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Mon Jul 25 15:59:34 BST 2016Mon Jul 25 15:59:34 BST 2016<![CDATA[Mass Spectrometric Analysis of Isotopic Abundance Ratio in Biofield Energy Treated Thymol]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0477
2016-07-25 07:39:40Chemistry reference: viXra:1607.0477v1 title: Mass Spectrometric Analysis of Isotopic Abundance Ratio in Biofield Energy Treated Thymol authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak category: Chemistry type: submission date: 2016-07-25 07:39:40 abstract:
Thymol is a natural monoterpenoid phenol possessing various pharmacological activities such as antimicrobial, antioxidant, etc. The stable isotope ratio analysis has drawn attention in numerous fields such as agricultural, food authenticity, biochemistry, metabolism, medical research, etc. An investigation of the effect of the biofield energy treatment (The Trivedi Effect® ) on the isotopic abundance ratios of PM+1/PM and PM+2/PM in thymol using gas chromatography - mass spectrometry was attempted in this study. The sample, thymol was divided into two parts - one part was denoted as control and another part was referred as biofield energy treated sample that was given Mr. Trivediꞌs unique biofield energy. T1, T2, T3, and T4 were represented to different time interval analysis of the biofield treated thymol. The GC-MS spectra of the both control and biofield treated thymol indicated the presence of molecular ion peak [M+ ] at m/z 150 (calculated 150.10 for C10H14O) along with the similar pattern of fragmentation. The relative intensities of the parent molecule and other fragmented ions of the biofield treated thymol were enhanced as compared to the control thymol. The percentage change of the isotopic abundance ratio of PM+1/PM in the biofield treated thymol at T1, T2, T3 and T4 was increased by 3.25, 6.31, 96.75, and 140.25%, respectively as compared to the control thymol. In addition, the percentage change of the isotopic abundance ratio of PM+2/PM was increased in the biofield treated thymol at T1, T2, T3, and T4 by 5.33, 8.00, 101.33, and 140.00%, respectively with respect to the control sample. In summary, 13C, 2H, and 17O contributions from (C10H14O)+ to m/z 151 and 18O contribution from (C10H14O)+ to m/z 152 in the biofield treated thymol were significantly increased gradually with respect to the time and was found that biofield energy treatment has time dependent effect on it. Hence, the biofield energy treated thymol might display altered isotope effects such as physicochemical and thermal properties, binding energy and the reaction kinetics with respect to the control sample. So, biofield energy treated thymol could be advantageous for designing the synthetic scheme for the preparation of pharmaceuticals through its kinetic isotope effects. Besides, biofield treated thymol might be useful to overcome the problems associated with thymol for e.g. pungent flavor, high dose requirement for the activity through understanding its isotope effects and the determination of its pharmacokinetic profile, bioavailability.
]]> <![CDATA[Some Series Associated with Catalan's Constant]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0476
2016-07-25 09:00:09General Mathematics reference: viXra:1607.0476v1 title: Some Series Associated with Catalan's Constant authors: Edgar Valdebenito category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2016-07-25 09:00:09 abstract:
In this note show series for the Catalan's constant: G=0.915965594177...
]]> <![CDATA[Searching for Anti-Info, Some Elementary Mathematics]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0475
2016-07-25 05:29:46Quantum Gravity and String Theory reference: viXra:1607.0475v1 title: Searching for Anti-Info, Some Elementary Mathematics authors: John Peel category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory type: submission date: 2016-07-25 05:29:46 abstract:
There is a correction to be made, the last few articles describe branches/ strings as planck length/ c squared. They are more likely to be planck length in numeration. ( See previous articles by author).
In this paper, due to the large amount of literature to be processed, I have developed a few mathematical arrangements of my own.
They relate to conservation of information, the relationship between size of various unsymmetric matrices and the relationship of negative numbers in a concept called reflectional equivalence. Discussed also it the hypothesis (sic) of whether the branches ( loosely meaning strings) can be macroscopic in size. i.e varying from planck length to essentially the size of any known object
]]> <![CDATA[Spaceship's Engine on the Effect of Self-Acceleration of Gravitation<br> Двигатель космолёта на эффекте гравитационного самоускорения]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0474
2016-07-25 05:57:48Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1607.0474v1 title: Spaceship's Engine on the Effect of Self-Acceleration of Gravitation Двигатель космолёта на эффекте гравитационного самоускорения authors: Putenikhin P.V. category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2016-07-25 05:57:48 abstract:
The limited speed of propagation of gravitation leads to a relativistic effect of self-acceleration. The long object increases the speed of its movement without the application of external force to it, so-called, unsupported motion.
Считается, что для разгона космического корабля до больших, вплоть до субсветовых скоростей, необходимы значительные запасы топлива. Однако ограниченность скорости распространения гравитации приводит к возникновению релятивистского эффекта гравитационного самоускорения, когда протяженный объект увеличивает скорость своего движения без приложения к нему внешней силы, так называемое, безопорное движение. И напротив, гравитационное ускорение становится невозможным, если скорость распространения гравитации бесконечна.
]]> <![CDATA[The Mach-Zehnder Interferometer Refutes the Many-Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics Everett (Everettics, the Oxford’s Interpretation)<br>Интерферометр Маха-Цандера опровергает многомировую интерпретацию квантовой механики Эверетта]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0473
2016-07-25 06:16:20Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1607.0473v1 title: The Mach-Zehnder Interferometer Refutes the Many-Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics Everett (Everettics, the Oxford’s Interpretation) Интерферометр Маха-Цандера опровергает многомировую интерпретацию квантовой механики Эверетта authors: Putenikhin P.V. category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-07-25 06:16:20 abstract:
The EVIFM – experiment (Elitzur-Vaidman Interaction-Free Measurement) refute the Everett's many-worlds interpretation Эксперимент БИЭВ (бесконтактные измерения Элицура – Вайдмана) опровергает многомировую интерпретацию Эверетта
]]> <![CDATA[Nonlinear Scaling Corrections of the BaTiO3-Ceramics Microstructures]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0472
2016-07-25 06:15:20Condensed Matter reference: viXra:1607.0472v1 title: Nonlinear Scaling Corrections of the BaTiO3-Ceramics Microstructures authors: Z. B. Vosika category: Condensed Matter type: submission date: 2016-07-25 06:15:20 abstract:
A new approach, based on nonlinear scaling corrections fractal geometry and dimension for
doped BaTiO3-ceramics, is applied. The main conclusion was that intergranular capacities have
various positive values then expected which is induced by contact surfaces sizes augmentation
as a consequence of their new nonlinear fractal based nature, which includes the box size
dependence of scaling. Also, introduced new model for intergaranular non-ideal capacitor,
generalized Cole impedance element in conection with the parallel parasite capacity, resistivity
and inductivity
]]> <![CDATA[From Unbiased Numerical Estimates to Unbiased Interval Estimates]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0471
2016-07-25 06:41:23Statistics reference: viXra:1607.0471v1 title: From Unbiased Numerical Estimates to Unbiased Interval Estimates authors: Baokun Li, Gang Xiang, Vladik Kreinovich, Panagios Moscopoulos category: Statistics type: submission date: 2016-07-25 06:41:23 abstract:
One of the main objectives of statistics is to estimate the parameters of a probability distribution based on a sample taken from this distribution.
]]> <![CDATA[Ultracold Atoms Collision]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0470
2016-07-25 06:43:40Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1607.0470v1 title: Ultracold Atoms Collision authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-07-25 06:43:40 abstract:
University of Otago physicist Niels Kjaergaard and his team have used extremely precisely controlled laser beams to confine, accelerate and gently collide ultracold atomic clouds of fermionic potassium. This allowed them to directly observe a key principle of quantum theory, the Pauli Exclusion Principle. [16] First completely scalable quantum simulation of a molecule. [15] Quantum photonic researchers start new company, Sparrow Quantum. [14] A method to produce significant amounts of semiconducting nanoparticles for light-emitting displays, sensors, solar panels and biomedical applications has gained momentum with a demonstration by researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory. [13] A source of single photons that meets three important criteria for use in quantum-information systems has been unveiled in China by an international team of physicists. Based on a quantum dot, the device is an efficient source of photons that emerge as solo particles that are indistinguishable from each other. The researchers are now trying to use the source to create a quantum computer based on "boson sampling". [11] With the help of a semiconductor quantum dot, physicists at the University of Basel have developed a new type of light source that emits single photons. For the first time, the researchers have managed to create a stream of identical photons. [10] Optical photons would be ideal carriers to transfer quantum information over large distances. Researchers envisage a network where information is processed in certain nodes and transferred between them via photons. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
]]> <![CDATA[Design of Carry Select Adder using Binary to Excess-3 Converter in VHDL]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0469
2016-07-25 01:00:22Digital Signal Processing reference: viXra:1607.0469v1 title: Design of Carry Select Adder using Binary to Excess-3 Converter in VHDL authors: Brijesh Kumar, Mamta Kulkarni category: Digital Signal Processing type: submission date: 2016-07-25 01:00:22 abstract:
This paper presents a modified design of Area-Efficient Low power Carry Select Adder (CSLA) Circuit. In digital adders, the speed of addition is limited by the time required to transmit a carry through the adder. Carry select adder processors and systems. In digital adders, the speed of addition is limited by the time required to propagate a carry through the adder. The sum for each bit position in an elementary adder is generated sequentially only after the previous bit position has been summed and a carry propagated into the next position. The major speed limitation in any adder is in the production of carries.
]]> <![CDATA[On a Possible Generalization of Fermat’s Last Theorem]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0468
2016-07-25 01:02:22Number Theory reference: viXra:1607.0468v1 title: On a Possible Generalization of Fermat’s Last Theorem authors: Dhananjay P. Mehendale category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2016-07-25 01:02:22 abstract:
This paper proposes a generalised ABC conjecture and assuming its validity settles a generalised version of Fermat’s last theorem.
]]> <![CDATA[The Chemical Complexity Principle of Stellar Metamorphosis]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0467
2016-07-24 17:43:54Astrophysics reference: viXra:1607.0467v1 title: The Chemical Complexity Principle of Stellar Metamorphosis authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2016-07-24 17:43:54 abstract:
In this paper a simple principle is presented to connect the principle of biostellar evolution with the astrochemical principle in the general theory of stellar metamorphosis.
]]> <![CDATA[Variation of the Fine Structure Constant]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0466
2016-07-24 19:03:05Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1607.0466v1 title: Variation of the Fine Structure Constant authors: Anton A. Lipovka, Ivan A. Cardenas category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-07-24 19:03:05 abstract:
In present paper we evaluate the fine structure constant variation which should take place as the Universe is expanded and its curvature is changed adiabatically. This changing of the fine structure constant is attributed to the energy lost by physical system (consist of baryonic component and electromagnetic field) due to expansion of our Universe. Obtained ratio
(d alpha)/alpha = 1. 10{-18} (per second) is only five times smaller than actually reported experimental limit on this value. For this reason this variation can probably be measured within a couple of years. To argue the correctness of our approach we calculate the Planck constant as adiabatic invariant of electromagnetic field, from geometry of our Universe in the framework of the pseudo- Riemannian geometry. Finally we discuss the double clock experiment based on Al+ and Hg+ clocks carried out by T. Rosenband et al. (Science 2008). We show that in this particular case there is an error in method and this way the fine structure constant variation can not be measured if the fine structure constant is changed adiabatically.
]]> <![CDATA[Topological Condensation and Conversion of "Vapour Phase" Photons into Kinetic Energy]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0465
2016-07-24 19:11:03Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1607.0465v1 title: Topological Condensation and Conversion of "Vapour Phase" Photons into Kinetic Energy authors: Martin Dudziak, Matti Pitkanen category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-07-24 19:11:03 abstract:
A quantum topological network model that might allow for the production of energy through the employment of vacuum electromagnetic currents form is based upon foundational principles of topological geometrodynamics (TGD) [Pitkanen, 1995a, b]. Such a production photon-factory would have the capability of drawing upon a seemingly inexhaustible supply of what in TGD formalism is a "vapour phase" of photons. Particularly in the presence of Bose-Einstein condensate photons, it is theoretically possible to convert these "vapour phase" photons into condensed photons that can then be harnessed and transformed into useful kinetic energy by more traditional means. The problem of how to control the dynamics of transferring this energy into a useful and regulatable kinetic form, such as may be employed within an ion drive or any number of alternative propulsion methods, is significant and involves issues of developing coherence and resonance among locally chaotic and asynchronous systems. This difficulty may be solvable through the adaptation of algorithms and models developed for synchronizing heterogeneous nonequilibrium oscillator networks.
]]> <![CDATA[How Quantum Events Can Play A Role in Coherent Biomolecular Systems]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0464
2016-07-24 20:50:45Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1607.0464v1 title: How Quantum Events Can Play A Role in Coherent Biomolecular Systems authors: Martin Dudziak category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-07-24 20:50:45 abstract:
Foundational theory and models relating quantum physics and biomolecular communications (intracellular and intercellular) - solitons, biosolitons, quantum entanglement and coherence.
]]> <![CDATA[Quantum Dynamic Networks, Chaotic Solitons and Emergent Structures in Subcellular Processes: Possible Implications for Learning, Memory, and Cognition]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0463
2016-07-24 20:58:32Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1607.0463v1 title: Quantum Dynamic Networks, Chaotic Solitons and Emergent Structures in Subcellular Processes: Possible Implications for Learning, Memory, and Cognition authors: Martin Dudziak category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-07-24 20:58:32 abstract:
Molecular dynamics across large neural membrane and dispersed cytoskeletal structures are conjectured to provide the matrix of actions required for the emergence of coherent self- organized behavior. These patterns may be representable as non-stationary yet stable solitons, chaoitons, occurring as topological deformations at the scale of protein subchains, capable of stability over time for the storage of information, providing the basis for learning, memory, and consciousness. The problem of scalability may be addressed by examining self-similar soliton-like behavior among complexes of neurons operating within the matrix of synapto-dendritic field activity. Atomic force microscopic observation is seen as the most promising avenue toward experimental confirmation of such theoretical models.
]]> <![CDATA[Hydrodynamics and the Simultaneity of Local Chaos and Global Particle-Like Behavior]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0462
2016-07-24 21:02:46Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1607.0462v1 title: Hydrodynamics and the Simultaneity of Local Chaos and Global Particle-Like Behavior authors: Martin Dudziak, Matti Pitkanen category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-07-24 21:02:46 abstract:
complex system moving toward a systemic stage of chaotic behavior often returns to some near-equilibrium through a set of stabilizing processes that are themselves locally chaotic. At different systemic levels this may be perceived in meteorological phenomena (hurricanes, typhoons, and tornadoes being classic examples), certain aspects of cell division and embryonic morphogenesis, thermal inversions, and in biological populations and societies.
We concentrate on one aspect of this problem and address a formulation of hydrodynamics from the perspective of topological geometrodynamics (TGD) and a many-sheeted spacetime with characteristic p-adic length scales. We apply the TGD model as a method for understanding the question of how an apparent global and finite-bounded state of a system that is inherently also open and unbounded can operate to generate a massively parallel sequence of events without some disturbing form of nonlocality. Interaction of discrete 3-spaces through a network of “wormhole-like” connection or transfer points can provide an explanation of the convergence process by which events that are on the scale of the far-from-equilibrium system chaotic and disruptive do occur in specific spacetime locales relative to the scale of the overall system. The same multiple-space, wormhole-type transfer processes may also help to predict movement of such chaotic “release” engines once initiated until they have exhausted their supply of energy, via the excess energies of the embedding system in which they exist, and thereby introduced a new level of stabilization to that embedding system.
Hydrodynamic and also aerodynamic vortices such as are characteristic of hurricanes and typhoons are approached through a particle description involving increasingly larger p-adic length scales. Topologically condensed ‘fluids’ of smaller p-adic length scale particles fuse and the kinetic energy of the particle motion in this length scale would be dissipated as turbulent fluid motion in shorter length scales by the formation of vortices.
]]> <![CDATA[Topological Process Dynamics and Applications to Biosystems]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0461
2016-07-24 21:05:49Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1607.0461v1 title: Topological Process Dynamics and Applications to Biosystems authors: Martin Dudziak category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-07-24 21:05:49 abstract:
Development of theoretical foundations linking topological quantum space-time models to biological systems and evolution of macromolecular complex structures.
]]> <![CDATA[Stimulated Topological Condensation of "Vapour Phase" Photons and Possible Implications for Space Power Technology]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0460
2016-07-24 21:10:55High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1607.0460v1 title: Stimulated Topological Condensation of "Vapour Phase" Photons and Possible Implications for Space Power Technology authors: Martin Dudziak, Matti Pitkanen category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2016-07-24 21:10:55 abstract:
A quantum topological model is offered for the potential of producing energy through vacuum electromagnetic current generation, and its possible use for exoplanetary space travel propulsion systems.
]]> <![CDATA[Pattern Recognition and Learning in Bistable Cam Networks]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0459
2016-07-24 21:30:52Artificial Intelligence reference: viXra:1607.0459v1 title: Pattern Recognition and Learning in Bistable Cam Networks authors: Vladimir Chinarov, Martin Dudziak, Yuri Kyrpach category: Artificial Intelligence type: submission date: 2016-07-24 21:30:52 abstract:
The present study concerns the problem of learning, pattern recognition and computational abilities of a homogeneous network composed from coupled bistable units. New possibilities for pattern recognition may be realized due to the developed technique that permits a reconstruction of a dynamical system using the distributions of its attractors. In both cases the updating procedure for the coupling matrix uses the minimization of least-mean-square errors between the applied and desired patterns.
]]> <![CDATA[Design and Prototyping of Life Support and Agriculture for Extended Space Habitation and Travel]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0458
2016-07-24 21:37:48Astrophysics reference: viXra:1607.0458v1 title: Design and Prototyping of Life Support and Agriculture for Extended Space Habitation and Travel authors: Martin Dudziak category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2016-07-24 21:37:48 abstract:
An experimental design is presented for a modular, reconfigurable multi-function platform that can be constructed in near-orbit or deep-space, for use in life support and emergency repair/reconstruction tasks within extended long-distance and long-duration space missions. This design is based upon a series of predecessor designs and deployments originating in applications ranging from emergency services to environmental monitoring and testing labs. The novelty in this “PodAtrium” architecture is the emphasis upon multi-functionality for structural components as well as internal apparatus including furnishings that are composed of basic elements that can be disassembled and reassembled as necessary and as demanded by the needs of a crew operating in isolation from any support craft or stationary habitation such as an exoplanetary base. Attention in the present phase of research and development has been upon the use of structural elements within a PodAtrium complex that can serve alternatively for a hydroponics-based greenhouse, a fuel-cell based power plant, and an asteroid mining operation, each of which could conceivably fulfill important roles at different times in the lifespan operations for a long-distance interstellar space vehicle with human crew onboard.
]]> <![CDATA[Technologies to Support, Enhance and Protect Social Networking Freedoms During Periods of Social Unrest and Political Disruption]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0457
2016-07-24 21:42:26Data Structures and Algorithms reference: viXra:1607.0457v1 title: Technologies to Support, Enhance and Protect Social Networking Freedoms During Periods of Social Unrest and Political Disruption authors: Martin Dudziak category: Data Structures and Algorithms type: submission date: 2016-07-24 21:42:26 abstract:
We address the topic of internet and communications integrity and continuity during times of social unrest and disturbance where a variety of actions can lead to short-term or long-term disruption of conventional, public and private internet and wireless networks. The internet disruptions connected with WikiLeaks in 2010, those in Egypt and Libya during protests and revolution commencing in January of 2011, and long-standing controls upon internet access and content imposed within China and other nations, are considered as specific and contemporary examples. We examine alternatives that have been proposed by which large numbers of individuals can maintain “connectivity without borders.” We review the strengths and weaknesses of such alternatives, the countermeasures that can be employed against such connectivity, and a number of innovative measures that can be used to overcome such countermeasures.
]]> <![CDATA[Innovative and Increased Risks from CBR Disasters and Effective, Economical, Adaptive Countermeasures]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0456
2016-07-24 21:58:38General Science and Philosophy reference: viXra:1607.0456v1 title: Innovative and Increased Risks from CBR Disasters and Effective, Economical, Adaptive Countermeasures authors: Martin Dudziak category: General Science and Philosophy type: submission date: 2016-07-24 21:58:38 abstract:
Ten years after 9-11 we are at a crucial junction point in our preparedness and defenses for chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) events initiated by terrorists, accidents or natural causes. Despite a decade of intensified work and significant expenditure aimed at providing more effective prevention as well as response to a variety of WMD-type incidents, society (USA and worldwide) is facing a higher probability for disruptive events, particularly “CBR” (chem.-bio-rad) that can cripple nations and their economies. This statement is in contradiction to common public opinions expressed on the subject. Why are CBRN risks in fact higher than before, and why are some of the types of countermeasures, particular those focused strongly upon terrorist-origin CBR threats, insufficient for preparing and responding in ways required for maintaining social resilience and sustainability? Included in our assessment are non-terrorist events that can be potentially of greater damage and consequence than terrorist acts. We also examine the diversity and unpredictability by which principally CBR threats can be brought into a large and mobile population and how such events can be amplified and made more destructive, not only by physical measures, but by psychological impact and caused by mass-panic.
]]> <![CDATA[Assessment of Antibiogram of Multidrug-Resistant Isolates of Enterobacter Aerogenes After Biofield Energy Treatment]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0455
2016-07-24 23:18:06Biochemistry reference: viXra:1607.0455v1 title: Assessment of Antibiogram of Multidrug-Resistant Isolates of Enterobacter Aerogenes After Biofield Energy Treatment authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak category: Biochemistry type: submission date: 2016-07-24 23:18:06 abstract:
Enterobacter aerogenes (E. aerogenes) has been reported as the versatile opportunistic pathogen associated with the hospital infections worldwide. The aim of the study was to determine the impact of Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment on multidrug resistant clinical lab isolates (LSs) of E. aerogenes. The MDR isolates of E. aerogenes (i.e., LS 45 and LS 54) were divided into two groups, i.e., control and treated. Samples were analyzed for antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), biochemical study, and biotype number using MicroScan Walk-Away® system, on day 10 after the biofield treatment. The antimicrobial sensitivity assay showed 14.28% alteration out of twenty eight tested antimicrobials with respect to the control. The cefotetan sensitivity changed from intermediate (I) to inducible β-lactamase (IB), while piperacillin/tazobactam changed from resistant to IB in the treated LS 45. Improved sensitivity was reported in tetracycline, i.e., from I to susceptible (S) in LS 45, while chloramphenicol and tetracycline sensitivity changed from R to I in treated LS 54. Four-fold decrease in MIC value was reported in piperacillin/tazobactam, and two-fold decrease in cefotetan and tetracycline in the biofield treated LS 45 as compared to the control. MIC results showed an overall decreased MIC values in 12.50% tested antimicrobials such as chloramphenicol (16 µg/mL) and tetracycline (8 µg/mL) in LS 54. The biochemical study showed an overall 45.45% negative reaction in the tested biochemical in both the treated isolates as compared to the control. A change in biotype number was reported in MDR isolates (LS 45 and LS 54), while in LS 54, altered biotype number, i.e., 0406 0374 as compared to the control (7770 4376), with identification of the new species as Stenotrophomonas maltophilia with brown color as special characteristic. The study findings suggest that Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment on clinical MDR isolates of E. aerogenes has the significant effect on altering the sensitivity of antimicrobials, decreasing the MIC values, changed biochemical reactions, and biotype number.
]]> <![CDATA[Antibiogram Typing of Biofield Treated Multidrug Resistant Strains of Staphylococcus Species]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0454
2016-07-24 23:20:53Biochemistry reference: viXra:1607.0454v1 title: Antibiogram Typing of Biofield Treated Multidrug Resistant Strains of Staphylococcus Species authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak category: Biochemistry type: submission date: 2016-07-24 23:20:53 abstract:
Antimicrobial resistance is a global health issue in the developing countries. This study was carried out to evaluate the impact of Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment on multidrug resistant (MDR) clinical lab isolates (LSs) of Staphylococcus species viz. Staphylococcus haemolyticus (LS 18), Staphylococcus epidermidis (LS 21), and Staphylococcus aureus (LS 30). Each strain was divided into the two groups i.e. control and treated. The control and treated groups were analyzed for the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), biochemical analysis and biotype number using MicroScan Walk-Away® system. The analysis was done on day 10 after biofield treatment and compared with the control group. The sensitivity of erythromycin was improved from resistant to susceptible, while levofloxacin sensitivity was also improved from intermediate to susceptible in LS 21 isolate. The MIC results showed a decrease in the concentrations of ceftriaxone, erythromycin, imipenem, and levofloxacin antimicrobials in LS 21 as compared to the control. Linezolid and vancomycin also showed decrease in MIC as compared to the control in LS 30. Overall, 20.69% antimicrobials showed decrease in MIC value out of the tested twenty-nine after biofield treatment in Staphylococcus species. The biochemical study showed a 25% alteration in biochemical reactions as compared to the control. A significant change was reported in biotype numbers for all the three strains of MDR Staphylococcus species after biofield treatment as compared to the respective control group. On the basis of changed biotype number (306366) after biofield treatment in LS 18, the new organism was identified as Staphylococcus simulans with respect to the control species i.e. Staphylococcus haemolyticus (302302). The control group of S. epidermidis and S. aureus showed biotype number as 303064 and 757153 respectively. After biofield treatment, LS 21 and LS 30 isolates showed altered biotype number as 307064 and 317153 respectively. Overall, results conclude that biofield treatment could be used as complementary and alternative treatment strategy against multidrug resistant strains of Staphylococcus species with improved sensitivity and reduced MIC values of antimicrobial.
]]> <![CDATA[Classical Explanation of Quantum Entanglement]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0453
2016-07-25 00:17:10Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1607.0453v1 title: Classical Explanation of Quantum Entanglement authors: Krishan Vats category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-07-25 00:17:10 abstract:
This article gives a semi/classical explanation of Quantum Entanglement behavior. The article takes the probability wave formula cos2(A/2) at face value and considers it to be true. It explains the anti correlation, and statistical correlation with a possible mechanism of nature, without need of faster than light (FTL) communication. Description of each type of correlation is followed by an explanation of how that correlation is enforced or achieved by the nature. Though Bell’s inequality in itself is a valid theorem, this article explains why it is inappropriate to apply Bell’s inequality to entanglement. It explains entanglement of only spin, but similar logic can be applied to entanglement of other properties. To demonstrate the successful working, and simplicity & efficiency of the mechanism, I have created an online Quantum Entanglement Simulator, which you can try out at latestemail.com by setting detectors in any/random directions.
]]> <![CDATA[Storing Digital Information in DNA]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0452
2016-07-24 13:57:58Physics of Biology reference: viXra:1607.0452v1 title: Storing Digital Information in DNA authors: George Rajna category: Physics of Biology type: submission date: 2016-07-24 13:57:58 abstract:
Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
]]> <![CDATA[DNA Information Layers]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0451
2016-07-24 10:23:11Physics of Biology reference: viXra:1607.0451v1 title: DNA Information Layers authors: George Rajna category: Physics of Biology type: submission date: 2016-07-24 10:23:11 abstract:
Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
]]> <![CDATA[An Elementary Particle Pulsation Hypothesis Elucidates Real Nature of the Dark Energy.]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0450
2016-07-24 11:50:38Astrophysics reference: viXra:1607.0450v1 title: An Elementary Particle Pulsation Hypothesis Elucidates Real Nature of the Dark Energy. authors: Terubumi Honjou category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2016-07-24 11:50:38 abstract:
An elementary particle pulsation hypothesis elucidates real nature of the dark energy.
The Elementary Particle Pulsation Principle. The complete table of contents.
From the beginning, was filled with dark energy throughout the universe.
Dark energy ripples formed cosmic large-scale structure.
]]> <![CDATA[Christology Reloaded: Selected Papers 2010-2016]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0449
2016-07-24 11:51:24Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1607.0449v1 title: Christology Reloaded: Selected Papers 2010-2016 authors: Victor Christianto category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2016-07-24 11:51:24 abstract:
I am a fan of The Matrix Trilogy movies. And this book is inspired in part by that movie. But not only that, I am also inspired by a book written by Chris Seay, with title: The Gospel Reloaded. It is full of new thought provoking ideas based on The Matrix.
The basic idea of this book is that it is possible to develop a new cosmology model inspired by Cosmic Christology. In other words, Christology is not a separate matter from science. From Christology as starting point, I began to develop various approaches based on wave physics, which I call: “fractal vibrating string.” Through this new cosmology model, I wish to offer a new path for dialogue between science and theology. Moreover, it offers a new and fresh approach to understand the bible in this modern age.
I sincerely hope that you will like this new path, as I like it very much.
]]> <![CDATA[Charge Density Wave]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0448
2016-07-24 08:52:52Condensed Matter reference: viXra:1607.0448v1 title: Charge Density Wave authors: George Rajna category: Condensed Matter type: submission date: 2016-07-24 08:52:52 abstract:
Newly discovered material property may lead to high temp superconductivity. [32] Superconductivity (SC) and ferromagnetism (FM) are mutually antagonistic collective phenomena in solids. Macroscopically, a superconductor expels magnetic fluxes from its interior below the superconducting critical temperature TSC. By contrast, a ferromagnet magnetizes itself (for a single magnetic domain) spontaneously below the ferromagnetic transition temperature TFM. [31] A research team led by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Argonne National Laboratory has discovered that only half the atoms in some iron-based superconductors are magnetic, providing a conclusive demonstration of the wave-like properties of metallic magnetism in these materials. [30] Researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) in Switzerland and the Technical University Munich in Germany have lifted the veil on the electronic characteristics of high-temperature superconductors. Their research, published in Nature Communications, shows that the electronic densities measured in these superconductors are a combination of two separate effects. As a result, they propose a new model that suggests the existence of two coexisting states rather than competing ones postulated for the past thirty years, a small revolution in the world of superconductivity. [29] A team led by scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory combined powerful magnetic pulses with some of the brightest X-rays on the planet to discover a surprising 3-D arrangement of a material's electrons that appears closely linked to a mysterious phenomenon known as high-temperature superconductivity. [28] Advanced x-ray technique reveals surprising quantum excitations that persist through materials with or without superconductivity. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
]]> <![CDATA[Note on the Free Fall Experiment of the Bremen Tower]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0447
2016-07-24 01:13:03Classical Physics reference: viXra:1607.0447v1 title: Note on the Free Fall Experiment of the Bremen Tower authors: Paris S. Miles-Brenden category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2016-07-24 01:13:03 abstract:
A seemingly empty relation of physical law implicates a testable hypothesis of physics by contradiction in relation to the test of WEP.
]]> <![CDATA[The Current Status of the Physicalist Program [PHPR]]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0446
2016-07-24 03:13:10General Science and Philosophy reference: viXra:1607.0446v1 title: The Current Status of the Physicalist Program [PHPR] authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey category: General Science and Philosophy type: submission date: 2016-07-24 03:13:10 abstract:
Status of PHPR.
]]> <![CDATA[Axiomatics For Modern Science]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0445
2016-07-23 16:43:02Functions and Analysis reference: viXra:1607.0445v1 title: Axiomatics For Modern Science authors: Daniel Cordero Grau category: Functions and Analysis type: submission date: 2016-07-23 16:43:02 abstract:
In this document I lay down the Axiomatics of Modern Science
]]> <![CDATA[Energy Budget and Conservation Laws in a Static Universe]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0444
2016-07-23 18:40:48Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1607.0444v1 title: Energy Budget and Conservation Laws in a Static Universe authors: Yuri Heymann category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2016-07-23 18:40:48 abstract:
Energy ﬂuxes and exchanges play a crucial role in the universe. The universe is characterized by large concentrations of energy contained in small, dense areas such as galaxies, which radiate energy towards the vacuum surrounding them. However, as of today, no theory can balance the energy deﬁcit of galaxies, which would be required for a conservative universe. This study is an investigation of the physics nature could use to maintain the energy segregation between its dense parts and the vacuum. Based on considerations of the gravitational redshift and mass-energy equivalence, we propose time contraction as a principle to maintain this segregation, in which photons lose energy and masses gain potential energy. We ﬁnd that the surplus of potential energy from this principle at the level of the Milky Way balances with the energy radiated. Lunar recession is a conﬁrmation of this principle.
]]> <![CDATA[Continuous Atoms and The Propagation of Light]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0443
2016-07-23 18:52:40Classical Physics reference: viXra:1607.0443v1 title: Continuous Atoms and The Propagation of Light authors: Roger Munday category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2016-07-23 18:52:40 abstract:
Currently accepted theories of the structure of macroscopic matter fail to explain the transmission of gravity and of electro-magnetic radiation.
These theories are therefore, in some fundamental aspects, false.
Technologies available today demonstrate that the structure of solid matter is not one of discontinuous atoms.
This paper suggests that they are not, as postulated, composed of almost entirely a "perfect vacuum" and are not separated by large volumes of 'empty space'.
]]> <![CDATA[Titius-Bode Law as a Direct Manifestation of Gravitational Waves]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0442
2016-07-23 13:21:22Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1607.0442v1 title: Titius-Bode Law as a Direct Manifestation of Gravitational Waves authors: J.R. Croca, P. Castro, M. Gatta, A. Cardoso, R. Moreira category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-07-23 13:21:22 abstract:
Since its initial proposal in 1766, Titius-Bode empirical law remains a puzzling source of discomfort as it predicts the average distances from the planets to the Sun for no apparent reason. Using a framework analogous to de Broglie’s pilot wave theory and the self-organizing Principle of Eurhythmy, we claim that several main physical quantities describing the Solar System are quantified. Hence Titius-Bode Law is a direct manifestation of gravitational waves in the Solar System.
]]> <![CDATA[The Gravichemical Principle]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0441
2016-07-23 11:22:58Astrophysics reference: viXra:1607.0441v1 title: The Gravichemical Principle authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2016-07-23 11:22:58 abstract:
A fundamental principle of nature is as follows concerning stars ability to provide activation energy requirements for chemical reactions to take place during stellar evolution according to the general theory of stellar metamorphosis.
]]> <![CDATA[The Principle of Star Water Formation]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0440
2016-07-23 11:25:11Astrophysics reference: viXra:1607.0440v1 title: The Principle of Star Water Formation authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2016-07-23 11:25:11 abstract:
A fundamental principle of nature is as follows concerning water formation on evolving stars.
]]> <![CDATA[Nuclear Forces, Gravity, Electromagnetic Force of Unity.]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0439
2016-07-23 11:37:32Nuclear and Atomic Physics reference: viXra:1607.0439v1 title: Nuclear Forces, Gravity, Electromagnetic Force of Unity. authors: Terubumi Honjou category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics type: submission date: 2016-07-23 11:37:32 abstract:
Chapter 8: Nuclear forces, gravity,electromagnetic force of unity.
[1]... to the goal of modern physics and the Super grand unified theory hypothesis.
[2]. elementary pulsation principle announced in 1980, with the physical society of Japan.
[3]... article published in 1980, has been kept on the cinii National Institute of Informatics, Japan physical society.
[4]... on the Internet Encyclopaedia Wikipedia articles.
[5]... Nuclear forces, gravity, electromagnetic force of unity.
[6]... unity based on elementary pulsation principle forces, gravity, electromagnetic force.
[7]. structure of pulsating principle model for finite nuclei.
[8]. it front and back of the same photon-photon and quantum gravity.
]]> <![CDATA[Exact Diagonalization of the D-Dimensional Spatially Confined Quantum Harmonic Oscillator]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0438
2016-07-23 12:03:37Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1607.0438v1 title: Exact Diagonalization of the D-Dimensional Spatially Confined Quantum Harmonic Oscillator authors: Kunle Adegoke, Adenike Olatinwo, Henry Otobrise, Funmi Akintujoye, Afees Tiamiyu category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-07-23 12:03:37 abstract:
In the existing literature various numerical techniques have been developed to quantize the confined harmonic oscillator in higher dimensions. In obtaining the energy eigenvalues, such methods often involve indirect approaches such as searching for the roots of hypergeometric functions or numerically solving a differential equation. In this paper, however, we derive an explicit matrix representation for the Hamiltonian of a confined quantum harmonic oscillator in higher dimensions, thus facilitating direct diagonalization.
]]> <![CDATA[Infinite Arctangent Sums Involving Fibonacci and Lucas Numbers]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0437
2016-07-23 12:06:52Number Theory reference: viXra:1607.0437v1 title: Infinite Arctangent Sums Involving Fibonacci and Lucas Numbers authors: Kunle Adegoke category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2016-07-23 12:06:52 abstract:
Using a straightforward elementary approach, we derive numerous infinite arctangent summation formulas involving Fibonacci and Lucas numbers. While most of the results obtained are new, a couple of celebrated results appear as particular cases of the more general formulas derived here.
]]> <![CDATA[Gravitational Collapse Versus Plate Tectonics to Explain Earthquakes]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0436
2016-07-23 12:10:47Geophysics reference: viXra:1607.0436v1 title: Gravitational Collapse Versus Plate Tectonics to Explain Earthquakes authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski category: Geophysics type: submission date: 2016-07-23 12:10:47 abstract:
It is presented sound reasoning that earthquakes are caused by buildup and release of huge amounts of pressure in rocks due to gravitational collapse of the Earth, and not moving plates.
]]> <![CDATA[On Approximating the Free Harmonic Oscillator by a Particle in a Box]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0435
2016-07-23 12:21:26Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1607.0435v1 title: On Approximating the Free Harmonic Oscillator by a Particle in a Box authors: Kunle Adegoke, Adenike Olatinwo, Henry Otobrise, Funmi Akintujoye, Afees Tiamiyu category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-07-23 12:21:26 abstract:
The main purpose of this paper is to demonstrate and illustrate, once again, the potency of the variational technique as an approximation procedure for the quantization of quantum mechanical systems. By choosing particle-in-a-box wavefunctions as trial wavefunctions, with the size of the box as the variation parameter, approximate eigenenergies and the corresponding eigenfunctions are obtained for the one dimensional free harmonic oscillator.
]]> <![CDATA[Challenge "Proof of the Lehman Expectation".]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0434
2016-07-23 12:24:01Number Theory reference: viXra:1607.0434v1 title: Challenge "Proof of the Lehman Expectation". authors: Terubumi Honjou category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2016-07-23 12:24:01 abstract:
Chapter12. Challenge "proof of the Lehman expectation".
A mathematics difficult problem biggest in history.
[1] With the mathematics difficult problem "proof of the Lehman expectation" biggest in history.
[2] I challenge the difficult problem Lehman expectation that rejected the geniuses challenge for 150 years.
[3] It is challenged the mystery of the prime number, a mathematics difficult problem biggest in history, proof of the Lehman expectation.
[4] Neology of the Lehman expectation. A point of intersection that all 0 points are straight.
[5] An elementary particle pulsation principle founds a door of the Lehman expected proof.
]]> <![CDATA[Macroscopic Quantum Phenomena]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0433
2016-07-23 08:41:31Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1607.0433v1 title: Macroscopic Quantum Phenomena authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-07-23 08:41:31 abstract:
Scientists have discovered an anomaly in the properties of ice at very cold temperatures near 20 K, which they believe can be explained by the quantum tunneling of multiple protons simultaneously. The finding is a rare instance of quantum phenomena emerging on the macroscopic scale, and is even more unusual because it is only the second time—the first being superconductivity— that macroscopic quantum phenomena have been observed in a system that is based on fermions, which include protons, electrons, and all other matter particles. Other systems exhibiting macroscopic quantum phenomena have been based on photons, a type of boson, which mediate the forces between matter. [11] Neutron scattering and computational modeling have revealed unique and unexpected behavior of water molecules under extreme confinement that is unmatched by any known gas, liquid or solid states. [10] An international team of scientists studying ultrafast physics have solved a mystery of quantum mechanics, and found that quantum tunneling is an instantaneous process. The new theory could lead to faster and smaller electronic components, for which quantum tunneling is a significant factor. It will also lead to a better understanding of diverse areas such as electron microscopy, nuclear fusion and DNA mutations. [9] Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.
]]> <![CDATA[P vs NP ... Are They Same ?]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0432
2016-07-23 09:09:27Data Structures and Algorithms reference: viXra:1607.0432v1 title: P vs NP ... Are They Same ? authors: hemant pandey category: Data Structures and Algorithms type: submission date: 2016-07-23 09:09:27 abstract:
P
vs NP is possibly one of the most crucial problems’s of our era owing to the fact that it directly affects one of the most
8
basic things of our modern day survival, the Internet security. The proof will be surely a big blow to the RSA ciphering–
9
deciphering technology but it the way it is! Genuine apologies for
P
= NP. As for as mathematical gain is concern it is a
10
result that opens a search for solution of those 300 plus NP complete problems and much more. The present proof resolves
11
P
= NP by the solution of NP complete Hamiltonians path problem in polynomial time. The proof is using topology and
12
simple geometry. Hence
P
= NP; solved for the Hamiltonians path problem or Traveling salesman problem as it is called
13
so. NP complete Hamiltonian’s path problem has a polynomial time solution, i.e.
P
=CN
4
for HPP.
14
2006 Published by Elsevier Inc.
]]> <![CDATA[A Hypothesis Reforms a Super String Theory.]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0431
2016-07-23 06:46:26Quantum Gravity and String Theory reference: viXra:1607.0431v1 title: A Hypothesis Reforms a Super String Theory. authors: Terubumi Honjou category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory type: submission date: 2016-07-23 06:46:26 abstract:
A hypothesis reforms a super string theory.
Chapter6. No. 3: revolution in superstring theory.
[1]. Advanced "superstring theory"
[2]... most likely candidate for the ultimate theory and superstring theory.
[3]... continued looking for Einstein 4-dimensional space.
[4]. elementary pulsation principle is the new geometric model of superstring theory.
[5] Waveform pulse Ultra is a string.
]]> <![CDATA[A 34 me Neutral Boson, Predicted by a Particles Cold Genesis Theory and Experimentally Evidenced, as Argument for a Preonic Quark Model]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0430
2016-07-23 02:52:14High Energy Particle Physics reference: viXra:1607.0430v1 title: A 34 me Neutral Boson, Predicted by a Particles Cold Genesis Theory and Experimentally Evidenced, as Argument for a Preonic Quark Model authors: Marius Arghirescu category: High Energy Particle Physics type: submission date: 2016-07-23 02:52:14 abstract:
The new neutral boson of 34 me , experimentally evidenced and supposed to be an X-boson of a fifth basic force, was predicted as being a basic z0 preon of cold formed quarks by a pre-quantum model of elementary particle resulted from an etherono-quantonic theory of the author, and can be a strong argument for a Bose-Einstein condensate model of particle, resulted by magnetically confined gammons formed as pairs of quasielectrons. An argument in the favour of the preonic structure of quarks and for the Cold Genesis of the elementary particles is proposed a new, pre-quantum model of quark resulted in theory with quasi-crystallin as structure of quasi-electrons of the basic preon z0 . The brought arguments sustain also the conclusion that the z0 boson can be a „dark matter” constituent.
]]> <![CDATA[Gravity Waves and Mercury Revise Geodynamo]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0429
2016-07-23 03:36:35Geophysics reference: viXra:1607.0429v1 title: Gravity Waves and Mercury Revise Geodynamo authors: Rodney Bartlett category: Geophysics type: submission date: 2016-07-23 03:36:35 abstract:
Most people have a rough idea of the cause of Earth's magnetic field, don't they? It's the geodynamo, also called the magnetic dynamo theory. The heat from the solid inner core puts the liquid outer core in motion, and the movements of the outer core's electrically conducting fluids (such as molten iron) generate the planet's magnetic field. Electrically conducting fluids occur in the Sun, other stars and most planets – and are the scientifically accepted mechanism for magnetic fields. However, the planet Mercury suggests this process is wrong. Is it possible to propose a plausible alternative? The proposal here has both Earthly and Space components - it is still linked to the nature of, and motions in, the core plus it refers to the phenomenon of zero electrical resistance known as superconductivity as well as the recent discovery of gravitational waves. It also refers to the Moon's attraction on Earth's oceans, binary stars, the Sun's coronal heating and mass ejections, sunspots and mini ice ages, and black holes.
A proposal that has support from only one or two sources may indeed prove to be correct. But surely support from several additional sources must greatly improve that proposal's chances of success. It's the goal of this article to be comprehensive in presenting its approach to the geodynamo. It's important to properly understand our planet's magnetic field because it protects us from the charged particles of the solar wind and cosmic rays. Without this protection from the magnetosphere, Earth would be stripped of its ozone layer that keeps excess ultraviolet radiation from harming life. And no magnetic field also means no atmospheric light displays called auroras, as well as no direction-finding compasses.
]]> <![CDATA[Simultaneous Photon Absorption]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1607.0428
2016-07-23 04:23:12Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1607.0428v1 title: Simultaneous Photon Absorption authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2016-07-23 04:23:12 abstract:
Theorists show that two atoms in an optical cavity can absorb the same photon. [15] Converting a single photon from one color, or frequency, to another is an essential tool in quantum communication, which harnesses the subtle correlations between the subatomic properties of photons (particles of light) to securely store and transmit information. Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a miniaturized version of a frequency converter, using technology similar to that used to make computer chips. [14] Harnessing the power of the sun and creating light-harvesting or light-sensing devices requires a material that both absorbs light efficiently and converts the energy to highly mobile electrical current. Finding the ideal mix of properties in a single material is a challenge, so scientists have been experimenting with ways to combine different materials to create "hybrids" with enhanced features. [13] Condensed-matter physicists often turn to particle-like entities called quasiparticles—such as excitons, plasmons, magnons—to explain complex phenomena. Now Gil Refael from the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena and colleagues report the theoretical concept of the topological polarition, or " topolariton " : a hybrid half-light, half-matter quasiparticle that has special topological properties and might be used in devices to transport light in one direction. [12] Solitons are localized wave disturbances that propagate without changing shape, a result of a nonlinear interaction that compensates for wave packet dispersion. Individual solitons may collide, but a defining feature is that they pass through one another and emerge from the collision unaltered in shape, amplitude, or velocity, but with a new trajectory reflecting a discontinuous jump. Working with colleagues at the Harvard-MIT Center for Ultracold Atoms, a group led by Harvard Professor of Physics Mikhail Lukin and MIT Professor of Physics Vladan Vuletic have managed to coax photons into binding together to form molecules – a state of matter that, until recently, had been purely theoretical. The work is described in a September 25 paper in Nature. New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.
]]>