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Mon Mar 27 12:57:01 BST 2017Mon Mar 27 12:57:01 BST 2017<![CDATA[The Mass Gap, Kg and the Planck Constant]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0254
2017-03-26 13:18:53Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1703.0254v1 title: The Mass Gap, Kg and the Planck Constant authors: Espen Gaarder Haug category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2017-03-26 13:18:53 abstract:
In this paper we discuss and calculate the mass gap. Based on the mass gap we are redefining what a kilogram likely truly represents. This enables us to redefine the Planck constant into what we consider to be more fundamental units. Part of the analysis is based on recent developments in mathematical atomism. Haug [1, 2] has shown that all of Einstein’s special relativity mathematical end results [3] can be derived from two postulates in atomism. However, atomism gives some additional boundary conditions and removes a series of infinite challenges in physics in a very simple and logical way.
While the mass gap in quantum field theory is an unsolved mystery, under atomism we have an easily defined, discrete and “exact” mass gap. The minimum rest mass that exists above zero is 1.1734 × 10−51 kg, assuming the observational time window of one second. Under our theory it seems meaningless to talk about a mass gap without also talking about the observational time-window. The mass gap in one Planck second is the Planck mass. Further, the mass gap of just 1.1734 × 10−51 kg has a relativistic mass equal to the Planck mass. The very fundamental particle that makes up all mass and energy has a rest-mass of 1.1734 × 10−51 kg. This is also equivalent to a Planck mass that last for one Planck second.
We are not trying to solve the Millennium mass gap problem in terms of the Yang-Mills theory. We think the world is better understood by atomism and its recent mathematical framework. If there also could be a possible link between these tow theories we leave up to others to find out.
]]> <![CDATA[Universal Evolution Model]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0253
2017-03-27 00:05:14Functions and Analysis reference: viXra:1703.0253v1 title: Universal Evolution Model authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi category: Functions and Analysis type: submission date: 2017-03-27 00:05:14 abstract:
In this research investigation, the author has prevented a novel scheme of Universal Evolution Model.
]]> <![CDATA[Mathematical Overview of Hypersphere World – Universe Model]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0252
2017-03-27 01:37:19Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1703.0252v1 title: Mathematical Overview of Hypersphere World – Universe Model authors: Vladimir S. Netchitailo category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2017-03-27 01:37:19 abstract:
The Hypersphere World – Universe Model (WUM) provides a mathematical framework that allows calculating the primary cosmological parameters of the World that are in good agreement with the most recent measurements and observations. WUM explains the experimental data accumulated in the field of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics over the last decades: the age of the World and critical energy density; the gravitational parameter and Hubble’s parameter; temperatures of the cosmic microwave background radiation and the peak of the far-infrared background radiation; the concentration of intergalactic plasma and time delay of Fast Radio Bursts. Additionally, the Model makes predictions pertaining to masses of dark matter particles, photons, and neutrinos; proposes new types of particle interactions (Super Weak and Extremely Weak); shows inter-connectivity of primary cosmological parameters of the World. WUM proposes to introduce a new fundamental parameter Q in the CODATA internationally recommended values.
]]> <![CDATA[Universal Relativity]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0251
2017-03-26 12:01:40Classical Physics reference: viXra:1703.0251v1 title: Universal Relativity authors: Christopher H. Brown category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2017-03-26 12:01:40 abstract:
The theory of everything. In this extract, the basic operations of the universe are discussed. The reason momentum occurs; the fundamental properties of a completely unifying theory; the mechanics driving the expansion of the universe; the nature of EM; accounting for quantum behavior in a logical geometric context; etc.
]]> <![CDATA[Evidence for Cahill’s Dynamical Space]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0250
2017-03-26 12:11:54Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1703.0250v1 title: Evidence for Cahill’s Dynamical Space authors: Peter C Morris category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2017-03-26 12:11:54 abstract:
Prof. Reg Cahill has reported [1] that Random Event Generator (REG) devices can detect passage of dynamical 3-space waves. Herein we describe an attempt to ﬁnd additional evidence for this discovery, using data from a REG located in Perth, Australia and from another in Manchester, U.K., for ﬁfteen days centered on each full moon during a period of one year.
For each day we applied correlation analysis to determine travel times for putative waves. Then wave speed and direction, over each 24 hour period, were determined by ﬁtting to the observed travel times, theoretical curves of how travel times would vary with Earth rotation. We thereby derived an average incoming RA, declination, speed and associated standard deviations for the waves of each day.
Following this we examined the directions and speeds to determine if they were consistent with a real physical phenomena, rather than being artifacts of random correlations. To this end we made use of probability density plots and other statistical techniques.
On the way we recognized that wave orientation is not the same as 3-space ﬂow direction and that it is the latter rather than the former which is of principle interest. Geometry implies that variation of ﬂow speed will cause the detected speeds of wave fronts moving parallel to 3-space ﬂow to have larger standard deviations than those moving across the ﬂow. On this basis we preferentially selected the 50% of days with the largest speed standard deviations as being the most likely proxies for space ﬂow direction.
A probability density plot of directions for these days exhibited a peak near RA = 4.5 h, consistent with previous determinations of incoming 3-space ﬂow direction by Cahill [3] and Dayton Miller [8]. Moreover, removing Earth orbital and gravitational inﬂow velocities from the observed velocities allowed a peak of higher density to be obtained, which is consistent with what one would expect of a real physical phenomena. The peak indicated a most probable galactic ﬂow direction of RA = 4.14 h, dec = −77.8 deg, and wave speed of 500 km/s.
]]> <![CDATA[Pulsating X-ray Stars]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0249
2017-03-26 06:58:54Astrophysics reference: viXra:1703.0249v1 title: Pulsating X-ray Stars authors: George Rajna category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2017-03-26 06:58:54 abstract:
A surprising new class of X-ray pulsating variable stars has been discovered by a team of American and Canadian astronomers led by Villanova University's Scott Engle and Edward Guinan. [15] Late last year, an international team including researchers from the Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics (KIAA) at Peking University announced the discovery of more than 60 extremely distant quasars, nearly doubling the number known to science-and thus providing dozens of new opportunities to look deep into our universe's history. [14] Fuzzy pulsars orbiting black holes could unmask quantum gravity. [13] Cosmologists trying to understand how to unite the two pillars of modern science – quantum physics and gravity – have found a new way to make robust predictions about the effect of quantum fluctuations on primordial density waves, ripples in the fabric of space and time. [12] Physicists have performed a test designed to investigate the effects of the expansion of the universe—hoping to answer questions such as "does the expansion of the universe affect laboratory experiments?", "might this expansion change the lengths of solid objects and the time measured by atomic clocks differently, in violation of Einstein's equivalence principle?", and "does spacetime have a foam-like structure that slightly changes the speed of photons over time?", an idea that could shed light on the connection between general relativity and quantum gravity. [11] Einstein's equivalence principle states that an object in gravitational free fall is physically equivalent to an object that is accelerating with the same amount of force in the absence of gravity. This principle lies at the heart of general relativity and has been experimentally tested many times. Now in a new paper, scientists have experimentally demonstrated a conceptually new way to test the equivalence principle that could detect the effects of a relatively new concept called spin-gravity coupling. [10] A recent peer-reviewed paper by physicist James Franson from the University of Maryland in the US has initiated a stir among physics community. Issued in the New Journal of Physics, the paper points to evidence proposing that the speed of light as defined by the theory of general relativity, is slower than originally thought. [9] Gravitational time dilation causes decoherence of composite quantum systems. Even if gravitons are there, it's probable that we would never be able to perceive them. Perhaps, assuming they continue inside a robust model of quantum gravity, there may be secondary ways of proving their actuality. [7] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.
]]> <![CDATA[Critical Step in DNA Repair]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0248
2017-03-26 08:46:20Physics of Biology reference: viXra:1703.0248v1 title: Critical Step in DNA Repair authors: George Rajna category: Physics of Biology type: submission date: 2017-03-26 08:46:20 abstract:
New research led by Harvard Medical School reveals a critical step in a molecular chain of events that allows cells to mend broken DNA. [21]
Now, Barton's lab has shown that this wire-like property of DNA is also involved in a different critical cellular function: replicating DNA. [20]
Researchers have introduced a new type of "super-resolution" microscopy and used it to discover the precise walking mechanism behind tiny structures made of DNA that could find biomedical and industrial applications. [19]
Genes tell cells what to do—for example, when to repair DNA mistakes or when to die—and can be turned on or off like a light switch. Knowing which genes are switched on, or expressed, is important for the treatment and monitoring of disease. Now, for the first time, Caltech scientists have developed a simple way to visualize gene expression in cells deep inside the body using a common imaging technology. [18]
Researchers at The University of Manchester have discovered that a potential new drug reduces the number of brain cells destroyed by stroke and then helps to repair the damage. [17]
Researchers at the University of Connecticut have uncovered new information about how particles behave in our bloodstream, an important advancement that could help pharmaceutical scientists develop more effective cancer drugs. [16]
For the past 15 years, the big data techniques pioneered by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, have been revolutionizing biomedical research. On Sept. 6, 2016, JPL and the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health, renewed a research partnership through 2021, extending the development of data science that originated in space exploration and is now supporting new cancer discoveries. [15]
]]> <![CDATA[Preons, Standard Model and Gravity with Torsion]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0247
2017-03-26 04:15:06High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1703.0247v1 title: Preons, Standard Model and Gravity with Torsion authors: Risto Raitio category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2017-03-26 04:15:06 abstract:
A preon model for the substructure of the the standard model quarks and leptons is discussed. Global group representations for preons, quarks and leptons are addressed using two preons and their antiparticles. The preon construction endorses the standard model gauge group structure. Preons are subject to electromagnetic and gravitational interactions only. Gravity with torsion, expressed as an axial-vector field, is applied to preons in the energy range between GUT and Planck scale. The mass of the axial-vector particle is estimated to be near the GUT scale. A tentative model for quantum gravity, excluding black holes, is considered.
]]> <![CDATA[Magnetic Tunnel Junctions]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0246
2017-03-26 05:19:39Digital Signal Processing reference: viXra:1703.0246v1 title: Magnetic Tunnel Junctions authors: George Rajna category: Digital Signal Processing type: submission date: 2017-03-26 05:19:39 abstract:
For the last two decades, magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) have played a central role in spintronic devices such as read heads of hard disk drives and nonvolatile magnetoresistive random access memories (MRAMs), and researchers are constantly working to improve their performance. [24] Magnetic materials are a vital ingredient in the components that store information in computers and mobile phones. Now, A*STAR researchers have developed a material that could help these magnetic-based memory devices to store and retrieve data faster while using less power. [23] A team of researchers with members from institutions in Germany and Israel has developed a way to launch plasmons with controlled amounts of angular momentum using spiral-like structures fashioned into a smooth layer of gold plate. [22] Work at the New York Genome Centre represents a big step towards DNA-based information storage. Andrew Masterson reports. [21] At Caltech, a group of researchers led by Assistant Professor of Bioengineering Lulu Qian is working to create circuits using not the usual silicon transistors but strands of DNA. [20] Researchers have introduced a new type of "super-resolution" microscopy and used it to discover the precise walking mechanism behind tiny structures made of DNA that could find biomedical and industrial applications. [19] Genes tell cells what to do—for example, when to repair DNA mistakes or when to die—and can be turned on or off like a light switch. Knowing which genes are switched on, or expressed, is important for the treatment and monitoring of disease. Now, for the first time, Caltech scientists have developed a simple way to visualize gene expression in cells deep inside the body using a common imaging technology. [18] Researchers at The University of Manchester have discovered that a potential new drug reduces the number of brain cells destroyed by stroke and then helps to repair the damage. [17] Researchers at the University of Connecticut have uncovered new information about how particles behave in our bloodstream, an important advancement that could help pharmaceutical scientists develop more effective cancer drugs. [16]
]]> <![CDATA[Why ρ+3p = 0 is the Equation of State of the Universe]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0245
2017-03-26 06:23:44Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1703.0245v1 title: Why ρ+3p = 0 is the Equation of State of the Universe authors: Görnitz, Thomas category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2017-03-26 06:23:44 abstract:
Some thirty years ago, the model of a closed cosmos expanding at the speed of light was develo-ped deriving from basic quantum-theoretical arguments. In this model, the equation of state reads ρ+3p=0 (ρ and p denoting cosmological energy density and pressure). At the core of the model, there are the quantum bits of absolute quantum information (AQI), the simplest of all possible quantum structures. Taken as the ultimate substance, referred to as protyposis, the AQI concept affords a unifying explanation of the structure of space and time and the evolution of the cosmos and its inventory.
Recent astrophysical investigations show that the protyposis model is in better agreement with the observation data than the present standard flat - Λ CDM model. Ad hoc assumptions such as Dark Energy and Inflation are dispensable.
The protyposis theory has been advanced to account for the formation of relativistic quantum particles from AQI bits. Moreover, a rationalization has been given of the General Theory of Rela-tivity and of the three non-gravitational forces.
Ultimately, the protyposis concept will allow us to understand the emergence of both matter and consciousness.
]]> <![CDATA[Pseudo-Forces Within Non-Local Geometrodynamic Model?]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0244
2017-03-25 14:49:33Quantum Gravity and String Theory reference: viXra:1703.0244v1 title: Pseudo-Forces Within Non-Local Geometrodynamic Model? authors: Shushi T. category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory type: submission date: 2017-03-25 14:49:33 abstract:
In this letter we describe a new concept of "pseudo-forces" that is obtained from a non-local geometrodynamic model. We argue that while the gravity force is described by the curvature of spacetime, the other three forces are, in fact, pseudo-forces that evolve from such geometrodynamic model.
]]> <![CDATA[Hyper-Naturals: A Counter-Example to Tennenbaum's Theorem]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0243
2017-03-25 15:57:12Number Theory reference: viXra:1703.0243v1 title: Hyper-Naturals: A Counter-Example to Tennenbaum's Theorem authors: Wes Hansen category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2017-03-25 15:57:12 abstract:
In the following we define a set of hyper-naturals on N x N with the lexicographic ordering and a novel definition of the arithmetical operation, multiplication. These hyper-naturals are isomorphic to ω2 yet have recursive arithmetical operations defined on them, demonstrating a counter-example to Tennenbaum’s Theorem.
]]> <![CDATA[PHPR Protocol]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0242
2017-03-25 22:11:43General Science and Philosophy reference: viXra:1703.0242v1 title: PHPR Protocol authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey category: General Science and Philosophy type: submission date: 2017-03-25 22:11:43 abstract:
Extension of Procedural Protocol.
]]> <![CDATA[Goldbach Conjecture]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0241
2017-03-26 03:17:22Number Theory reference: viXra:1703.0241v1 title: Goldbach Conjecture authors: Barry Foster category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2017-03-26 03:17:22 abstract:
This attempt is essentially an inductive approach.
]]> <![CDATA[A New Approach to Obtaining the Energy-Momentum Tensor in Electrodynamics, the Energy Structure of the Electromagnetic Radiation and Electromagnetic Forces in a Continuous Medium]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0240
2017-03-25 09:33:56Classical Physics reference: viXra:1703.0240v1 title: A New Approach to Obtaining the Energy-Momentum Tensor in Electrodynamics, the Energy Structure of the Electromagnetic Radiation and Electromagnetic Forces in a Continuous Medium authors: Yurii A. Spirichev category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2017-03-25 09:33:56 abstract:
The article describes a new approach to obtaining the energy-momentum tensor of electromagnetic field in medium without the use of Maxwell's equations and Poynting theorem. The energy-momentum tensor has new qualities and consequences. Its linear invariant is Lagrange density of the electromagnetic field. From the tensor follows the equation of conservation of energy density, the equation of flux energy density and wave equations for these energy values. Wave equation for momentum density describes simultaneous transfer of momentum and angular momentum regardless of radiation polarization. From the tensor follow the balance equations of the electromagnetic forces for the momentum density in the forms of the Minkowski and Abraham, which proves their equality and mutual supplementation. Equation for Abraham force is obtained as well. It is shown that its divergence is equal to zero. Tensor and the balance equations of electromagnetic forces in a continuous medium are derived.
]]> <![CDATA[Scrutinizing the Twin Paradox]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0239
2017-03-26 10:13:01Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1703.0239v2 title: Scrutinizing the Twin Paradox authors: Mohammed Mezouar category: Relativity and Cosmology type: replacement date: 2017-03-26 10:13:01 abstract:
Through a new variant of the Langevin’s twin thought experiment, we show that the difference
in their age is just what offer Lorentz transformations as a “tempting” appearance.
]]> <![CDATA[Scrutinizing the Twins Paradox]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0239
2017-03-25 06:54:29Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1703.0239v1 title: Scrutinizing the Twins Paradox authors: Mohammed Medzouar category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2017-03-25 06:54:29 abstract:
Through a new variant of the Langevin’s twins thought experiment, we show that the difference
in their age is just what offer Lorentz transformations as a “tempting” appearance.
]]> <![CDATA[Physical Origin, Basic Attribute and Action Feature of Nuclear Forces]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0238
2017-03-25 10:40:25High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1703.0238v2 title: Physical Origin, Basic Attribute and Action Feature of Nuclear Forces authors: Yibing Qiu category: High Energy Particle Physics type: replacement date: 2017-03-25 10:40:25 abstract:
Abstract: givingphysical origin, basic attributes and action features of nuclear
forces derives from first principles and expressed in an explicit form.
]]> <![CDATA[Physical Origin, Basic Attribute and Action Feature of Nuclear Forces]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0238
2017-03-25 08:23:59High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1703.0238v1 title: Physical Origin, Basic Attribute and Action Feature of Nuclear Forces authors: Yibing Qiu category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2017-03-25 08:23:59 abstract:
Abstract: givingphysical origin, basic attributes and action features of nuclear
forces derives from first principles and expressed in an explicit form.
]]> <![CDATA[Riemann Zeta Function Encryption]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0237
2017-03-25 08:25:21Number Theory reference: viXra:1703.0237v1 title: Riemann Zeta Function Encryption authors: Ricardo Gil category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2017-03-25 08:25:21 abstract:
The purpose of this papers is to share an encryption system based on a modified Riemann Zeta function which relates to prime
numbers.
]]> <![CDATA[Liquid Crystals]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0236
2017-03-25 04:18:35Condensed Matter reference: viXra:1703.0236v1 title: Liquid Crystals authors: George Rajna category: Condensed Matter type: submission date: 2017-03-25 04:18:35 abstract:
Researchers at Georgia Institute of Technology have found a material used for decades to color food items ranging from corn chips to ice creams could potentially have uses far beyond food dyes. [18] Liquid droplets are natural magnifiers. Look inside a single drop of water, and you are likely to see a reflection of the world around you, close up and distended as you'd see in a crystal ball. [17] MIT physicists have created a new form of matter, a supersolid, which combines the properties of solids with those of superfluids. [16] When matter is cooled to near absolute zero, intriguing phenomena emerge. These include supersolidity, where crystalline structure and frictionless flow occur together. ETH researchers have succeeded in realising this strange state experimentally for the first time. [15] Helium atoms are loners. Only if they are cooled down to an extremely low temperature do they form a very weakly bound molecule. In so doing, they can keep a tremendous distance from each other thanks to the quantum-mechanical tunnel effect. [14] Inside a new exotic crystal, physicist Martin Mourigal has observed strong indications of "spooky" action, and lots of it. The results of his experiments, if corroborated over time, would mean that the type of crystal is a rare new material that can house a quantum spin liquid. [13] An international team of researchers have found evidence of a mysterious new state of matter, first predicted 40 years ago, in a real material. This state, known as a quantum spin liquid, causes electrons-thought to be indivisible building blocks of nature-to break into pieces. [12] In a single particle system, the behavior of the particle is well understood by solving the Schrödinger equation. Here the particle possesses wave nature characterized by the de Broglie wave length. In a many particle system, on the other hand, the particles interact each other in a quantum mechanical way and behave as if they are "liquid". This is called quantum liquid whose properties are very different from that of the single particle case. [11] Quantum coherence and quantum entanglement are two landmark features of quantum physics, and now physicists have demonstrated that the two phenomena are "operationally equivalent"—that is, equivalent for all practical purposes, though still conceptually distinct. This finding allows physicists to apply decades of research on entanglement to the more fundamental but less-well-researched concept of coherence, offering the possibility of advancing a wide range of quantum technologies. [10] The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
]]> <![CDATA[Quantum Winner and Loser]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0235
2017-03-24 13:48:47Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1703.0235v1 title: Quantum Winner and Loser authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2017-03-24 13:48:47 abstract:
However, even if we held such a quantum race, how could we verify that both racers won in superposition? Part of the problem is that quantum mechanics says when we observe the race it "collapses". This means that we only see either Alice win or lose the race: we can't see the superposition. [29] Thus far, models have not been able to fully account for the complexity of humor or exactly why we find puns and jokes funny, but a research article recently published in Frontiers in Physics suggests a novel approach: quantum theory. [28] As machine learning breakthroughs abound, researchers look to democratize benefits. [27] Machine-learning system spontaneously reproduces aspects of human neurology. [26] Surviving breast cancer changed the course of Regina Barzilay's research. The experience showed her, in stark relief, that oncologists and their patients lack tools for data-driven decision making. [25] New research, led by the University of Southampton, has demonstrated that a nanoscale device, called a memristor, could be used to power artificial systems that can mimic the human brain. [24] Scientists at Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf conducted electricity through DNA-based nanowires by placing gold-plated nanoparticles on them. In this way it could become possible to develop circuits based on genetic material. [23] Researchers at the Nanoscale Transport Physics Laboratory from the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand have found a technique to improve carbon superlattices for quantum electronic device applications. [22] The researchers have found that these previously underestimated interactions can play a significant role in preventing heat dissipation in microelectronic devices. [21] LCLS works like an extraordinary strobe light: Its ultrabright X-rays take snapshots of materials with atomic resolution and capture motions as fast as a few femtoseconds, or millionths of a billionth of a second. For comparison, one femtosecond is to a second what seven minutes is to the age of the universe. [20]
]]> <![CDATA[Zero Schwarzschild Radius in Minkowski-Determinant Coordinates]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0234
2017-03-26 11:23:34Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1703.0234v2 title: Zero Schwarzschild Radius in Minkowski-Determinant Coordinates authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann category: Relativity and Cosmology type: replacement date: 2017-03-26 11:23:34 abstract:
Because the Einstein equation can't by itself determine the gravitational metric-tensor field, it is important to attempt to explicitly formulate the coordinate condition corresponding to the coordinates which observational and empirical physical scientists would naturally use in the presence of gravitation. Coordinate conditions can't be generally covariant, but since it has been demonstrated that the Einstein equation can be derived in a purely special-relativistic context, they almost certainly should be restricted to being Lorentz-covariant. Since Minkowski coordinates are the natural coordinate choice when gravitation is absent, coordinate conditions should be satisfied identically by the Minkowski tensor. Finally, one would prefer to eschew coordinate conditions which for the Schwarzschild solution produce a physically unnatural closed shell of positive radius where the time-dilation factor is infinite. Among the widely used coordinate conditions, only the so-called "harmonic" contracted affine-connection coordinate condition is Lorentz covariant, but it produces a positive Schwarzschild radius. The only alternate way to contract the affine connection corresponds to fixing the metric tensor's determinant to its -1 Minkowski value, and allows the Schwarzschild radius to be zero. Although other coordinate conditions also produce zero Schwarzschild radius, the Minkowski-determinant coordinate condition is the only Lorentz-covariant one so far found to do so.
]]> <![CDATA[Zero Schwarzschild Radius in Minkowski-Determinant Coordinates]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0234
2017-03-24 09:26:13Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1703.0234v1 title: Zero Schwarzschild Radius in Minkowski-Determinant Coordinates authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2017-03-24 09:26:13 abstract:
Because the Einstein equation can't by itself determine the gravitational metric-tensor field, it is important to attempt to understand in explicit formulaic terms the coordinates which observational and empirical physical
scientists would naturally use in the presence of gravitation. Since Minkowski coordinates are the natural choice when gravitation is absent, we require that any candidate coordinate condition must be satisfied identically by the Minkowski tensor. To preserve symmetry to the extent feasible, we also require that any candidate coordinate condition must be Lorentz covariant (general coordinate-transformation covariance is of course ruled out for coordinate conditions). Other things being equal, we give preference to
simplicity in candidate coordinate conditions. Finally, we wish to eschew nearly all of the commonly used coordinate conditions because for the Schwarzschild solution they produce closed surfaces of nonzero extent where the time dilation factor is infinite. By systematic adherence to the above guidelines we manage to develop a straightforward but little-known coordinate condition, namely the fixing the metric-tensor field's determinant to its -1 Minkowski value, which allows the static Schwarzschild solution's spherical shell where the time-dilation factor is infinite to have exactly zero radius.
]]> <![CDATA[Parallel Computation and Brain Function]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0233
2017-03-24 10:36:41Artificial Intelligence reference: viXra:1703.0233v1 title: Parallel Computation and Brain Function authors: George Rajna category: Artificial Intelligence type: submission date: 2017-03-24 10:36:41 abstract:
Unlike experimental neuroscientists who deal with real-life neurons, computational neuroscientists use model simulations to investigate how the brain functions. [15] A pair of physicists with ETH Zurich has developed a way to use an artificial neural network to characterize the wave function of a quantum many-body system. [14] A team of researchers at Google's DeepMind Technologies has been working on a means to increase the capabilities of computers by combining aspects of data processing and artificial intelligence and have come up with what they are calling a differentiable neural computer (DNC.) In their paper published in the journal Nature, they describe the work they are doing and where they believe it is headed. To make the work more accessible to the public team members, Alexander Graves and Greg Wayne have posted an explanatory page on the DeepMind website. [13] Nobody understands why deep neural networks are so good at solving complex problems. Now physicists say the secret is buried in the laws of physics. [12] A team of researchers working at the University of California (and one from Stony Brook University) has for the first time created a neural-network chip that was built using just memristors. In their paper published in the journal Nature, the team describes how they built their chip and what capabilities it has. [11] A team of researchers used a promising new material to build more functional memristors, bringing us closer to brain-like computing. Both academic and industrial laboratories are working to develop computers that operate more like the human brain. Instead of operating like a conventional, digital system, these new devices could potentially function more like a network of neurons. [10] Cambridge Quantum Computing Limited (CQCL) has built a new Fastest Operating System aimed at running the futuristic superfast quantum computers. [9] IBM scientists today unveiled two critical advances towards the realization of a practical quantum computer. For the first time, they showed the ability to detect and measure both kinds of quantum errors simultaneously, as well as demonstrated a new, square quantum bit circuit design that is the only physical architecture that could successfully scale to larger dimensions. [8] Physicists at the Universities of Bonn and Cambridge have succeeded in linking two completely different quantum systems to one another. In doing so, they have taken an important step forward on the way to a quantum computer. To accomplish their feat the researchers used a method that seems to function as well in the quantum world as it does for us people: teamwork. The results have now been published in the "Physical Review Letters". [7] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer.
]]> <![CDATA[Two-Ion Quantum Logic Gate]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0232
2017-03-24 05:25:22Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1703.0232v1 title: Two-Ion Quantum Logic Gate authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2017-03-24 05:25:22 abstract:
The theory group led by Gonzalo Muga of the UPV/EHU's Department of Physical Chemistry has teamed up with the experimental group of the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Boulder, United States, led by David Wineland, the 2012 Nobel Physics Laureate, to design a two-ion, robust, ultrarapid quantum logic gate capable of functioning in less than a microsecond. [20]
The new substance may be useful for phonon-based quantum computers, and it may also shed light on the conditions required to form biological Fröhlich condensates of collective modes. [19]
Scientists have built tiny logic machines out of single atoms that operate completely differently than conventional logic devices do. [18]
Extremely short, configurable "femtosecond" pulses of light demonstrated by an international team could lead to future computers that run up to 100,000 times faster than today's electronics. [17]
Physicists from the Faculty of Physics at the University of Warsaw have developed a holographic atomic memory device capable of generating single photons on demand in groups of several dozen or more. The device, successfully demonstrated in practice, overcomes one of the fundamental obstacles towards the construction of a quantum computer. [16]
Random number generators are crucial to the encryption that protects our privacy and security when engaging in digital transactions such as buying products online or withdrawing cash from an ATM. For the first time, engineers have developed a fast random number generator based on a quantum mechanical process that could deliver the world's most secure encryption keys in a package tiny enough to use in a mobile device. [15]
Researchers at the University of Rochester have moved beyond the theoretical in demonstrating that an unbreakable encrypted message can be sent with a key that's far shorter than the message—the first time that has ever been done. [14]
Quantum physicists have long thought it possible to send a perfectly secure message using a key that is shorter than the message itself. Now they’ve done it. [13]
What once took months by some of the world's leading scientists can now be done in seconds by undergraduate students thanks to software developed at the University of Waterloo's Institute for Quantum Computing, paving the way for fast, secure quantum communication. [12]
The artificial intelligence system's ability to set itself up quickly every morning and compensate for any overnight fluctuations would make this fragile technology much more useful for field measurements, said co-lead researcher Dr Michael Hush from UNSW ADFA. [11]
Quantum physicist Mario Krenn and his colleagues in the group of Anton Zeilinger from the Faculty of Physics at the University of Vienna and the Austrian Academy of Sciences have developed an algorithm which designs new useful quantum experiments. As the computer does not rely on human intuition, it finds novel unfamiliar solutions. [10]
Researchers at the University of Chicago's Institute for Molecular Engineering and the University of Konstanz have demonstrated the ability to generate a quantum logic operation, or rotation of the qubit, that - surprisingly—is intrinsically resilient to noise as well as to variations in the strength or duration of the control. Their achievement is based on a geometric concept known as the Berry phase and is implemented through entirely optical means within a single electronic spin in diamond. [9]
]]> <![CDATA[Brain Superconductors]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0231
2017-03-24 08:38:12Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1703.0231v1 title: Brain Superconductors authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2017-03-24 08:38:12 abstract:
A proposed computer made of superconductors communicating via light could carry out more operations than a human brain while using less energy. [31] For the first time, physicists have experimentally validated a 1959 conjecture that places limits on how small superconductors can be. [30] A new finding by physicists at MIT and in Israel shows that under certain specialized conditions, electrons can speed through a narrow opening in a piece of metal more easily than traditional theory says is possible. [29] Researchers have found a way to trigger the innate, but previously hidden, ability of graphene to act as a superconductor-meaning that it can be made to carry an electrical current with zero resistance. [28] Researchers in Japan have found a way to make the 'wonder material' graphene superconductive-which means electricity can flow through it with zero resistance. The new property adds to graphene's already impressive list of attributes, like the fact that it's stronger than steel, harder than diamond, and incredibly flexible. [27] Superconductivity is a rare physical state in which matter is able to conduct electricity—maintain a flow of electrons—without any resistance. It can only be found in certain materials, and even then it can only be achieved under controlled conditions of low temperatures and high pressures. New research from a team including Carnegie's Elissaios Stavrou, Xiao-Jia Chen, and Alexander Goncharov hones in on the structural changes underlying superconductivity in iron arsenide compounds—those containing iron and arsenic. [26] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
]]> <![CDATA[Information as the Evolution Driving Force]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0230
2017-03-23 11:15:34Quantitative Biology reference: viXra:1703.0230v1 title: Information as the Evolution Driving Force authors: Igor Krichtafovitch category: Quantitative Biology type: submission date: 2017-03-23 11:15:34 abstract:
The article presents third alternative for the biological evolution, first two being Darwinism and Intelligent Design (ID). The main hypothesis postulates that Biosphere is a single living organism with all parts and cells interconnected. As such it acts as a gigantic bio-computer capable to generate new life forms. The evolution is driven by recursive growth of total biological memory volume and accelerated complexity of living organisms. Intelligent Design is a natural phenomenon inherent into living matter from pre-biotic RNA to modern complex organisms.
]]> <![CDATA[Laser Wakefield Accelerators]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0229
2017-03-23 11:17:29High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1703.0229v1 title: Laser Wakefield Accelerators authors: George Rajna category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2017-03-23 11:17:29 abstract:
An outstanding conundrum on what happens to the laser energy after beams are fired into plasma has been solved in newly-published research at the University of Strathclyde. [11] Researchers at Lund University and Louisiana State University have developed a tool that makes it possible to control extreme UV light-light with much shorter wavelengths than visible light. [10] Tiny micro-and nanoscale structures within a material's surface are invisible to the naked eye, but play a big role in determining a material's physical, chemical, and biomedical properties. [9] A team of researchers led by Leo Kouwenhoven at TU Delft has demonstrated an on-chip microwave laser based on a fundamental property of superconductivity, the ac Josephson effect. They embedded a small section of an interrupted superconductor, a Josephson junction, in a carefully engineered on-chip cavity. Such a device opens the door to many applications in which microwave radiation with minimal dissipation is key, for example in controlling qubits in a scalable quantum computer. [8] University of Warsaw have generated ultrashort laser pulses in an optical fiber with a method previously considered to be physically impossible. [7] Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light in Erlangen have discovered a new mechanism for guiding light in photonic crystal fiber (PCF). [6] Scientists behind a theory that the speed of light is variable-and not constant as Einstein suggested-have made a prediction that could be tested. [5] Physicists' greatest hope for 2015, then, is that one of these experiments will show where Einstein got off track, so someone else can jump in and get closer to his long-sought " theory of everything. " This article is part of our annual "Year In Ideas" package, which looks forward to the most important science stories we can expect in the coming year. It was originally published in the January 2015 issue of Popular Science. [4] The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity. The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories.
]]> <![CDATA[Dark Sector Portal]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0228
2017-03-23 12:16:52Astrophysics reference: viXra:1703.0228v1 title: Dark Sector Portal authors: George Rajna category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2017-03-23 12:16:52 abstract:
Portals mix or connect the dark sector particles with the Standard Model particles. Through the portals it is possible to explore the dark sector particles using the Standard Model particles. [27] The dark photon (A'), the gauge boson carrier of a hypothetical new force, has been proposed in a wide range of Beyond the Standard Model (BSM) theories, and could serve as our window to an entire dark sector. [26] In an abandoned gold mine one mile beneath Lead, South Dakota, the cosmos quiets down enough to potentially hear the faint whispers of the universe's most elusive material—dark matter. [25] The PICO bubble chambers use temperature and sound to tune into dark matter particles. [24] A detection device designed and built at Yale is narrowing the search for dark matter in the form of axions, a theorized subatomic particle that may make up as much as 80% of the matter in the universe. [23] The race is on to build the most sensitive U.S.-based experiment designed to directly detect dark matter particles. Department of Energy officials have formally approved a key construction milestone that will propel the project toward its April 2020 goal for completion. [22] Scientists at the Center for Axion and Precision Physics Research (CAPP), within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) have optimized some of the characteristics of a magnet to hunt for one possible component of dark matter called axion. [21] The first sighting of clustered dwarf galaxies bolsters a leading theory about how big galaxies such as our Milky Way are formed, and how dark matter binds them, researchers said Monday. [20] Scientists from The University of Manchester working on a revolutionary telescope project have harnessed the power of distributed computing from the UK's GridPP collaboration to tackle one of the Universe's biggest mysteries – the nature of dark matter and dark energy. [18]
]]> <![CDATA[]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0227
2017-03-27 05:59:43Set Theory and Logic reference: viXra:1703.0227v4 title: authors: category: Set Theory and Logic type: withdrawal date: 2017-03-27 05:59:43 abstract:
]]> <![CDATA[Verification of Axioms Which Resolve the Continuum Power Problem]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0227
2017-03-26 06:27:48Set Theory and Logic reference: viXra:1703.0227v3 title: Verification of Axioms Which Resolve the Continuum Power Problem authors: Vatolin Dm. category: Set Theory and Logic type: replacement date: 2017-03-26 06:27:48 abstract:
In the interpretation of meta-theory, which is the canonical set theory, here proved are the theorems that are sufficient to resolve the Cantor (Hilbert) problem of the continuum power.
]]> <![CDATA[Verification of Axioms Which Resolve the Continuum Power Problem]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0227
2017-03-24 05:32:35Set Theory and Logic reference: viXra:1703.0227v2 title: Verification of Axioms Which Resolve the Continuum Power Problem authors: Vatolin Dm. category: Set Theory and Logic type: replacement date: 2017-03-24 05:32:35 abstract:
In the interpretation of meta-theory, which is the canonical set theory, here proved are the theorems that are sufficient to resolve the Cantor (Hilbert) problem of the continuum power.
]]> <![CDATA[Verification of Axioms Which Resolve the Continuum Power Problem]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0227
2017-03-23 22:27:12Set Theory and Logic reference: viXra:1703.0227v1 title: Verification of Axioms Which Resolve the Continuum Power Problem authors: Vatolin Dm. category: Set Theory and Logic type: submission date: 2017-03-23 22:27:12 abstract:
In the interpretation of meta-theory, which is the canonical set theory, here proved are the theorems that are sufficient to resolve the Cantor (Hilbert) problem of the continuum power.
]]> <![CDATA[Theory Of Natural Metric]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0226
2017-03-23 22:58:58Number Theory reference: viXra:1703.0226v1 title: Theory Of Natural Metric authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2017-03-23 22:58:58 abstract:
In this research investigation, the author has detailed about the Scheme of construction of Natural metric for any given positive Integer. Natural Metric can be used for Natural Scaling of any Set optimally. Natural Metric also forms the Universal Basis for the Universal Correspondence Principle between Quantum mechanics and Newtonian Mechanics. Furthermore, Natural Metric finds great use in the Science of Forecasting Engineering.
]]> <![CDATA[Cool to Absolute Zero]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0225
2017-03-23 09:09:56Thermodynamics and Energy reference: viXra:1703.0225v1 title: Cool to Absolute Zero authors: George Rajna category: Thermodynamics and Energy type: submission date: 2017-03-23 09:09:56 abstract:
In 1912, chemist Walther Nernst proposed that cooling an object to absolute zero is impossible with a finite amount of time and resources. Today this idea, called the unattainability principle, is the most widely accepted version of the third law of thermodynamics—yet so far it has not been proved from first principles. [15] The likelihood of seeing quantum systems violating the second law of thermodynamics has been calculated by UCL scientists. [14] For more than a century and a half of physics, the Second Law of Thermodynamics, which states that entropy always increases, has been as close to inviolable as any law we know. In this universe, chaos reigns supreme. [13] Physicists have shown that the three main types of engines (four-stroke, two-stroke, and continuous) are thermodynamically equivalent in a certain quantum regime, but not at the classical level. [12] For the first time, physicists have performed an experiment confirming that thermodynamic processes are irreversible in a quantum system—meaning that, even on the quantum level, you can't put a broken egg back into its shell. The results have implications for understanding thermodynamics in quantum systems and, in turn, designing quantum computers and other quantum information technologies. [11] Disorder, or entropy, in a microscopic quantum system has been measured by an international group of physicists. The team hopes that the feat will shed light on the "arrow of time": the observation that time always marches towards the future. The experiment involved continually flipping the spin of carbon atoms with an oscillating magnetic field and links the emergence of the arrow of time to quantum fluctuations between one atomic spin state and another. [10] Mark M. Wilde, Assistant Professor at Louisiana State University, has improved this theorem in a way that allows for understanding how quantum measurements can be approximately reversed under certain circumstances. The new results allow for understanding how quantum information that has been lost during a measurement can be nearly recovered, which has potential implications for a variety of quantum technologies. [9] Today, we are capable of measuring the position of an object with unprecedented accuracy, but quantum physics and the Heisenberg uncertainty principle place fundamental limits on our ability to measure. Noise that arises as a result of the quantum nature of the fields used to make those measurements imposes what is called the "standard quantum limit." This same limit influences both the ultrasensitive measurements in nanoscale devices and the kilometer-scale gravitational wave detector at LIGO. Because of this troublesome background noise, we can never know an object's exact location, but a recent study provides a solution for rerouting some of that noise away from the measurement. [8] The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.
]]> <![CDATA[Gravity, Anomaly Cancellation, Anomaly Matching, and the Nucleus]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0224
2017-03-23 08:50:41High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1703.0224v1 title: Gravity, Anomaly Cancellation, Anomaly Matching, and the Nucleus authors: Syed Afsar Abbas category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2017-03-23 08:50:41 abstract:
In the Standard Model there has been the well known issue of charge quantization arising from
the anomalies and with or without spontaneous symmetry breaking being brought into it. It is well known that
in the purely anomalies case, unexpectedly there pops in a so called "bizarre" solution.
We discuss this issue and bring in the 't Hooft anomaly matching condition to
find a resolution of the above bizarreness conundrum.
We find a completely consistent solution with a unique single nucleon-lepton chiral family.
We find that at low energies, the nucleus should be understood as made up of fundamental proton and neutron
and where quarks play no role whatsoever.
In addition it
provides a new understanding and consistent solutions of some long standing basic problems in nuclear physics, like the
quenching of the Gamow-Teller strength in nuclei and the issue of the same "effective charge" of magnitude 1/2 for both
neutron and proton in the nucleus.
Fermi kind of four-fermion-point-interaction appears as an exact (non-gauge) result.
]]> <![CDATA[Evade the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0223
2017-03-22 14:11:54Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1703.0223v1 title: Evade the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2017-03-22 14:11:54 abstract:
ICFO Researchers report the discovery of a new technique that could drastically improve the sensitivity of instruments such as magnetic resonance imagers (MRIs) and atomic clocks. [17] Research groups at Aalto University and the University of Jyväskylä have demonstrated a new microwave measurement method that goes to the quantum limit of measurement and beats it. [16] New method allows for quick, precise measurement of quantum states. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14] Researchers blur the line between classical and quantum physics by connecting chaos and entanglement. [13] Yale University scientists have reached a milestone in their efforts to extend the durability and dependability of quantum information. [12] Using lasers to make data storage faster than ever. [11] Some three-dimensional materials can exhibit exotic properties that only exist in "lower" dimensions. For example, in one-dimensional chains of atoms that emerge within a bulk sample, electrons can separate into three distinct entities, each carrying information about just one aspect of the electron's identity—spin, charge, or orbit. The spinon, the entity that carries information about electron spin, has been known to control magnetism in certain insulating materials whose electron spins can point in any direction and easily flip direction. Now, a new study just published in Science reveals that spinons are also present in a metallic material in which the orbital movement of electrons around the atomic nucleus is the driving force behind the material's strong magnetism. [10] Currently studying entanglement in condensed matter systems is of great interest. This interest stems from the fact that some behaviors of such systems can only be explained with the aid of entanglement. [9] Researchers from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) and the University of Cambridge in the UK have demonstrated that it is possible to directly generate an electric current in a magnetic material by rotating its magnetization. [8] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the electric current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
]]> <![CDATA[Creatio Ex Nihilo: The Evolution Equation]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0222
2017-03-24 13:28:35Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1703.0222v3 title: Creatio Ex Nihilo: The Evolution Equation authors: D. Chakalov category: Relativity and Cosmology type: replacement date: 2017-03-24 13:28:35 abstract:
It seems possible to suggest a hypothetical evolution equation in cosmology, which permits unlimited creatio ex nihilo of mass and energy from the quantum vacuum, yet does not lead to any catastrophic event.
]]> <![CDATA[Creatio Ex Nihilo: The Evolution Equation]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0222
2017-03-23 18:54:29Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1703.0222v2 title: Creatio Ex Nihilo: The Evolution Equation authors: D. Chakalov category: Relativity and Cosmology type: replacement date: 2017-03-23 18:54:29 abstract:
It seems possible to suggest a hypothetical evolution equation in cosmology, which permits unlimited creatio ex nihilo of mass and energy from the quantum vacuum, yet does not lead to any catastrophic event.
]]> <![CDATA[Creatio Ex Nihilo: The Evolution Equation]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0222
2017-03-22 21:58:28Astrophysics reference: viXra:1703.0222v1 title: Creatio Ex Nihilo: The Evolution Equation authors: D. Chakalov category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2017-03-22 21:58:28 abstract:
It seems possible to suggest a hypothetical evolution equation in cosmology, which permits unlimited creatio ex nihilo of mass and energy from the quantum vacuum, yet does not lead to any catastrophic event.
]]> <![CDATA[Dark Matter and Dark Energy]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0221
2017-03-23 07:36:53Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1703.0221v2 title: Dark Matter and Dark Energy authors: Yibing Qiu category: Relativity and Cosmology type: replacement date: 2017-03-23 07:36:53 abstract:
abstract:shows a veiwpoint with regards to the dark matter and dark energy.
]]> <![CDATA[Dark Matter and Dark Energy]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0221
2017-03-22 23:32:27Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1703.0221v1 title: Dark Matter and Dark Energy authors: Yibing Qiu category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2017-03-22 23:32:27 abstract:
abstract:shows a veiwpoint with regards to the dark matter and dark energy.
]]> <![CDATA[A New Approach to Prime Numbers]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0220
2017-03-23 01:28:34Number Theory reference: viXra:1703.0220v1 title: A New Approach to Prime Numbers authors: Pedro Caceres category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2017-03-23 01:28:34 abstract:
A prime number (or a prime) is a natural number greater than 1 that has no positive divisors other than 1 and itself.
The crucial importance of prime numbers to number theory and mathematics in general stems from the fundamental theorem of arithmetic, which states that every integer larger than 1 can be written as a product of one or more primes in a way that is unique except for the order of the prime factors. Primes can thus be considered the “basic building blocks”, the atoms, of the natural numbers.
There are infinitely many primes, as demonstrated by Euclid around 300 BC. There is no known simple formula that separates prime numbers from composite numbers. However, the distribution of primes, that is to say, the statistical behavior of primes in the large, can be modelled. The first result in that direction is the prime number theorem, proven at the end of the 19th century, which says that the probability that a given, randomly chosen number n is prime is inversely proportional to its number of digits, or to the logarithm of n.
The way to build the sequence of prime numbers uses sieves, an algorithm yielding all primes up to a given limit, using only trial division method which consists of dividing n by each integer m that is greater than 1 and less than or equal to the square root of n. If the result of any of these divisions is an integer, then n is not a prime, otherwise it is a prime.
This paper introduces a new way to approach prime numbers, called the DNA-prime structure because of its intertwined nature, and a new process to create the sequence of primes without direct division or multiplication, which will allow us to introduce a new primality test, and a new factorization algorithm.
As a consequence of the DNA-prime structure, we will be able to provide a potential proof of Golbach’s conjecture.
]]> <![CDATA[Particle-Wave Symmetry in Quantum Mechanics and Special Relativity Theory]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0219
2017-03-23 03:01:56Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1703.0219v1 title: Particle-Wave Symmetry in Quantum Mechanics and Special Relativity Theory authors: XiaoLin Li category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2017-03-23 03:01:56 abstract:
In 5-dimensional space-time, Quantum Mechanics have a special particle-wave symmetry. To particle wave, its phase velocity, and its group velocity, is equal, and the two speed value is invariant. This is very similar with the light speed C in Special Relativity Theory. We mark this speed with Vc . But, different particle has different Vc , not all particles have same Vc . To one Vc value, there exist one kind of particle. Particle in Special Relativity Theory is just one kind. In Special Relativity Theory, Vc = C. Light speed C is just a special instance of Vc . Quasi-particle in Condensed Matter Physics, is another sample of Vc . The new particle-wave symmetry contain the Lorentz symmetry. The new particle-wave symmetry is a extension to Lorentz symmetry. The Lorentz symmetry is just a special instance of particle-wave symmetry. But the new particle-wave symmetry no longer is limited by speed light C. The particle-wave symmetry has variable speed Vc . So, Special Relativity Theory will be just a derived result of Quantum Mechanics. In 5-dimensional space-time, in new theory , space and time is not relative, space and time is obsolute. We need rethink about these physical concepts, mass-energy equation, rest mass, inertial mass, gravitational mass. From the new symmetry, we can get new kind of particles which perhaps have relationship with cosmic dark matter and radio burst.
]]> <![CDATA[Quantum Salesman]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0218
2017-03-23 03:53:53Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1703.0218v1 title: Quantum Salesman authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2017-03-23 03:53:53 abstract:
A traveling salesman may seem like a relic from a bygone era, but the emblematic problem facing this profession hasn't gone away: what's the shortest path for visiting multiple cities and then returning home? [29] Thus far, models have not been able to fully account for the complexity of humor or exactly why we find puns and jokes funny, but a research article recently published in Frontiers in Physics suggests a novel approach: quantum theory. [28] As machine learning breakthroughs abound, researchers look to democratize benefits. [27] Machine-learning system spontaneously reproduces aspects of human neurology. [26] Surviving breast cancer changed the course of Regina Barzilay's research. The experience showed her, in stark relief, that oncologists and their patients lack tools for data-driven decision making. [25] New research, led by the University of Southampton, has demonstrated that a nanoscale device, called a memristor, could be used to power artificial systems that can mimic the human brain. [24] Scientists at Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf conducted electricity through DNA-based nanowires by placing gold-plated nanoparticles on them. In this way it could become possible to develop circuits based on genetic material. [23] Researchers at the Nanoscale Transport Physics Laboratory from the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand have found a technique to improve carbon superlattices for quantum electronic device applications. [22] The researchers have found that these previously underestimated interactions can play a significant role in preventing heat dissipation in microelectronic devices. [21] LCLS works like an extraordinary strobe light: Its ultrabright X-rays take snapshots of materials with atomic resolution and capture motions as fast as a few femtoseconds, or millionths of a billionth of a second. For comparison, one femtosecond is to a second what seven minutes is to the age of the universe. [20] A 'nonlinear' effect that seemingly turns materials transparent is seen for the first time in X-rays at SLAC's LCLS. [19]
]]> <![CDATA[Clustering Based On Natural Metric]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0217
2017-03-23 04:27:14Statistics reference: viXra:1703.0217v1 title: Clustering Based On Natural Metric authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi category: Statistics type: submission date: 2017-03-23 04:27:14 abstract:
In this research article, the author has detailed a Novel Scheme of Clustering Based on Natural Metric.
]]> <![CDATA[Universal Law for Flat Rotation Curves of Galaxies]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0216
2017-03-22 12:05:37Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1703.0216v1 title: Universal Law for Flat Rotation Curves of Galaxies authors: Sylwester Kornowski category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2017-03-22 12:05:37 abstract:
The Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) shows that the spinning cosmic loops built of the entangled Einstein-spacetime (ES) components, with centres overlapping with centres of galaxies, are the basic dark-matter (DM) structures. Their interactions with baryonic matter via weak interactions of leptons lead to the flat rotation curves of galaxies. Here, applying such mechanism, we derived universal law that relates actual baryonic masses of galaxies with radial accelerations of stars at a critical radius (for radii bigger than such radius, there dominates the baryon-DM interaction). We calculated as well a parameter at a critical scale that is consistent with observational data. We need to change our ideas about dark matter.
]]> <![CDATA[Polarization of Spins of Galaxies in Cosmic Filaments]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0215
2017-03-22 12:10:25Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1703.0215v1 title: Polarization of Spins of Galaxies in Cosmic Filaments authors: Sylwester Kornowski category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2017-03-22 12:10:25 abstract:
New data suggest that the initial period of evolution of galaxies should be modified. Here, on the basis of the cosmology described within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we explain in a very simple way why spins of massive galaxies are, generally, perpendicular to cosmic filaments whereas of dwarf galaxies are, generally, tangential to them.
]]> <![CDATA[Soft Magnetic Material]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1703.0214
2017-03-22 09:35:59Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1703.0214v1 title: Soft Magnetic Material authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2017-03-22 09:35:59 abstract:
Magnetic materials are a vital ingredient in the components that store information in computers and mobile phones. Now, A*STAR researchers have developed a material that could help these magnetic-based memory devices to store and retrieve data faster while using less power. [23] A team of researchers with members from institutions in Germany and Israel has developed a way to launch plasmons with controlled amounts of angular momentum using spiral-like structures fashioned into a smooth layer of gold plate. [22] Work at the New York Genome Centre represents a big step towards DNA-based information storage. Andrew Masterson reports. [21] At Caltech, a group of researchers led by Assistant Professor of Bioengineering Lulu Qian is working to create circuits using not the usual silicon transistors but strands of DNA. [20] Researchers have introduced a new type of "super-resolution" microscopy and used it to discover the precise walking mechanism behind tiny structures made of DNA that could find biomedical and industrial applications. [19] Genes tell cells what to do—for example, when to repair DNA mistakes or when to die—and can be turned on or off like a light switch. Knowing which genes are switched on, or expressed, is important for the treatment and monitoring of disease. Now, for the first time, Caltech scientists have developed a simple way to visualize gene expression in cells deep inside the body using a common imaging technology. [18] Researchers at The University of Manchester have discovered that a potential new drug reduces the number of brain cells destroyed by stroke and then helps to repair the damage. [17]
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