viXra.org e-printsPreprints from viXra.org site
http://viXra.org/
Sat May 30 15:24:15 BST 2015Sat May 30 15:24:15 BST 2015<![CDATA[Dynamics of the “Bullet Cluster” (Interactions of the Dark Matter)]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0227
2015-05-30 08:50:50Quantum Gravity and String Theory reference: viXra:1505.0227v1 title: Dynamics of the “Bullet Cluster” (Interactions of the Dark Matter) authors: Sylwester Kornowski category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory type: submission date: 2015-05-30 08:50:50 abstract:
Here, within the Scale-Symmetric Physics (S-SP), we analyse the internal interactions in the dark matter and the weak interactions via leptons of the entangled dark matter with the hadronic and leptonic matter.
]]> <![CDATA[Whywhere2.0: an R Package for Modeling Species Distributions on Big Environmental Data]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0226
2015-05-30 06:37:16Quantitative Biology reference: viXra:1505.0226v1 title: Whywhere2.0: an R Package for Modeling Species Distributions on Big Environmental Data authors: David R.B. Stockwell category: Quantitative Biology type: submission date: 2015-05-30 06:37:16 abstract:
Previous studies have indicated that multi-interval discretization (segmentation) of continuous-valued attributes for classification learning might provide a robust machine learning approach to modelling species distributions. Here we apply a segmentation model to the $Bradypus~variegatus$ -- the brown-throated three-toed sloth -- using the species occurrence and climatic data sets provided in the niche modelling R package \texttt{dismo} and a set of 940 global data sets of mixed type on the Global Ecosystems Database. The primary measure of performance was the area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic (AUC) on a k-fold validation of predictions of the segmented model and a third order generalized linear model (GLM). This paper also presents further advances in the \texttt{WhyWhere} algorithm available as an R package from the development site at http://github.com/davids99us/whywhere.
]]> <![CDATA[Why a Photon is not a Particle]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0225
2015-05-30 01:09:58Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1505.0225v1 title: Why a Photon is not a Particle authors: Sjaak Uitterdijk category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2015-05-30 01:09:58 abstract:
The variables and parameters of the presented model for the generation of an arbitrary photon fit like the pieces of a jigsaw puzzle and therefor justify the conclusion that the model eliminates the wave-particle duality of the photon by explicitly excluding the possibility that it can be a (massless) particle too.
]]> <![CDATA[The Universe is Contracting]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0224
2015-05-29 15:35:36Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1505.0224v1 title: The Universe is Contracting authors: Todd Sicklinger category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2015-05-29 15:35:36 abstract:
Is the Universe expanding? No, the Universe is contracting!! When we observe light from distant Galaxies, the light has longer wavelengths and its photons have less energy than the light emitted by identical objects located closer to us. Additionally, the observations of type 1A supernovas indicates that the amount of redshift is increasing with time. The concept of Dark Energy has been postulated to explain this apparent acceleration. However, the observations have been misinterpreted and the Universe is actually contracting. The action of a contracting Universe is applied to objects in the universe through a change in the metric tenser and this change causes all objects in the Universe to have increased velocity with respect to an observer when the energy density of the Universe increases. Additionally, the contraction of the Universe causes the physical size (volume) of every massive object in space to decrease and the energy density of every object to increase, where this change in size is explained by an intimate unification relationship between General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics caused by the uncertainty factor. Essentially, we change size at the same relative rate as the universe, but we observe the Universe as Contracting because our rate of time has also increased.
]]> <![CDATA[Theory of the 4-Dimensional Matter Wave Relativistic Effects in the Absolute, 4-Dimensional Space]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0223
2015-05-29 14:09:19Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1505.0223v1 title: Theory of the 4-Dimensional Matter Wave Relativistic Effects in the Absolute, 4-Dimensional Space authors: Randolf Rolff category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2015-05-29 14:09:19 abstract:
This paper describes relativistic effects in the absolute, but 4-dimensional geometric space and with an absolute world time.
According to the special relativity theory (SRT) matter moves continuously in the space-time-continuum, in case of zero kinetic energy along the time axis. This is illustrated clearly in the Epstein-diagram [Epstein, Lewis C. Relativitätstheorie anschaulich dargestellt. Basel: Birkhäuser Verlag, 1988]. Hence an absolute base point doesn’t exist. All movements are relative.
In contrast to this motion, the theory of the 4-dimensional matter wave presented here postulates a particle (e.g. an electron) is as a real matter wave in a 4-dimensional and absolute space. In accordance to this theory matter is moving always as a wave with the speed of light. In case of zero kinetic energy this movement runs along the 4th geometric dimension.
The resulting relativistic effects of movement in the space-time-continuum versus movement in the 4-dimensional space are nearly identical due to the similarity of these movements. However the theory of the 4-dimensional matter wave postulates a 4-dimensional and always Euclidean space.
The result of this work is an alternative but still mathematically exact point of view of relativistic physics. In contrast to the SRT, it is not dominated by abstract, mathematical axioms. Typical difficulties for intuitive understanding of SRT like the inhomogeneity of the time-axis in comparison with the space-axes or the curved space are avoided in this theory.
]]> <![CDATA[The Purpose of Culture, or Inception of Social Collision Theory]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0222
2015-05-29 15:08:28Economics and Finance reference: viXra:1505.0222v1 title: The Purpose of Culture, or Inception of Social Collision Theory authors: Aleksey Vaneev category: Economics and Finance type: submission date: 2015-05-29 15:08:28 abstract:
This essay presents introductory concepts and philosophy of the “social collision theory” which may offer presumably calculable suggestions on what societal habits can be cultivated which produce a more diverse and economically extensive and efficient society, regardless of the country.
]]> <![CDATA[On Twin Paradox in Quasi-Curved Spacetime Area]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0221
2015-05-29 14:32:21General Science and Philosophy reference: viXra:1505.0221v2 title: On Twin Paradox in Quasi-Curved Spacetime Area authors: Dmitri Martila category: General Science and Philosophy type: replacement date: 2015-05-29 14:32:21 abstract:
The twin paradox, as well other paradoxes, are not solved. The long term resistance of the paradoxes shows, that the discussions will remain until the Second Coming. How then one can grasp the problem? This question as well technical proofs of the twin paradox one finds in this paper. There is link to the experimental paper on the Ehrenfest Paradox. It is something huge, people, please read all of you!
]]> <![CDATA[On Twin Paradox in Quasi-Curved Spacetime Area]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0221
2015-05-29 03:49:31General Science and Philosophy reference: viXra:1505.0221v1 title: On Twin Paradox in Quasi-Curved Spacetime Area authors: Dmitri Martila category: General Science and Philosophy type: submission date: 2015-05-29 03:49:31 abstract:
The twin paradox, as well other paradoxes, are not solved. The long term resistance of the paradoxes shows, that the discussions will remain until the Second Coming. How then one can grasp the problem? This question as well technical proves of the twin paradox one finds in this paper. There is link to the experimental paper on the Ehrenfest Paradox. It is something huge, people, please read all of you!
]]> <![CDATA[A New Theory in Relational Mechanics ( III & IV )]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0219
2015-05-28 15:36:30Classical Physics reference: viXra:1505.0219v1 title: A New Theory in Relational Mechanics ( III & IV ) authors: Antonio A. Blatter category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2015-05-28 15:36:30 abstract:
In relational mechanics, a new theory is presented, which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces. Additionally, in this paper, all forces can obey or disobey Newton's third law.
]]> <![CDATA[P vs NP. the Most Effective Algorithm for the Hamilton Problem.]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0218
2015-05-29 01:56:46Data Structures and Algorithms reference: viXra:1505.0218v1 title: P vs NP. the Most Effective Algorithm for the Hamilton Problem. authors: Grzegorz Ileczko category: Data Structures and Algorithms type: submission date: 2015-05-29 01:56:46 abstract:
This arcle is a short demonstraon of computaonal possibilies of the extreme effecve algorithm
for the Hamilton problem. In fact, the algorithm can fast solve a few similar problems, well-known in literature as:
Hamilton path
Hamilton cycle
and
Hamilton longest path
Hamilton longest cycle
]]> <![CDATA[Approximate Formula for Periodic Windows of the Logistic Map]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0217
2015-05-29 02:07:15Mathematical Physics reference: viXra:1505.0217v1 title: Approximate Formula for Periodic Windows of the Logistic Map authors: Tomasz Liskowacki, Andrzej Okninski category: Mathematical Physics type: submission date: 2015-05-29 02:07:15 abstract:
In the present work approximate formula for periodic windows of the logistic map is derived.
]]> <![CDATA[A New Theory in Relational Mechanics ( I & II )]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0216
2015-05-28 12:44:44Classical Physics reference: viXra:1505.0216v1 title: A New Theory in Relational Mechanics ( I & II ) authors: Antonio A. Blatter category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2015-05-28 12:44:44 abstract:
In relational mechanics, a new theory is presented, which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces. Additionally, in this paper, all forces must always obey Newton's third law.
]]> <![CDATA[A Derivation of the Etherington's Distance-Duality Equation]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0215
2015-05-28 10:59:31Astrophysics reference: viXra:1505.0215v1 title: A Derivation of the Etherington's Distance-Duality Equation authors: Yuri Heymann category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2015-05-28 10:59:31 abstract:
The Etherington's distance-duality equation is the relationship between the luminosity distance
of standard candles and the angular-diameter distance. This relationship has been validated from astronomical observations based on the X-ray surface brightness and the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect of galactic clusters. In the present study, we propose a derivation of the Etherington's reciprocity relation in the dichotomous cosmology.
]]> <![CDATA[An Extension of Maxwell Representation of Non-Abelian Su(3) Yang-Mills Theory on Cantor Sets]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0214
2015-05-28 11:31:58High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1505.0214v1 title: An Extension of Maxwell Representation of Non-Abelian Su(3) Yang-Mills Theory on Cantor Sets authors: Victor Christianto category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2015-05-28 11:31:58 abstract:
This paper was written in the context of a new concept of Maxwellian neutrino suggested by Valerrii Temnenko [1][2]. Assuming that his classical model of neutrino may be considered close to real description, then it seems also possible to write down Maxwell representation of SU(3) Yang-Mills theory. In fact, such an idea has been proposed by Sanchez-Monroy & Quimbay [3]. Therefore, in this paper I extend further such a Maxwell representation of SU(3) Yang-Mills theory on Cantor Sets. However, I should emphasize that the proposed model as outlined here is not complete yet. It is still a long way from a complete classical description of elementary particles including neutrino masses. Therefore, more research is needed, be it theoretical and also experimental.
]]> <![CDATA[Superconductive and Structure]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0213
2015-05-28 04:33:05Condensed Matter reference: viXra:1505.0213v1 title: Superconductive and Structure authors: George Rajna category: Condensed Matter type: submission date: 2015-05-28 04:33:05 abstract:
Superconductivity is a rare physical state in which matter is able to conduct electricity—maintain a flow of electrons—without any resistance. It can only be found in certain materials, and even then it can only be achieved under controlled conditions of low temperatures and high pressures. New research from a team including Carnegie's Elissaios Stavrou, Xiao-Jia Chen, and Alexander Goncharov hones in on the structural changes underlying superconductivity in iron arsenide compounds—those containing iron and arsenic. [26]
This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
]]> <![CDATA[Quantum Computing on Classical Computer]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0212
2015-05-28 06:05:25Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1505.0212v1 title: Quantum Computing on Classical Computer authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2015-05-28 06:05:25 abstract:
Quantum computers are inherently different from their classical counterparts because they involve quantum phenomena, such as superposition and entanglement, which do not exist in classical digital computers. But in a new paper, physicists have shown that a classical analog computer can be used to emulate a quantum computer, along with quantum superposition and entanglement, with the result that the fully classical system behaves like a true quantum computer. [7]
While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer.
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer.
]]> <![CDATA[Wave-Particle «paradox» as a Wave-Like Form Gosdas’s Wave Function Replaces Schrödinger’s Equation]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0211
2015-05-28 00:58:03Quantum Gravity and String Theory reference: viXra:1505.0211v1 title: Wave-Particle «paradox» as a Wave-Like Form Gosdas’s Wave Function Replaces Schrödinger’s Equation authors: Michael Tzoumpas category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory type: submission date: 2015-05-28 00:58:03 abstract:
In this paper, the inductive-inertial phenomenon G is developed, as well as the force FG, which acts on the units of the dynamic space (see http://viXra.org/abs/1410.0040). This explains the nature of the magnetic forces, that are Coulomb’s electric forces between grouping units (namely electric charges or forms of the electric field), created by the accelerated electron. Also, Coulomb's Law for magnetism, the physical significance of magnetic intensities and the strangeness of the fluctuation of nucleons magnetic moment are interpreted.
De Broglie’s wave-particle is Gosdas’s motion wave (wave-like form) and his wave function replaces Schrödinger’s equation. So, the wave phenomena of particles, the atomic orbitals and the wave-particle «paradox» are interpreted.
]]> <![CDATA[BPSK Based Subcarrier Intensity Modulated Free Space Optical System in Combined Strong Atmospheric Turbulence]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0210
2015-05-28 03:31:06Digital Signal Processing reference: viXra:1505.0210v1 title: BPSK Based Subcarrier Intensity Modulated Free Space Optical System in Combined Strong Atmospheric Turbulence authors: Prabu K, Sumanta Bose, D. Sriram Kumar category: Digital Signal Processing type: submission date: 2015-05-28 03:31:06 abstract:
In this paper the performance of a free space optical (FSO) communication system is analyzed by considering heavy atmospheric losses such as scattering, absorption, channel fading and misalignment fading. For the analysis, subcarrier intensity modulated free space optical (SIM-FSO) communication system using binary phase shift keying (BPSK) is employed. The bit error rate (BER), channel capacity and outage probability of the radiated signal are then investigated over a K-distributed mutual slow fading turbulence channel with illustrative 2D and 3D plots. Novel closed-form analytical expressions are derived for the combined strong turbulent channel model, average BER, channel capacity and outage probability for the considered communication system.
]]> <![CDATA[Special Relativity's Spaceship is not Recommended for Humans: Weight and Body Dimensions of a Returning Twin]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0209
2015-05-27 13:30:24Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1505.0209v2 title: Special Relativity's Spaceship is not Recommended for Humans: Weight and Body Dimensions of a Returning Twin authors: Ramzi Suleiman category: Relativity and Cosmology type: replacement date: 2015-05-27 13:30:24 abstract:
In the present note, we consider the relativistic effects, according to SR, on the "travelling" twin's body dimensions and weight.
]]> <![CDATA[Special Relativity's Spaceship is not Recommended for Humans: Weight and Body Dimension of a Returning Twin]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0209
2015-05-27 09:47:33Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1505.0209v1 title: Special Relativity's Spaceship is not Recommended for Humans: Weight and Body Dimension of a Returning Twin authors: Ramzi Suleiman category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2015-05-27 09:47:33 abstract:
In the present note, we consider the relativistic effects, according to SR, on the "travelling" twin's spatial body dimensions and weight.
]]> <![CDATA[Mix Matter and Anti-Matter Resolves the Proton Puzzle]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0208
2015-05-27 09:57:58High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1505.0208v1 title: Mix Matter and Anti-Matter Resolves the Proton Puzzle authors: George Rajna category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2015-05-27 09:57:58 abstract:
The puzzle comes from experiments that aimed to determine how quarks, the building blocks of the proton, are arranged inside that particle. That information is locked inside a quantity that scientists refer to as the proton’s electric form factor. The electric form factor describes the spatial distribution of the quarks inside the proton by mapping the charge that the quarks carry. [9]
Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.
]]> <![CDATA[The 10 Dimensions of the Complex Universe]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0207
2015-05-27 10:43:20General Science and Philosophy reference: viXra:1505.0207v1 title: The 10 Dimensions of the Complex Universe authors: Luis Sancho category: General Science and Philosophy type: submission date: 2015-05-27 10:43:20 abstract:
What is the Universe?
'A complex, fractal, super organism of 10 informative dimensions'.
This answer, which resumes the formal and logic principles of systems sciences, also called complexity, is surprisingly short, but 'more complex' than the one physicists explore... which only has 4 dimensions. In that sense, a physicist would reply to the same question:
'A simplex, continuous mechanism in 4 spatial dimensions'.
And this is a huge 'leap' in understanding, from 'simplex' to 'complex', from ‘continuous’ to ‘fractal’, from 'mechanism' to 'organism', from an energetic, spatial description to an informative, temporal one, from '4 meager dimensions' to a whole tetrarkys of them.
This means we complex scientists, parts of the 10D fractal Universe have 6 more real dimensions, besides the 4 usual dimensions simplex physicists used to describe reality, which are, x-length, y-height, z-width –the dimensions of space - and one dimension of time:
Present, Time Duration: T (or its inverse function of frequency, Tƒ =1/T, which measures the number of ‘wave steps’ in a motion; hence gives us more information than a continuous time duration and it is preferred in complexity).
Indeed Physicists calculate Time Duration, as a present dimension of ‘simultaneous time’, useful to measure the translation of any being in space.
This Duration/frequency dimension of time, Tƒ, however is a short; 'present' dimension both in Galilean relativity, as it is obtained with ‘instantaneous derivatives’, (∂t = ∂S/ v), and in Einstein's Relativity (as Time is defined as 'simultaneous' measure).
Reality and all of us, part of it, has more motions in time than short-lived spatial translations (external motions, created by repetitive=present steps, which do not change the internal form of the being).
There are also 'informative motions'... slow 'internal motions' that change the structure of the being, such as evolution and the life-death cycle.
And there are also multiple 'scales' of spatial size and social organization, from the quantum microcosms to the cosmological scale, which co-exist as entities with ‘different speeds of time and information processing (so a small particle turns and moves much faster than a big animal) Hence in as much as their two ‘parameters’ of measure of space (size) and time (speed) are different for entities of those ‘different scales’ of space-time, they must be treated as belonging to discontinuous planes of space-time, each one with its own dimensions.
This is the fundamental insight of complexity about the structure of the Universe.
And so to understand the complex Universe with all those 'slow changes in time from past to future' and relative scales of spatial size with different time speeds, we need to consider a more complex view of the ‘dimensions of time’, and also introduce the concept of different scales of space-time co-existing within a physical or biological system.
]]> <![CDATA[Spacetime is Built by Quantum Entanglement]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0206
2015-05-27 12:31:55Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1505.0206v1 title: Spacetime is Built by Quantum Entanglement authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2015-05-27 12:31:55 abstract:
A collaboration of physicists and a mathematician has made a significant step toward unifying general relativity and quantum mechanics by explaining how spacetime emerges from quantum entanglement in a more fundamental theory. [5]
Time is an emergent phenomenon that is a side effect of quantum entanglement, say physicists. And they have the first experimental results to prove it. [4]
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
]]> <![CDATA[The Null Ortho-Linearity]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0205
2015-05-27 08:21:06Number Theory reference: viXra:1505.0205v1 title: The Null Ortho-Linearity authors: Ihsan Raja Muda Nasution category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2015-05-27 08:21:06 abstract:
We diagnose the body of the critical strip. Thereby, we can extract the deterministic
location of the critical line.
]]> <![CDATA[Interpretating and Expanding The Golden Mean of Confucius with Neutrosophic Tetrad]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0204
2015-05-27 04:55:05General Science and Philosophy reference: viXra:1505.0204v1 title: Interpretating and Expanding The Golden Mean of Confucius with Neutrosophic Tetrad authors: Fu Yuhua category: General Science and Philosophy type: submission date: 2015-05-27 04:55:05 abstract:
Neutrosophy is a new branch of philosophy that studies the origin, nature, and scope of neutralities, as well as their interactions with different ideational spectra. There are many similarities between The Golden Mean and Neutrosophy. In order to achieve the mission of the expansion and development of The Golden Mean towards "modernization" and "globalization", not only Chinese scholars, but also foreign scholars should participate in this mission, and not only Chinese contemporary popular ideas and methods, but also foreign contemporary popular ideas and methods should be applied. There are many different ways for interpretating and expanding The Golden Mean with “Neutrosophic tetrad”(thesis-antithesis-neutrothesis-neutrosynthesis), and come to different conclusions. This paper emphasizes the one conclusion that in practice, The Golden Mean cannot be applied lonely for long-term; it needs to be combined with other "principle".
]]> <![CDATA[A Prospect Proof of the Goldbach's Conjecture]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0203
2015-05-26 15:26:42Number Theory reference: viXra:1505.0203v1 title: A Prospect Proof of the Goldbach's Conjecture authors: Douadi MIHOUBI category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2015-05-26 15:26:42 abstract:
Based on, the well-ordering (N,<) of the set of natural numbers N, and some basic concepts of number theory, and using the proof by contradiction and the inductive proof on N, we prove that the validity of the Goldbach's statement:
every even integer 2n > 4, with n > 2, is the sum of two primes.
This result confirms the Goldbach conjecture, which allows to inserting it as theorem in number theory.
Key Words: Well-ordering (N,<), basic concepts and theorems on number theory, the indirect and inductive proofs on natural numbers.
AMS 2010: 11AXX, 11p32, 11B37.
]]> <![CDATA[For a Cyclic Universe of E8 Symmetry Direct proof of -mc^2 Existence May be Impossible]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0202
2015-05-26 17:36:05Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1505.0202v1 title: For a Cyclic Universe of E8 Symmetry Direct proof of -mc^2 Existence May be Impossible authors: George R. Briggs category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2015-05-26 17:36:05 abstract:
Abstract: Recent work (see ref. 1) of the ATLAS collaboration indicates that fermibosonic entities basic to the new theory of a cyclic universe of E8 symmetry exist (ttH process entities). It may be impossible to show the negative mc^2 character of the Higgs component crucial to a complete theory, however.
]]> <![CDATA[Unmatter Plasma Discovered]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0201
2015-05-29 09:06:43Mathematical Physics reference: viXra:1505.0201v3 title: Unmatter Plasma Discovered authors: Florentin Smarandache category: Mathematical Physics type: replacement date: 2015-05-29 09:06:43 abstract:
Unmmatter Plasma is a novel form of plasma, exclusively made of matter and its antimatter counterpart. It was first generated in the 2015 experiment [1, 2] based on the 2004 considerations [3].
Unmatter is formed by combinations of matter and antimatter that bound together, or by
long-range mixture of matter and antimatter forming a weakly-coupled phase.
]]> <![CDATA[Unmatter Plasma Discovered]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0201
2015-05-27 09:28:48Mathematical Physics reference: viXra:1505.0201v2 title: Unmatter Plasma Discovered authors: Florentin Smarandache category: Mathematical Physics type: replacement date: 2015-05-27 09:28:48 abstract:
Unmmatter Plasma is a novel form of plasma, exclusively
made of matter and its antimatter counterpart. It was first
generated in the 2015 experiment [1, 2] based on the 2004
considerations [3].
]]> <![CDATA[Unmatter Plasma Discovered]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0201
2015-05-26 22:20:18Mathematical Physics reference: viXra:1505.0201v1 title: Unmatter Plasma Discovered authors: Florentin Smarandache category: Mathematical Physics type: submission date: 2015-05-26 22:20:18 abstract:
Unmmatter Plasma is a novel form of plasma, exclusively
made of matter and its antimatter counterpart. It was first
generated in the 2015 experiment [1, 2] based on the 2004
considerations [3].
]]> <![CDATA[The Gravitational Scanner]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0200
2015-05-26 14:22:13Condensed Matter reference: viXra:1505.0200v1 title: The Gravitational Scanner authors: Fran De Aquino category: Condensed Matter type: submission date: 2015-05-26 14:22:13 abstract:
In medicine, scanning is to be examined by a scanner, to determine if a patient has a problem with your body. Here, we show a new type of scanner, which is absolutely new and unprecedented in the literature. It can be widely used in medicine in order to observe noninvasively the interior of a human body.
]]> <![CDATA[Examination of The Effect Some Motoric And Coordinative Aspects On Football Technical Skıll in Universıty Male Football Tam Players]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0199
2015-05-26 09:53:06Social Science reference: viXra:1505.0199v1 title: Examination of The Effect Some Motoric And Coordinative Aspects On Football Technical Skıll in Universıty Male Football Tam Players authors: Mehmet Tokgoz, Oguzhan Dalkiran category: Social Science type: submission date: 2015-05-26 09:53:06 abstract:
The purpose of this study is to examine the affect of some motoric aspects on shot, pass the ball and dribbling performances at football players. 26 male football players playing different amateur football clubs in Burdur City center and having 19,65±3,452 mean age participated to study. 30m sprint, anaerobic power, log strength, flexibility, balance and coordination tests were used in measurement of some motoric aspects that football players had. Pearson Correlation, descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation), Simple Multiple Regression, Simple Regression analyses in SPSS 22.0 for Windows package program were used in analysis of data obtained. In the end of research, it was established that there were significant relationship among only anaerobic power, leg strength, balance, speed and flexibility performances with shot, pass the ball and dribbling performances when they were handled independently each other (p<0,05). It was established that there was no significant relationship among shot and pass the ball with coordination level (p>0,05), on the other hand, there was significant relationship between coordination level and dribbling performance (p<0,05).When the affects of motoric aspects, that football players had, on pass the ball, shot, and dribbling performances were evaluated, it was established that anaerobic power, flexibility, balance and speed performances did not affect pass the ball, shot and dribbling performances at significant level (p>0,05). Similarly, it was established that both leg strength and coordination level did not affect pass the ball and shot performances at significant level (p>0,05). Notwithstanding, it was identified that leg strength and coordination level were factors affecting dribbling performance (p<0,05). When motoric aspects were handled completely in research content, their affects on pass the ball, shot and dribbling performances were examined. As obtained results, it was established that speed, leg strength, balance, anaerobic power and coordination level as a whole affected dribbling level significantly (p<0,05). Notwithstanding, it was established that speed, leg strength, balance, anaerobic power and coordination level as a whole did not affect pass the ball and shot performances significantly (p>0,05). As a result, it may be said that handling motoric aspects independently each other did not affect technical skill in football. So, it may be said that handling motoric aspects as a whole is required while technical skills are evaluated in football players, more then one motoric aspects should be developed at certain levels to enhance technical skills in football players.
Keywords: Football, motoric aspects, technical skill
]]> <![CDATA[W.A. Mozart, Clarinet Concert, Stadler And Basset-Horn]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0198
2015-05-26 09:55:23Social Science reference: viXra:1505.0198v1 title: W.A. Mozart, Clarinet Concert, Stadler And Basset-Horn authors: Halil Emrah Ozturk category: Social Science type: submission date: 2015-05-26 09:55:23 abstract:
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) generally composed instrumental concerto for the specific players. In the case of his bassoon concerto, he had written for bassoon player Freiherr Thaddäus von Dürnrtz, and his oboe concerto for Giuseppe Ferlendis. Mozart did not have any other occasion to compose any other bassoon concerto because he befriended only with one bassoon player. After he first heard the basset-horn, he used this instrument in many of his symphonies and he composed works for this instrument in chamber music genre. Mozart dedicated his Clarinet Concerto (K.622) to Anton Stadler (1753-1812) who was an important clarinet player of his time and Mozart’s good friend. Also, his ‘Clarnet Trio’ (K.498), ‘Clarnet Quintet’ (K.581) and ‘Quintet for Piano and Winds ’ (K. 452) are dedicated to Stadler. Therefore, Stadler first performed the A major Clarinet Concerto on October 16, 1791 in Prague.
Key Words: Mozart, clarnet, stadler, basset-horn
]]> <![CDATA[The Relatıon Between Rhythm And Music Education in The Improvement of Basic Movement Skills Of Primary School Students of 1-4th Grades]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0197
2015-05-26 09:58:35Social Science reference: viXra:1505.0197v1 title: The Relatıon Between Rhythm And Music Education in The Improvement of Basic Movement Skills Of Primary School Students of 1-4th Grades authors: Zeynel Turan, Fisun Kose, Hatice Camliyer category: Social Science type: submission date: 2015-05-26 09:58:35 abstract:
The purpose of this study is to examine the relation between rhythm and music education in the improvement of basic movement skills of primary school students of 1-4th grades. In this study combing method has been applied and the importance of music and rhythm education for students of these grades has been addressed. Articles on the importance of basic movement education for these children have been studied and a reasonable synthesis has been tried to be attained. When compared with the density of such an education for pre-school period, the number of studies signifying the importance of music and rhythm education during primary school period is rather insignificant, thus making such a study valuable. The importance of music and rhythm education for primary school students has been emphasized both through applied and observational studies, yet studies concerning basic movement have not sufficiently been referred to. In our combing-method study, the importance of the link between rhythm and movement has been emphasized. In the meantime, it can be regarded as a useful study as it may shed light on applied studies to be carried out and it may as well be helpful to researchers in the field.
Keywords: Child, Basic Movement, Music, Rhythm
]]> <![CDATA[The Benefits of Sports To Treatment And Rehabilitation Process in Cancer Patient Children]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0196
2015-05-26 10:03:17General Science and Philosophy reference: viXra:1505.0196v1 title: The Benefits of Sports To Treatment And Rehabilitation Process in Cancer Patient Children authors: Mesut Hekim category: General Science and Philosophy type: submission date: 2015-05-26 10:03:17 abstract:
Nowadays, sedentary lifestyle, improper eating habits, some environmental factors, genetic factors and various unhealthy lifestyle behaviors lead to the some diseases. Obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer and psychological disorders are among some of these diseases. The cancer diseases prevalence is know that continuously increasing in this diseases. This sitution has prepared the ground for the development of new treatments against cancer of the country. Despite cancer is still high prevalence. Cancer disease in children is reported to increase the incidence compared to previous years as in adults. Therefore, to protect children from cancer, cancer support children's treatment process, removal of some importance to improve the quality of children's health has become an important condition after the treatment process. To fight childhood cancer in the literature are also sport and physical activity participation on research findings that give useful results. However, our country was found to be limited research on this subject. İn this context the study was carried out, the prevention of cancer in childhood, in the treatment of cancer, treatment is focused on completion of the children of the benefits of sport participation in the healing process.
Keywords: Childhood, cancer and sports, cancer and rehabilitation
]]> <![CDATA[Investigatıon of Self-Esteem of Physical Education And Sport High School Students in Terms of Age, Gender And Doing Sport Situation]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0195
2015-05-26 10:07:13Social Science reference: viXra:1505.0195v1 title: Investigatıon of Self-Esteem of Physical Education And Sport High School Students in Terms of Age, Gender And Doing Sport Situation authors: Meric Eraslan, Gokhan Caliskan, Mustafa Bas category: Social Science type: submission date: 2015-05-26 10:07:13 abstract:
Nowadays, sedentary lifestyle, improper eating habits, some environmental factors, genetic factors and various unhealthy lifestyle behaviors lead to the some diseases. Obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer and psychological disorders are among some of these diseases. The cancer diseases prevalence is know that continuously increasing in this diseases. This sitution has prepared the ground for the development of new treatments against cancer of the country. Despite cancer is still high prevalence. Cancer disease in children is reported to increase the incidence compared to previous years as in adults. Therefore, to protect children from cancer, cancer support children's treatment process, removal of some importance to improve the quality of children's health has become an important condition after the treatment process. To fight childhood cancer in the literature are also sport and physical activity participation on research findings that give useful results. However, our country was found to be limited research on this subject. İn this context the study was carried out, the prevention of cancer in childhood, in the treatment of cancer, treatment is focused on completion of the children of the benefits of sport participation in the healing process.
Keywords: Childhood, cancer and sports, cancer and rehabilitation
]]> <![CDATA[Nagual and Tonal Maths: Numbers, Sets, and Processes]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0194
2015-05-26 10:28:26Number Theory reference: viXra:1505.0194v1 title: Nagual and Tonal Maths: Numbers, Sets, and Processes authors: Lukas Saul category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2015-05-26 10:28:26 abstract:
Some definitions and elementary theorems are given here describing tonal and nagual numbers, sets, and processes.
]]> <![CDATA[A New Ontology]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0193
2015-05-26 11:33:16Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1505.0193v1 title: A New Ontology authors: Jonathan Tooker category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2015-05-26 11:33:16 abstract:
It is widely accepted that a new paradigm is needed to unify the standard cosmological model (SCM) and the minimal standard model (MSM). The purpose of this article is to construct a modified cosmological model (MCM) that can serve as an entirely new paradigm in physics. Following the program of Penrose, geometry rather than differential equations will be the mathematical tool. Where possible, well-defined thought experiments are employed. Analytical methods from loop quantum cosmology are examined in the context of the Poincare conjecture. A new boundary condition is proposed for perturbative gauge theory as a string theory in twistor space. This new degree of freedom allows a reformulation of string theory without reference to any dimensionful parameter. An external time with which to evolve quantum gravity is derived. The MCM predicts dark energy, parity violation, finite vacuum energy density, and a preferred cosmological axis. Observable predictions specific to the MCM are offered for unified investigative effort.
]]> <![CDATA[Orbital Energy and Perturbing Potential]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0192
2015-05-26 11:22:27Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1505.0192v1 title: Orbital Energy and Perturbing Potential authors: Javier Bootello category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2015-05-26 11:22:27 abstract:
This article checks a perturbing gravitational potential, with the energy of elliptic orbits. This potential produces a permanent decrease of the eccentricity and the semi-major axis however it is a conservative angular momentum motion. Results have consistent accuracy with the detected increase of the Astronomical Unit and also with eccentricity of the Moon, but only in the perigee. Perturbing potential is also consistent with the relativistic precession of planets.
]]> <![CDATA[Cycles in the Universe]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0191
2015-05-26 07:45:53Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1505.0191v1 title: Cycles in the Universe authors: Juergen Eibisch category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2015-05-26 07:45:53 abstract:
Abstract
Contrary to the big bang theory a model is introduced starting out from a
universe with coherent energy level. The start of the material cosmos took place
by forming one seed with subsequent growth. Necessary elementary particles are
defined. The well-known natural laws hold on the basis of Planck length, Planck
time, and Planck mass. The cosmic background radiation is used to determine
more precisely the value of the Hubble’s parameter (Hubble’s constant). Coming
into being and passing away of cosmoses in the universe can be understood as a
cyclic process.
]]> <![CDATA[The Relation Between Counting Primes and Twin Primes]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0190
2015-05-25 16:03:43Number Theory reference: viXra:1505.0190v1 title: The Relation Between Counting Primes and Twin Primes authors: Islem Ghaffor category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2015-05-25 16:03:43 abstract:
In this paper we give a new formula for the relation between counting primes and twin primes, we use in this formula the arithmetic progressions and the cardinal of the set.
]]> <![CDATA[Scrutiny of Einstein's Geodesic and Field Equations]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0189
2015-05-25 16:13:55Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1505.0189v1 title: Scrutiny of Einstein's Geodesic and Field Equations authors: M. E. Hassani category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2015-05-25 16:13:55 abstract:
Since its final version and publication in 1916, it is widely reported in several specialized
textbooks and research articles that General Relativity theory reduces to Newton's theory of gravity in the limit of a weak gravitational field and slowly moving material bodies. In the present paper, the so-called reducibility of Einstein's geodesic and field equations, to Newton's equation of motion and Poisson's
gravitational potential equation, respectively, is scrutinized and proven to be mathematically, physically and dimensionally incorrect, and that the geometrization of gravity is unnecessary.
]]> <![CDATA[Bell-Christian S7 Brown SL(8,R) E8 Bohm]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0188
2015-05-28 20:36:05High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1505.0188v2 title: Bell-Christian S7 Brown SL(8,R) E8 Bohm authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr category: High Energy Particle Physics type: replacement date: 2015-05-28 20:36:05 abstract:
Joy Christian has shown that Bell's Theorem should have been formulated in terms of the 7-sphere, and David Brown has shown that the resulting quantum structure indicates that physical reality uses the group SU(8). The non-compact version of SU(8) is SL(8,R) which is a fundamental part of the semi-direct product H92xSL(8,R) (where H92 is (8+28+56+1+56+28+8) = 185-dim and SL(8,R) is 63-dim) which is the Maximal Compactification of 248-dim E8 of E8 Physics described in viXra 1405.0030. Version 2 (v2) expands discussion, uses SL(8,R) in title, and states full viXra number.
]]> <![CDATA[Bell-Christian S7 Brown Su(8) E8 Bohm]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0188
2015-05-25 23:15:07High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1505.0188v1 title: Bell-Christian S7 Brown Su(8) E8 Bohm authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2015-05-25 23:15:07 abstract:
Joy Christian has shown that Bell's Theorem should have been formulated in terms of the 7-sphere, and David Brown has shown that the resulting quantum structure indicates that physical reality uses the group SU(8). The non-compact version of SU(8) is SL(8,R) which is a fundamental part of the semi-direct product H92xSL(8,R) (where H92 is (8+28+56+1+56+28+8) = 185-dim and SL(8,R) is 63-dim) which is the Maximal Compactification of 248-dim E8 of E8 Physics described in viXra 1405.0030.
]]> <![CDATA[The 'key' to Quantum Network Solution]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0186
2015-05-25 13:04:13Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1505.0186v1 title: The 'key' to Quantum Network Solution authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2015-05-25 13:04:13 abstract:
Scientists at the University of York's Centre for Quantum Technology have made an important step in establishing scalable and secure high rate quantum networks. [8]
As do all advancing technologies, they will also create new nightmares. The most worrisome development will be in cryptography. Developing new standards for protecting data won’t be easy. The RSA standards that are in common use each took five years to develop. Ralph Merkle, a pioneer of public-key cryptography, points out that the technology of public-key systems, because it is less well-known, will take longer to update than these — optimistically, ten years. And then there is a matter of implementation so that computer systems worldwide are protected. Without a particular sense of urgency or shortcuts, Merkle says, it could easily be 20 years before we’ve replaced all of the Internet’s present security-critical infrastructure. [7]
While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer.
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer.
]]> <![CDATA[Pengaruh Posisi Intruder Terhadap Bentuk Permukaan Bed Granular Pada Efek Kacang Brasil Dua-Dimensi]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0185
2015-05-25 10:38:32Condensed Matter reference: viXra:1505.0185v1 title: Pengaruh Posisi Intruder Terhadap Bentuk Permukaan Bed Granular Pada Efek Kacang Brasil Dua-Dimensi authors: Sparisoma Viridi, Siti Nurul Khotimah, Hari Anggit Cahyo Wibowo, Trise Nurul Ain, Dimas Praja Purwa Aji category: Condensed Matter type: submission date: 2015-05-25 10:38:32 abstract:
Two-dimension Brazil-nut effect using acrylic plate as intruder and bed particles is observed under non-continuous sinusoidal vibration in order to obtain sufficient image quality for further process. Vibration parameters are f = 13 Hz and Γ = 2. In this work time series of intruder position is presented, which shows that it has rise time Trise = 67 steps, with initial position defined as lower side of intruder in touch with bottom of the container and final position is defined as upper side of intruder is on the bed particle surface. Initial height and width of bed particles are 21 and 92 particles, respectively. Ratio of intruder and bed particle diameter is about 2.545. Most curved of bed particle surface is observed while intruder position is about in the middle between its initial and final configurations.
]]> <![CDATA[On the Inexistence of Navier-Stokes Solutions]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0184
2015-05-29 04:42:06Mathematical Physics reference: viXra:1505.0184v3 title: On the Inexistence of Navier-Stokes Solutions authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi category: Mathematical Physics type: replacement date: 2015-05-29 04:42:06 abstract:
We have proved in a few lines that there are initial velocities u^0 (x) and forces F(x,t) such that there is no solution to the Navier-Stokes equations, which corresponds to the cases (C) and (D) of the problem relating to Navier-Stokes equations available on the website of the Clay Institute.
]]> <![CDATA[On the Inexistence of Navier-Stokes Solutions]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0184
2015-05-27 09:50:25Mathematical Physics reference: viXra:1505.0184v2 title: On the Inexistence of Navier-Stokes Solutions authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi category: Mathematical Physics type: replacement date: 2015-05-27 09:50:25 abstract:
We have proved in a few lines that there are initial velocities u^0 (x) and forces F(x,t) such that there is no solution to the Navier-Stokes equations, which corresponds to the cases (C) and (D) of the problem relating to Navier-Stokes equations available on the website of the Clay Institute.
]]> <![CDATA[On the Inexistence of Navier-Stokes Solutions (5 Pages)]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0184
2015-05-25 12:09:14Mathematical Physics reference: viXra:1505.0184v1 title: On the Inexistence of Navier-Stokes Solutions (5 Pages) authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi category: Mathematical Physics type: submission date: 2015-05-25 12:09:14 abstract:
We have proved in a few lines that there are initial velocities u^0 (x) and forces F(x,t) such that there is no solution to the Navier-Stokes equations, which corresponds to the cases (C) and (D) of the problem relating to Navier-Stokes equations available on the website of the Clay Institute.
]]> <![CDATA[Quantum Entanglement Across Generations]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0183
2015-05-25 04:19:15Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1505.0183v1 title: Quantum Entanglement Across Generations authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2015-05-25 04:19:15 abstract:
The way creatures evolve in a quantum environment throws new light on the nature of life. [11]
Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10]
There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also.
From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8]
This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7]
The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems.
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
]]>