Education and Didactics

1907 Submissions

[5] viXra:1907.0556 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-28 22:43:43

Do People in Physics Have a Responsibility to Inform the Public? (Slides)

Authors: Jonathan J. Dickau
Comments: 24 Pages. Slides for a talk given at FFP15, fulfilling a promise made to Pete Seeger.

In the present day; industrial accidents or natural disasters occur, and Physics-related questions arise, with increasing frequency. Do scientists have a responsibility to inform the public, when we are well-informed and others are lacking knowledge? Should we also safeguard certain information, in order to protect the public from harm? Unfortunately; people in positions of authority - both in business and in government - are too often lacking what many would consider a basic knowledge of Physics principles, so they need insight and information we have, to make informed decisions. But for many researchers; it is unwise or unsafe to speak out. And yet; when our leaders say they are powerless to fix things, as they have no better answers, we who know there are better answers need to acknowledge that we have failed to empower those leaders or our fellow citizens. Some are looking for ways to change this situation. The Azimuth Project, founded by physicist John Baez, attempts to provide a way for scientists and engineers to aid or save the Environment with their knowledge. Much of the information available on environmental issues is confusing or opinionated, and a Wiki, a Forum, and a Library of analysis software and information devoted to the subject assist in correcting this problem. This provides a clear example of how scientists can keep the public properly informed, and an opportunity to do so.
Category: Education and Didactics

[4] viXra:1907.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 08:02:51

Integrando Escolas e Universidade em Sergipe: Uma Oficina Temática Sobre Aves no Busão da Ciência do Agreste e do Sertão

Authors: Cleverton da Silva, Ricardo Santos do Carmo
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper presents results related to the production of one workshop with the theme “Birds: ecosystem functions and services” designed to teach about the functional role of different species of birds in ecosystems. The workshops consider the non-formal education goals and scientific dissemination of the “Science on Wheels: bus of Science of the Agreste and Sertão Project”. The project gathers undergraduates and researchers to promote discussions on scientific topics of biology, chemistry, geography and physics in cities in the state of Sergipe. The Biology workshops focus on the theme of the functions and ecosystem services, which now occupies a central place in the ecology research. In this paper, we present the Science on Wheels Project and discuss the gains in student learning as a result of Biology workshops and advocate more coordination of formal and non-formal forms of scientific education as one of the commitments of universities.
Category: Education and Didactics

[3] viXra:1907.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 08:04:23

Jogos Cooperativos: Uma Proposta Inovadora Para O Ensino da Educação Ambiental

Authors: Hugo da Silva Florentino, Laryssa Abílio Oliveira, Francisco José Pegado Abílio
Comments: 12 Pages.

This article describes the experience of construction, implementation and evaluation of a cooperative board game named "RCT Game" based on the Earth Charter. This is a qualitative study, based on an exploratory and descriptive approach. It was developed and validated with students of different levels of education in a public school in the municipality of João Pessoa, Paraiba. The results indicated that the game had a positive evaluation in the acceptance and satisfaction of the students, being an innovative, dynamic and creative proposal to work on environmental education at different levels of education, as it allows to work not only environmental issues but also social, ethical, political, economic, and cultural issues in a cognitive, affective, creative and reflexive way, while promoting the development of knowledge, attitudes and skills needed to build a sustainable society.
Category: Education and Didactics

[2] viXra:1907.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:57:45

Verificação da Temática Biodiesel no Enem (1998-2017) em Consonância Com Sua Evolução no Contexto Nacional

Authors: Thalyta Pessoa Freire, Geórgia Batista Vieira de Lima, Luciano Leal de Morais Sales
Comments: 15 Pages.

The Exame Nacional do Ensino Médio (Enem) was created in 1998 and has undergone two changes since then. It demands from the candidates the articulation of the knowledge learned in high school, relating them with illustrations, to find a resolution to the problems. Among them, the production and use of biodiesel is one of the subjects charged in the matrix of the exam. Therefore, the research sought to understand the profile of the questions about this biofuel, considering its approach, the national context and the presentation of the information about it in the evaluation. From a universe of 1.503 questions (1998 and 2017), nine were selected. Between the editions of 1998 and 2002 there was no direct mention of the biofuel chosen. From 2003 onwards, the exam addresses from the transformation of vegetable oil into biodiesel, through the transesterification reaction, to its use and production policies.
Category: Education and Didactics

[1] viXra:1907.0236 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-16 08:10:45

Standing on the Shoulders of Giants: Derivations of Einstein's E=mc² from Newtonian Laws of Motion

Authors: Zion Elani
Comments: 9 Pages.

This report presents a simple derivation of Einstein's famous equation, E=mc². Through the use of elementary physical quantities of Newtonian mechanics such as distance, force, momentum, velocity, and energy, our approach resembles a `handling units' method. Further, two other proofs premising on the notion of mass and its dependence on velocity are discussed. These methods prove to be simple and physically intuitive, thus stimulating the amateur enthusiasts to a better understanding of various complex and difficult-to-derive formulas which are otherwise understood at a sophisticated academic level. Pedagogic significance of these methods is further discussed.
Category: Education and Didactics