministic, static, and
present in memory. In unfriendly, real-world environments,
data are unpredictable, dynamic, and arrive asynchronously.
The flexibility to deploy exactly the code that was tested is especially
important for numerical code like filters. Detecting, diagnosing and correcting
numerical issues without repeatable data sequences is impractical. Once code is
hardened, it can be critical to deploy exactly the same code, to the binary
level, in production, because of numerical brittleness. Functional form makes it
easy to test and deploy exactly the same code because it minimizes the coupling
between code and environment.
]]> <![CDATA[The Logic of the Prime Numbers]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0327
2016-06-29 07:46:25Number Theory reference: viXra:1606.0327v1 title: The Logic of the Prime Numbers authors: Mohamed Ouiter category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2016-06-29 07:46:25 abstract:
From the definition that a number is Prime if he admits that two dividers and any number not prime can it write as a product of prime factors, I was able to identify a simple law that governs the distribution of prime numbers.
]]> <![CDATA[On the New Quark and Neutrino Model Based on Virtual Space-Time]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0326
2016-06-29 08:22:57High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1606.0326v1 title: On the New Quark and Neutrino Model Based on Virtual Space-Time authors: Zhi Cheng category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2016-06-29 08:22:57 abstract:
In this paper, I try to reconstruct the quark model based on virtual space-time. It seems that the new quark model is able to get the same results with standard model. So I continue to analysis the virtual photon wave equation, and obtain the new neutrino model. It points out that the neutrino is the mass wave that step crossing the real and virtual space-time.
]]> <![CDATA[A Pulsation Hypothesis Elucidates a Mystery of the Dark Energy.]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0325
2016-06-29 10:15:43High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1606.0325v1 title: A Pulsation Hypothesis Elucidates a Mystery of the Dark Energy. authors: Terubumi Honjou category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2016-06-29 10:15:43 abstract:
A pulsation hypothesis elucidates a mystery of the dark energy.
A mystery of the dark energy. It is the mystery of the astrophysics maximum.
The existing physics cannot elucidate the mystery.
The elementary particle pulsation hypothesis discovered 4-dimensional space.
In four-dimensional space, dark energy pulsates.
A pulsation hypothesis elucidates a mystery of the dark energy.
Pulsating Big Bang universe model.
From the beginning, was filled with dark energy throughout the universe.
Dark energy ripples formed cosmic large-scale structure.
Over time, in the early universe.
Void (bubble) group in each microcosm.
Galaxy was born in each microcosm.
The Galaxy by the pulsating bubble moved the boundary. The moved to the borders and bubbles.
The hundred billion galaxies distributed to the boundary of the bubble (lattice).
As a result, became no longer bubbles in Galaxy.
]]> <![CDATA[The Theory of $n$-scales]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0324
2016-06-28 16:56:02Functions and Analysis reference: viXra:1606.0324v1 title: The Theory of $n$-scales authors: Furkan Semih Dundar category: Functions and Analysis type: submission date: 2016-06-28 16:56:02 abstract:
We give a theory of $n$-scale previously called as $n$ dimensional time scale. In previous approaches to the theory of time scales, multi dimensional scales were taken as product space of two time scales \cite{bohner2005multiple,bohner2010surface}. Here we define an $n$-scale as an arbitrary closed subset of $\mathbb R^n$. Modified forward and backward jump operators, $\Delta$-derivatives and multiple integrals on $n$-scales are defined.
]]> <![CDATA[The Higgs Boson vs the Spacetime Metric: Postscript]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0323
2016-06-28 18:58:57High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1606.0323v1 title: The Higgs Boson vs the Spacetime Metric: Postscript authors: John A. Gowan category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2016-06-28 18:58:57 abstract:
The "Higgs metric" is proposed as the particle analog of the spacetime metric. The Higgs metric of the early, high temperature cosmos "cascades" through several unified-field symmetric energy states (with distinct Higgs Bosons and corresponding IVBs) before it reaches our ground state or Biological Era.
]]> <![CDATA[Anxiety Emotion Affects Health in View of System Science]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0322
2016-06-28 22:14:25Physics of Biology reference: viXra:1606.0322v1 title: Anxiety Emotion Affects Health in View of System Science authors: Feng Lin category: Physics of Biology type: submission date: 2016-06-28 22:14:25 abstract:
In this paper we discussed the affect of anxiety emotion in view of system science. With the help of limit cycle model and non-equilibrium thermodynamics, it shows that the affect caused by anxiety emotion is different from person to person. Using synthesis and metabolism frequency as the basis to category the affects, we found that the affect will cause some kind of population over weighted while some kind of population will become thinner and thinner. This depends on whether synthesis and metabolism frequency decreases or increases. We gave some suggestion about getting rid of the affect caused by such kind of emotion according to different kind of population.
]]> <![CDATA[In Vitro Evaluation of Biofield Treatment on Cancer Biomarkers Involved in Endometrial and Prostate Cancer Cell Lines]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0321
2016-06-28 23:24:20Thermodynamics and Energy reference: viXra:1606.0321v1 title: In Vitro Evaluation of Biofield Treatment on Cancer Biomarkers Involved in Endometrial and Prostate Cancer Cell Lines authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana category: Thermodynamics and Energy type: submission date: 2016-06-28 23:24:20 abstract:
Increasing cancer rates particularly in the developed world are associated with related lifestyle and environmental exposures. Combined immunotherapy and targeted therapies are the main treatment approaches in advanced and recurrent cancer. An alternate approach, energy medicine is increasingly used in life threatening problems to promote human wellness. This study aimed to investigate the effect of biofield treatment on cancer biomarkers involved in human endometrium and prostate cancer cell lines. Each cancer cell lines were taken in two sealed tubes i.e. one tube was considered as control and another tube was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment, referred as treated. Control and treated samples were studied for the determination of cancer biomarkers such as multifunctional cytokines viz. interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R), prostate specific antigen (PSA), and free prostate specific antigen (FPSA) concentrations using ELISA assay on day 10. Experimental results showed a significant reduction of IL-6 level in endometrium (12%) and prostate (98.8%) cancer cell lines while a significant increase was observed in TNF-α level in endometrium (385%) and prostate (89.8%) cancer cell lines as compared to control. No alteration of PSA level was observed in biofield treated endometrium and prostate cell line. Similarly, no alterations were evident in IL-2R and FPSA levels in endometrium and prostate cell lines after biofield treatment as compared to control. In conclusion, results suggest that biofield treatment has shown significant alterations in the level of cytokines (IL-6 and TNF-α) in both endometrium and prostate cancer cell lines.
]]> <![CDATA[An Evaluation of Biofield Treatment on Thermal, Physical and Structural Properties of Cadmium Powder]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0320
2016-06-28 23:26:41Biochemistry reference: viXra:1606.0320v1 title: An Evaluation of Biofield Treatment on Thermal, Physical and Structural Properties of Cadmium Powder authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana category: Biochemistry type: submission date: 2016-06-28 23:26:41 abstract:
Cadmium is widely utilized in nickel-cadmium batteries, stabilizers, and coating applications due to its versatile physico-chemical properties. The aim of present study was to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment on atomic, thermal, and physical properties of cadmium powder. The cadmium powder was divided into two groups, one group as control and another group as treated. The treated group received Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment. Control and treated samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), particle size analyzer, surface area analyzer, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). XRD results showed significant alteration in lattice parameter, unit cell volume, densities, nuclear charge per unit volume, and atomic weight in treated cadmium powder as compared to control. Furthermore, crystallite size was significantly reduced upto 66.69% in treated cadmium as compared to control. DSC analysis results showed that the latent heat of fusion of the treated cadmium powder was considerably reduced by 16.45% as compared to control. Particle size data revealed that average particle size (d50) of treated cadmium powder was significantly reduced by 47.79 % as compared to the control. In addition, the surface area of treated cadmium powder was substantially enhanced by 156.36% as compared to control. Surface morphology observed by SEM showed the more facets and fractured surface with satellite boundaries in treated cadmium powder as compared to control. These findings suggest that biofield treatment has significantly altered the atomic, thermal and physical properties of cadmium.
]]> <![CDATA[Modified Alcubierre Warp Drive III]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0319
2016-06-29 00:03:14Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1606.0319v1 title: Modified Alcubierre Warp Drive III authors: Gianluca Perniciano category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2016-06-29 00:03:14 abstract:
A solution of general relativity is presented that describes an Alcubierre propulsion system in
which it is possible to travel at superluminal speed while reducing the components of the energy-impulse
tensor by an arbitrary value and eliminating the event horizon, for superluminal
motions,which would have otherwise led to to explosion of the spaceship (instability of the warp
bubble).
]]> <![CDATA[1 of 4,757 Print All in New Window is the Cosmological Constant, a ‘vacuum’ Field? We Explore This by Squeezing Early Universe ‘coherent-Semi Classical States. and Compares This to Energy from the Early Universe Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0318
2016-06-29 00:55:17Quantum Gravity and String Theory reference: viXra:1606.0318v1 title: 1 of 4,757 Print All in New Window is the Cosmological Constant, a ‘vacuum’ Field? We Explore This by Squeezing Early Universe ‘coherent-Semi Classical States. and Compares This to Energy from the Early Universe Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle authors: Andrew Beckwith category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory type: submission date: 2016-06-29 00:55:17 abstract:
Our question delves into the nature of early universe vacuum fields, and if this initial vacuum field corresponds to a configuration of early universe space-time at the start of inflation.. The answer as to this came out due to wanting to know if a cosmological constant, as given in the Einstein field equations is commensurate with the by product of squeezed states, We compare our answer, with the influx of energy as given by a modified Heinsenberg Uncertainty principle, at the start of the inflationary era. The so called influx of energy is tied into the squeezed state phenomena as written up in the onset of this article. The impetus to writing this document came from Dr. Karim, in an e mail which the author relates to, in the introduction. Our claim is that the smallness of gtt << 1 is what is driving the existence of the Squeezed states
]]> <![CDATA[An Adventure from Wave Mechanics to Christocentric Cosmology Model]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0317
2016-06-29 01:14:45Religion and Spiritualism reference: viXra:1606.0317v1 title: An Adventure from Wave Mechanics to Christocentric Cosmology Model authors: Victor Christianto category: Religion and Spiritualism type: submission date: 2016-06-29 01:14:45 abstract:
This is a short reflection of my adventure over the last 20 years as an independent researcher, including the discovery process of a new Cosmology model based on interpretation of Cosmic Christology. While these ideas aer in early phase, I wish that this article may stimulate further thinking and discussion in the dialogue between science and theology.
]]> <![CDATA[Considerations on Accelerated Systems, with Particular Application to Weak Gravitational Fields]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0316
2016-06-29 01:43:16Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1606.0316v1 title: Considerations on Accelerated Systems, with Particular Application to Weak Gravitational Fields authors: David L Berkahn category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2016-06-29 01:43:16 abstract:
Starting with acceleration, the Equivalence Principle is used to argue that the known law of
decreasing acceleration for high speed motion in the domain of low acceleration, produces the same
result in a weak gravitational field with subsequent implications for stronger fields.
]]> <![CDATA[Proof that π-e is Irrational]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0315
2016-06-29 04:26:56General Mathematics reference: viXra:1606.0315v1 title: Proof that π-e is Irrational authors: Isaac Mor category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2016-06-29 04:26:56 abstract:
The specific proof for e is not by me!!!
Only the proof for π and π-e are both mine!
]]> <![CDATA[The Pressure and Time Principle of Rock/Mineral Formation in Outer Space]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0314
2016-06-28 12:41:38Astrophysics reference: viXra:1606.0314v1 title: The Pressure and Time Principle of Rock/Mineral Formation in Outer Space authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2016-06-28 12:41:38 abstract:
A simple principle of rock and mineral formation in outer space is presented according to stellar metamorphosis.
]]> <![CDATA[Bose-Einstein Condensates]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0313
2016-06-28 08:16:06Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1606.0313v1 title: Bose-Einstein Condensates authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-06-28 08:16:06 abstract:
Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) are macroscopic systems that have quantum behaviour, and are useful for exploring fundamental physics. Now researchers at the Gakushuin University and the University of Electro-Communications have studied how the miscibility of multicomponent BECs affects their behaviour, with surprising results. [8] Particles can be classified as bosons or fermions. A defining characteristic of a boson is its ability to pile into a single quantum state with other bosons. Fermions are not allowed to do this. One broad impact of fermionic antisocial behavior is that it allows for carbon-based life forms, like us, to exist. If the universe were solely made from bosons, life would certainly not look like it does. Recently, JQI theorists have proposed an elegant method for achieving transmutation—that is, making bosons act like fermions. This work was published in the journal Physical Review Letters. [7] Quantum physics tell us that even massive particles can behave like waves, as if they could be in several places at once. This phenomenon is typically proven in the diffraction of a matter wave at a grating. Researchers have now carried this idea to the extreme and observed the delocalization of molecules at the thinnest possible grating, a mask milled into a single layer of atoms. [6] Researchers in Austria have made what they call the "fattest Schrödinger cats realized to date". They have demonstrated quantum superposition – in which an object exists in two or more states simultaneously – for molecules composed of up to 430 atoms each, several times larger than molecules used in previous such experiments1. [5] Patrick Coles, Jedrzej Kaniewski, and Stephanie Wehner made the breakthrough while at the Centre for Quantum Technologies at the National University of Singapore. They found that 'wave-particle duality' is simply the quantum 'uncertainty principle' in disguise, reducing two mysteries to one. [4] The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
]]> <![CDATA[On the Concepts Which Lie at the Foundation of Field Flow Mechanics]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0312
2016-06-28 08:54:37Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1606.0312v1 title: On the Concepts Which Lie at the Foundation of Field Flow Mechanics authors: Peter Bissonnet category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2016-06-28 08:54:37 abstract:
Fluid Flow Mechanics deals with flows which move due to internal particle pressure and pressure gradients. This paper attempts to derive a roughly parallel although an entirely different concept of a relatively unknown mathematical and yet potential physical process which the author refers to simply as Field Flow Mechanics and which deals with pressure gradients of a field created by a macroscopic and as yet unknown ‘generator’. The development of Field Flow Mechanics finds a natural exposition in transportation of the ‘generator’ across, for example, interstellar distances, i.e. space travel. These fields are obviously not yet in existence, but if they were, they and their gradients would be presumed to be macroscopic variables. This paper tries to anticipate their existence by predicting what would happen if they were in existence and even to use dimensional analysis in order to get some kind of grip on the possible reality of such fields. The approach is to try and derive from a set of geometric assumptions a Lagrangian structure such that the Euler-Lagrange equations of motion can be invoked. In the course of attempting to derive a geometric Lagrangian structure, several surprising results occur such as the derivation of an antisymmetric tensor which finds a convenient interpretation as a new type of ‘electromagnetic’ field which yields a ‘magnetic’ monopole feature in addition to a rotational feature. This paper also attempts to show how Field Flow Mechanics admits a non-linear partial differential equation of the Hamilton-Jacobi type which allows velocities in excess of the speed of light while allowing a parametric time interval on the ‘generator’ to equate with the coordinate time interval of the source planet in order to make interstellar travel a viable process.
]]> <![CDATA[Is Intrinsic Spin Really a Quantum Mechanical Concept?]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0311
2016-06-28 09:02:43Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1606.0311v1 title: Is Intrinsic Spin Really a Quantum Mechanical Concept? authors: Peter Bissonnet category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2016-06-28 09:02:43 abstract:
The prevalent view today is that electron spin, for example, must be considered to be a quantum concept without detailed classical analogy. The author simply did not know if this proposition was true or false, and, subsequently, embarked upon a program (irregardless of whether the spin is quantized or not) to determine if the concept of ‘intrinsic spin’ (i.e. spin which is independent of a coordinate system) could be derived from ideas not considered Quantum Mechanical in nature. This paper is an inquiry into the origin of ‘intrinsic spin’, recognizing that ‘intrinsic spin’ is part of a much larger philosophical problem. This paper attempts to bridge an intellectual gap between two major philosophical issues. The first issue concerns the two major equations used in differential geometry to define a hypersurface, namely, the Gauss and Weingarten equations. Issue two concerns the two monolithic theories discovered in the twentieth century, namely, quantum mechanics and relativity, both of which are the embodiment of description of the hypersurface of the real physical universe. The question is whether or not there is a relationship between these issues from a geometrical point of view which bears on the origin of ‘intrinsic spin’. The answer is in the affirmative, but this answer opens the door to a whole range of other interesting concepts.
]]> <![CDATA[Do Prime Numbers Obey a Three Dimensional Double Helix?]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0310
2016-06-28 09:09:00Number Theory reference: viXra:1606.0310v1 title: Do Prime Numbers Obey a Three Dimensional Double Helix? authors: Peter Bissonnet category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2016-06-28 09:09:00 abstract:
When a subset of sequential integers is arranged in a specific way, there appears a paired set of slanted straight lines along which prime numbers seem to naturally arrange themselves in a repeated fashion. This arrangement can further be observed to be a two dimensional surface applicable to the cylinder. If this arrangement is on a piece of paper, then one can fold the paper in the form of a cylinder, and the paired set of slanted straight lines unite at the page edges to form a double helix winding down the cylinder. Paired primes are thus seen to be an association between primes residing on these two paired helixes, and further analysis shows that there appears to be two types of paired primes. Is the prime number double helix nature’s secret for jump starting life (DNA) and thereby defeating entropy (at least in the initial stage) by creating order from order instead of order from disorder? The prime number trends examined exhibit right handed chirality; left handed chirality is obtained by symmetry considerations.
]]> <![CDATA[Mathematical Formulas : Part 5]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0309
2016-06-28 09:06:44General Mathematics reference: viXra:1606.0309v1 title: Mathematical Formulas : Part 5 authors: Edgar Valdebenito category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2016-06-28 09:06:44 abstract:
Some formulas related with the constant pi
]]> <![CDATA[The Function Gamma(z) :The Generalized-Euler-Constant Function]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0308
2016-06-28 09:10:35General Mathematics reference: viXra:1606.0308v1 title: The Function Gamma(z) :The Generalized-Euler-Constant Function authors: Edgar Valdebenito category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2016-06-28 09:10:35 abstract:
Some results related with the Generalized-Euler-Constant Function
]]> <![CDATA[On a Hypothesis Regarding the Physical Nature of the Weak Interaction]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0307
2016-06-28 09:16:12Nuclear and Atomic Physics reference: viXra:1606.0307v1 title: On a Hypothesis Regarding the Physical Nature of the Weak Interaction authors: Peter Bissonnet category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics type: submission date: 2016-06-28 09:16:12 abstract:
This paper attempts, in a non-quantum mechanical way, to determine a plausible scenario for the true physical nature of the weak interaction. Examination of dimensions and calculated values for seemingly unrelated numbers results in values which are surprisingly close and seemingly beyond the confines of coincidence. Equating these numbers and inserting the results into a simplistic model for the weak interaction results in a value close to the experimental Fermi weak interaction constant. The question is asked if there really is a relationship between the weak interaction and the gravitational ‘constant’. It is noted that energy levels, whether nuclear or orbital, are inherent to the atom as a whole and not necessarily to its separate parts. Subsequently, nuclear energy levels can affect orbital electrons, but, alternatively and more specifically, does there exist a reverse process of electron energy levels sending information to the weak interaction for the purpose of exposing a macroscopic variable gravitational constant?
]]> <![CDATA[An Investigation into Reducing a Prime Product From Two Seemingly Independent Variables to Only One Independent Variable]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0306
2016-06-28 09:30:16Number Theory reference: viXra:1606.0306v1 title: An Investigation into Reducing a Prime Product From Two Seemingly Independent Variables to Only One Independent Variable authors: Peter Bissonnet category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2016-06-28 09:30:16 abstract:
This very short paper illustrates a mathematical method which illustrates the possibility of reducing a prime product (N = PQ) from two independent variables, namely the two original prime numbers P and Q, to only one independent variable which determines both prime numbers.
]]> <![CDATA[A New Perspective on Advanced Space Travel]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0305
2016-06-28 09:36:38Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1606.0305v1 title: A New Perspective on Advanced Space Travel authors: Peter Bissonnet category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2016-06-28 09:36:38 abstract:
This paper attempts to delve into the mystery of space travel. Consequently, it will be necessary to
re-examine concepts which scientists hold dear. In addition, it is the author’s contention that the
so-called weak force is the seat of a powerful new energy source which can be used to propel
spacecraft to be unheard of velocities utilizing a variable scalar gravitational “constant”. One of
the major obstacles faced is that normally the so-called “arc length” ds will be equal to zero at
the speed of light (because of its dependence upon relative velocity), and since ds is used in the
denominator of equations of motion, such equations will become meaningless. This paper will
continue to use the arc length ds, along with its implied proper time; however, this paper will use a
different method of approach to this problem which will involve divorcing ds from its dependence
upon relative velocity as a result of the aforementioned generalization. The approach will be to
use a complex mass-velocity vector (not momentum vector) over the usual four dimensional
space-time manifold domain. The mass-velocity vector is introduced, because it is assumed that a
gradient in φ or φ/μ (to be controlled from within the spacecraft) will cause not only a change in
the velocity of the spacecraft, but also a change in the apparent inertial/gravitational mass mo of
the spacecraft in a coordinated way. This is the guiding principle of this paper!
]]> <![CDATA[Superconductor's Asymmetry]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0304
2016-06-28 09:39:48Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1606.0304v1 title: Superconductor's Asymmetry authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-06-28 09:39:48 abstract:
Researchers from the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter and the University of Amsterdam (the Netherlands), together with researchers from the Institute for Materials Science in Tsukuba (Japan), have discovered an exceptional new quantum state within a superconducting material. This exceptional quantum state is characterised by a broken rotational symmetry – in other words, if you turn the material in a magnetic field, the superconductivity isn't the same everywhere in the material. [27]
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, Cornell University, and collaborators have produced the first direct evidence of a state of electronic matter first predicted by theorists in 1964. The discovery, described in a paper published online April 13, 2016, in Nature, may provide key insights into the workings of high-temperature superconductors. [26]
This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
]]> <![CDATA[The Mass of a Proton and the Neutron.]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0303
2016-06-27 20:55:05High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1606.0303v1 title: The Mass of a Proton and the Neutron. authors: Terubumi Honjou category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2016-06-27 20:55:05 abstract:
The mass of a proton and the neutron.
The difference is a difference of the electronic rest mass.
When mass vibrates at high speed, mass occurs.
When vibration gets closer to velocity of light, it becomes the infinite mass.
The electronic mass is rest mass and the sum with the exercise mass.
Most of the electronic mass are formed of exercise mass.
Rest mass is only several percent.
The electric charge of a proton and the neutron.
An electron of the inside does the action of the electric charge.
The electron in the proton acts as a positive electric charge.
+ As for the electric charge, a pulsatile timing acts as a plus electric charge same as a reverse positron.
The neutron which released an electron loses an electric charge.
]]> <![CDATA[The Reration of Recurring Decimal and Primitive Root]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0302
2016-06-27 21:24:29Number Theory reference: viXra:1606.0302v1 title: The Reration of Recurring Decimal and Primitive Root authors: T.Nakashima category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2016-06-27 21:24:29 abstract:
reration of recurring decimal and primitive root
]]> <![CDATA[Effect of Biofield Treatment on Structural and Morphological Properties of Silicon Carbide]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0301
2016-06-27 23:14:01Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1606.0301v1 title: Effect of Biofield Treatment on Structural and Morphological Properties of Silicon Carbide authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Gopal Nayak category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-06-27 23:14:01 abstract:
Silicon carbide (SiC) is a well-known ceramic due to its excellent spectral absorbance and thermo-mechanical properties. The wide band gap, high melting point and thermal conductivity of SiC is used in high temperature applications. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of biofield treatment on physical, atomic, and structural characteristics of SiC powder. The control and biofield treated SiC powder was analysed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), particle size analyzer, surface area analyzer, and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy techniques with respect to control. The XRD pattern revealed that crystallite size was significantly increased by 40% in treated SiC as compared to control. The biofield treatment has induced changes in lattice parameter, density and molecular weight of atoms in the SiC powder. Particle size was increased upto 2.4% and the surface area was significantly reduced by 71.16% in treated SiC as compared to control. The FT-IR results indicated that the stretching vibrations frequency of silicon-carbon bond in treated SiC (925 cm-1) was shifted towards lower frequency as compared to control (947 cm-1). These findings suggest that biofield treatment has substantially altered the physical and structural properties of SiC powder.
]]> <![CDATA[Influence of Biofield Treatment on Physical, Structural and Spectral Properties of Boron Nitride]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0300
2016-06-27 23:16:55Thermodynamics and Energy reference: viXra:1606.0300v1 title: Influence of Biofield Treatment on Physical, Structural and Spectral Properties of Boron Nitride authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Gopal Nayak category: Thermodynamics and Energy type: submission date: 2016-06-27 23:16:55 abstract:
Boron nitride (BN) is known for high hardness, thermal stability, thermal conductivity, and catalytic action. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of biofield treatment on physical, structural and spectral properties of BN powder. The control and treated sample of BN powder were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), surface area analysis and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). XRD results indicated that biofield treatment had substantially changed the crystallinity of BN powder as compared to control. Apart from the crystallinity, significant changes were also observed in lattice parameter, density and molecular weight of the treated BN powder as compared to control sample. The XRD data confirmed 33.30% increase crystallite size in treated BN powder as compared to control. The surface area data showed 10.33% increment in surface area of treated BN as compared to control. Furthermore, FT-IR spectra revealed that some part of BN may be transformed from hexagonal BN (h-BN) to rhombohedral boron nitride (r-BN), which was corroborated by emergence of new prominent peaks at 1388 cm -1 in treated BN as compared to control sample. These findings suggest that biofield treatment has substantially altered the structural properties and surface area of treated BN powder.
]]> <![CDATA[3-D Pattern of Quantum Computers]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0299
2016-06-28 03:45:03Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1606.0299v1 title: 3-D Pattern of Quantum Computers authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-06-28 03:45:03 abstract:
The era of quantum computers is one step closer as a result of research published in the current issue of the journal Science. The research team has devised and demonstrated a new way to pack a lot more quantum computing power into a much smaller space and with much greater control than ever before. The research advance, using a 3-dimensional array of atoms in quantum states called quantum bits—or qubits—was made by David S. Weiss, professor of physics at Penn State University, and three students on his lab team. He said "Our result is one of the many important developments that still are needed on the way to achieving quantum computers that will be useful for doing computations that are impossible to do today, with applications in cryptography for electronic data security and other computing-intensive fields." [15] Optical quantum technologies are based on the interactions of atoms and photons at the single-particle level, and so require sources of single photons that are highly indistinguishable – that is, as identical as possible. Current single-photon sources using semiconductor quantum dots inserted into photonic structures produce photons that are ultrabright but have limited indistinguishability due to charge noise, which results in a fluctuating electric field. [14] A method to produce significant amounts of semiconducting nanoparticles for light-emitting displays, sensors, solar panels and biomedical applications has gained momentum with a demonstration by researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory. [13] A source of single photons that meets three important criteria for use in quantum-information systems has been unveiled in China by an international team of physicists. Based on a quantum dot, the device is an efficient source of photons that emerge as solo particles that are indistinguishable from each other. The researchers are now trying to use the source to create a quantum computer based on "boson sampling". [11] With the help of a semiconductor quantum dot, physicists at the University of Basel have developed a new type of light source that emits single photons. For the first time, the researchers have managed to create a stream of identical photons. [10] Optical photons would be ideal carriers to transfer quantum information over large distances. Researchers envisage a network where information is processed in certain nodes and transferred between them via photons. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
]]> <![CDATA[Addendum to General GSR Methodological Profile: Sexual Health, Pathology and Response Analysis Via Primary GSR with Secondary and Tertiary Variables.]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0298
2016-06-27 13:43:05Mind Science reference: viXra:1606.0298v1 title: Addendum to General GSR Methodological Profile: Sexual Health, Pathology and Response Analysis Via Primary GSR with Secondary and Tertiary Variables. authors: Rich Norman, Cengiz Mordeniz, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Enrico Pierangeli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte category: Mind Science type: submission date: 2016-06-27 13:43:05 abstract:
Please recall the foregoing conclusions and analyses which have detailed the specific neuroanatomical activations and emergent sympathetic and parasympathetic connectivities including the inter-connective limbic and Orbito-Frontal Cortex (OFC) circuit pathways spanning the deepest psychological foundations and encoding on both conscious and unconscious levels, which may be revealed in GSR (Norman and Conte et al. 2016). The very deepest psychological factors springing from fundamental neuro-affective regulatory agencies may be assessed and measured. This vital work will be performed so as to aid and assess both individuals and couples who are dealing with sexual dysfunction using measurement of response to salient libidinal stimulus and resultant signal analysis. The quality of emotional content and symptom specific affective distributional signal components will be measured. Such work is no simple matter, and may well be substantially aided and sharpened through the addition of secondary variables such as Heart Rate (HR) and Heart Rate Variability (HRV), which just as GSR, demonstrate nonlinear characteristics. Tertiary variables are also discussed as they will aid the process of informational distillation. To gain access to the embedded information, a full and substantial knowledge across the disciplines of neuroscience, psychology, psychiatry, linear and nonlinear mathematical physics is required. Non linear and linear analysis of component interactive dynamics in the GSR signal must be interpreted in accordance with the previously specified methodological framework.
In Conclusion :
1)THE MONITORING OF THE GSR AND SUBSEQUENT ITS ANALYSIS BY LINEAR AND NON LINEAR METHODS IN A SUBJECT EXPOSED TO SEXUAL STIMULI DURING GSR MONITORING IS OF BASIC IMPORTANCE TO CHARACTERIZE HIS/HER SEXUAL AROSUAL AS WELL AS UNDER THE ORGANIC AND PSYCHOLOGICAL PROFILE.
2) THE SIMULTANEOUS USE OF HR (HRV) RECORDING WITH GSRWILL YIELD RESULTS OF BASIC IMPORTANCE SINCE DURING THE GIVEN STMULUS THE COUPLED AND SYNCRHONIZED ANALYSIS OF THE PEAK PHASE OF THE GSR AND DECREASING (RESPECTIVELY INCREASING) HR, ENABLES US TO CHARACTERIZE THE EMOTIONAL/AFFECTIVE TYPE AND STATE OF THE SUBJECT.
]]> <![CDATA[Thought Force Communication, Space-Matter, Gravity]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0297
2016-06-27 14:45:09Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1606.0297v1 title: Thought Force Communication, Space-Matter, Gravity authors: Tamas Lajtner category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2016-06-27 14:45:09 abstract:
The entire world is in your every thought, and your every thought is in the entire world. To understand this paradox we have to understand how thought works. Experiments prove thought force is an existing force that can leave our heads. Thought force is a new fundamental interaction which is not in our physics books. In order to understand this new fundamental interaction, we need a new theory that describes it. This is the space-matter model. In this model, the space waves caused by matter. The space-matter model allows us to find the common root of space, matter and time. Solely through the use of space waves, we can express spatial distance, time and energy. It is possible to express all these phenomena in eVolt, so meters can be converted into seconds or into kgs and vice versa.
Thought is force that appears as change of the wavelengths of space waves. Gravity works the same way. Thought force and gravity have a common character. Gravity is the difference of wavelengths of space waves. This definition of gravity uncovers a new characteristic of it; gravity is able to accelerate the Universe.
Thought as a space wave is more than just a standalone, lonely act. According to our brains, forces that appear in a given spectrum of wavelengths of space waves are thoughts, regardless of who or what created theses forces: we ourselves, other humans or inanimate (non-living) things. We send and receive thoughts as forces. Thought is a kind of communication.
]]> <![CDATA[Soliton in Ultracold Gases]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0296
2016-06-27 10:37:41Condensed Matter reference: viXra:1606.0296v1 title: Soliton in Ultracold Gases authors: George Rajna category: Condensed Matter type: submission date: 2016-06-27 10:37:41 abstract:
Theoretical physicists studying the behavior of ultra-cold atoms have discovered a new source of friction, dispensing with a century-old paradox in the process. Their prediction, which experimenters may soon try to verify, was reported recently in Physical Review Letters. [12] Solitons are localized wave disturbances that propagate without changing shape, a result of a nonlinear interaction that compensates for wave packet dispersion. Individual solitons may collide, but a defining feature is that they pass through one another and emerge from the collision unaltered in shape, amplitude, or velocity, but with a new trajectory reflecting a discontinuous jump. Working with colleagues at the Harvard-MIT Center for Ultracold Atoms, a group led by Harvard Professor of Physics Mikhail Lukin and MIT Professor of Physics Vladan Vuletic have managed to coax photons into binding together to form molecules – a state of matter that, until recently, had been purely theoretical. The work is described in a September 25 paper in Nature. New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.
]]> <![CDATA[Elektrostatische Entsalzung Von Meerwasser]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1606.0295
2016-06-27 10:40:05Classical Physics reference: viXra:1606.0295v1 title: Elektrostatische Entsalzung Von Meerwasser authors: Herbert Weidner category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2016-06-27 10:40:05 abstract:
Durch elektrostatische Kraft werden Ionen an die Oberfläche von Elektroden gebunden, wodurch der Salzgehalt der Elektrolytflüssigkeit sinkt. Eine mehrstufige Entsalzungskaskade kann das Salz vollständig entfernen. Das Verfahren verwendet keine chemischen Umwandlungen und kann mit handelsüblichen Bauelementen gebaut werden.
]]>