viXra.org e-printsPreprints from viXra.org site
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Mon Dec 09 10:51:13 EST 2019Mon Dec 09 10:51:13 EST 2019<![CDATA[Special Value of Riemann Zeta Function and L Function, Approximate Calculation Formula of ζ(N), L(N)]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0174
2019-12-08 21:14:39Number Theory reference: viXra:1912.0174v1 title: Special Value of Riemann Zeta Function and L Function, Approximate Calculation Formula of ζ(N), L(N) authors: Takamasa Noguchi category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2019-12-08 21:14:39 abstract:
I made an approximate formula.
In the formula, when N is small, the accuracy is very bad, but as N increases, the accuracy also improves.
]]> <![CDATA[A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Four-Potential]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0173
2019-12-08 23:19:38Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1912.0173v1 title: A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Four-Potential authors: James Conor O'Brien category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2019-12-08 23:19:38 abstract:
This paper applies the Wheeler-Feynman time-symmetric theory to the electromagnetic four-potential and derives a wave equation that puts Matter on the same foundation as Maxwell's electromagnetic equation for Light waves. Applying the Wheeler-Feynman summation it derives the various physical properties for matter of mass, charge, spin, momentum, phase, electromagnetic mass, Hamiltonian action, and gives an explicit derivation of Cramer's Quantum Handshake as a standing wave of the advanced and retarded electromagnetic four-potentials. The Wheeler-Feynman summation is then applied to the derive the lepton masses of the Standard Model, this leads to the suggestion that the masses, charges and spins of all charged leptons are based on different configurations of the electromagnetic four-vector potential. Mach principle appears as a natural consequence of the free potentials of the Wheeler-Feynman summation acting on the resultant particle's charge. Gaussian units are used throughout.
]]> <![CDATA[Refutation of Diversity, Dependence. and Independence]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0172
2019-12-08 23:40:44Set Theory and Logic reference: viXra:1912.0172v1 title: Refutation of Diversity, Dependence. and Independence authors: Colin James III category: Set Theory and Logic type: submission date: 2019-12-08 23:40:44 abstract:
We evaluate the seminal first definition as not tautologous which thereby denies the axioms for diversity, dependence, and independence. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
]]> <![CDATA[Both Newton & Einstein Are Wrong]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0171
2019-12-09 03:06:41Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1912.0171v1 title: Both Newton & Einstein Are Wrong authors: Mahesh Khati category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2019-12-09 03:06:41 abstract:
This paper proves that Newton’s inertial frame concept & Special theory of relativity of Einstein are both wrong & requires some improvement.
1)This theory solves the problem of dark energy & dark matter.
2)This can solve the problem of dual nature of particle.
3)This gives answer for mass less photon.
4)This gives answer to difference between space & vacuum.
]]> <![CDATA[Blue Light Activates Antibodies]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0170
2019-12-09 04:51:42Physics of Biology reference: viXra:1912.0170v1 title: Blue Light Activates Antibodies authors: George Rajna category: Physics of Biology type: submission date: 2019-12-09 04:51:42 abstract:
Korean researchers have used light to control the binding of two separate and inactive antibody fragments and generate a specific, timely immune response to antigens. [35] A new Empa study recently published in Nature Communications shows how this amazing behavior can be improved-and even used to treat injuries and tissue damage. [34] Scientists at Johns Hopkins Medicine report they have created a tiny, nanosize container that can slip inside cells and deliver protein-based medicines and gene therapies of any size-even hefty ones attached to the gene-editing tool called CRISPR. [33] Protocells-artificial cells-that are active and mimic living cells by moving independently and that are biocompatible and enzymatically active are now possible using an improved method developed by Penn State researchers. [32] Pioneering new research into the way in which cells communicate with each other could hold the key to unlocking new, improved treatment for life-threatening diseases, including cancer. [31] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have demonstrated that magnetic nanoparticles can be used to ferry chemotherapy drugs into the spinal cord to treat hard-to-reach spinal tumors in an animal model. [30] Small vessel vasculitis-inflammation of the small blood vessels-appears as a stain of tiny, red dots covering the skin that, depending on the severity, can evolve into painful pustules or ulcers. [29] Scientists from the University of Freiburg have developed materials systems that are composed of biological components and polymer materials and are capable of perceiving and processing information. [28] Nanotechnology may provide an effective treatment for Parkinson's disease, a team of researchers suggests. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25]
]]> <![CDATA[Molecular Graphenoids Spin Centers]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0169
2019-12-09 05:09:33Condensed Matter reference: viXra:1912.0169v1 title: Molecular Graphenoids Spin Centers authors: George Rajna category: Condensed Matter type: submission date: 2019-12-09 05:09:33 abstract:
This is the finding of researchers in the UK and Germany who made the dots, or “graphenoids”, using a bottom-up chemical process rather than the top-down methods usually employed to create such nanostructures. [49]
The Graphene Flagship brought together top European researchers and companies to discuss the most disruptive ways graphene could enhance composites used in the aerospace, automotive and energy industries. [48]
Contrary to what is believed, monolayer graphene (a sheet of carbon just one atomic layer thick) has 3D mechanical properties and they can now be properly measured and meaningfully described thanks to high-pressure Raman spectra measurements on the material. [47]
]]> <![CDATA[Supermassive Black Holes Grow Fast]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0168
2019-12-09 05:59:21Astrophysics reference: viXra:1912.0168v1 title: Supermassive Black Holes Grow Fast authors: George Rajna category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2019-12-09 05:59:21 abstract:
Based on observations from telescopes on Earth and in space, we know that some black holes grew to be a billion times the mass of the sun just one billion years after the Big Bang. [30]
Further investigation of how nuclear star clusters form and evolve will be needed to determine how frequently phase transitions of this kind occur in nature. [29]
A new Tel Aviv University-led study published today in Nature Astronomy finds that some supermassive black holes are triggered to grow, suddenly devouring a large amount of gas in their surroundings. [28]
Needless to say, we do not have the capability of performing real experiments in or near black holes yet, so scientists resort to theory and simulations to develop an understanding, by making predictions and new discoveries. [27]
]]> <![CDATA[The Pulse of the Universe]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0167
2019-12-09 08:04:51History and Philosophy of Physics reference: viXra:1912.0167v1 title: The Pulse of the Universe authors: T H Ray category: History and Philosophy of Physics type: submission date: 2019-12-09 08:04:51 abstract:
All life has a pulse.
]]> <![CDATA[New Antiviral Treatments]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0166
2019-12-09 08:06:04Physics of Biology reference: viXra:1912.0166v1 title: New Antiviral Treatments authors: George Rajna category: Physics of Biology type: submission date: 2019-12-09 08:06:04 abstract:
A team of molecular and structural biologists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore), has found a potential new route to disabling respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and human metapneumovirus (HMPV) after elucidating the structure of one of its key components. [36] Korean researchers have used light to control the binding of two separate and inactive antibody fragments and generate a specific, timely immune response to antigens. [35] A new Empa study recently published in Nature Communications shows how this amazing behavior can be improved-and even used to treat injuries and tissue damage. [34] Scientists at Johns Hopkins Medicine report they have created a tiny, nanosize container that can slip inside cells and deliver protein-based medicines and gene therapies of any size-even hefty ones attached to the gene-editing tool called CRISPR. [33] Protocells-artificial cells-that are active and mimic living cells by moving independently and that are biocompatible and enzymatically active are now possible using an improved method developed by Penn State researchers. [32] Pioneering new research into the way in which cells communicate with each other could hold the key to unlocking new, improved treatment for life-threatening diseases, including cancer. [31] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have demonstrated that magnetic nanoparticles can be used to ferry chemotherapy drugs into the spinal cord to treat hard-to-reach spinal tumors in an animal model. [30] Small vessel vasculitis-inflammation of the small blood vessels-appears as a stain of tiny, red dots covering the skin that, depending on the severity, can evolve into painful pustules or ulcers. [29] Scientists from the University of Freiburg have developed materials systems that are composed of biological components and polymer materials and are capable of perceiving and processing information. [28] Nanotechnology may provide an effective treatment for Parkinson's disease, a team of researchers suggests. [27]
]]> <![CDATA[Quantum States in Electronics]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0165
2019-12-09 08:31:50Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1912.0165v1 title: Quantum States in Electronics authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2019-12-09 08:31:50 abstract:
After decades of miniaturization, the electronic components we've relied on for computers and modern technologies are now starting to reach fundamental limits. Faced with this challenge, engineers and scientists around the world are turning toward a radically new paradigm: quantum information technologies. [50] Researchers have successfully used sound waves to control quantum information in a single electron, a significant step towards efficient, robust quantum computers made from semiconductors. [49] Searching for new substances and developing new techniques in the chemical industry: tasks that are often accelerated using computer simulations of molecules or reactions. [48] Quantum networks can be practically implemented to interface with different quantum systems. In order to photonically link hybrid systems with combined unique properties of each constituent system, scientists must integrate sources with the same photon emission wavelength. [47] As reported in Nature Physics, a Berkeley Lab-led team of physicists and materials scientists was the first to unambiguously observe and document the unique optical phenomena that occur in certain types of synthetic materials called moire; superlattices. [46] Physicists at the University of Basel have now shown for the first time the combination with a third layer can result in new material properties also in a three-layer sandwich of carbon and boron nitride. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz "could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates," Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44] Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. [43] A tiny laser comprising an array of nanoscale semiconductor cylinders (see image) has been made by an all-A*STAR team. [42]
]]> <![CDATA[Санация комплексного исчисления]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0163
2019-12-08 12:44:14General Mathematics reference: viXra:1912.0163v1 title: Санация комплексного исчисления authors: Райков Александр Геннадьевич category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2019-12-08 12:44:14 abstract:
Настоящее просветительское издание подготовлено для ознакомления широких кругов общественности и научного сообщества с переводом Комплексного Исчисления на язык объективно-статусного описания качественно-количественных форм и причинно-следственных периодических процессов материи, на основе разработанного автором принципиально нового операционно-аналитического (математического) аппарата философии диалектического материализма в качестве универсального языка научной коммуникации. Лекция-презентация является фрагментом печатного издания «ТОМ ТРЕТИЙ»
]]> <![CDATA[The Origin of Life, Cybernetic Theory of Evolution and Oxygen Catastrophe.]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0162
2019-12-08 13:45:09Biochemistry reference: viXra:1912.0162v1 title: The Origin of Life, Cybernetic Theory of Evolution and Oxygen Catastrophe. authors: Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich. category: Biochemistry type: submission date: 2019-12-08 13:45:09 abstract:
The process of the origin of life is analyzed on the basis of "self-assembly" of DNA and RNA molecules. The minimum amounts of various DNA/RNA molecules that are necessary for the nucleation and evolution of the biosphere as a whole are calculated, since life is an integral property. A cybernetic theory of evolution is presented, which considers DNA as a genetic program of an organism written in a binary system. The stages of evolution of the biosphere are given, with the calculation of the number of all species at each stage. It is shown that oxygen catastrophe is the main cause of the evolution of the biosphere and global glaciation. Moreover, the evolution of the biosphere inevitably leads to mass extinctions, which are a simple restructuring of the biosphere according to new conditions on the planet.
]]> <![CDATA[Solid Strips Configurations]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0161
2019-12-08 13:53:21Topology reference: viXra:1912.0161v1 title: Solid Strips Configurations authors: Vincenzo Nardozza category: Topology type: submission date: 2019-12-08 13:53:21 abstract:
We introduce the idea of Solid Strip Configurations which is a way of describing 3-dimensional compact manifolds alternative to Delta-complexes and CW complexes. The proposed method is just an idea which we believe deserve further formal mathematical investigation.
]]> <![CDATA[Consequences of the Gravitational Red Shift of a Moving Gravity Well on The Electric Permittivity of the free space]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0160
2019-12-08 14:15:12Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1912.0160v1 title: Consequences of the Gravitational Red Shift of a Moving Gravity Well on The Electric Permittivity of the free space authors: Rayd majeed Al-Shammari category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2019-12-08 14:15:12 abstract:
To explor the effect of the gravitational red shift of a gravity well on the electric permittivity of the free space then to expand this towards the collaboration between schwarzschild metric and lorentz transformation on electric permittivity of the free space under the unflonce of a moving gravity well .
]]> <![CDATA[Orbiting Explains Gravity]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0158
2019-12-08 15:45:29Classical Physics reference: viXra:1912.0158v1 title: Orbiting Explains Gravity authors: Hans van Kessel category: Classical Physics type: submission date: 2019-12-08 15:45:29 abstract:
This manuscript identifies the cause of gravity. Based on this cause the gravitational force is quantified. This leads to a correction of Newton’s gravitational equation for the (very) short distance: instead of an ever growing strength –up to infinity when the distance between two objects approaches 0- we find a finite repelling force instead.
This manuscript concludes with 2 case studies that support the here presented outcome, and with a third case study that may allow verification.
]]> <![CDATA[A proof of Twin Prime Conjecture]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0157
2019-12-08 21:38:41Number Theory reference: viXra:1912.0157v2 title: A proof of Twin Prime Conjecture authors: Toshiro Takami category: Number Theory type: replacement date: 2019-12-08 21:38:41 abstract:
I proved the Twin Prime Conjecture.
The probability that (6n -1) is a prime and (6n+1) is also a prime approximately is slightly lower than 4/3 times the square of the probability that a prime will appear in.
I investigated up to 5$\times10^{12}$.\\
All Twin Primes are produced in hexagonal circulation. It does not change in a huge number (forever huge number).\\
The production of Twin Primes equal the existence of Twin Primes.\\
When the number grows to the limit, the primes to be produced rarely, but since Twin Primes are slightly lower than 4/3 times the square of the distribution of primes, the frequency of production of Twin Primes is very equal to 0.\\
However, it is not 0. Because, primes continue to be produced. Therefore, Twin Primes continue to be produced.\\
If the Twin Primes is finite, the primes is finite.\\
This is because slightly lower than 4/3 times the square of the probability of primes is the probability of Twin Primes.
This is contradiction.
Because there are an infinite of primes.\\
]]> <![CDATA[A proof of Twin Prime Conjecture]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0157
2019-12-08 17:27:50Number Theory reference: viXra:1912.0157v1 title: A proof of Twin Prime Conjecture authors: Toshiro Takami category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2019-12-08 17:27:50 abstract:
I proved the Twin Prime Conjecture.
The probability that (6n -1) is a prime and (6n+1) is also a prime approximately is slightly lower than 4/3 times the square of the probability that a prime will appear in.
I investigated up to 5$\times10^{12}$.\\
All Twin Primes are produced in hexagonal circulation. It does not change in a huge number (forever huge number).\\
The production of Twin Primes equal the existence of Twin Primes.\\
When the number grows to the limit, the primes to be produced rarely, but since Twin Primes are slightly lower than 4/3 times the square of the distribution of primes, the frequency of production of Twin Primes is very equal to 0.\\
However, it is not 0. Because, primes continue to be produced. Therefore, Twin Primes continue to be produced.\\
If the Twin Primes is finite, the primes is finite.\\
This is because slightly lower than 4/3 times the square of the probability of primes is the probability of Twin Primes.
This is contradiction.
Because there are an infinite of primes.\\
]]> <![CDATA[(Schemasuplimptfumatori Version 1.0 9.12.2019 1 a4 Page) Schema DE Suplimente Alimentare Pentru Sustinerea Corpului Fumatorilor Adulti si Copii cu Varsta DE Peste 12 Ani Care nu au Vointa Necesara sa Renunte la Fumatul Activ (Romanian Version Prepri]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0156
2019-12-08 18:23:13Biochemistry reference: viXra:1912.0156v1 title: (Schemasuplimptfumatori Version 1.0 9.12.2019 1 a4 Page) Schema DE Suplimente Alimentare Pentru Sustinerea Corpului Fumatorilor Adulti si Copii cu Varsta DE Peste 12 Ani Care nu au Vointa Necesara sa Renunte la Fumatul Activ (Romanian Version Prepri authors: Andrei Lucian Dragoi category: Biochemistry type: submission date: 2019-12-08 18:23:13 abstract:
Dedicatie. Cu multumiri pentru provocarea si motivarea de a scrie acest articol doamnei asistente Monica Tichie din Sectia de recuperare neuromotorie copii din Gura Ocnitei (Adanca) a Spitalului Judetean de Urgenta Targoviste (SJUT). Motto: "NU-ti poti iubi aproapele ca pe tine insuti daca NU stii sa te iubesti in primul rand pe sine: ca sa demonstrezi iubirea de sine, trebuie sa stii sa iti pretuiesti sufletul, mintea si trupul, hranind si protejand corespunzator celulele trupului care este palatul sufletului si al mintii!" (dr. Andrei-Lucian Drăgoi, 5.12.2019)
]]> <![CDATA[On the Metric Coefficients]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0155
2019-12-08 18:27:47Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1912.0155v1 title: On the Metric Coefficients authors: Anamitra Palit category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2019-12-08 18:27:47 abstract:
The article considers a simple algebraic result to bring out an interesting mathematical property of the general relativity metric . This property creates limitation on its application in that it may not apply to all space time points.
]]> <![CDATA[Quantivity the Unified Theory of Everything I: Vacuum Mass/energy, and Redefining G as the Source of Negative Energy as the Counterpart of H]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0154
2019-12-07 20:59:36Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1912.0154v1 title: Quantivity the Unified Theory of Everything I: Vacuum Mass/energy, and Redefining G as the Source of Negative Energy as the Counterpart of H authors: SAM NASSIRI category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2019-12-07 20:59:36 abstract:
This article is first of our multi-part articles covering our Unified Theory of Quantivity, which addresses the non-classical theoretical physics concepts studied in Quantum Mechanics, Relativity, and String Theory. This article has comprehensive coverage of the vacuum mass/energy We postulate that Planck mass refers to the neutral (i.e., with no charge) positive vacuum mass. This is the large mass unit (before being shared based on a sharing scheme to be covered in our future articles). This mass is combination of mass from h and G constants, which are sources of small units of positive and negative mass, respectively. For the first time here, we are referring to G as the counterpart of h, as the smallest unit of negative energy. We will show, while the Planck constant h is the source of positive mass with negative charge, while G is the source of negative mass with positive charge. We postulate that G could be behind the Dark energy/mass.
]]> <![CDATA[Zero Zero Off]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0153
2019-12-08 07:55:05Number Theory reference: viXra:1912.0153v2 title: Zero Zero Off authors: category: Number Theory type: replacement date: 2019-12-08 07:55:05 abstract:
No zeta zero is off the critical line.
Riemann Hypothesis is false if and only if A, B and C are coplanar.
A and B are geometrical objects (vectors) in infinite dimensional space, and C is derivation from A and B.
The proof shows that A, B and C are linearly independent, so not coplanar.
]]> <![CDATA[Zero Zero Off]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0153
2019-12-08 00:02:55Number Theory reference: viXra:1912.0153v1 title: Zero Zero Off authors: category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2019-12-08 00:02:55 abstract:
No zero is off the critical line.
Riemann Hypothesis is true iff A, B and C are coplanar in infinite dimensional space.
A and B are geometrical objects directly related to (supposed symmetric distinct) zeta roots and C is derived from A and B.
Proof shows A, B and C can not be coplanar (unless $\delta$ is zero).
]]> <![CDATA[Self-Learning Computers Versus Quantum Computers]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0152
2019-12-08 01:15:44Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1912.0152v1 title: Self-Learning Computers Versus Quantum Computers authors: Sylwester Kornowski category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2019-12-08 01:15:44 abstract:
Here we answer the following extremely important questions. Why, contrary to obvious experimental facts, is it denied that quantum entanglement carries information at superluminal speed? Why quantum mechanics is an illusion? Why self-learning (mental) computers based on the classical superposition will be most creative?
]]> <![CDATA[A Proof of Twin Prime Conjecture by 30 Intervals Etc.]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0151
2019-12-08 01:15:38Number Theory reference: viXra:1912.0151v1 title: A Proof of Twin Prime Conjecture by 30 Intervals Etc. authors: Toshiro Takami category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2019-12-08 01:15:38 abstract:
If (p,p+2) are twin primes, (p+30, p+2+30) or (p+60, p+2+60) or (p+90, p+2+90) or (p+120, p+2+120) or (p+150, p+2+150) ) or (p+180, p+2+180) or (p+210, p+2+210) or (p+240, p+2+240)……. is to be a twin primes.\\
There are three type of twin primes, last numbers are (1, 3)..(7, 9)..(9, 1).\\
They are lined up at intervals such as 30 or 60 or 90 or 120 or 150 or 180 or 210 or 240 or 270 or 300 etc.\ That is, it is a multiple of 30. \\
Repeat this.\\
And the knowledge about prime numbers is also taken into account.\\
That is, Twin Primes exist forever.\\
]]> <![CDATA[Switches Conducting and Insulating States]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0150
2019-12-08 03:21:25Condensed Matter reference: viXra:1912.0150v1 title: Switches Conducting and Insulating States authors: George Rajna category: Condensed Matter type: submission date: 2019-12-08 03:21:25 abstract:
Northwestern Engineering researchers have developed a novel design strategy to identify new materials exhibiting a metal-insulator transition (MIT), a rare class of materials categorized by their ability to reversibly switch between electrically conducting and insulating states. [44] Physicists at University of California, Riverside, have designed an experiment to explain the concept of magnetic resonance. The project was carried out by undergraduate students in collaboration with local high school teachers. [43] Magnetic reconnection, a process in which magnetic field lines tear and come back together, releasing large amounts of kinetic energy, occurs throughout the universe. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37]
]]> <![CDATA[Paradoxical Replacement Tissue]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0149
2019-12-08 05:10:34Physics of Biology reference: viXra:1912.0149v1 title: Paradoxical Replacement Tissue authors: George Rajna category: Physics of Biology type: submission date: 2019-12-08 05:10:34 abstract:
A new Empa study recently published in Nature Communications shows how this amazing behavior can be improved-and even used to treat injuries and tissue damage. [34] Scientists at Johns Hopkins Medicine report they have created a tiny, nanosize container that can slip inside cells and deliver protein-based medicines and gene therapies of any size-even hefty ones attached to the gene-editing tool called CRISPR. [33] Protocells-artificial cells-that are active and mimic living cells by moving independently and that are biocompatible and enzymatically active are now possible using an improved method developed by Penn State researchers. [32] Pioneering new research into the way in which cells communicate with each other could hold the key to unlocking new, improved treatment for life-threatening diseases, including cancer. [31] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have demonstrated that magnetic nanoparticles can be used to ferry chemotherapy drugs into the spinal cord to treat hard-to-reach spinal tumors in an animal model. [30] Small vessel vasculitis-inflammation of the small blood vessels-appears as a stain of tiny, red dots covering the skin that, depending on the severity, can evolve into painful pustules or ulcers. [29] Scientists from the University of Freiburg have developed materials systems that are composed of biological components and polymer materials and are capable of perceiving and processing information. [28] Nanotechnology may provide an effective treatment for Parkinson's disease, a team of researchers suggests. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24]
]]> <![CDATA[On the Ramanujan’s Equations Applied to Various Sectors of Particle Physics and Cosmology: New Possible Mathematical Connections with the Values of Pion Mesons and Other Baryons and Mesons.]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0148
2019-12-08 06:34:20Number Theory reference: viXra:1912.0148v1 title: On the Ramanujan’s Equations Applied to Various Sectors of Particle Physics and Cosmology: New Possible Mathematical Connections with the Values of Pion Mesons and Other Baryons and Mesons. authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli category: Number Theory type: submission date: 2019-12-08 06:34:20 abstract:
In this research thesis, we have analyzed further Ramanujan formulas and described new possible mathematical connections with some sectors of Particle Physics (values of Pion mesons and other baryons and mesons) and Cosmology
]]> <![CDATA[High-Performance Triboelectric Materials]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0146
2019-12-08 07:35:24Condensed Matter reference: viXra:1912.0146v1 title: High-Performance Triboelectric Materials authors: George Rajna category: Condensed Matter type: submission date: 2019-12-08 07:35:24 abstract:
Triboelectric generation is an energy harvesting technique that generates electricity through induction of triboelectric effects using discarded physical energy. [45] Northwestern Engineering researchers have developed a novel design strategy to identify new materials exhibiting a metal-insulator transition (MIT), a rare class of materials categorized by their ability to reversibly switch between electrically conducting and insulating states. [44] Physicists at University of California, Riverside, have designed an experiment to explain the concept of magnetic resonance. The project was carried out by undergraduate students in collaboration with local high school teachers. [43] Magnetic reconnection, a process in which magnetic field lines tear and come back together, releasing large amounts of kinetic energy, occurs throughout the universe. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38]
]]> <![CDATA[Negatio et Negatio Negationis]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0145
2019-12-08 08:51:37General Science and Philosophy reference: viXra:1912.0145v1 title: Negatio et Negatio Negationis authors: Ilija Barukčić category: General Science and Philosophy type: submission date: 2019-12-08 08:51:37 abstract:
Objective: The relationship between the philosophical notion negation and the physical notion Lorentz factor is investigated.
Methods: The axiom lex identitatis was used to explore whether there is any relationship between the philosophical notion negation and physics as such.
Results: Starting with lex identitatis it was possible to provide evidence that 0/0=1. Furthermore, a general form of negation was determined.
Conclusions: Overwhelming evidence suggests that the philosophical notion negation and the physical notion Lorentz factor are more or less identical.
Keywords: Negatio, negatio negationis, physics.
]]> <![CDATA[Graphene for Planes and Cars]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0144
2019-12-08 08:52:55Condensed Matter reference: viXra:1912.0144v1 title: Graphene for Planes and Cars authors: George Rajna category: Condensed Matter type: submission date: 2019-12-08 08:52:55 abstract:
The Graphene Flagship brought together top European researchers and companies to discuss the most disruptive ways graphene could enhance composites used in the aerospace, automotive and energy industries. [48]
Contrary to what is believed, monolayer graphene (a sheet of carbon just one atomic layer thick) has 3D mechanical properties and they can now be properly measured and meaningfully described thanks to high-pressure Raman spectra measurements on the material. [47]
The team has turned graphene oxide (GO) into a soft, moldable and kneadable play dough that can be shaped and reshaped into free-standing, three-dimensional structures. [46]
]]> <![CDATA[A Second Note on a Possible Anomaly in the Complex Numbers]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0143
2019-12-08 09:10:53General Mathematics reference: viXra:1912.0143v1 title: A Second Note on a Possible Anomaly in the Complex Numbers authors: Han Geurdes category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2019-12-08 09:10:53 abstract:
The paper gives an additional reason why, initially, there are two different solutions associated to a quadratic equation that indicates an anomaly in complex numbers. It is demonstrated that one of the solutions is impossible but plausible \& necessary.
]]> <![CDATA[LIGO Instrument Extends]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0142
2019-12-08 09:30:43Quantum Gravity and String Theory reference: viXra:1912.0142v1 title: LIGO Instrument Extends authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory type: submission date: 2019-12-08 09:30:43 abstract:
Gravitational-wave Observatory, or LIGO, was picking up whispers of gravitational waves every month or so. Now, a new addition to the system is enabling the instruments to detect these ripples in space-time nearly every week. Achieving strong light-matter interaction at the quantum level has always been a central task in quantum physics since the emergence of quantum information and quantum control. [25] Operation at the single-photon level raises the possibility of developing entirely new communication and computing devices, ranging from hardware random number generators to quantum computers. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20]
]]> <![CDATA[Exploring the Existence of Extraterrestrial Civilizations with the Liquid Universe Model]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0141
2019-12-07 09:44:53Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1912.0141v1 title: Exploring the Existence of Extraterrestrial Civilizations with the Liquid Universe Model authors: Zhi Cheng category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2019-12-07 09:44:53 abstract:
According to the liquid universe model, some of our existing ideas about extraterrestrial civilizations may need to be revised to some extent. Considering that the development of biological civilization needs to last for a relatively long time, for example, from the formation of protein on the earth to the age of dinosaurs, to the emergence of humans, it has continued for billions of years. And this time beginning was shortly after the birth of the planet. Therefore, the appearance of life on a planet is closely related to the life of the entire galaxy. Considering the liquid universe model, there are two cases. One is that the center of the galaxy is a black hole, which will continuously absorb the surrounding masses. The other is a white hole, which constantly throws masses to the outside. A common feature of both cases is that the outer masses of the galaxy exists for a long time, while the inner masses of the galaxy exists for a short time. Combining the time required for the evolution of living things, it can be judged that if advanced biological civilization is to be evolved in a galaxy, the more proliferating planets should be closer to the periphery of the galaxy, the longer the development time, the higher the civilization. According to such a conclusion, it means that at least in the Milky Way, the biological civilization on Earth should be in a very advanced position. This article also briefly discusses the various ways of detecting extraterrestrial civilizations, and gives some suggestions for the detection of extraterrestrial civilizations.
]]> <![CDATA[Number Pi , Bernoulli Numbers]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0140
2019-12-07 10:38:22General Mathematics reference: viXra:1912.0140v1 title: Number Pi , Bernoulli Numbers authors: Edgar Valdebenito , Rodrigo Valdebenito category: General Mathematics type: submission date: 2019-12-07 10:38:22 abstract:
This note presents some formulas for Pi.
]]> <![CDATA[Superconducting Electronic Map]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0139
2019-12-07 01:33:42Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1912.0139v1 title: Superconducting Electronic Map authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2019-12-07 01:33:42 abstract:
Using a clever technique that causes unruly crystals of iron selenide to snap into alignment, Rice University physicists have drawn a detailed map that reveals the "rules of the road" for electrons both in normal conditions and in the critical moments just before the material transforms into a superconductor. [29] Superconducting quantum microwave circuits can function as qubits, the building blocks of a future quantum computer. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
]]> <![CDATA[Gamma-Ray Laser]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0138
2019-12-07 03:23:50Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1912.0138v1 title: Gamma-Ray Laser authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2019-12-07 03:23:50 abstract:
A physicist at the University of California, Riverside, has performed calculations showing hollow spherical bubbles filled with a gas of positronium atoms are stable in liquid helium. [15]
During nuclear fusion two atomic nuclei fuse into one new nucleus. In the lab this can be done by particle accelerators, when researchers use fusion reactions to create fast free neutrons for other experiments. [15]
A new 3-D particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation tool developed by researchers from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and CEA Saclay is enabling cutting-edge simulations of laser/plasma coupling mechanisms that were previously out of reach of standard PIC codes used in plasma research. [14]
]]> <![CDATA[Magnetic Resonance Experiment]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0137
2019-12-07 04:58:43Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1912.0137v1 title: Magnetic Resonance Experiment authors: George Rajna category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2019-12-07 04:58:43 abstract:
Physicists at University of California, Riverside, have designed an experiment to explain the concept of magnetic resonance. The project was carried out by undergraduate students in collaboration with local high school teachers. [43]
Magnetic reconnection, a process in which magnetic field lines tear and come back together, releasing large amounts of kinetic energy, occurs throughout the universe. [42]
Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41]
]]> <![CDATA[Artificial Cells]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0136
2019-12-07 05:21:11Physics of Biology reference: viXra:1912.0136v1 title: Artificial Cells authors: George Rajna category: Physics of Biology type: submission date: 2019-12-07 05:21:11 abstract:
Artificial Cells Protocells-artificial cells-that are active and mimic living cells by moving independently and that are biocompatible and enzymatically active are now possible using an improved method developed by Penn State researchers. [32] Pioneering new research into the way in which cells communicate with each other could hold the key to unlocking new, improved treatment for life-threatening diseases, including cancer. [31] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have demonstrated that magnetic nanoparticles can be used to ferry chemotherapy drugs into the spinal cord to treat hard-to-reach spinal tumors in an animal model. [30] Small vessel vasculitis-inflammation of the small blood vessels-appears as a stain of tiny, red dots covering the skin that, depending on the severity, can evolve into painful pustules or ulcers. [29] Scientists from the University of Freiburg have developed materials systems that are composed of biological components and polymer materials and are capable of perceiving and processing information. [28] Nanotechnology may provide an effective treatment for Parkinson's disease, a team of researchers suggests. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22]
]]> <![CDATA[Nanocontainer Drugs into Cells]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0135
2019-12-07 06:05:07Physics of Biology reference: viXra:1912.0135v1 title: Nanocontainer Drugs into Cells authors: George Rajna category: Physics of Biology type: submission date: 2019-12-07 06:05:07 abstract:
Scientists at Johns Hopkins Medicine report they have created a tiny, nanosize container that can slip inside cells and deliver protein-based medicines and gene therapies of any size-even hefty ones attached to the gene-editing tool called CRISPR. [33] Protocells-artificial cells-that are active and mimic living cells by moving independently and that are biocompatible and enzymatically active are now possible using an improved method developed by Penn State researchers. [32] Pioneering new research into the way in which cells communicate with each other could hold the key to unlocking new, improved treatment for life-threatening diseases, including cancer. [31] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have demonstrated that magnetic nanoparticles can be used to ferry chemotherapy drugs into the spinal cord to treat hard-to-reach spinal tumors in an animal model. [30] Small vessel vasculitis-inflammation of the small blood vessels-appears as a stain of tiny, red dots covering the skin that, depending on the severity, can evolve into painful pustules or ulcers. [29] Scientists from the University of Freiburg have developed materials systems that are composed of biological components and polymer materials and are capable of perceiving and processing information. [28] Nanotechnology may provide an effective treatment for Parkinson's disease, a team of researchers suggests. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25]
]]> <![CDATA[Does Particle Data Depend on Its Motion? (Lorentz Transformations Analysis)]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0134
2019-12-07 07:16:30Astrophysics reference: viXra:1912.0134v1 title: Does Particle Data Depend on Its Motion? (Lorentz Transformations Analysis) authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2019-12-07 07:16:30 abstract:
My basic work is "Planet Data Analysis" –
Specifically I try to know how planet data is created? – that's why my regular questions are – How the matter is created? Why Earth Circumference =40080 km? Why Saturn diameter =120536 km? or Why Jupiter Mass =1898 x1024 kg?
I search behind the planet data to know how this data is created…
Then I have discovered one important Discovery, let's refer to it in following:
Puzzled Data
(A/B) =1.0725
A & B are different distances in the solar system…
Specially 18 distances of the solar system internal and orbital distances are rated to each other with this same rate 1.0725
i.e.
40% of all the solar system distances are rated to each other with 1.0725 ……why??
(These distances are provided in appendix no. 1 of this paper)
All answers – whatsoever its form – give one meaning – (Pure Coincidences)!
Simply no one knows how the planet orbital distance is defined nor why these distances are rated to each other by this same rate 1.0725!
General Effect
Because the rate 1.0725 is used with 18 distances which = 40% of all distances – I had to conclude that – this rate is not created by any planet effect – it's not related to any specific planet – on the contrary – this rate is a general effect found in the solar system -
That means –
A general force or cause effect on the whole solar system –causes this rate 1.0725.
What's this general effect?
At this junction I had to suppose that – the rate 1.0725 is found as Lorentz Length Contraction Rate –
i.e.
There are relativistic effects in the solar system (generally) and these relativistic effects caused the rate 1.0725 to be created as Lorentz Length Contraction Rate (Hypothesis)
Lorentz Transformations
Lorentz Transformations are 3 equations :
4 values are changing by high velocity motion
Time – Distance – Particle Length – Particle Mass
Einstein had used 2 values (Distance & Time) to create the space-time geometry – and he claimed that –particle space & time values are function in its motion velocity (even without explanation why?)
But
Einstein simply had ignored the other 2 values which are Particle Length and Mass
If we follow Einstein steps in explanation – so we will reach to the conclusion that – Particle own data is a function of its motion
Simply because
Particle length and mass are changed with particle high velocity motion
Then we had to ask the question…
Is Lorentz length contraction a real phenomenon or illusion of measurements?
The physics textbooks contradict each other in answer – and in appendix No.2 of this paper I provide the references which show the clear contradicting answers!
After fighting we reach to the conclusion that the contraction is a real phenomenon and particle own length is changed by particle high velocity motion…
Because
(1)The measurements show this contraction and in physics what's measured is what's real
(2)If we consider the length contraction is an illusion of measurements, that tells Particle properties correct definition is found when no difference in motions velocities between me and this particle, which supposes that I'm The Universe Reference Point – that's similar to a person looks at mirror – which pushes us to refuse the claim that the contraction is an illusion of measurement
Particle Mass discussion is similar to the previous one – so particle data (length and mass) is changed with high velocity motion.
That creates more complex situation – because – based on this conclusion – Particle Own Data must be created as a function of this particle motion!
That's why Particle own length is contracted with high velocity motion
If we use this conclusion for The Solar Planet – we will have serious problem – because
Based on this conclusion – Particle mass (Planet Mass) is created as a function of its motion – means the motion was found before the mass
So – How Does Planet Move?
Where we consider that planet motion is a result of masses gravity forces between this planet and the sun – now the mass is created based on the motion which prevent the masses gravity explanation
Now let's summarize the questions in following:
Question No. 1
Why does Particle Own Nature change with Particle Motion Velocity?
i.e.
Is Particle data a function of This Particle Motion?
Question No. 2
Can Lorentz Transformations help us to know how the matter is created?
Question No. 3
Are the rated distances by the same rate 1.0725 which are provided in appendix No. 1 of this paper – can be a proof that – there are relativistic effects in the solar system?
Gerges Francis Tawdrous +201022532292
]]> <![CDATA[Unification for Gravity and Electromagnetic Field in Kerr-Newman Solution]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0133
2019-12-06 08:25:01Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1912.0133v1 title: Unification for Gravity and Electromagnetic Field in Kerr-Newman Solution authors: Sangwha Yi category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2019-12-06 08:25:01 abstract:
Solutions of unified theory equations of gravity and electromagnetism has to satisfy Einstein-Maxwell equation. Specially solution of the unified theory is generally Kerr-Newman solution in vacuum. We finally found the revised Einstein gravity tensor
equation with new term (2 order contravariant metric tensor two times product and the constant matrix) is right in Kerr Newman solution.
]]> <![CDATA[An Alternate Resolution of the Solar Neutrino Problem]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0131
2019-12-06 11:46:27Astrophysics reference: viXra:1912.0131v1 title: An Alternate Resolution of the Solar Neutrino Problem authors: William L. Stubbs category: Astrophysics type: submission date: 2019-12-06 11:46:27 abstract:
The solar neutrino problem for the various neutrino detectors appears to lie in not understanding and analyzing adequately how the neutrinos interact with the various detector materials. The measured data were not properly interpreted, resulting in miscalculation of the neutrino fluxes measured. This gave the appearance of the detectors not seeing fractions of the neutrinos expected. By modeling nucleons as collections of electron-like and positron-like particles, I show that the ^{37}Cl, ^{71}Ga, H_{2}O and D_{2}O detectors all saw the electron neutrino flux predicted by the Standard Solar Model.
]]> <![CDATA[Statins and Death Due to Any Cause – All Doubts Removed?]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0129
2019-12-06 12:00:41Statistics reference: viXra:1912.0129v1 title: Statins and Death Due to Any Cause – All Doubts Removed? authors: Ilija Barukčić category: Statistics type: submission date: 2019-12-06 12:00:41 abstract:
Objective: To date, it is quite common to claim that some patient groups benefit from statin therapy in both primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease while equally the use of higher-intensity statin therapies is emphasized. In this Review, the efficacy of statin therapy in light of the study data available is explored.
Methods: All in all, 40 studies with a sample size of n = 88388 were re-analyzed. The exclusion relationship was used to test the null-hypothesis: a certain statin does exclude death due to any cause. The causal relationship k was used to test the data for causality. The level of significance was set to Alpha = 0,05.
Results: The data of the studies reanalyzed provide convincing evidence that statins unfortunately do not exclude death due to any cause. An immediate statin therapy discontinuation should be considered.
Conclusions: Overwhelming evidence suggests that the risk potential harmful effects of statin therapy far outweigh any real or perceived benefit.
Keywords: Statins, death, causal relationship.
Barukcic@t-online.de
]]> <![CDATA[Automatic Language Identification in Short Utterances]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0128
2019-12-06 12:11:38Artificial Intelligence reference: viXra:1912.0128v1 title: Automatic Language Identification in Short Utterances authors: Diptanu Sarkar category: Artificial Intelligence type: submission date: 2019-12-06 12:11:38 abstract:
Language Identification (LID) in Natural Language Processing (NLP)
is the process of identifying the spoken language in speech utterances. In the last decade, the interest and functional application of speech processing systems have grown exponentially. The proliferated use of handsfree voice-operated devices, speech-to-speech translation systems requires low latency, reliable automatic speech identification systems. This article examines three different models to recognize languages automatically in speech. The first model uses Dynamic Hidden Markov Networks (DHMNet) for LID in utterances. Another model utilizes Deep Neural Network (DNN), and the third uses the recently developed Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) Recurrent Neural Network (RNN). Finally, comparing three different models, it is shown that a fusion of LSTM RNN and DNN model gives better results than the state-of-the-art models when applied to short utterances.
]]> <![CDATA[Refutation of Voqc as a Verified Optimizer for Quantum Circuits in Coq as Bivalent]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0127
2019-12-06 12:55:20Quantum Physics reference: viXra:1912.0127v1 title: Refutation of Voqc as a Verified Optimizer for Quantum Circuits in Coq as Bivalent authors: Colin James III category: Quantum Physics type: submission date: 2019-12-06 12:55:20 abstract:
We evaluate the CNOT operator, seminal to voqc in the tool Coq, as not tautologous. This refutes the conjecture that voqc is “the first fully verified compiler for quantum circuits”, and further refutes Coq as a bivalent proof assistant. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
]]> <![CDATA[Repulsive Gravity, Gravity, and Dark Energy]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0126
2019-12-08 21:29:56Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1912.0126v2 title: Repulsive Gravity, Gravity, and Dark Energy authors: Michael John Sarnowski category: Relativity and Cosmology type: replacement date: 2019-12-08 21:29:56 abstract:
Science fiction has always wondered if there is repulsive gravity. If there is a positive and negative to elementary charge, why can’t there be positive and negative gravity. If the strong force and weak force are limited by distance, why not gravity. This paper proposes gravity is limited in its action distance. After this action distance is exceeded, then repulsive gravity takes over. This is the force that causes universe to look like it is expanding. This paper will propose that the limitations of gravity is about 18.93 million light years in radius. Islands of approximately 18.93 million light years in radius will form within the universe and then be pushed apart by repulsive gravity.
This paper’s purpose is to propose a size limit to action distance of gravity. Later papers will analyze redshift, galaxy luminosities, surface brightness, and size, and determine if this repulsive gravity model correlates the information better than existing models. This model will also be used to try to model the non-linear Hubble Constant.
]]> <![CDATA[Anti-Gravity, Gravity, and Dark Energy]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0126
2019-12-06 13:34:45Relativity and Cosmology reference: viXra:1912.0126v1 title: Anti-Gravity, Gravity, and Dark Energy authors: Michael John Sarnowski category: Relativity and Cosmology type: submission date: 2019-12-06 13:34:45 abstract:
Science fiction has always wondered if there is anti-gravity. If there is a positive and negative to elementary charge, why can’t there be positive and negative gravity. If the strong force and weak force are limited by distance, why not gravity. This paper proposes gravity is limited in its action distance. After this action distance is exceeded, then anti-gravity takes over. This is the force that causes universe to look like it is expanding. This paper will propose that the limitations of gravity is about 18.93 million light years in radius. Islands of approximately 18.93 million light years in radius will form within the universe and then be pushed apart by anti-gravity.
This paper’s purpose is to propose a size limit to action distance of gravity. Later papers will analyze redshift, galaxy luminosities, surface brightness, and size, and determine if this anti-gravity model correlates the information better than existing models. This model will also be used to try to model the non-linear Hubble Constant.
]]> <![CDATA[Refutation of Perfectly Parallel Fairness Certification of Neural Networks]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0125
2019-12-06 13:56:15Set Theory and Logic reference: viXra:1912.0125v1 title: Refutation of Perfectly Parallel Fairness Certification of Neural Networks authors: Colin James III category: Set Theory and Logic type: submission date: 2019-12-06 13:56:15 abstract:
e evaluate the seminal definition of causal fairness which is not tautologous. This refutes the conjecture of perfectly parallel fairness certification of neural networks. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
]]> <![CDATA[Proving the Goldbach’s Conjecture]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0124
2019-12-09 08:44:29Number Theory reference: viXra:1912.0124v3 title: Proving the Goldbach’s Conjecture authors: Ninh Khac Son category: Number Theory type: replacement date: 2019-12-09 08:44:29 abstract:
Goldbach’s conjecture is one of the oldest and best-known unsolved problems in number theory and all of mathematics. It states: ”Every even integer greater than 2 can be expressed as the sum of two primes”.\\
Manuscript content: Prove that Goldbach’s conjecture is correct
]]> <![CDATA[Proving the Goldbach’s Conjecture]]>
http://viXra.org/abs/1912.0124
2019-12-08 10:29:51Number Theory reference: viXra:1912.0124v2 title: Proving the Goldbach’s Conjecture authors: Ninh Khac Son category: Number Theory type: replacement date: 2019-12-08 10:29:51 abstract:
Goldbach’s conjecture is one of the oldest and best-known unsolved problems in number theory and all of mathematics.
It states:
”Every even integer greater than 2 can be expressed as the sum of two primes”.Manuscript content: Prove that Goldbach’s conjecture is correct.
Key words: Prime numbers, Goldbach’s conjecture, number theory.
]]>