Condensed Matter

1504 Submissions

[3] viXra:1504.0208 [pdf] replaced on 2015-05-05 20:19:36

Towards the Complete Relational Graph of Fundamental Circuit Elements

Authors: Dashan Shang, Yisheng Chai, Zexian Cao, Jun Lu, Young Sun
Comments: 16 Pages. Chin. Phys. B vol 24, No. 6 (2015) 068402

A complete and harmonized fundamental circuit relational graph with four linear and four memory elements is constructed based on newly defined elements, which provides a guide to developing novel circuit functionalities in the future. In addition to resistor, capacitor and inductor which are defined in terms of a linear relationship between the charge q, the current i, the voltage v, and the magnetic flux , Chua proposed in 1971 the fourth linear circuit element to directly relate flux and q. A non-linear resistive device defined in memory i-v relation and dubbed memristor, was later attributed to such an element and has been realized in various material structures. Here we clarify that the memristor is not the true fourth fundamental circuit element but the memory extension to the concept of resistor, in analogy to the extension of memcapacitor to capacitor and meminductor to inductor. Instead, a two-terminal device employing the linear magnetoelectric effects, termed transtor, possesses the function of relating directly flux and q and should take the position of the fourth linear element. Moreover, its memory extension, termed memtranstor, is proposed and analyzed here.
Category: Condensed Matter

[2] viXra:1504.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2015-04-23 23:26:34

Fundamental of Rate Theory for CMNS

Authors: Akito Takahashi
Comments: 19 Pages. Preprint of ICCF19 Proceedings paper, to be published by J. Condensed Matter Nucl. Sci.

The condensed matter nuclear reactions (CMNR) are thought to happen for trapped H(D) particles within some chemical (electro-magnetic) potential well with finite life time. As the life time is much longer than the collision time of two-body interaction of free particles, CMNR reaction rates are significantly (on the order of 19-20 in magnitude) enhanced if we compare with estimated reactions rates by the two-body collision formula. The basis of CMNR rate theory is reviewed in this paper by extracting essence of the TSC theory tools developed until now. Derivation of Fermi’s golden rule with nuclear optical potential, rate formulas by Born-Oppenheimer wave function separation, estimation of bracket integral of inter-nuclear strong interaction rate, estimation of time dependent barrier penetration probability by the HMEQPET method for dynamic D(H)-cluster condensation/collapse process, and DD fusion power levels as functions of inter-nuclear d-d distance and effective existing (life) time are given. A DD fusion power level of 10 kW/mol-dd-pairs is possible for a 1 pm inter-nuclear d-d distance with 10 ato-seconds life time. The level of 2.8 nano-mol 4D/TSC formations/sec may release 10 kW neutron-free heat-power with 4He ash.
Category: Condensed Matter

[1] viXra:1504.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2015-04-06 08:07:16

Palladium in Methanol as Realization of Icosahedral Colloidal QuasiCrystal

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 7 Pages.

147-atom clusters of Palladium colloidal in methanol are suggested as a possible physical realization of the one-component computer simulation icosahedral colloidal quasicrystals described by Engel, Damasceno, Phillips, and Glotzer in Nature Materials 14 (2015) 109-116.
Category: Condensed Matter